Discuss behavioral economics and the U.S. obesity report that recommended an hour of physical activity in public schools, no soft drinks allowed in schools, a tax on soft drinks, and the building of sidewalks in neighborhoods. From a behavioral economics standpoint, do you think these proposed governmental regulations would change the behaviors of people? Do you think they would reduce obesity in children or adults? Support your points with research and references.;Note: I have the article that addresses this questions, but more references are needed.;Additional Requirements;Min Pages: 1;Level of Detail: Only answer needed;Other Requirements: 300 words are required to answer this question.;Here is the lecture article;Other applications of operant conditioning theory and research include;behavioral economics. Behavioral economics is a ?field that uses principles;from both behavioral psychology and economics to predict people?s choices;and behaviors? (Mazur, 2012, p. 323). An application of behavioral economics;was applied to the United States problem of obesity in a recent report. The;Institute of Medicine wrote an extensive report on obesity calling for;governmental interventions including building neighborhood sidewalks;requiring an hour of physical exercise at public schools, banning soft drinks in;schools, and taxing sugary beverages. The report (2012) said;?Theory and empirical data from the field of behavioral;economics suggest that the majority of physical activity and;eating behaviors are routine rather than choices made after;deliberation about a set of options In such cases, changing the;environmental cues or "default choices" to routinely prompt;healthier choices could cause favorable (from a public health;perspective) shifts in population behavior (p.14). What are your opinions on behavioral economics? Do you think these;proposed environmental changes made by the government would cause;behavioral changes in people and ultimately reduce the rates of obesity in;children and/or adults in the U.S.? Which of the suggestions do you think might;change behavior or not?;Similar to the behavioral economics theory being applied to obesity, the theory;of learned helplessness has been applied to populations ranging from rats to;depressed patients to professional football players. Dr. Martin Seligman is a;psychologist who researched both learned helplessness and learned optimism;at two different times in his career. This research is discussed in your textbook.;The field of positive psychology came out of his research on both learned;helplessness and learned optimism. ?Positive psychology is the scientific study;of the strengths and virtues that enable individuals and communities to thrive.;The Positive Psychology Center promotes research, training, education, and;the dissemination of positive psychology. This field is founded on the belief that;people want to lead meaningful and fulfilling lives, to cultivate what is best;within them, and to enhance their experiences of love, work, and play;(University of Pennsylvania, 2007).?
Paper#17019 | Written in 18-Jul-2015Price : $47