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GED215 Psychology of Adjustment




GED215;Psychology of Adjustment;Text;Psychology For Living: Adjustment, Growth, and Behavior Today;9th Edition, 2008;Authors;Publisher;Karen Grover Duffy and Eastwood Atwater;Pearson/Prentice Hall;925 N. Spurgeon Street, Santa Ana, CA 92701;03/09;Final Examination;ISBN: 0-13-222447-X;Phone: 714-547-9625;Fax: 714-547-5777;Psychology of Adjustment;Final Examination;Multiple Choice Questions (Enter your answers on the enclosed answer sheet);1) The world as we know it today is characterized by;A);B);C);D);more collectivism in comparison to individualism;galloping technological changes;slower social change than was witnessed in previous decades;a movement toward increased industrialization and fewer service industries;2) The fear of technology is known as;A);B);C);D);technophobia;electronosis;decidophobia;computeritis;3) What is the most popular (frequent) method used by Americans to nd information?;A);B);C);D);radio;newspapers;Internet;TV;4) In todays world, almost ________ percent of Americans use e-mail.;A);B);C);D);75;50;100;25;5) Which is NOT a technique to help the environment?;A);B);C);D);recycle;reproduce;reuse;reduce;6) Truly autonomous people who are unafraid to make important decisions and;who accept responsibility for their lives and their decisions are;A);B);C);D);collectivistic;self-actualized;normalistic;decidoteric;1;Psychology of Adjustment;Final Examination;7) Researchers have found high stability across a life span for which personality;trait?;A);B);C);D);introversion-extroversion;authoritarianism;perfectionism;self-esteem;8) The highest degree of stability of personality has been found in the domain of;A);B);C);D);authoritarianism;introversion-extroversion;perfectionism;self-esteem;9) How does personal growth usually proceed?;A);B);C);D);acknowledgment, dissatisfaction, reorganization;dissonance, neutrality, consonance;dissatisfaction, reorganization, acknowledgment;dissonance, consonance, neutrality;10) The experience of personal growth usually ends with the stage of;A);B);C);D);changing our attitudes;reorganizing our experience;acknowledging change;feeling anxiety and discomfort;11) In which psychoanalytic stage did Freud say genuine love develops?;A);B);C);D);anal;genital;latency;oral;12) According to Erikson, the second stage of psychosocial development poses;the developmental task of;A);B);C);D);2;autonomy vs. shame;industry vs. inferiority;trust vs. mistrust;initiative vs. guilt;Psychology of Adjustment;Final Examination;13) The process by which we learn by observing is called;A);B);C);D);reinforcement;punishment;observational learning;learning theory;14) ________ emphasizes the importance of learning and the environment rather;than biological or unconscious drives.;A);B);C);D);Jungs analytical psychology;Banduras social learning theory;Eriksons psychosocial theory;Freuds psychodynamic theory;15) Ken argued with Audra that they should give up their stressful jobs and move;to a small town to start a winery. He was condent they would be successful.;Ken has high levels of;A);B);C);D);self-efcacy;personality dynamism;self-actualizing tendency;ego as well as id;16) Humanistic psychology has received national prominence as;A);B);C);D);deconstructivist;the third force in psychology;emphasizing individual sameness;Freuds theory;17) According to the concept of positive regard, children automatically develop a;need for;A);B);C);D);behavior rewards;acceptance by others;social consciousness;valuing self;18) According to Maslow, self-actualizing people;A);B);C);D);have reached a healthier level of functioning than the rest of us;are more self-centered than the average person;have met all their life goals;are exempt from anxiety as well as neurotic behavior;3;Psychology of Adjustment;Final Examination;19) According to Maslow, self-actualization is;A);B);C);D);more common among children than adults;rarely achieved until young adulthood;a lifelong task that is rarely completed;usually attained in Western but not Eastern societies;20) With advancing age, individual differences in development become;A);B);C);D);no different;less pronounced;more pronounced;none of the above describe advancing age;21) The developmental task of leaving home most importantly involves;A);B);C);D);differentiating ones self from ones parents;getting married and having a family;cutting all ties to ones parents;moving out of the family home;22) In the last decade, a trend seen in young adults behavior is that;A);B);C);D);more young adults are moving in with their parents;more young adults are majoring in humanities and social sciences;many are less concerned with social issues, such as environment;more females than males between 20-24 years old are living with their;parents;23) Women in midlife often;A);B);C);D);worry about their biological clock;avoid schooling;avoid adoption;avoid the workforce;24) Is there any way to predict Alzheimers disease?;A);B);C);D);4;yes, mild cognitive impairment at midlife often predicts later Alzheimers;yes, the way to test for it is to test for memory loss when it is rst suspected;no, it is found only upon autopsy;no, there is no way to predict nor to diagnose it for sure;Psychology of Adjustment;Final Examination;25) Viagra is for;A);B);C);D);men only, not women;older men in their change of life;arthritis in men and women;young people, both