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(TCO 1) Which of the following is a function of modern-day psychologists?

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Question 1.1. (TCO 1) Which of the following is a function of modern-day psychologists? (Points: 2);Read your thoughts;Study conformity;Study the future;Study how the positions of planets influence a person's personality;Question 2.2. (TCO 1) Which of the following is the BEST example of psychology's goal of describing behavior? (Points: 2);Giving an interest-inventory (test) at a college counseling center to determine what career or college choices would best suit a student;Conducting an experiment to determine if watching violent cartoons increases aggressive behavior in preschoolers;Videotaping an intersection with four-way stop signs and measuring the ratio of complete to incomplete stops made by drivers;Sending first-time drug offenders to an inpatient treatment program rather than to jail;Question 3.3. (TCO 1) Most practicing psychologists earn degrees in the area of _____. (Points: 2);educational psychology;school psychology;clinical psychology;cognitive psychology;Question 4.4. (TCO 1) _____ investigates how mental processes help people adapt to their environment. (Points: 2);Structuralism;Gestalt;Cognitive processing;Functionalism;Question 5.5. (TCO 1) Dr. Watson, from the _____ school of psychology, focused on objective, observable behavior rather than on the unconscious. (Points: 2);behaviorism;cognitive;developmental;conditional;Question 6.6. (TCO 1) Behaviorists were different conceptually from earlier psychologists and (Points: 2);rejected the practice of introspection.;rejected the influence of unconscious forces.;believed classical conditioning only applied to animals such as Pavlov's dogs.;A and B;Question 7.7. (TCO 1) A state of self-fulfillment all individuals naturally strive to develop and move toward, according to Abraham Maslow, is called _____. (Points: 2);self satisfaction;joy;self actualization;accomplishment;Question 8.8. (TCO 1) The model that likens the mind to a computer that sequentially takes in information, processes it, and then produces a response is called the _____. (Points: 2);stepwise model;information processing model;cognitive processing model;reasoning approach;Question 9.9. (TCO 2) Basic research is BEST defined as research that _____. (Points: 2);is basic to one field only;advances scientific knowledge;is done to get a grade or a tenured teaching position;solves basic problems encountered by humans and animals in a complex world;Question 10.10. (TCO 2) Someone interested in studying the effects of text messaging rather than talking on the phone on the quality of friendships would perform _____ as the first step in order to follow the scientific method. (Points: 2);forming a testable hypothesis;developing a theory;reviewing the literature of existing theories;designing a study;Question 11.11. (TCO 2) If a psychology teacher lets students earn extra credit by volunteering for research, he or she is ethically required to _____. (Points: 2);volunteer for a study himself or herself;provide an alternative extra credit activity of equal value;help conduct the study himself or herself;All of the above;Question 12.12. (TCO 2) _____ research observes and records behaviors without manipulating variables or producing causal explanations. (Points: 2);Descriptive;Empirical;Independent;Dependent;Question 13.13. (TCO 2) Which scientific method of research would be used if a college student running for student body president was trying to determine whether to emphasize campus security, improve parking facilities, or increase health services in his or her campaign? (Points: 2);A case study;Naturalistic observation;An experiment;A survey;Question 14.14. (TCO 2) In experiments, _____ variables are selected and manipulated by the experimenter. (Points: 2);independent;intervening;controlled;dependent;Question 15.15. (TCO 2) One of the BEST ways to deal with ethnocentrism in scientific research is to _____. (Points: 2);create culturally diverse research review committees;provide cultural sensitivity training to all researchers;use cross-cultural sampling;ignore it because cultural universals are more prevalent than cultural specifics;Question 16.16. (TCO 2) Which of the following is an example of a zero correlation? (Points: 2);The relationship between your grades and how much time you spend studying;The relationship between your alcohol consumption and physical reaction time;The relationship between intensity of rain and umbrella use;The relationship between your adult height and intelligence;Question 17.17. (TCO 3) Evidence for _____ can be found when adopted children's behavior resembles their adopted family's behavior. (Points: 2);predominance of nurture;predominance of nature;interacting contributions of nature and nurture;equal contributions of nature and nurture;Question 18.18. (TCO 3) The basic units of the brain and the rest of your nervous system are the _____. (Points: 2);neurons;neurotransmitters;synapses;myelin;Question 19.19. (TCO 3) One important difference between a mylinated and bare axon is _____. (Points: 2);the neural impulse is faster in the mylinated axon;the neural impulse is faster in the bare axon;only the bare axons have nodes;the bare axons are heavier;Question 20.20. (TCO 3) What part(s) of the cell receive incoming messages? (Points: 2);Axons and cell body;Dendrites alone;Dendrites and cell body;Axons;Question 21.21. (TCO 3) Chemical messengers that are released by axons and stimulate dendrites on another neuron are called _____. (Points: 2);chemical messengers;neurotransmitters;synaptic transmitters;neuromessengers;Question 22.22. (TCO 3) If you run a marathon, your body will release _____ to elevate your mood and reduce your pain. (Points: 2);lactic acid;epinephrine;norepinephrine;endorphins;Question 23.23. (TCO 3) One of the hormones released by the adrenal glands in response to stress is _____. (Points: 2);cortisol;serotonin;dopamine;GABA;Question 24.24. (TCO 3) The difference between neurons in the PNS and neurons in the CNS is _____. (Points: 2);damage to the PNS neurons is more often fatal;neurons in the PNS can regenerate;damage to PNS neurons is usually irreversible;Both A and C;Question 25.25. (TCO 3) The spinal cord is found inside the spinal column and is involved in _____. (Points: 2);initiating voluntary behavior;the release of hormones body;higher order cognitive functioning;coordinating reflexes;Question 26.26. (TCO 3) The autonomic nervous system is responsible for _____. (Points: 2);connecting the CNS with the skeletal muscles;the somatic and parasomatic nervous system;regulation of the heart muscle and other involuntary functions;linking the body with the sense organs;Question 27.27. (TCO 3) After arguing with her husband over dinner, Sue developed a stomach ache. This was probably because _____. (Points: 2);her sympathetic nervous system activated and shut down digestion during the argument;her parasympathetic nervous system activated and shut down digestion during the argument;her endocrine system sent out too many hormones to her stomach;her central nervous system signaled for too much acid to be produced in her stomach;Question 28.28. (TCO 3) Many symptoms of schizophrenia, like hearing voices, misunderstanding social cues, and misinterpreting sensory information could be due to abnormalities in the _____. (Points: 2);reticular formation;hypothalamus;thalamus;All of the above;Question 29.29. (TCO 3) Which of the following is a characteristic of the cerebral cortex? (Points: 2);It involves emotions and memory.;It controls both autonomic and voluntary behavior.;It regulates reflexive behavior.;It is responsible for higher mental processes.;Question 30.30. (TCO 3) This part of the cerebrum interprets bodily sensations. (Points: 2);Posterior lobe;Anterior lobe;Parietal lobe;Temporal lobe

 

Paper#24010 | Written in 18-Jul-2015

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