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case study




Case 1: The Case of Brenda;This is Brenda. She is 17 years old and plays competitive tennis. In fact she hopes to get a;scholarship to play in college. Brenda?s coach asked her to go see a sports psychologist who;specializes in ABA because she is having difficulty with her serve. She does not have enough;speed and accuracy to win matches. Her coach has tried every strategy he knows with no;success. Based on her interview with Brenda and her review of videotapes of his serve, the;behaviorist decides to use chaining to help. The behaviorist will break down Brenda?s serve;into individual units of behavior such as the starting position, ball toss, swing of the racket back;acceleration of the racket, contact with the ball, and follow-through.;Case 2: The Case of Mrs. Riley;This is Mrs. Riley. She has just been asked to take over a class of third graders who are very;energetic and have tried the patience of many teachers. In fact, Mrs. Riley is the third teacher;to take over the class this year and it is only November! These students are not only unruly but;most of them did not earn passing marks on their most recent state administered exam of;basic skills. Mrs. Riley thinks these poor scores were due to class time lost to constant disruption.;The major behavior challenges in the class are, fighting, yelling out answers/questions, not;staying seated during work time, and failure to complete in class assignments. Mrs. Riley;contacted an ABA professional to design some effective behavior modification methods that;would help the children settle down and be able to better focus on learning. The behaviorist;recommended a token economy system in which Mrs. Riley would contract with the students;on desired behaviors. Each student that makes it through the day without any behavior;incidents will get a penny. Friday afternoons will be ?store? time. The students will be able to;trade their pennies in for different prizes. Some will be tangible items such as pieces of candy.;Others will be privileges such as a week without homework. Students can ?spend? their;pennies each week or save up to buy bigger items like a day with early dismissal from school.


Paper#17220 | Written in 18-Jul-2015

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