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General Psychology Assignment




General Psychology Assignment;1. Dr. Hendrickson is interested in how our thoughts, perceptions, and behaviors are influenced by other people. Dr.;Hendrickson must be studying;a. interpersonalpsychology;b. clinical psychology;c. social psychology;d. personalitypsychology;2. Larry has noticed that when he wears jeans and T-shirts he is treated differently when he goes shopping than when;he wears a suit and tie. This illustrates how physical appearance can influence;a. person perception;b. social facilitation;c. deindividuation;d. person polarization;3. A man who lives in your town is very wealthy, but does not show it. In fact, he drives an old Chevy pick-up and;wears worn clothes. Visitors to town who do not know about his wealth, are often rude and inconsiderate to him.;This best illustrates;a. the central route ofpersuasion;b. how impressions of others will influence behavior;c. how individual behavior affects diffusion of responsibility;d. the actor-observer effect;4. What area(s) of the brain become activated when a heterosexual man looks at faces of athactive women?;a. areas of the brain that are involved in reward and pleasure;b. the amygdala;c. the hippocampus;d. areas of the brain that integrate visual information axd memory;5. From a social neuroscience view, what effect does receiving support from a friend have on our brains?;a. there are fewer stress hormones produced and distributed;b. there are more stress hormones produced and distributed;c. the sympathetic division of the nervous system becomes more active;d. dopamine levels dramatically increase in the cortex;6. Katy has red hair. When other people see Katy, they assume she has a temper. This illustrates;a. impressionmanagement;b. a stereotype;c. conformity;d. socialcharacteristics;7. John voted against Linda's promotion because he doesn't think women can do the job. John's behavior is an;example of;a. a stereotype;b. prejudice;c. an event schema;d. discrimination;8. Which of the following is an example of discrimination?;a. a woman who thinks that all men are insensitive;b. a teacher who believes that a particular racial group is intellectually superior to all others;c. public washrooms being declared out of bounds to members of a particular ethnic group;d. someone who considers Germans to be orderly;Schemas are;a. errors in attribution caused by cognitive dissonance;b. mental categories representing an organized collection of knowledge;c. attitudes resulting in prejudice and discrimination;d. factors that co-vary with the behavior we are trying to explain;10. Tim says to his friend Juan, "Your grandfather is pretty fun. I never thought old people could be that much fun.;Tim's comment is an illustration of;a. the fundamental attribution error;b. cognitive dissonance;c. a role schema;d. self-serving bias;A group of friends go out to a Thai restaurant. One of the friends says that he will be in charge of the ordering;because, as he puts it, he "knows how this sort of thing is done." If this is, in fact, the case, the person would be;making use of a(n);a. self-schema;b. person schema;c. event schema;d. subconscious schema;You see a friend walking towards you. You say "hi." He doesn't even acknowledge you are there. "What a jerk!;You have made a(n) _attribution.;a. peripheral;b. central;c. internal;d. external;Andy believes that he did not get a job because the interviewer didn't ask the right questions. Andy is making an;attribution based primarily on;a. the situation;b. disposition;c. schemas;d. cognitivedissonance;The covariation principle says that in deciding between dispositional and situational explanations, we should look;for three factors;a. consensus, consistency, and distinctiveness;b. person, role, and event schemas;c. behavioral, affective, and cognitive components;d. stereotypes, prejudice, and discrimination;9.;11.;t2.;13.;1415. The tendency to overestimate the importance of dispositional factors and underestimate the importance of;situational ones is known as;a. stereoffPing;b. fundamental attribution error;c. schema-drivenProcessing;d. prejudice;16. The actor-observer effect suggests that, as actors, we attribute our behaviors to,, but, as observers, we attribute;others' behavior to;-.;a. motivation,conformitY;b. the situation, their disposition;c. consensus, consistencY;d. self-schema, event schema;17.,,'When I beat my average bowling score, I attribute it to my skill, but if I score below my average, I blame it on the;dent in my bowling ball." This is an example of the;a. social comparison theory;b. covariationPrinciPle;c. fundamental attribution error;d. self-serving bias;18. With regard to attitudes: cognitive component is to;-;as affective component is to;a. beliefs, actions -;b. emotions, feelings;c. thoughts, emotions;d. behavior, actions;19. If your psychology professor wanted to predict your behavior in a future psychology class, she ought to determine;your;a. high school GPA;b. willingness to commit the self-serving bias;c. socioeconomicbackground;d. attitude toward the current psychology class;20. Which of the following words best describes cognitive dissonance?;a. clash;b. harmony;c. straight;d. clear;zl. Although paula loves her work with the American Cancer Society, she smokes cigarettes at home. This is an;example of;a. the self-serving bias;b. attribution;c. prejudice;d. cognitivedissonance;22. Which of the following theories says that attitudes follow behavior?;a. atffibution;b. schema;c. self-esteem;d. self-percePtion;25.;24.;25.;26.;27.;28.;The case of the hazing incident in high school and college