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GRM697 Research Process FINAL MCQs




23. Which of the following information should be provided in an informed consent form for any;study involving human participants?;a. the findings of the study;b. the number of participants the study plans to use;c. the procedures involved in the study;d. the names of other participants;31. Which of the following statements is false?;a. Validity refers to the results of a test not the test itself.;b. Validity progresses from low to high degrees rather than all or none.;c. A test can lack validity and still be a reliable measure.;d. A test can lack reliability and still be a valid measure.;37. Dr. Brown finds that results from different methods used to assess the same trait are highly;correlated and results from different methods used to assess different traits are not;significantly correlated. These results demonstrate which two types of validity respectively?;a. predictive and concurrent;b. concurrent and predictive;c. discriminant and convergent;d. convergent and discriminant;39. Which assessment technique is used in field work?;a. Likert scaling;b. Thurstone scaling;c. observation;d. item analysis;40. Which of the following is NOT a component of a multiple choice question?;a. the stem;b. the root;c. distracters;d. alternatives;44. A good cover letter for a survey questionnaire has all but one of the following characteristics;listed below. Which is NOT a characteristic of a good cover letter?;a. The initial questions are relatively simple, nonthreatening and easy-to-answer.;b. It is written on official letterhead.;c. It promises confidentiality.;d. It clearly states the purpose of the questionnaire and the importance of the study.;45. Which measure would be used to describe how far a test score is from the average test;score?;a. mean;b. mode;c. median;d. standard deviation;46. In a set of scores with a mean of 50 and a standard deviation of 5, what raw score is;represented by a z-score of 1.00?;a. 30;b. 55;c. 60;d. 20;50. You are interviewing classmates to find out their political party affiliation. When you pick;the measure of central tendency to use in presenting your results, which should you choose?;a. range;b. mode;c. median;d. mean;52. The minimum or maximum value that one would expect the test statistic to yield if the null;hypothesis is true is an example of which of the following?;a. critical value;b. F value;c. t-test score;d. sampling mean;53. What can you conclude if the obtained value of a test statistic exceeds the critical value?;a. The null hypothesis cannot be rejected.;b. You made an error when calculating the test statistic.;c. The null hypothesis can be rejected.;d. Your obtained value is not statistically significant.;55. If Professor Columbo is interested in the general trend of research findings regarding infant;visual attention and childhood intelligence, what technique would be most amenable to his;inquiry?;a. Analysis of Variance (ANOVA);b. Meta-analysis;c. Multiple Analysis of Variance (MANOVA);d. Factor analysis;56. What is the standard metr;57. Which of the following statements regarding statistical significance is FALSE?;a. The level of statistical significance and Type I error are the same thing.;b. Statistical significance is the degree of risk you are willing to take that you will reject;a null when it is actually true.;c. When your results are found to be statistically significant, you can conclude that they;will have a meaningful effect in the clinic.;d. The researcher can determine the level of statistical significance.;60. Which of the following statements is false?;a. A correlation of.8 may be interpreted as very strong.;b. The higher the correlation is, the larger the ?jump? in explained variance.;c. A scattergram is a visual representation of a correlation between two variables.;d. The absolute value of the correlation coefficient is more important than the +;or ? sign.;63. Which of the following could be a potential problem in conducting survey research?;a. information is collected over a short period of time;b. producing accurate results;c. getting a broad picture of what is being studied;d. response rate;72. Which of the following is NOT a disadvantage of the case study method?;a. It only reflects one reality and that one may reflect researcher bias.;b. Generalizability of the findings is limited.;c. It cannot establish cause-and-effect links.;d. It provides a rich account of what is occurring.;79. Which experimental design involves one experimental group and three control groups?;a. Solomon four-group design;b. pretest posttest control group design;c. posttest only control group design;d. quasi-experimental design;80. Why use nonequivalent control group design?;a. less cost;b. less time involved;c. easier training;d. because you cannot assign subjects to groups;81. In what design is the cause-and-effect argument strongest?;a. experimental design;b. quasi-experimental design;c. pre-experimental design;d. correlational design;82. In quasi-experimental research, when will the cause of differences between groups occur?;a. during the experiment;b. after the experiment;c. it has already occurred;d. it will never occur;84. If you want to answer a research question regarding whether a particular group of subjects;experiences any significant changes in behavior as they age but you do not have the time or;money for a traditional longitudinal study, which method would be acceptable?;a. cross-sectional;b. historical;c. follow-up;d. None of the above would be acceptable.;87. When reviewing the problem and purpose sections of a research article, which of the;following questions would be pertinent?;a. Is the review recent?;b. Are the hypotheses clearly stated?;c. Are the results related to the hypotheses?;d. Is the objective of the study clearly stated?;89. When selecting a dependent variable, you should consider all of the following EXCEPT;a. the measure has been used before.;b. the validity of the measure has been established.;c. the measure comes with testing forms.;d. norms are available, when applicable.;90. In a research proposal, what should follow the literature review section?;a. appendices;b. literature review;c. implications and limitations;d. method;91. In a research proposal, what should follow the implications and limitations section?;a. appendices;b. literature review;c.implications and limitations;d. method;94. Which section of a manuscript discusses the reliability of any tests that were used?;a. introduction;b. methods;c. results;d. discussion;95. Which section of a manuscript discusses the general types of data analyses that were planned;and used in the study?;a. introduction;b. abstract;c. results;d. method;98. The hypothesis is most likely to appear at the end of which section of a manuscript?;a. introduction;b. methods;c. results;d. references;99. What guidelines do most journals in the social and behavioral sciences follow?;a. Index Medicus;b. American Psychological Association;c. Society of Psychiatric Journals;d. Modern Language Association;100. What material is included in the abstract?;a. a one-sentence statement of the purpose;b. tables showing results;c. a list of sources that were consulted during the research;d. discussion of the important relationships between past research, the purpose of the;current study, the hypothesis and the results of the study


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