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Fill in the blanks;1. The VDRL test result will be elevated during the _____________ stage of syphilis. (Chapter 41);2. Substances that are foreign to the host and can stimulate an immune response are known as ______________. (Chapter 15);3. ______________ immunity refers to immunity that is acquired through previous exposure to infectious and other foreign agents. (Chapter 15);4. The HIV-infected person is at risk for many ______________ infections, potentially affecting the respiratory tract, the gastrointestinal tract, and the nervous system. (Chapter 16);5. The _____ subcomponent of complement induces rapid degranulation of mast cells. (Chapter 15);6. Most STIs are transmitted by direct ____________ contact. (Chapter 41);7. A male infant with X-linked agammaglobulinemia is typically diagnosed by undetected levels of all serum __________________. (Chapter 16);8. _________________ is a condition caused by a single-celled protozoan parasite and contributes to the risk of infertility in both men and women. (Chapter 41);9. ___________ immunity (also called natural or native immunity) consists of cellular and biochemical defenses that are in place before infection and respond rapidly to it. (Chapter 15);10. The _______ is the organ most commonly affected in acute graft vs. host disease (GVHD). (Chapter 16);11. There are five classes of __________________: IgG, IgA, IgM, IgD, and IgE, each with a different role in the immune defense strategy. (Chapter 15);12. Infections that develop in patients while they are hospitalized are called _______________ infections. (Chapter 14);13. Type _________ hypersensitivity responses result from immune responses to exogenous and endogenous antigens that produce inflammation and cause tissue damage. (Chapter 16);14. Bacterium that harbor _____________ have increased resistance to antibiotics. (Chapter 14);15. ______________ T cells are responsible for destroying pathogens by punching holes in their cell membrane and by secreting cytokines/lymphocytes. (Chapter 15);16. Adding the suffix -"_________" to the name of the involved tissue usually designates inflammation of an atomic location. (Chapter 14);17. The term ?_______________? represents a number of fungi, such as those that cause ringworm, athlete?s foot, and jock itch, are incapable of growing at core body temperature. (Chapter 14);18. ________________ is also known as genital warts and is commonly treated by cryotherapy. (Chapter 41);19. ___________ is the class of immunoglobulin that is involved in allergic and hypersensitivity reactions. (Chapter 15);20. The most visible manifestation of HPV infection is the development of genital __________. (Chapter 41);21. Ticks, mosquitoes, mites, and lice are examples of ______________, organisms that derive benefits from their biologic relationship with another organism. (Chapter 14);22. Infection with human papillomavirus (HPV) is associated with the development of ___________ cancer. (Chapter 41);23. The ____________ stage in the disease course is the period during which the host experiences the maximum impact of the infectious process. (Chapter 14);24. Severe combined immunodeficiency is a disorder that results from the loss of ____-cell function as well as ____-cell function. (Chapter 16);25. ________-tolerance refers to the inability to mount an immune response against a person?s own antigens. (Chapter 16);26. Type __________ hypersensitivity reactions involve the formation and deposition of insoluble antigen-antibody complexes that cause serum sickness and acute glomerulonephritis. (Chapter 16);27. ___________ immunity is acquired through immunization or actually having the disease. (Chapter 15);28. The ____________ test, a test in which purified protein derivative is injected under the skin, is an example of a delayed-type hypersensitivity. (Chapter 16);29. Diabetes mellitus is considered an _______________ disease. (Chapter 16);30. Rheumatoid arthritis, insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, ulcerative colitis, and myasthenia gravis are all examples of probable _______________ diseases. (Chapter 16);31. Untreated chlamydial infection can result in ___________ ____________. (Chapter 41);32. In the laboratory setting, the bacterium Streptococcus pyogenes, the organism that causes scarlet fever and rheumatic fever, stains purple with crystal violet dye. This indicates that this bacterium is a ___________-____________ organism. (Chapter 14);33. The ____________, a large secondary lymphoid organ located high in the left abdominal cavity, filters antigens from the blood and is important in the response to systemic infections. (Chapter 15);34. ___________________ refers to the particular collection of signs and symptoms expressed by the host during the disease course. (Chapter 14);35. Creutzfeldt-Jacob disease and ?_______ ________ __________? are examples of prion-associated diseases. (Chapter 14);36. _____________ is a single-celled organism that is about the size of a red blood cell and reproduces by a budding process. (Chapter 14);37. The STI that occurs in multiple stages and can eventually affect the cardiovascular and central nervous system is ___________. (Chapter 41);38. ______________ immunity represents a type of immunity that is transferred from another source, such as in utero transfer of antibodies from mother to infant. (Chapter 15);39. ______________ is a disease of the external genitalia and lymph nodes caused by the gram-negative bacterium Haemophilus ducreyi. (Chapter 41);40. Candidiasis is also known as a _________ infection. (Chapter 41)


Paper#16831 | Written in 18-Jul-2015

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