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Thecompanyownedandoperated

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Case1LetMeKeepMyJob;Thecompanyownedandoperatedarailsystemofover9,000milesinthestatesof;Illinois,Wisconsin,Minnesota,Iowa,Michigan,Nebraska,SouthDakota,NorthDakota,and;Wyoming.Theserailsystemsservedasanintegralpartofthenationwiderailwaysysteminthe;transportingofpassengersandfreightininterstatecommerce.Whentherailroadwasestablished;railroadstationswerebuilt7to10milesapart.Asmightbeexpected,overtheyears,airplanes;trucks,automobiles,andbargesreducedthedemandforrailroadtrafficsuchthattheworkat;someofthesestationswaslessthanonehourduringanormal8hourday.In1957,theCompany;filedpetitionswiththepublicutilitycommissionsinfouroftheninestatesinwhichitoperated;askingpermissiontoeithercentralizeorabolishsomeofthesestations.Obviously,theplan;wouldresultinthelossofjobsforsomeemployeesincludingtelegraphers.;Weeksafterthepetitionswerefiledbutbeforeadecisioncouldbemade,theUnion,duly;certifiedandtheactingcollectivebargainingagentoftherailroademployees,notifiedthe;CompanythatitwantedtonegotiatewiththeCompanyanamendmenttothecurrentlabor;agreementthatnopositioninexistenceonDecember3,1957,wouldbeabolishedordiscontinued;exceptbymutualagreement.WhentheCompanyrefused,theUnionbeganastrike.;TheCompanyclaimedthattheUnionhadnolabordisputewiththemandthereforethe;Unionhadnolegalprotestwiththem.Further,theCompanywasnotwilling,orallowedunder;law,tocontractawayanyofitsmanagerialduties.ItsuggestedthattheUnionappearbeforethe;statepublicutilitycommissionifitwasunhappywiththeproposedchanges.BecausetheUnion;hadnotdonethis,theCompanywasaskingforaninjunction.;TheUnionclaimedthataninjunctioncouldnotbeissuedbecauseundertheprovisionsof;theNorrisLaGuardiaAct,thiscaseinvolvedalabordispute,andthattheCompanyhadrefused;tonegotiateingoodfaiththeproposedchangeintheexistingcontract.;1. Isthisalabordispute?Explain;2. Howwouldyouruleinthiscase?Why?;Case2ColdAsIce!;TheIceandCoalDriversandHandlersLocalUnion953supported160to200local;unionicepeddlerswhodrovetheirowntruckssellingicefromdoortodoorinNewYorkCity.;However,theUnionbeganeffortstoinduceallthenonunionpeddlerstojointhelocalunion.In;ordertobetterwageandworkingconditionsofpeddlersandtheirhelpersinthecity,mostofthe;nonunionpeddlersrefusedtojointheunion.;Tobreakdowntheirresistanceandinretaliation,theUnionadoptedaplan,whichwas;designedtomakeitimpossibleforunionpeddlerstobuyicetosupplytheirlocalretailcustomers.;Atthesametime,theunionsetabouttoobtainfromallareawholesaleicedistributors;agreementsthattheywouldnotsellicetounionpeddlers.;AgreementswereobtainedfromalldistributorsexcepttheEmpireStorageandIce;Company.EmpirerefusedtoagreeandasaresulttheUnioninformedEmpirethatitwoulduse;othermeansatitsdisposaltoforcetheCompanytocomearoundtotheunionview.Empirestill;refusedtoagree.EmpireslocationwaspromptlypicketedbyunionmembersfortheCompanys;continuedsaleoficeofnonunionpeddlers.;About85%ofthetruckdriversworkingtheEmpirescustomersweremembersoflabor;unionsandduringthestriketheseuniontruckdriversrefusedtodelivergoodstoorfrom;Empiresplaceofbusiness.Itwaspolicythathadanyoneofthemcrossedthepicketlinehe/she;couldhavebeensubjecttofinesorsuspensionbytheunionofwhichhe/shewasamember.Asa;result,thepicketinghadaninstantaneousadverseeffectonEmpiresbusinessreducingprofitsby;over80%.;1. Describeandexplaintherolethetruckdriverscouldanddidplay.Woulditlegally;matteriftheywerenotmembersofthepicketingunion?;2. UsingonlytheinformationofShermanAct,decidethecase.Explainyourlegal;reason(s).

 

Paper#16000 | Written in 18-Jul-2015

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