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The before-and-after design is often used to demonstrate

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The before-and-after design is often used to demonstrate;A.contingent tolerance.;B.metabolic tolerance.;C.situationally specific tolerance.;D.functional tolerance.;Much of what we believe about the biopsychology of drug addiction is based on the study of drug self-administration in laboratory animals, but there is a major concern;A.Most of the research has been based on opiate self-administration.;B.Most of the research has been based on stimulant self-administration.;C.The housing and testing conditions have been unnatural.;D.both B and C;Which of the following seem to share some brain mechanisms with habitual drug taking?;A.kleptomania;B.overeating;C.compulsive shopping;D.all of the above;Recent research suggests that during the transition from initial drug taking to habitual drug taking.;A.there are impairments in the function of prefrontal cortex.;B.the control of drug taking is shifted from the nucleus accumbens.;C.the control of drug taking is shifted to the dorsal striatum.;D.all of the above;Each T cell has two kinds of receptors on its membrane: one for molecules normally found on the surface of __________ and one for a specific __________.;A.antigens, macrophage;B.antigens, antibody;C.macrophages, antigen;D.antibodies, antigen;Vaccination is often an effective preventive measure because;A.viruses have a memory.;B.the adaptive immune system has a memory.;C.conspecifics have a memory.;D.the innate immune system has a memory.;Subordination stress is most readily investigated in species that form;A.attack teams.;B.stable dominance hierarchies.;C.social aggression groups.;D.permanent mating bonds.;The areas of the cortex that control emotion seem to;A.vary substantially from emotion to emotion and person to person.;B.be clustered in the prefrontal lobes.;C.be clustered in the temporal lobes.;D.be clustered in the right hemisphere.;The main difficulty in diagnosing psychiatric disorders is that;A.patients suffering from the same psychiatric disorder often display different symptoms.;B.patients suffering from different psychiatric disorders often display the same symptoms.;C.dream analysis is subjective and expensive.;D.both A and B;Several large scale studies have compared the effectiveness of various antidepressants to placebos. These studies have found that;A.various classes of antidepressants are similarly effective.;B.overall, antidepressants benefitted only 25% more patients than did placebos.;C.antidepressants are of no significant benefit for the mildly or moderately depressed.;D.all of the above;Drugs for which the market is too small for them to be profitable are called __________ drugs.;A.orphan;B.translational;C.noneconomic;D.petit mal;Which neurotransmitter has been most often implicated in anxiety disorders because of the effects of benzodiazepines?;A.GABA;B.dopamine;C.norepinephrine;D.glutamate;Additional Requirements;Min Pages: 1;Level of Detail: Only answer needed;Other Requirements: All multiple choice

 

Paper#22002 | Written in 18-Jul-2015

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