16-16. ADK Delivery is a small company that transports business packages between San Francisco and Los Angeles. It operates a fleet of small vans that moves packages to and from a central depot within each city and uses a common carrier to deliver the packages between the depots in the two cities. ADK recently acquired approximately $3 million of cash capital from its owners, and its president, Frank Hobb, is trying to identify the most profitable way to invest these funds. Travis Lard, the company?s operations manager, believes that the money should be used to expand the fleet of city vans at a cost of $540,000. He argues that more vans would enable the company to expand its services into new markets, thereby increasing the revenue base. More specifically, he expects cash inflows to increase by $210,000 per year. The additional vans are expected to have an average useful life of four years and a combined salvage value of $75,000. Operating the vans will require additional working capital of $30,000, which will be recovered at the end of the fourth year. In contrast, Katy Osmond, the company?s chief accountant, believed that the funds should be used to purchase large trucks to delivery the packages between the depots in the two cities. The conversion process would produce continuing improvement in operation savings with reductions in cash outflows as the following. Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 $120k $240k $300k $330k The Large trucks are expected to cost $600,000 and to have a four-year useful life and a $60,000 salvage value. In addition to the purchase price of the trucks, up front training cost are expected to amount to $12,000. ADK Delivery?s management has established a 16% desired rate of return. a. Determine the net present value of the two investment alternatives b. Calculate the present value index for each alternative c. Indicate which investment alternative you recommend. Explain you choice. 16-17. Quentin Giordano owns a small retain ice cream parlor. He is considered expanding the business and has identified two attractive, Once involves purchasing a machine that would enable Mr. Giordano to offer frozen yogurt to customers. The machine would cost $4,050 and has an expected useful life of three years with no salvage value. Additional annual cash revenues and cash operating expenses associated with selling yogurt are expected to be $2,970 and $450, respectively. Alternatively, Mr. Gioridano could purchase for $5,040 the equipment necessary to serve cappuccino. That equipment has an expected useful life of four years and no salvage value. Addition annual cash revenues and cash operating expenses associated with selling a cappuccino are expected to be $4,140, and $1,215, respectively. Income before taxes earned by the ice crema parlor is taxed at an effective rate of 20 percent. a. Determine the payback period and unadjusted rate of return (use average investment) for each alternative. b. Indicate which investment alternative you would recommend. Explain your choice. 16-18. Sophia Seeny, the president of Sweeny Enterprises, is considering two investment opportunities. Because of limited resources, she will be able to invest in only one of them. Project A is to purchase a machine that will factory automation; the machine in expected to have a useful life of four years and no salvage value. Project B supports a training program that will improve the skills of employees operating the current equipment. Initial cash expenditures for Project A are $300k and for Project B are $120K. The annual expected cash inflows are $94,641 for Project A and $39,507 for project B. Both investment are expected to provide cash flow benefits for the next four years. Sweeny Enterprises cost of capital 8 percent. a. compute the net preset value of each project. Which project should be adopted based on the net preset value approach? b. Compute the approximate internal rate of return of each project. Which one should be adopted based on the internal rate of return approach? c. Compare the net preset value approach with the internal rate of return approach. Which method is better in the given circumstances? Why?
Paper#13084 | Written in 18-Jul-2015Price : $25