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S afe tyFirs t!;Enviro nme ntalHe alth&S afe tyS taff;Director and Radiation Safety------------------ R ayBono (bonog@mst.edu);Assistant Director----------------------------------TonyHunt (thunt@mst.edu);Environmental Management System (EMS)---- DonnaKre is le r;(kreisler@mst.edu);Hazardous Waste Management --------------- TonyHunt (thunt@mst.edu);Joe Pe likan (pelikanj@mst.edu);Lab Safety, Chemtrack -------------------------- Phyllis Le wis;(pklewis@mst.edu);(sidwellj@mst.edu);Jim m yR olufs (rolufsjd@mst.edu);Schrenk Hall> JonathonS idwe ll;Occupational Safety & Health, Env. Compl. -- BrianS m ith;(smithwb@mst.edu);Radiation Safety---------------------------------- FadhaAhm e d;Co de o fFe de ralRe g ulatio ns;29CFR1910.1450;OSHA Lab Safety Standard;- developed to ensure laboratory;employees;are informed of hazards associated with;the chemicals used in the lab;- requires a Chemical;Hygiene Plan;Che mic alHyg ie ne Plan(CHP);A written plan setting forth procedures, equipment;Personal Protective Equipment (PPE), and work;practices that are capable of protecting employees;from health hazards associated with hazardous;chemical use in the workplace;Che mic alHyg ie ne PlanRe quire me nts;Standard Operating Procedures (SOP's);Control measures to reduce exposure;Information and Training;Designation of Chemical Hygiene Officer;Hazard Identification;Permission from advisor before use of certain;chemicals (i.e. carcinogens, mutagens);Emergency Procedures;Che mic alHyg ie ne Plan;(CHP);For your safety and information, and for a;template to aid you in setting up your own;laboratory's Standard Operating Procedures;(SOP's), please read Missouri S&T's;Che mic alHyg ie ne Plan;on EHS website;http://ehs.mst.edu/labsafety;S afe tyGo als;Prevent injury and loss of life;Comply with federal and state;regulations;Learn how to safely conduct general;and specific laboratory procedures;Be fo re Wo rking inthe Lab;Review each step of experiment;procedure;Know the hazards;Know the worst things that could;happen;Know how to protect yourself;Identify and use prudent practices and;protective equipment to minimize the;risks;Be fo re Wo rking inthe Lab;KNOW THE HAZARDS;Kno wthe Hazards:Flammable s;Flammable Liquid;Organic solvents;-Methanol;-Toluene;-Ether;Acetic acid;Formic acid;Flammable S o lids;Phosphorus;Magnesium;Lithium;Flammable Gas e s;Acetylene;Propane;Kno wthe Hazards:Co rro s ive s;Ac ids;Acetic acid;Hydrochloric acid;Sulfuric acid;Bas e s;Sodium hydroxide;Calcium hydroxide;Ammonium;hydroxide;Kno wthe Hazards:Po is o ns andTo xic s;Cyanide compounds;Mercury and Mercury;compounds;Lead and Lead compounds;Arsenic and Arsenic compounds;Tetrodotoxin;Kno wthe Hazards:Carc ino g e ns;Benzene;Formaldehyde;Methylene chloride;(Dichloromethane);Carbon tetrachloride;Cadmium;Cadmium sulfide;Chromium (VI) compounds;Chromium phosphate;Dioxin;Kno wthe Hazards:Oxidize rs;Potassium nitrate;Hydrogen peroxide;Potassium dichromate;Bromine;Sodium hypochlorite;Nitric acid;Benzoyl peroxide;Peroxide forming compounds;- Ethers;- Diethyl Ether;- Tetrahydrofuran (THF);- Vinyl Compounds;Kno wthe Hazards:Wate rRe ac tive;Sodium;Potassium;Aluminum powder;Sulfuric acid;Calcium carbide;Sodium hydrosulfite;Aluminum powder;Acetic anhydride;Calcium hydride;Kno wthe Hazards:Pyro pho ric;Many water reactive chemicals;are also pyrophoric (air;reactive).;Titanium dichloride;Tributylaluminum;Arsenic hydride;Lithium aluminum hydride;Nickel carbonyl;Phosphorus;Kno wthe Hazards;Kno wthe Hazards:Bio lo g ic alHazards;Sharps;Infectious;material;Recombinant;DNA;Kno wthe Hazards:Radio ac tive;Different hazards are;associated with;each type of;radiation;alpha-particles;beta-particles;gamma-rays;X-rays;* Don't forget about the chemical;hazards;Kno wthe Hazards: Las e rs;Clas s IIIBLas e rs;- May be hazardous;under direct viewing;conditions;Clas s IVLas e rs;- Beam is hazardous to;the eyes and skin;-Diffuse reflection is;potentially hazardous;-May be a fire hazard;Kno wthe Hazards: Cryo g e nic;Liquidnitro g e nbo ils at;196C;Liquidhe liumbo ils at;Kno wthe