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Describe Leonardo da Vincis view of living things and their source or origin.

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This is for week seven and eights test 13-14-15-16;textbook life by design, by Detwiler Mitchell, Reichenback;Attachments Preview;Study_Guide_-_Quiz_13.docx Download Attachment;BIOL 101;STUDY GUIDE QUIZ 13;Tasks;Resources;Quiz Preparation;Tasks;Life by Design;Text;1;2;3;4;5;6;7;8;9;10;Describe Leonardo da Vincis view of living;things and their source or origin.;List some observations Charles Darwin made;while reading and voyaging the world.;Contrast the terms microevolution and;macroevolution;Explain how Darwin interpreted the observations;he made;Describe Charles Darwins view of the species;and how whole species originated.;List some Features of Enlightenment Thinking;Describe the physical size, genome size and;medical importance of Mycoplasma genitalium;Explain how the same sequence of DNA can be;used to code for two different proteins.;Explain how M. genitalium can adhere to a;variety of different human host surfaces.;Compare alleged early earth atmospheric gases;as proposed by Miller and Urey and as;discovered on planet Venus;Ch 13.1;Life as;Ultimate;Art, text;Ch 13.1;Life as;Ultimate;Accident, text +;Figures;Ch 13.1;Life as;Ultimate;Accident, text +;Figures;Ch 13.1;Life as;Ultimate;Accident, first;Table;Ch 13.1;Life as;Ultimate;Accident, text +;Figures;Ch 13.1;Life as;Ultimate;Accident, second;Table;Ch 13.2;Evolutio;ns First;Goal;early text;+ Figures;Ch 13.2;Evolutio;ns First;Goal;later text;+ Figures;Ch 13.2;Evolutio;ns First;Goal;late text +;Figures;Ch 13.2;Evolutio;ns;Starting. early;text +;Table.;Reading;Study in;module/week;Blackboard;Course Site;Presentation;Other Online Sites;Video/URL**;http://www.youtube.com/watch?;v=J9xUL5Yi_8M&list=PL2254DD3E7B28C572 (love this video);http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=03YKT7ytJdE (evolution here;refers to what we call micro-evolution.;http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PBEowgSn-b0;http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4Vkx7hNXE3Y;http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iaekKFqMSAk;http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3RUanXmBQIk;http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2ZsrTID2mCs (much info on a new;satellite hoped to reveal more regarding Venus atmosphere.);Page 1 of 3;BIOL 101;11;12;13;14;15;16;17;18;19;20;21;22;23;Explain the major problem facing origin of life;speculations that involve geothermal vent;substances.;List the advantages and problems associated with;viewing RNA as the original site of information;storage in the primitive cell.;Describe the problems associated with;originating a system in which RNA bases code;for amino acids.;Restate the problem early cells would have had;in spatially placing protein products of genes so;that they function adequately within the cell.;Restate Francis Cricks theory of directed;panspermia and explain why he developed this;theory.;Describe an evolutionary model for the origin of;flight in vertebrates.;Review the component structures and their roles;in the primary flight feather.;Explain the necessity of preening behavior to the;continued ability to fly successfully.;Describe how keratin protein optimally supports;feather structure and ultimately flight.;Review the series of structures that appear during;the formation of a primary flight feather.;Describe the series of events in feather;development that results in the generation of;barbs and barbules.;List five basic evolutionary advances needed to;convert a down-like feather into a primary flight;feather.;Describe the sort of mutational changes;necessary in feather regulatory gene DNA in;order to evolve working flight feathers.;Ch 13.2;Evolutio;ns;Starting. late text;+ Figures.;Ch 13.2;Evolutio;ns;Highest;early;text +;Figures;Ch 13.2;Evolutio;ns;Highest;later;text +;Figure;Ch 13.2;Evolutio;ns;Final;early text;+ Figures;Ch 