male and female;26) Which factor(s) account(s) for an individuals desire to retire?;A);B);C);D);attitudes toward retirement;perceived adequacy of income;general health;all of the above;27) What is true of the Social Security system?;A) the government can be depended on to help the elderly even if they have;never worked a day in their lives;B) the age for eligibility is rising;C) individuals automatically receive it upon retirement;D) all of these are true;28) The more active a person is, the more satised a person remains is explained;by;A);B);C);D);disenchantment;the climacteric;activity theory;disenfranchisement;29) All those perceptions of I and me together with the feelings and beliefs;associated with them are called the;A);B);C);D);social self;ideal self;real self;self-concept;30) The notion that each of us has multiple selves really means;A);B);C);D);there is no coherent core of the self-concept;everyone has multiple personality disorders;there is no such thing as the self-concept;the self-concept is a cluster of self images;5;Psychology of Adjustment;Final Examination;31) Experiences that are inconsistent with our existing self-concept tend to be;A);B);C);D);admitted fully into conscious awareness;distorted or denied to awareness;incorporated into our ideal self;labeled accurately;32) Experiences that are consistent with both our sensory reactions and self-concept;A);B);C);D);are denied to awareness;are usually distorted;are rarely accurately labeled;comprise the core of our self-concept;33) Low self-esteem is characterized by;A);B);C);D);trying so hard to improve his math scores;poor performance on spelling tests;refusal to accept praise;all of the above;34) According to the text, our perception of how others view us is keyed to;A);B);C);D);who we would like to be;what others think of us;the way we see ourselves;our parental inuence;35) Research demonstrates that most individuals;A);B);C);D);expect higher grades than they receive;underestimate their own intelligence;overestimate how salient their own behaviors and appearance are to others;feel self-feedback is more important than feedback from others;36) One of the best ways to handle personal criticism is to take it as;A);B);C);D);6;a matter that requires you to defend yourself;a matter which requires immediate action;a cue that action may be required;the reection of another persons envy;Psychology of Adjustment;Final Examination;37) During the early stages of psychotherapy and self-improvement, people tend;to express a lot of;A);B);C);D);rejection of the therapist;self-insight;self-dissatisfaction;self-acceptance;38) Which of the following is true about the ideal body thought to be desired by;the opposite sex?;A) women believe men want a thin woman, but men do not conrm this;B) college women think men want a woman who is thinner with larger breasts;than the woman the men say they actually desire;C) college men think women want a man who is thinner and taller than the man;the women say they actually want;D) the type of woman men actually want is dissimilar to the body ideal held by;women;39) With regard to health behaviors, which personality trait enables us to adopt;healthy and therefore preventive behaviors?;A);B);C);D);competitiveness;self-efcacy;introspection;conformity;40) A return to previous behavior is called;A);B);C);D);addiction;rebound;relapse;none of the above;41) Women doctors;A);B);C);D);spend more time with patients;explain medical terminology better;allow patients to talk more;all of the above;7;Psychology of Adjustment;Final Examination;42) According to the U.S. Department of Agricultures food pyramid, what substance should we consume the most of?;A);B);C);D);meat;breads;dairy;fruits and vegetables;43) Which statement is true about dreams?;A);B);C);D);dreams are unnecessary;dreams are realistic and meaningful;dream analysis is well agreed upon;dream time decreases as we age;44) Physical tness is associated with;A);B);C);D);ghting some cancers;reducing anxiety;improved mood;all of the above;45) ________ locus of control is when a person believes they have control;locus of control is when a person feels an outside source has;control.;A);B);C);D);internal, external;external, internal;personal, external;personal, internal;46) One of the most reliable predictors of who will complete or drop out of programs for weight loss or substance abuse is the individuals;A);B);C);D);educational level;perceived control;gender;marital status;47) When we want to lead and inspire others, we should;A);B);C);D);8;focus only on the negative aspects of changing our ways;focus on short-term but negative effects;focus on being optimistic and emphasizing the positive;focus on building empathy;Psychology of Adjustment;Final Examination;48) In the recommended process for making wise decisions, the fth and nal;stage consists of;A);B);C);D);accepting the challenge;assessing your actions and decision;following through with your decision;searching for alternatives;49) Which of the following is an example of reactance?;A);B);C);D);driving slowly because someone is tailgating to get you to speed up;reading a book you have always wanted to read just for sheer pleasure;nishing a crossword puzzle and feeling very proud of yourself;giving money to charity every year and giving the same amount;50) The technique of listing the advantages and disadvantages of a given course;of action before making a decision