Hazards;Ac ute lyHazardo us Che mic als;Substances of high acute toxicity that may be fatal or cause damage to target;organs from a single exposure or from exposures of short duration.;Link: http://edocket.access.gpo.gov/cfr_2006/julqtr/40cfr261.33.htm;Names: acutely hazardous, highly hazardous, p-listed, u-listed;Obtain prior permission before using certain hazardous chemicals;(carcinogens, mutagens, etc.);Read its Safety Data Sheet (SDS) prior to using any chemical;Use glove box when appropriate;Disposing e m pty containers of acutely hazardous chemicals;* triple rinse with an appropriate solvent;* properly tag this rinse as waste;* empty container may then be thrown in the trash;Kno wthe Hazards: Che mic al;Co mpatibility;Acids;Ac ids;Store only with other;acids;Keep away from metals;Use secondary;containment;Bases;Kno wthe Hazards: Che mic al;Co mpatibility;Ac ids;Some acids may react with other acids, so;remember to segregate them into these;categories.;Organic;Oxidizing;Inorganic;Kno wthe Hazards: Che mic al;Co mpatibility;Acids;Ac e tic Ac id;An organic acid and reducing agent that will burn when;ignited. But storing acetic acid in a flammable storage;cabinet is not recommended because the acid vapors;corrodes metal;Because acetic acid is an organic acid, it is chemically;incompatible with strong oxidizing agents and should be;stored separately;Bases;Kno wthe Hazards: Che mic al;Co mpatibility;Acids;Bases;Nitric Ac id;Corrosive, oxidizer, do NOT store with acetic acid or;other organic acids;Store with other inorganic acids within its own;secondary containment, or store alone;Kno wthe Hazards: Che mic al;Co mpatibility;Acids;Bas e s;Store only with other;bases;Use secondary;containment;Bases;Kno wthe Hazards: Che mic al;Co mpatibility;Acids;Flammable s;Store only with other;flammables;Store in flammables cabinet;Bases;Kno wthe Hazards: Che mic al;Co mpatibility;Acids;Oxidize rs;Keep away from flammables;combustibles and reducing;agents;Keep away from organics;Bases;Kno wthe Hazards: Che mic al;Co mpatibility;Po is o ns andTo xins;Store according to the nature;of the chemical;Make sure all toxins are stored;compatibly;Kno wthe Hazards: Che mic al;Co mpatibility;Acids;Phe no ls;Ideally stored in flammables;cabinet;Bases;Kno wthe Hazards:Che mic alS to rag e;Ove rvie w;Separate incompatible chemicals;Keep the amount of chemicals in the;lab to a minimum;Never store chemicals on the floor;Store chemicals below shoulder;height when possible;Use secondary containment;Note bottles hanging over the shelf, this is an example;of improperly stored chemicals. The excessive number;of bottles makes for a potentially hazardous situation;when reaching for chemicals on the top shelf and in the;back row.;Do not store food in a chemical;storage refrigerator;LABEL ALL CONTAINERS!;Kno wthe Hazards: BulkDrumS to rag e;All bulk containers must be properly;labeled with contents, CAS Number;and Hazard Identification.;Secondary containment must be;maintained for bulk storage of liquids.;Bonding and grounding wires must be;used for barrels holding flammables;when transferring these liquids from;one metal container to another.;WHATS THE WORST;THAT COULD HAPPEN?;What's the worst that could happen?;April 13, 2011 Yale A Yale University student nearing graduation died in an;accident in a chemistry lab machine shop after her hair was pulled into a piece of;equipmenther hair became caught in a fast-spinning latheShe died from;accidental asphyxia by neck compression;J anuary 11, 2012 U of F, Gainesville student seriously injured by chemical;reactant explosion, was working alone in a lab on the second floor "under a;protective hood" when the explosion occurred.;May 23, 2012 Princeton University Three people were sent to the hospital;following an accidentthat sparked a flash fire and sent chemicals into the air;woman mistakenly added solvent waste to nitric acid;April 10, 2013 Colorado College, Colorado Springs 13 people were taken to;the hospital, including 2 who had to be pulled from the building by firefighters;after being exposed to titanium tetrachloride. studentswere drilling