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Biological Anthropology




Biological Anthropology;1. The layer of gray matter that covers the surface of the brain is called the;a. olfactory bulb.;b. cerebrum.;c. cerebral cortex.;d. cerebellum.;2. How can a forensic anthropologist tell if damage to a bone constitutes a premortem or perimortem injury?;a. If there is no evidence of healing, then the damage constitutes a perimortem injury.;b. If there is no evidence of disease in that area of the bone, then the damage constitutes a perimortem injury.;c. If there is no evidence of repetitive injury, then the damage constitutes a premortem injury.;d. If there is evidence that the injury occurred after death, then the damage constitutes a perimortem injury.;3. Researchers interested in evolutionary ecology often conduct studies of traditional hunter-gatherer and small agricultural societies because such societies are __________.;a. easier to study than larger societies;b. more common;c. similar to the original human societies;d. the easiest to study using quantitative methods;4. Which type of scientist is most likely to be consulted by police when recent skeletal remains are discovered?;a. an archaeologist;b. a forensic anthropologist;c. a biomedical anthropologist;d. a molecular anthropologist;5. Natural selection can be sum;marized by which statement?;a. All species are fixed.;b. Organisms transform and pass these transformations on to their offspring.;c. A divine creator creates all species according to an unknowable plan.;d. Within a population, some variations are favored by environmental conditions and others are not.;6. A forensic anthropologist is trying to determine the sex of a victim based on skeletal remains. Which part of the body should this forensic anthropologist examine first?;a. the teeth or the ribs;b. the pelvis or the skull;c. the long bones in the arm;d. the hands or the feet;7. What is the secular trend in growth?;a. the trend for fewer and fewer birth defects to occur in industrialized nations;b. the trend for women to enter menopause at an earlier age in industrialized nations;c. the trend for children to grow larger and more rapidly in industrialized nations;d. the trend for men to enter senescence at a later age in industrialized nations;8. Primatologist Robin Dunbar posits that language may have evolved to replace __________ in large hominin societies.;a. conflict;b. sex;c. throwing;d. grooming;9. Which of the following is an element of the scientific method?;a. experimentation;b. observation;c. hypothesis;d. all of these;10. Cross-cultural universals include __________.;a. language;b. a system of kinship;c. the organization of society along sex and gender lines;d. all of these;11. Encephalization quotient is a measure of __________.;a. brain weight;b. brain size in inches;c. the ratio of actual brain size to the expected size;d. the weight of the brain divided by the brain?s size in inches;12. Culture can be defined as the sum total of _____________ of a group of people.;a. learned traditions;b. genetically inherited behaviors;c. universal taboos;d. biological traits;13. The three main principles of evolutionary psychology include the idea that __________.;a. human behavior is produced by a mind that is a flexible, general purpose device;b. behaviors cannot be understood as adaptations;c. culture is more important than biology when trying to understand human behavior;d. human behavior evolved in the context of relatively small groups;14. An organism?s (Darwinian) fitness can be best measured by observing its __________.;a. strength;b. size;c. number of offspring;d. color;15. Edward O. Wilson defined sociobiology as the science of __________.;a. the biological basis of social behavior;b. the effects of culture on biology;c. the effects of society on culture and biology;d. the sociological basis of biological evolution;16. As our immune systems evolve to become more effective at battling diseases, parasites and pathogens are;a. dying off rapidly without human hosts.;b. going dormant, waiting for the aging process to weaken our immune systems.;c. becoming nearly harmless to humans.;d. evolving to overcome our defenses.;17. An anthropologist is observing a contemporary population of hunter-gatherers to determine which ecological factors affect the reproductive success of the community?s members. This anthropologist is using ________ to understand human behavior.;a. human evolutionary ecology;b. evolutionary psychology;c. paleontological reconstructions;d. linguistic theory;18. Biological anthropologists employ a unifying set of biological principles to discuss how our species came to be the way it is today. This set of principles is known as;a. culture;b. forensics;c. ethnography;d. evolution;19. The ?typical? human brain has a volume of __________.;a. 500cc;b. 380cc;c. 1500cc;d. 1350cc;20. Which of the following best defines anthropology?;a. the study of non-human primates, their anatomy, and their evolution.;b. the study of ancient humans;c. a study of humanity focusing on its biological and genetic aspects;d. the study of humankind in all its forms;21. Which species has the highest encephalization quotient (EQ) among primates?;a. gorillas;b. chimpanzees;c. gibbons;d. humans;22. Ultimately, our complex social behavior;(in humans) can be attributed to __________.;a. tool use;b. language;c. bipedalism;d. the fact that we are mammals;23. Which anthropologist below best illustrates the practices of biomedical anthropology?;a. An anthropologist is examining the emergence of written language within a culture.;b. An anthropologist is examining the rate of disease within a population.;c. An anthropologist is examining stone tools to determine their age.;d. An anthropologist is examining fossilized remains in order to determine the stages of human evolution.;24. Which statement below best describes the evolution of the human brain?;a. The human brain has reorganized over time but has maintained the same absolute size.;b. The human brain has expanded over time but has maintained the same organization.;c. The human brain has expanded and reorganized over time.;d. The human brain has expanded but has decreased in encephalization over time.;25. Which hominin has the smallest absolute brain size?;a. modern Homo sapiens;b. Homo erectus;c. Australopithecus;d. Neandertals


Paper#15443 | Written in 18-Jul-2015

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