is called;A);B);C);D);values clarication;direct decision therapy;creative conict management;the balance sheet procedure;51) The need that appears at the top of Maslows hierarchy is;A);B);C);D);belonging;physiological needs;safety needs;self-actualization;52) According to Maslows hierarchical model of needs, the most urgent need is;A);B);C);D);the highest level of unmet needs;the need for self-actualization;the need for security and other social needs;the lowest level of unmet needs;53) Intrinsic motivation involves active engagement out of personal interest, while;external motivation involves;A);B);C);D);engagement to satisfy family;a need to have others guide you;engagement as a means to an end;a desire to help others;9;Psychology of Adjustment;Final Examination;54) Zuckerman and others suggest that the need for sensation-seeking behavior;A) is entirely due to our life circumstances, especially our eld of employment;if the job is boring, we seek sensations elsewhere;B) may be partly biological;C) becomes stronger with age;D) is not affected by social inuences;55) An efcacious person says;A);B);C);D);Why didnt I do this yesterday?;We dont have to be perfect.;I can do this.;I may do it now or never.;56) Based on his cross-cultural research, Matsumoto claims that a seventh;universal emotion expressed on the human face is;A);B);C);D);frustration;love;joy;contempt;57) A basic principle of person perception is;A) our rst impressions are not the most lasting impressions;B) people form impressions of others only after they have gleaned lots of information;C) not all of us form rst impressions of other people, we wait to pass judgment;D) people tend to form extensive impressions of others on the basis of very little;information;58) Our rst impressions of people are generally based on;A);B);C);D);10;sound psychological principles;very little information;careful observations;a lot of experience with the person;Psychology of Adjustment;Final Examination;59) When it comes to physical attraction between people of the opposite sex, the;matching hypothesis implies that;A) females seek males who match their parents images;B) males seek females like their mothers, and females seek males like their;fathers;C) we are attracted to people who reciprocate our liking of them;D) we seek people who are about as attractive as we are;60) Shyness in the extreme is called social anxiety, or;A);B);C);D);social phobia;unfamiliarity;psychopathic;biological predisposition;61) Who is shy?;A);B);C);D);teens are the shiest age group in America;women are shier than men;adults are shier than children;whites are shier than minorities;62) Which statement is true about loneliness?;A);B);C);D);people with high emotional intelligence experience greater loneliness;individuals whose parents died experience increased loneliness;people who are high in empathy and aware of their emotions tend to be lonely;some of the loneliest people had divorced parents when they were young;63) What is the correct sequence of group formation, according to the text?;A);B);C);D);forming, storming, norming, and performing;storming, forming, norming, and performing;norming, storming, performing, and forming;forming, storming, performing, and norming;64) In what type of social inuence situation do we follow direct commands from;others?;A);B);C);D);interpersonal attraction;compliance;conformity;obedience;11;Psychology of Adjustment;Final Examination;65) The great man theory found ________ traits to be correlated with effective;U.S. presidents.;A);B);C);D);3;4;5;6;66) Which set of terms best t together?;A);B);C);D);in-group, task-oriented, groupthink;great man theory, women, conformity;collectives, conformity, group polarization;emotional intelligence, charismatic leader, transformational leader;67) The person who remains neutral in a conict but renders a binding solution to;the conict is known as a(n);A);B);C);D);mindguard;arbitrator;mediator;none of these is correct;68) People who score high on the Realistic theme of the Strong Interest Inventory;would most likely enjoy a job working as an;A);B);C);D);accountant;biologist;engineer;stockbroker;69) Which is NOT a major reason that job satisfaction tends to rise with age and/;or years on the job?;A);B);C);D);knowing ofce politics and how to circumvent them;having more realistic job expectations;job security;rising pay;70) Which of the following is an example of sexual harassment according to the;texts denition?;A) a male coworker whistles at his female colleague who wears a short skirt to;work, she is so distressed by this that she never again wears a short skirt to;work;12;Psychology of Adjustment;Final Examination;B) a male employer puts his arm around his secretary who is uncomfortable;each time he does this;C) a male coworker often tells dirty jokes which embarrass all the female employees;D) all of these are examples, especially if the behavior impedes the performance;of the women;71) According to a Lou Harris poll, compared to workers in the recent past, the;average American worker today;A);B);C);D);has the same amount of leisure time;works fewer hours a week;has less leisure time;has more leisure time;72) The most common reason Americans take a vacation is for;A);B);C);D);family togetherness;escape;self-discovery;relaxation;73) The Masters and Johnson team identied ________ stages in the sexual;response cycle.;A);B);C);D);6;5;4;7;74) When she is