into a;pressurized container to obtain the substance when the incident occurred;KNOW HOW TO;PROTECT YOURSELF;Pro te c tyo urs e lf;Eng ine e ring andAdminis trative;Co ntro ls;Substitute a less hazardous material;Reduce the size of the experiment and quantity of;hazardous chemicals;Use less hazardous equipment or processes (safety;cans instead of glass);Isolate the operator or process;Use glove box, fume hood or other type of local;ventilation;Pro te c tyo urs e lf;S afe tyEquipme nt;Know where it is!;Know how to use it!;Maintain clear access;to equipment;Pickthebest;extinguishertypefor;yourlabsneeds.ALL;EXTINGUISHERSARE;NOTTHESAME!;Pro te c tyo urs e lf;PPE;Consult advisor and;SDS for proper PPE.;Minimum: proper;shoes, proper;clothing, confinement;of long hair and loose;clothing.;(PPEvide o);University of California video on PPE;https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=;RXmG8mjUviI;Pro te c tyo urs e lf;Offers the best protection;Glo ve bo x;Pro te c tyo urs e lf;Fume Ho o d;Fume hoods should provide;approximately 80-120 fpm;face velocity for safe use;(use tissue test for basic;verification that hood is;functioning).;Do not have large;quantities of material or;equipment in the hood. Do;no use fume hoods for;storage!;Always work at least 6;inches in from the sash;area.;(Fume Ho o dvide o);University of California at Berkeley;http://www.youtube.com/watch?;v=;A4AHxLnByts;Pro te c tyo urs e lf;Used to protect;culture from us e r;Does not provide;protection from;chemical exposure;Make sure yours is;certified annually;Bio S afe tyCabine ts;Pro te c tyo urs e lf;S afe ty;Remember PAS S;feet.;Pull the pin, stand back 8-10;Aim at the base of the fire.;S queeze the handle.;S weep at the base of the fire;with;extinguishing agent.;BES UREYOUHAVETHECORRECTTYPE;EXTINGUIS HERFORTHEFIREYOUARE;FIGHTING.PLANAHEAD!;Fire;Pro te c tyo urs e lf: Fire S afe ty;(c o nt.);Know the locations of the fire;alarms and extinguishers;Only extinguish fires if you;feel comfortable doing so;- small trashcan sized fires;only;Pro te c tyo urs e lf;Bro ke nGlas s;Broken glassware placed;in regular trash creates a;hazard to unsuspecting;custodial personnel.;All broken glassware should;be placed in a sturdy;cardboard box with the words BROKEN GLASS written;on the outside. Close with tape when full or if the box is;getting heavy, then have custodians pick up.;Pro te c tYo urs e lf:Ele c tric alS afe ty;Keep use of extension cords to a minimum and use as a;temporary solution.;Make sure the extension cords are the right size or rating for;the tool youre using.;Do not attempt to repair any device;expert.;call an;Pro te c tYo urs e lf:Ele c tric alS afe ty (c o nt.);Turn off all power (unplug);before inspecting equipment.;Use tools with non-conducting;handles.;Make sure equipment is;grounded.;Do not use multiple plug;adaptors.;Pro te c tYo urs e lf:To o landMac hine;S afe ty;Always wear safety;glasses.;Wear hearing protection if;needed.;Wear sturdy, thick, slipproof shoes.;Wear short sleeves or;tightly fitting long sleeves.;Be sure to secure hair;hats, neck ties, scarves;any loose clothing.;Pro te c tYo urs e lf:Mac hine S afe ty (c o nt.);Read the operators manual or seek;instruction on the proper use of the;tool.;Develop a regular inspection;routine to insure proper function of;machines.;Never remove a guard or reach;around one while machine is;moving.;Keep fingers clear of the machines;point-of-operation. Use special;tools to feed through the;machine.;Pro te c tYo urs e lf:Co mpre s s e dGas;S afe ty;Must be securely held upright and fastened to a rigid;structure.;Must be legibly marked with name of contents and have;caps in place, screwed down tightly, when not in use.;Color does not identify contents, read the label.;Correctly secured between one-half and three-quarters way from floor.;An exploding gas cylinder penetrated the concrete floor above it.;Pro te c tYo urs e lf:Co mpre s s e dGas S afe ty;(c o nt.);Regulators are gas specific and not interchangeable, make sure;the regulator and valve fittings are compatible, check connections;for leaks with dilute soap