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1) It is extremely important to establish the appropriate level of measurement for variables being;measured in a study, because level of measurement impacts?;A. How long the study will run;B. How often measurements should be made;C. The number of participants that must be recruited;D. The assumptions underlying the quantitative methods of analysis chosen;2) The principle of parsimony in research may be reflected in measurement efforts by?;A. Selecting long and complex measurement strategies to ensure full coverage;B. Rejecting operational definitions that are too concrete;C. Selecting accurate and effective measurement strategies that are as brief as possible;D. Specifying intricate algorithms for data collection so phenomena complexity is preserved;3) The more intrusive the measurement, of a physical or psychological construct in human;participants is, the greater the __________ concerns.;A. Cost;B. Procedural effectiveness;C. Analytical;D. Ethical;4) The calculation of Chronbachs Coefficient Alpha would observe lower results when the;content of the instrument is more?;A. Operationally defined;B. Externally Valid;C. Homogeneous;D. Heterogeneous;5) Methods of measurement where participants becoming aware of those measurements, actually;alter their responses or behaviors are known as?;A. Ethically volatile;B. Second generation;A. Ethically volatile;C. Reactive;D. Fuzzy focused;6) A __________ establishes a quantitative means to measure a defined construct by using;assigned values as a basis to quantify observations and participant responses.;A. Algorithm;B. Non-biased procedure;C. Protocol;D. Scale;7) To approximate a normal distribution of scores and support parametric forms of quantitative;analysis, variables must be measurable at the __________ level or above.;A. Concrete;B. Interval;C. Ordinal;D. Categorical;8) The circumstance of a particular construct being measured by two different sets of items held to;be equivalent in representing the construct, is known as?;A. Generalizability;B. Personal bias;C. Alternate Forms Reliability;D. Predictive Validity;9) A form of validity that may be measured by being uncorrelated with measures focused on;distinctly different constructs, is known as?;A. Face Validity;B. Foundational Validity;C. Concurrent Validity;D. Discriminant Validity;10) Interval scales of measurement have equal distances between points, but lack?;A. Operational definitions;B. Absolute zero points;C. External validity;D. Internal consistency;11) A Nominal Scale can only be used to?;A. Put things in a particular order;B. Place things into descriptive categories;C. Making things appear to be above or below zero;D. Establish a particular Most to Least order of relationship;12) Surveys, interviews and questionnaires all focus on?;A. Observed behavior;B. Archival data;C. Self-Report Measures;D. Expert ratings;13) The extent to which measures of a construct in your instrument are related to other measures;of the same construct, is known as?;A. Convergent Validity;B. Content Validity;C. Construct Validity;D. Criterion Validity;14) A means of determining the agreement among judges or raters when a given set of these are;assessing or evaluating a particular defined and observed phenomenon (e.g., performance of;participants on a given behavioral task).;A. Test-Retest Reliability;B. Interrater Reliability;A. Test-Retest Reliability;C. Judge/Rater Validity of Circumstance (J/R VC);D. Split-half reliability;15) The level of measurement that has equal distance between scale points, an absolute zero and;can be subject to all arithmetic operations is?;A. Nominal;B. Ratio;C. Ordinal;D. Interval;16) The four basic levels of measurement are?;A. Category, rating, scale, numerical;B. Nominal, Ordinal, Interval, Ratio;C. Continuous, Dichotomous, Symmetrical, Non-Symmetrical;D. Direct, Indirect, intrusive, non-intrusive;17) In general terms, the consistency or dependability of a measurement technique is known as?;A. Validity;B. Reliability;C. Generalizability;D. Trustworthiness;18) The extent to which a measurement strategy actually measures a definable theoretical;construct or trait is know as;A. Internal Validity;B. External consistency;C. Construct Validity;D. Criterion Validity;19) Uncontrolled variance that distorts scores and observations so that these no longer accurately;represent the construct in question or being studied is known as?;A. Measurement error;B. Validation failure;C. Fluctuating bias;D. Non-specific distortion algorithms;20) A major characteristic of quantitative measurement instruments that greatly influences how we;evaluate internal consistency of the instrument is?;A. Content heterogeneity versus homogeneity;B. Content volume;C. Content criterion;D. Content inclusions beyond elemental concepts;21) When a measure is compared to an outside criterion that will be measured in the future, it is;know as?;A. Predictive Validity;B. Content Validity;C. Concurrent Validity;D. Specific Validity;22) The relevance of a measurement instrument or strategy to the construct one is attempting to;measure is known as?;A. Concurrent Validity;B. Internal Consistency;C. Content Validity;D. Predictive Validity;23) Establishing clear __________ is critical to developing clear and accurate measurement;strategies.;A. Paths to success;B. Natural focus;C. Operational definitions;D. Conceptual determinations;24) The more reliable a measurement instrument, the more accurately it should estimate a;participants __________ in relationship to the construct being measured (e.g., intelligence).;A. Heterogeneity;B. Persistence;C. Resolve and Commitment;D. True Score;25) The extent to which a particular instrument and the constituent items making up the instrument;appear to measure the construct(s) being measured, is known as?;A. Discriminant Validity;B. Convergent Validity;C. Face Validity;D. Foundational Validity


Paper#19470 | Written in 18-Jul-2015

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