13.2;Evolutio;ns;Final;early text;+ Figure;Ch 13.3;The Gap;to Be;early text;+ Figures;Ch 13.3;The Gap;to Be;later text;+ Figures;Ch 13.3;The Gap;to Be;later text;+ Figure;Ch 13.3;The Gap;to Be;later text;+ Figure;Ch 13.3;The Gap;to Be;later text;+ Figure;Ch 13.3;The Gap;to Be;later text;+ Figure;Ch 13.3;The Gap;to Be;later text;+ Figure;Ch 13.3;Bridging;the Gap I:.;early text;+ Figure;http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XotF9fzo4Vo (nice intro to what a;geothermal vent is like);http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rFHtVRKoaUM (ditto);http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yLeWh8Df3k8 (first 2.0 minutes);http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ewg9kIG_8Ek (start at 1:19:00;listen to 1:23:10);http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2h_z-jgovug (this gentleman restates;Cricks theory and adds some ideas of his own. (Hes wrong on junk;DNA)).;http://www.youtube.com/watch?;v=L6kViYeDcmA&list=PL247Ji4StZuLHgtN0-xGGoZFeVEEUXJ_S;(an evolutionary story that connects fossils in a sequence, but does not;explain how mutations produced a feather.);http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2FNfM0AD4xk (primary flight;feather structure is covered at about 1.0 minute);http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_lhU-4NT3hs (view at about 3.0;minutes);Page 2 of 3;BIOL 101;24;25;26;27;28;29;30;31;32;33;Explain why mutational events are unlikely to;create new DNA sequences that now perform a;new needed function.;List a few research studies in which fruitless;searches for new genetic information were made.;List some new mutations needed to generate;appropriate structuring for flight feathers.;Distinguish the roles that mutation and natural;selection play in the evolutionary process.;List and describe several features of natural;selection that limit its effectiveness in preserving;new favorable mutations.;Explain what is meant by saying that natural;selection is an expensive process.;Define the phrase selection pressure and;explain the significance of variations in that;pressure.;Describe the potential effect of environmental;change on the process of natural selection.;Explain the meaning of the phrase: natural;selection is cybernetically blind.;Evaluate the naturalistic hypothesis for its value;in explaining the origins of new structures like;the flight feather.;Ch 13.3;Bridging;the Gap I:. later;text +;Figure;Ch 13.3;Bridging;the Gap I:. later;text +;Figure;Ch 13.3;Bridging;the Gap I:. late;text +;Figure;Ch 13.3;Bridging;the Gap;II:.;early text;Ch 13.3;Bridging;the Gap;II:.;text +;Figures;Ch 13.3;Bridging;the Gap;II:.;text +;Figures;Ch 13.3;Bridging;the Gap;II:.;later text;+ Figures;Ch 13.3;Bridging;the Gap;II:.;late text +;Figures;Ch 13.3;Bridging;the Gap;II:.;late text +;Figures;Ch 13.3;Evaluati;on of the. text;http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iXQWVz2YTqM;http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Z_P5YFVU6q4;http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Fvhk4H-3Z5g (loved it!);http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ewg9kIG_8Ek (17:00 through 23:00);http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Z_P5YFVU6q4 (start at 34:25, run to;42:46;** Most videos can be found at: http://www.youtube.com/user/DrCharlesDetwiler in the Play List under their appropriate textbook chapter.;Page 3 of 3;View Full Attachment;Study_Guide_-_Quiz_14.docx Download Attachment;BIOL 101;STUDY GUIDE QUIZ 14;Tasks;Resources;Quiz Preparation;Tasks;Life by Design;Text;1;2;3;4;5;6;7;8;9;10;Define the phrases sedimentary rock and;index fossils.;Explain the meaning of the phrase Cambrian;Explosion.;Explain the largest problem associated with;evolving insects from sponges during a 5 million;year time period.;Describe how evolutionists have explained the;apparent Cambrian explosion.;Distinguish organs that are analogous to each;other from organs that are homologous to each;other.;Explain the meaning of the term homologous;in the context of Darwins