solution.;Compressed gas cylinders cannot be stored in hallways, exits;stairwells, or other routes of egress.;Do not locate gas cylinders near heat sources like direct sunlight;or furnaces where they may heat up and explode.;Only move cylinders with caps tightly secured;using a wheeled cart designed to transport cylinders.;Store incompatibles separately (i.e. oxgen and;flammables);Pro te c tyo urs e lf;Ge ne ralS afe ty;Concentrate on the task at hand;Never work alone with hazardous;materials;Notify other lab personnel of the hazards;associated with your research, learn;theirs, too;Avoid leaving experiments unattended;Be familiar with emergency response;procedures;Have available and read the Safety Data;Sheets (SDS) and labels of materials;you are working withknow the;hazards!;Glo ballyHarmo nize dS ys te m;The following slides contain information you should know;regarding OSHAs updated Hazard Communication Standard;(HazCom 2012) and the Globally Harmonized System of;Classification and Labeling of Chemicals (GHS).;GHS andHazCo mm;HazCo m2012: OSHA standard 29CFR 1910.1200;modified in;2012 to;state that the United States will abide by;and traino nthe new GHS criteria, including;Hazard Classifications, Labels, Safety Data;Sheets (SDS) and Training;GHS: provides a single set of harmonized criteria for;classifying;chemicals according to;their health and physical hazards;specifies required hazard communication elements and;GHS;The official guide, called The Purple Bo o k, is;The Glo b ally Harm o niz e d S y s te m o fClas s ific atio n;and Lab e lling o fChe m ic als (GHS);and may be found on OSHAs website;http://www.osha.gov/dsg/hazcom/ghs.html;********************;OSHAs video explaining these changes;http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=;RvQNf1Y7E84;GHS andHazCo mm;From the Purple Book, the reason OSHA is adopting this new;system;It is anticipated that application of the GHS will;Enhance the protection of human health and the environment by providing an internationally;comprehensible system;Provide a recognized framework to develop regulations for those countries without existing;systems;Facilitate international trade in chemicals whose hazards have been identified on an;international basis;Reduce the need for testing and evaluation against multiple classification systems.;The tangible benefits to governments are;Fewer chemical accidents and incidents;Lower health care costs;Improved protection of workers and the public from chemical hazards;Avoiding duplication of effort in creating national systems;Reduction in the costs of enforcement;Improved reputation on chemical issues, both domestically and internationally.;GHS andHazCo mm;Co nt.- From the Purple Book, the reason OSHA is adopting this;new system;Some of the benefits to companies listed in the Purple Book include;safer work environment;increased efficiency;maximize expert resources;reduced costs due to fewer accidents and illnesses;improved corporate image and credibility.;Benefits to workers and members of the public include;improved safety through consistent and simplified communications;on chemical hazards and practices;greater awareness of hazards, resulting in safer use of chemicals.;GHS andHazCo mm;The reason OSHA is adopting this new;system;Facts about GHS;It was developed by the United Nations as a way to collaborate agreement on chemical;regulations and standards with participating countries.;It is hoped that GHS will make international sale and transportation of hazardous chemicals;easier and make workplace conditions safer.;U.S. officially adopted GHS on March 26, 2012. OSHAs adoption is actually a re vis ion of the;HCS to align with GHS. OSHA calls this revision HazComm 2012.;GHS is no tag lo ballawo rre g ulatio n, but a set of recommendations or collection of best;practices. No country is obligated to adopt all or any part of the GHS. Countries can pick and;choose which parts of the GHS they wish to incorporate into their own regulations, and they are;responsible for its enforcement.;To date, over 65 countries have adopted GHS or are in the process of doing