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Explain the difference between legality and ethics.

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1. Explain the difference between legality and ethics.;2. Explain why the doctrine of separate spheres might be self-defeating.;3. Is maximizing pleasant feelings really what life is all about? Your answer must include a discussion of the experience machine thought experiment.;4. The argument from expected benefit is intended to support psychological egoism. According to a key premise of the argument- (P2)- ?If you expect to be better off as a result of your actions, then you are aiming to promote your self-interest.? Explain why this premise is (at least probably) false.;5. The argument from our strongest desires is intended to support psychological egoism. According to a key premise of the argument- (P2)- ?Whenever you are motivated by your strongest desire, you are pursuing your self-interest.? Explain why this premise is (at least probably) false.;6. ?The good life depends on objective values, things that are valuable even if we fail to value them.? Explain the reasoning in support of this claim.;7. Why is it implausible to think that moral debates are simply expressions of personal preferences?;8. In your own words explain why, even if we assume that God exists, it is implausible to think that actions are right/wrong because God says they are right/wrong.;9. Use a counterexample to refute the cultural differences argument for cultural relativism.;10. In your informed opinion, what is the most problematic aspect of utilitarianism?;11. In your informed opinion, what is the biggest problem with using a cost-benefit analysis to determine whether or not we should give the green light to a particular engineering project?;12. What are the practical and ethical reasons why business people should attempt to satisfy the reasonable safety expectations of consumers? Your answer must include a discussion of the Ford Pinto case.;13. What, if anything, was ethically wrong with Ford using estimates of the monetary cost of the loss of a human life in making the decision not to recall the Pinto?;14. Explain why, in the Challenger Disaster case, there is good reason to think that the astronauts should be considered the ?public? with respecting to ?Hold[ing] paramount the safety, health, and welfare of the public.?;15. Explain the role of trust in the relationship between professionals and the public.;16. Discuss the two most important (in your opinion) considerations supporting the need for shared minimum standards in a profession.;17. What does it mean to ?think like a manger rather than an engineer?, and what was wrong with Mason saying this to Lund?;18. Explain why it is implausible to think that either contracts or promises are the sources of one?s obligations as an engineer.

 

Paper#15808 | Written in 18-Jul-2015

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