clubs best illustrates;a. obedience;b. compliance;c. consistency;d. conformity;At Jack's office a number of men start wearing Hawaiian shirts on Fridays. Soon Jack begins wearing a Hawaiian;shirt on Fridays. Jack's behavior is an example of;a. conformity;b. consistency;c. compliance;d. obedience;As a class project, Dr. Thomas asks her class to attempt to replicate the findings of Asch's classic experiment on;conformity. What task will students in the class use in their attempted replication?;a. requests for charity;b. the effects of punishment on learning;c. judging the length of lines;d. expressing political opinions;Bethany answers the phone and is greeted by a person selling magazines. She says that she's not interested in;buying any magazines. But the person persists. She ends up buying several subscriptions that she knows she does;not need. Bethany illustrates;a. the self-handicapping strategy;b. obedience;c. conformity;d. compliance;Imagine that you have been put in charge of a fundraising campaign for your community organization. You decide;to try the foot-in-the-door technique. Which of the following strategies would fit the technique?;a. asking potential donors to contribute a fairly large sum of money and, when they refuse;saying you will settle for a lesser amount;b. asking the same potential donors repeatedly until they give in and contribute;c. asking potential donors for a small contribution and then going back a few weeks later and;asking for more;d. offering potential donors a number of benefits and then asking them for a contribution to;your cause;You are at COSTCO. There are vendors passing out samples in nearly every isle, assertively asking you if you;would like to try one. You avoid accepting them because if you take one, you will feel obligate to purchase the;item. This demonstrates your knowledge of the;a. norm of reciprocity;b. foot-in-the-door technique;c. arousal-cost-reward technique;d. door-in-the-face method;When you engage in behavior in response to an order by a powerful person or a person in a position of authority;you are experiencing;a. conformity;b. constancy;c. compliance;d. obedience;29.;30.;31.;32.;In Stanley Milgram's electric shock experiment, most subjects continued to give shocks;a. only up to the point they considered dangerous;b. even beyond the point they believed was dangerous;c. only if they had been paida considerable amount to participate in the experiment;d. only as long as the shocks seemed to be helping the "learner" do better;What happened when the authority figure in Milgram's study gave orders over the phone?;a. SuUjects were more likely to agree with the group and disagree with the authority figure;b. Subjects obeyed the orders without question;c. Sudects were more likely to disobey the authority figure;d. Subjects were less likely to disobey the authority figure;The results of Milgram's obedience experiments demonstrated;a. most people will not obey orders to harm others in the lab;b. males bui not females will obey orders to shock another person;c. a majority of people will obey orders that they know are unreasonable;d. pry"-hiut irts overestimate the percentage of individuals who will follow orders to harm;others in laboratory exPeriments;In;-;the person who is helping does so without expectation of a reward;a. diffrrsion of resPonsibilitY;b. reciprocity;c. prosocial behavior;d. altruism;A car is rapidly approaching an old lady crossing Hollywood Bollevard. Alan pushes the lady out of the way and;is himself;-hit;by 11," car, but saves her life. This is an example of;a. empathy;b. altruism;c. diffusion of resPonsibilitY;d. reciprocity;35. According to the _ model, we notice a situation, interpret it as one in which help is needed, assume personal;responsibility, choose a form ofassistance, and carry out that assistance.;a. decision stage;b. cognitive miser;c. arousal-cost-reward;d. attribution;36. According to the decision-stage model of helping, most people don't help because they don't;a. assume personal responsibility;b. choose a form ofassistance;c. notice the situation;d. carry out the assistance;3j. Tim is a nice, quiet boy, except when he roams the streets as a member of a gang. While with the gang, Tim acts in;a violent, vulgar fashion. His antisocial behavior is likely the result of;a. social facilitation;b. social inhibition;c. deindividuation;d. infusion;JJ.;34.;38. Which of the following is associated with a greater likelihood of taking on an antisocial role?;a. social facilitation;b. informationalinfluence;c. altruism;d. deindividuation;39. What does deindividuation provide an individual in a crowd?;a. social inhibition;b. motivation;c. anonymity;d. an identity;40. Adam is driving past the scene of an automobile accident. He sees that there are a lot of other people around, so he;doesn't feel that he needs to stop. This is an example of the _ theory.;a. athibution;b. catharsis;c. diffirsion of responsibility;d. groupthink;41. kr groupthink, the decision itself is _ than _.;a. less important, group cohesiveness.;b. more important, having a fact-filled debate c. Iess important, having a fact-filled debate;d. more important, reaching agreement;42. Which of the following statements is most reflective of the social cognitive model of aggression?;a. Watching violent television programs contributes to aggression in children.;b. Frustration may result in behaviors other than aggression. c. Catharsis relieves emotional tension and prevents aggressive behavior.;d. Children learn scripts for aggression through reinforcement.


Paper#16761 | Written in 18-Jul-2015

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