so.;Biggest changes for those adopting GHS will be safety labels, SDSs, and chemical;classification.;Biggest costs to businesses is to re-classify all chemicals using GHS criteria and train workers;on these changes.;GHS andHazCo mm;The reason OSHA is adopting this new;system;Facts about GHS (cont.);GHS is meant to be a logical and comprehensive approach to;1.;Defining health, physical and environmental hazards of chemicals (although;environmental hazards are outside OSHAs jurisdiction).;2.;Creating classification processes that use available data on chemicals for comparison;with the defined hazard criteria.;3.;Communicating hazard information in a prscribed and uniform way on labels and;SDS.;In the U.S., GHS adoption is under the domain of OSHA, EPA, DOT and;Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC).;DOT was actually the first agency to implement GHS, OSHAs adoption brings;the regulations between;these two agencies into greater harmony. EPA is;expected to quickly follow with revisions to its standards to align them with;GHS.;GHS;S tandardiz e s;1. Hazard classification;2. Labels;manufacturers labels;secondary or workplace (secondary to the original container) labels;3. Safety Data Sheets (SDS) formerly called Material;Safety;Data Sheets (MSDS);GHS Co ntaine rs Re c e ive d;Labe ls are m ore pre s criptive,andinclude s ixs tandarde le m e nts;1. Pro duc tIde ntifie r (chemical name) matching the product identifier on;the SDS;2. S upple rInfo rmatio n including name, address and phone number of;responsible party;3. S ig nalWo rd, either Danger or Warning depending upon severity;4. Pic to g ram(s), black hazard symbols on white background with red;diamond borders that provide a quick visual reference of hazard;information;5. HazardS tate me nt(s) that describe the nature of the hazard and/or its;severity;6. Pre c autio naryS tate me nt(s) that provide important information on the;safe handling, storage and disposal of the chemical;GHS;GHS Pic to g rams;S kulland Cro s s b o ne s;Acute Toxicity (fatal or toxic);Gas Cy lind e r;Gases Under Pressure;Env iro nm e nt (Non-;Exp lo d ing Bo m b;Mandatory);Aquatic Toxicity;Explosives;Self Reactives;Organic Peroxides;Flam e Ov e r;Circ le;Oxidizers;Exc lam atio nMark;Co rro s io n;Irritant (skin and eye);Skin Sensitizer;Acute Toxicity;Narcotic Effects;Respiratory Tract Irritant;Hazardous to Ozone Layer;(Non-Mandatory);Skin Corrosion/Burns;Eye Damage;Corrosive to Metals;He althHaz ard;Flam e;Flammables;Pyrophorics;Self-Heating;Emits Flammable Gas;Self Reactives;Organic Peroxides;Carcinogen;Mutagen;Reproductive Toxicity;Respiratory Sensitizer;Target Organ Toxicity;Aspiration Toxicity;GHS Wo rkplac e (S e c o ndary);Labe ls;Secondary containers MUS T;have labels (chemical name) and;a hazard label identifying its;hazard. Use one of the nine;pictograms on the right;alternately, a National Fire;Protection Association (NFPA);diamond or Hazardous Material;Identification System (HMIS);sticker may still be used for this.;OSHA (DNR, EPA) may fine;without these two pieces of;information.;OSHA dictates that S DS s willus e;the s anctione dpictogram s to;communicate the chemicals;hazard.;GHS Labe ls,c o nfus ing;ano maly?;(From MSDSonline article titled NFPA, HMIS and OSHAs GHS Aligned Hazard Communication Standard);An important difference between NFPA/HMIS systems and GHS/HazCom 2012;is the way they use numbers. The numbers in the GHS system, as adopted by;OSHA, do not show up on the label, instead they are used to determine what;goes on the label. The numbers do appear on GHS formatted safety data;sheets, in Section 2, but OSHA believes the use of numbers there will be less;confusing since there is much more contextual information available to help the;reader understand the hazard information. In the NFPA and HMIS systems, the;numbers themselves appear on the label and are used to communicate;information about the hazard.;GHS Labe ls,c o nfus ing;ano maly?;Parto fs e c tio n2fro mS ig maAldric hs S DS;fo rHy d ro fluo ric Ac id;Note the difference between;GHS Classification and HMIS;and NFPA;GHS: the lower