theory.;Describe the structure and function of a;homeobox gene and its gene product.;Explain what controls whether a homeobox gene;is transcribed or not.;Describe the distribution of homeobox genes in;the living world.;Explain the challenge natural selection faces in;creating a limb for an organism.;Ch 13.4;The;Cambrian;Explosion;early;text;Ch 13.4;The;Cambrian;Explosion;later;text;Ch 13.4;The;Cambrian;Explosion;late text;+ Table;Ch 13.4;The;Cambrian;Explosion;late text;Ch 13.4;The;Evidence;for;Hom..;early text;+ Figures;Ch 13.4;The;Evidence;for;Hom..;early text;+ Figures;Ch 13.4;The;Evidence;for;Hom..;later text;+ Figures;Ch 13.4;The;Evidence;for;Hom..;later text;+ Figures;Ch 13.4;The;Evidence;for;Hom..;later text;+ Figures;Ch 13.4;The;Evidence;Reading;Study in;module/week;Blackboard;Course Site;Presentation;Other Online Sites;Video/URL**;http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bqQbqpima-c (Meyer);http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RMdgeUlXkSQ;http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pMVBFJCqFXc;A Visit with Louis Agassiz;http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iKPSgFrIEU&list=PLR8eQzfCOiS2RPQAPifs6t__mIAqITpYy (natural selection;gets little help from mutation.);Page 1 of 3;BIOL 101;11;12;13;14;15;16;17;18;19;20;21;Review the problem that the Cambrian explosion;creates for the evolution of homeobox genes and;the developmental pathways they specify.;List the sorts of mutational changes required to;evolve a vertebrate fin or arm from a primitive;leg.;Describe how both the theist and the naturalist;come to the conclusion that most mutations;occurring today are harmful.;List three classes of mutations and describe the;effect each class has on the evolutionary process.;Give two possible definitions for a beneficial;mutation.;Define the phrase stabilizing selection and;describe its role in relation to mutations;occurring in a natural population.;Explain one important value that disruptive;selection can have to a natural population.;Define directional selection and explain the;effect it has on the distribution of phenotypes in;a given population.;Explain how a prolonged process of directional;selection results in population weakness and;sterility.;State a major limitation in all real natural;populations that prevents the potential power of;directional selection from being demonstrated.;List three stages of life history implied in the;early pages of the Genesis record.;for;Hom..;later text;+ Figures;Ch 13.4;The;Evidence;for;Hom..;later text;+ Figures;Ch 13.4;The;Evidence;for;Hom..;later text;+ Figures;Ch 13.5;Mutation;s;Harm;early text;+ Figure;Ch 13.5;Mutation;s;Harm;later text;+ Figure;Ch 13.5;Mutation;s;Harm;later text;+ Figure;Ch 13.5;What;Does;Nature;Select?;early text;+ Figure;Ch 13.5;What;Does;Nature;Select?;later text;+ Figure;Ch 13.5;What;Does;Nature;Select?;later text;+ Figure;Ch 13.5;What;Does;Nature;Select?;later text;+ Figure;Ch 13.5;What;Does;Nature;Select?;later text;+ Figure;Ch 13.5;Adding;in.;http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BkE0SjtQ4rU (The creators of this;video deal well with the major limitation in real populations, they then;give credit to Allah. This disappoints me, but their observations;remain valuable nonetheless.;Page 2 of 3;BIOL 101;22;23;24;Explain how Romans 8 and naturalistic evolution;differ in their view of the adaptation of living;things as we go forward in time.;Explain why stabilizing selection is unable to;completely prevent genomic decline in modern;populations.;Describe how speciation can be a deteriorative;process rather than a creative one.;early text;+ Figure;Ch 13.5;Adding;in.;early text;+ Figure;Ch 13.5;Adding;in.;later text;+ Figure;Ch 13.5;Adding;in. late;text +;Figure;http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_hHcu8yuxgk;** Most videos can be found at: http://www.youtube.com/user/DrCharlesDetwiler in the Play List under their appropriate textbook chapter.;Page 3 of 3

 

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