sure she wont see anyone she knows, Sveta occasionally goes;out in public dressed like a man. She probably is;A);B);C);D);a transsexual;a crossdresser;intersexed;autoerotic;13;Psychology of Adjustment;Final Examination;75) According to the text, the ideal type of love is;A);B);C);D);intimate love;passionate love;companionate love;consummate love;76) Which one of the following birth control techniques is regarded as most effective?;A);B);C);D);diaphragm;cervical cap;combined birth-control pills;condom;77) Which STD if left untreated can cause brain damage, blindness, or paralysis?;A);B);C);D);genital herpes;syphilis;chlamydia;all three of these;78) In the triangular theory of love, ________ is the motivational aspect of love.;A);B);C);D);passion;commitment;intimacy;romance;79) According to studies comparing peoples current romantic relationships with;their childhood attachment styles, individuals who exhibit the anxious-ambivalent pattern;A);B);C);D);are the most cynical about romantic love;report their romances last the longest;are the most prone to jealousy;fall in love easily, but rarely nd true love;80) The divorce rate in the U.S. now stands at ________ percent.;A);B);C);D);14;50;75;25;5;Psychology of Adjustment;Final Examination;81) EFT is a technique to;A);B);C);D);change thought and emotional patterns;intervene in disputes;handle family budgets;aid in sexual dysfunction;82) Studies of divorced people have shown that;A);B);C);D);most remarry in the rst year after their divorce;few of them are willing ever to marry anyone;most divorced people marry another divorced person;none of these is true about divorced people;83) According to Hans Selye, stress which has a benecial effect on us is called;A);B);C);D);eustress;hypostress;distress;hyperstress;84) What are common reactions to terrorism?;A);B);C);D);feeling tense;sleep problems;feeling numb;all of the above;85) In his rst week as an air-trafc controller, Harley is already complaining of;headaches and fatigue. Harleys symptoms are characteristic of which stage;of the general adaptation syndrome?;A);B);C);D);the intermediate stage;resistance;exhaustion;alarm;86) Cumulative changes that reect the cost to the body for adapting to stressful;demands is called;A);B);C);D);allostatic load;acting out;homeostasis;repression;15;Psychology of Adjustment;Final Examination;87) Withdrawal from a stressful situation;A);B);C);D);is a viable problem-solving response under some conditions;is almost always an unhealthy, maladjusted response to stress;is a temporary symptom-reducing response, so it rarely works;is the preferred response in almost all stressful situations;88) In terms of mental disorders, most mental health professionals greatly attend;to;A);B);C);D);the statistical rarity of the behavior;the legal model of insanity;the persons reputation among his or her peers;the individuals level of personal distress;89) With regard to mental disorder and diversity, which statement(s) is/are true?;A);B);C);D);minorities in treatment receive poorer quality care;minorities are underrepresented in mental health research;minorities have less access to mental health services;all of these are true;90) Which is not a category of compulsions?;A);B);C);D);hoarder;slacker;repeater;orderer;91) In contrast to major depression, bipolar disorder;A);B);C);D);is more common in the general population;is more prevalent among women than men;is more prevalent among married people;usually occurs before age 30;92) Which of the following are obvious symptoms of psychosis?;A);B);C);D);16;fear of being alone and fear of high places;overeating and anxiety;delusions and hallucinations;none of these is a symptom of psychosis;Psychology of Adjustment;Final Examination;93) Which type of therapy emphasizes the importance of the therapists attitude;of acceptance and empathetic understanding of the client?;A);B);C);D);psychoanalytic therapy;rational-emotive therapy;person-centered therapy;gestalt therapy;94) The notion that the people who can help you best are those who have similar;problems is a common assumption in;A);B);C);D);gestalt therapy;contextual therapy;mutual-help groups;social skills training;95) The class of medication for mental disorders that has increased most dramatically is;A);B);C);D);lithium products;antianxiety drugs;antipsychotic medication;antidepressants;96) ________ has been shown by multiple studies to reduce depression.;A);B);C);D);Eating more salt and less sugar;Exercise, such as jogging;Eating more sugar and less salt;Listening to classical music;97) People tend to overestimate the risk of death from causes such as;A);B);C);D);strokes;heart attacks;accidents;diabetes;98) Mary is less fearful of death than many older people her age. According to the;text, a major reason for Marys diminished fear of death probably is her;A);B);C);D);having a college education;genuine belief in the afterlife;feeling that it cant happen to me;having cared for a terminally ill friend;17;Psychology of Adjustment;Final Examination;99) The healthy process of grief work involves;A);B);C);D);avoiding formal funeral services for others;wearing mourning clothes;not talking about ones loss;sharing ones feelings of grief;100) What is a typical response of caregivers to long-term caregiving?;A);B);C);D);18;depression;relief when the cared for person dies;self-satisfaction;resentment


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