the;categorization number, the;greater the severity of the;hazard. No numbers on the;labels.;NFPA and HMIS: the higher;the number, the greater the;NFPA;HMIS Sticker;diamond for;severity. Number are on the;HF;labels.;GHS Wo rkplac e (S e c o ndary);Labe ls;To test for compliance in secondary labeling answer;these two questions;1.Whatis this c he mic al(c he mic alname)?;2.Whatare the hazards o fthis c he mic al?;Make sure you know your system for labeling;secondary containers. This system should be;standard throughout your department.;GHS S DS;Keep SDSs for 30 years, whether or not you still have the chemical.;GHS S DS;Keep SDSs for 30 years, whether or not you still have the chemical.;GHS S DS;Chemicals in your lab KEEPACURRENTINVENTORY;Employees must know the system used in their;workplace. At S&T we use on-line resources and;hard copy.;When searching online for a SDS be sure to search;on the chemicals manufacturers website.;For very hazardous chemicals (example;hydrofluoric acid) have ahardcopyinyourlaboratory.;SDS must be readily accessible in a known location.;For general searches, links to SDS search addresses;are available through Environmental Health & Safetys;home page and Chemtrack.;GHS:Chang e s Re quire dto be;Imple me nte d;Pro te c tyo urs e lf;Ge ne ralS afe ty(c o nt.);Follow good housekeeping;practices;No horseplay in the lab;No food, drink, or cosmetics, etc.;in the lab;Know the hazards of your;chemicals;Know how to use specialized;equipment;Keep guards on all equipment;Never override safety devices;USE PRUDENT;PRACTICES IN THE;LABORATORY;Prude ntPrac tic e s:PlanAhe ad;Plan ahead before you begin an experiment: know;the location of the nearest fire extinguisher, eye wash;station, safety shower, spill kit and first aid kit, read;and follow your lab specific SOP's.;Have all PPE required for your procedures and;correct PPE for all hazards.;Check all equipment, including glassware, prior to;use.;Prude ntPrac tic e s:Go o dHo us e ke e ping;Clean up and properly store materials;Don't block access to emergency equipment;No eating, drinking or applying makeup;Remove gloves and wash hands - don't take hazardous;materials home with you;Never smell or taste chemicals or pipette by mouth;Never work alone - let someone know where you are;(University Police ext. 4300);WhyYo uS ho uldntEatinLabs;The Far Side by Gary;Larson;Prude ntPrac tic e s:Re s o urc e s;Laboratory Supervisor or Principal Investigator;Container labels;SDS;Chemical handbook or internet;Chemical Hygiene Plan - ours or OSHA's (29CFR1910.1450;- "retrieve by cfr (Code of Federal Regulations) citation");Prude ntPractice s inthe Laboratory (National Research;Council);Prude ntPrac tic e s;Re s o urc e s;CHEMTRACK;CHEMTRA;CK;AMis s o uriS &Twe bbas e dapplic atio nfo undo n;Enviro nme ntalHe alth&S afe ty's ho me pag e;Ac c e s s auto matic allyg rante dto fac ultyand;g raduate s tude nts atMis s o uriS &undefinedundefinedT,o the rs may;re que s tac c e s s;Fo undathttp://e hs.ms t.e du/c he mtrac k/;CHEMTRACK;(c o nt.);Maintains a real time inventory of chemicals on campus;Locates available chemicals on campus which helps reduce;purchasing costs for the campus by eliminating duplicates;Tracks chemicals which are hazardous or may become;hazardous upon prolonged storage;Offers links to SDS information;Aids in regulatory reporting;Che mTrac kDatabas e Chang e;Fo rm;Ke e pCHEMTRACKc urre nt;New Item - notify EHS (through website - Che m TrackDatabas e;Change Form, by email, or phone) so an Authorized Material;Receiver (AMR) can come barcode your item and enter it into the;Chemtrack database. Only AMR's have adm inis trative privileges for;Chemtrack.;Chemical moved to another location - notify AMR (Che m Track;Databas e Change Form) with barcode and new room number so;they can update Chemtrack with the proper location of the item.;Unsure if item requires barcoding - contact AMR and he/she will;make the determination.;Chemical used up or no longer usable - notify AMR (through EHS;website - Che m TrackDatabas e Change Form, by email, or phone);with the barcode number so they can delete