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What ought to be done in the following case?




What ought to be done in the following case? Why is the route you recommend the most defensible way to proceed? In preparing your answer, think about the situation in light of the concept of free will, the idea of using persons as means, personal responsibility, what matters and what ought to matter to us, what we have reason to expect of each other, and Blackburn?s arguments against moral relativism, among other things. (Your answer does not have to mention all of these, but it should be obvious that you have considered the scenario in light of issues of this sort.);Jim, a botanist, finds himself in the central square of a small South American town. Tied up against the wall are a row of twenty natives, mostly terrified, a few defiant. In front of them are several armed men in uniform. The captain in charge, after establishing that Jim got there by accident, explains that the natives are a random group of the inhabitants whom, after recent acts of protest against the government, are about to be killed to remind other possible protestors of the advantages of not protesting. However, since Jim is an honored visitor from another country, the captain will offer him the privilege of killing one of the natives himself. If Jim accepts, then to honor his presence, the other natives will be let off. However, if Jim refuses, all of the natives will be killed. Jim realizes that he cannot possibly turn the tables against the armed men--any attempt to do so will invariably result in the death of the natives as well as his own death. The persons against the wall, and the other villagers witnessing the event, understand the situation, and are obviously begging Jim to accept the captain's proposal. What should Jim do?


Paper#15890 | Written in 18-Jul-2015

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