it from the Chemtrack;inventory. Destroy the bar-code by peeling it off the container or;marking through it with a permanent marker. Properly dispose of;empty or unusable chemical containers.;Che mTrac kDatabas e Chang e;Fo rm;CHEMTRACK (c o nt.);Do n'tfo rg e tyo urc ylinde rs !;Che mtrac kRe quire me nt: when receiving a;new product, notify the AMR and he/she will barcode it on a removable tag.;Che mtrac kRe quire me nt: when you exchange;the cylinder for a new one, you may transfer the;tag if the size and contents are identical.;Purchase of lecture bottles or other nonreturnable pressurized gas cylinders is strongly;discouraged because of the difficulty and cost of;disposal.;CHEMTRACK (c o nt.);Review your own chemical inventory prior;to purchasing more chemicals.;Keep your inventory to a miniumum!;Che mic alRe c yc ling;Looking for a small quantity of a chemical that you do;not have in your laboratory's own inventory? Before;buying;1. Search Chemtrack within your department and adjacent;labs.;2. Search Schrenk Hall, Room 214 (organic chemicals) in;Chemtrack - to obtain contact J onathon Sidwell;sidwellj@mst.edu, 341-7261.;3. Search Schrenk Hall, Room 220 (inorganics) in Chemtrack to obtain contact J onathon Sidwell, sidwellj@mst.edu, 3417261.;Che mic alS afe tyLabe ling Che mic als;ALL containers MUST be labeled.;GHS;Pic to g ram;s;OSHA requires all chemicals to be;labeled to warn of their hazards. EPA;could consider an unlabeled container;waste".;NFPADiamo nd;fire;health;reactivity;special;HMIS;S tic ke r;The label must contain the proper;chemical name and CAS number and;something denoting its hazards. GHS;pictograms may be used, or a NFPA;diamond or an HMIS sticker. Preferably;and if there is room, date of receipt or;synthesis, and the name of the user;should also be included on the label.;Do not use chemicals from unlabeled;containers.;Che mic alS afe tyLabe ling;Che mic als;LABEL!;ALL!;CONTAINER;S!;S hipping Che mic als;Be sure to ask for assistance from EHS;when shipping chemicals so that;regulatory rules are followed;DOT (Dept of Transportation);IATA (Internatl Air Transport Assoc);DHS (Dept of Homeland Security);NRC (Nuclear Regulatory Commission);other;HAZARDOUS WASTE;MANAGEMENT;Hazardous Was te Management;Storage - Keep chemical waste in a satellite storage area near the location that;waste is generated. Generally, this means the s am e room where the waste is;generated.;Containers - During storage all waste containers must be kept closed except;when it is necessary to add or remove waste. Evaporation of wastes in fume;hoods is prohibited. Containers must be maintained in good condition (i.e. no;rust, dents or leaks, etc.) and must be compatible with the wastes they contain.;Poly type containers are preferred. If glass containers are used place inside a;plastic tub for secondary containment in the event of breakage, follow spill;procedures if breakage occurs.;Labeling - Federal and State laws require labels listing the container contents;preferably full chemical name (not chemical formula) with concentration. The;University provides specially designed yellow Chemical Waste tags to help meet;this requirement. With the first drop of waste placed into a container a Chemical;Waste tag must be attached to that container. By meeting labeling requirements;for waste the university can avoid most lab violations.;Hazardo us Was te Manag e me nt;(c o nt.);Volume Limit - By law generators may store up to 55 gallons of;chemical waste or one quart of an acutely hazardous waste in the;satellite accumulation area. This means one container at a time;only, of a particular waste. Due to limited space and for safer;handling, we ask that waste be collected in containers not larger;than 5 gallons/20 liters.;Holding Times - Maximum storage time of waste is one year;provided the volume restrictions have not been exceeded. This is a;Missouri Department of Natural Resources law. However;unive rs itypo lic ylimits s to rag e to 90days. Once a container is;full, a chemical pick-up request form must be submitted immediately;because by law full waste containers must be removed from the;labs within 72 hours.;Co ns ultthe o rang e po s te r;TOPTENS TRATEGIES FORPROPERLYS TORING;CHEMICALWAS TE" po s te d ine ve rylab;Example s o fPo s s ible Was te;Vio latio ns;Che mic alWas te Tag s;Waste accumulation start date;Month/Day/Year;Point of Contact: first and last name;of person generating waste and;their research advisor.;Location: building and room number;where you are conducting research;Contents: (as appropriate, back of;tag available, too);Bio hazardo us Was te Pic kup;Dis po s al;AllBio Hazardo us was te s mus tbe pro pe rlylabe le dands to re d;ac c o rding to Mis s o uriS &TPo lic ie s;All Bio-Hazardous wastes must be stored in containers lined with red;plastic bags labeled INFECTIOUS WAS TE.;All needles, syringes or other sharp Bio-Hazardous materials must be;placed into puncture-resistant sharps disposal box prior to placement in;Bio-Hazardous waste container.;All waste containers must be kept closed, except when adding or;removing waste, and properly disposed of through approved disposal;contractor as needed.;No nBio lo g ic alWas te s;(S harps);S to rag e o fno nb io lo g ic als yring e s and ne e dle s;Separate the needles from the syringe and place in a;widemouth plastic jar or similar, non-punctureable;container.;The container should be marked "S harps No n;Bio lo g ic al;Was te " and disposed of, when full, in the;same box as;broken glass. Keep the Sharps container;closed.;Glass syringes are to be cleaned and reused, plastic;syringes are to be rinsed with acetone, dried in the hood;and then disposed of in the standard trash container.;Ite ms yo umayno te xpe c tto be;Was te;Aerosol cans whichare notcom ple te lye m pty are considered and;treated as hazardous waste. Put them in a container with a lid and tag;them, turn them in to EHS for disposal. Even though the product;itself, is not hazardous, the repellent that ejects it from the can is.;Em p ty cans may be thrown in the trash, like other chemical containers.;Unive rs alWas te s /S pe c ialWas te s;These are everyday items;used in offices, shops and laboratories that;contain hazardous components or characteristics that do not allow them;to be disposed of in the "normal" trash. Most can be recycled to help;reduce the overall cost of waste disposal. Items that fall within this;Universal/Special Wastes" include;Batteries;Fluorescent Lamps/Tubes;Mercury Thermostats;Mercury containing equipment;For information on proper disposal of Universal & Special Wastes visit;the EHS website Hazardous Waste link, Management link, or call 3414305.;Us e dOil;If possible do not mix other material or;chemicals with your used oil and do not;allow water to enter used oil containers.;Used oils can usually be transferred to a;recycler at a lower cost to the university.;However, w as te oil which has been mixed;with metals, solvents, toxics, PCB's or other;chemical substances is more expensive to;dispose.;Containers used for accumulating used oils;should be clearly marked with the words;USED OIL". This will help prevent oil;contamination.;Used oil should be labeled and stored;according to the Waste Management;Procedures outlined on the EHS website;under Hazardous Waste Management.;S aturate dRag s &To we ls;Rags or Towels which have become;saturated with solvents must be;disposed of in the following manner;Solvent saturated rags must be;placed in an appropriately labeled;metal bin with a tightly closing lid that;remains closed except when being;filled or emptied.;All bins must meet Missouri S&T;Hazardous Waste labeling;requirements.;Fill out a Pick-up Request form within;90 days of the start date of the bin for;proper disposal.;Hazardo us Was te Re g ulato ry;Re quire me nts;Cradle-to-Grave Tracking;Identification (waste profile);Labeling (special requirements);Storage (generally limited to 90 days);Transportation (Hazardous Waste Manifest);Disposal/Treatment (Landfill restricted);Dont' throw it in the trash;Don't pour it down the drain or flush it down the;toilet;Don't pu

 

Paper#15825 | Written in 18-Jul-2015

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