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Which of the following is a mental process?




Which of the following is a mental process?;thinking;feeling;reading;a and b;2is information acquired by direct observation and measurement using systematic scientific methods.;Psychological science;Empirical evidence;Critical thinking;Scientology;3What is the process of objectively evaluating, comparing, analyzing, and synthesizing information?;empiricism;science;critical thinking;mental processing;4 What are the goals of psychology?;explore the conscious and unconscious functions of the human mind;understand, compare, and analyze human behavior;improve psychological well-being in all individuals from conception to death;describe, explain, predict, and change behavior;5 Because Timothy was laughed at by his second grade peers, he was reluctant to speak out in class. This is a demonstration of which goal of psychology?;Improving psychological well-being;explaining behavior;exploring conscious vs unconscious behaviors;understanding behavior;6 The belief that the unconscious mind has an influence on one's behavior is part of what theory of personality?;psychobiological;psychosocial;psychoanalytic;psychobehavioral;7 Functionalism made an important contribution to the science of psychology because it ____________________.;explained why different individuals experience stimuli differently.;drew the line between branches of psychology so each had its own function.;expanded the scope of psychology to consider such topics as emotion and observable behavior.;specified precisely the scope of psychology as dealing with mental processes.;8 The clinician who was fascinated by the ability of the unconscious mind to influence the body was ________________.;Edward Titchener;Sigmund Freud;William James;B. F. Skinner;9Structuralism made an important contribution to the science of psychology because it ________________.;established a model for the scientific study of mental processes.;showed how separate thoughts combined to form an idea.;explained why individuals experience stimuli differently.;highlighted why different scientific methods are needed to study children and animals versus studying adult humans;The psychological perspective that emphasizes objective, observable environmental influences of overt behavior is called the __________________________.;Psychodynamic perspective;Functionalist perspective.;Overt perspective.;Behavioral perspective.;Dr. Watson, from the _____ school of psychology, focused on objective, observable behavior rather than on the unconscious.;behaviorism;cognitive;developmental;conditional;The psychological perspective that emerged in the 1950s that stressed free will and self-actualization was the __________ perspective.;Behavioral;Cognitive;Humanistic;Psychodynamic;Cognitive psychology focuses on ____.;conflict within the conscious mind.;the positive, creative, growth-seeking potential of human nature.;mental processes, language, and perception.;complex biochemical events involved in information processing.;The first African American to earn a Ph.D. in psychology was _____.;Dr. Sumner;Dr. Titchener;Dr. Wundt;Dr. Marley;If a graduate student is studying the influence of biology (e.g., genetics, brain) on behavior and mental processes, what field of psychology would they be pursuing?;evolutionary psychology;neuroscience;cognitive psychology;psychoanalytic psychology;How many chromosomes is the human body composed of?;23;22;46;44. _____ are threadlike strands of DNA molecules that carry genetic information.;Genes;Chromosomes;Stem cells;D) Heredity cells;If a trait is recessive, this means it will take _____ gene(s) for the trait to manifest itself in one's offspring.;1 dominant;2 recessive;2 dominant;3 or more recessive1 dominant;The tips of the branches of the axon are called _____.;dendrites;terminal buttons;soma;mitochondria;What part(s) of the cell receive incoming messages?;axons and cell body;dendrites;dendrites and cell body;axons;A synaptic gap is _____.;the gap between the brain and the skill that contains cerebrospinal fluid;the tiny opening between the sending and receiving neuron;the vesicle that contains neurotransmitters;the place where neurotransmitters exchange ionic molecules;When there is leftover neurotransmitter in the synaptic gap, which of the following occurs?;The leftover neurotransmitter stays in the gap;The process of reuptake occurs;The receiving neuron fires for a longer period of time;The sending neuron fires for a long period of time.;High levels of _______________ are associated with states of mania.;epinephrine;norepinephrine;GABA;Serotonin;One of the hormones released by the adrenal glands in response to stress is ________.;cortisol;serotonin;dopamine;GABA. _____ are the immature, precursors that give birth to new specialized cells.;Stem cells;Dendrites;Axons;Neurogenic cells;Why did the popular belief that emotions and thoughts affect health decline in the late 1800s?;a. Antibiotics were discovered that cured diseases.;b Some diseases were found to cause mental symptoms.;c. Scientists discovered biological causes for infectious disease.;d. Drug companies made money on drugs so endorsed physical causes of disease;27. ?Stress? is defined as _______.;a. environmental factors that result in anxiety;b. the physiological reaction of the body to environmental factors;c a negative emotion resulting from environmental unpleasantness;d. the nonspecific response of the body to any demand made on it;28. After a minor car accident, you experience sweaty palms, rapid breathing, and a racing heart. In this situation, _____ is the stressor, and _____ is the stress.;a. your racing heart, the accident;b. the accident, your physical reaction;c. our sweaty palms, your rapid breathing;d. the accident, the accident;29. The total absence of stress would ultimately lead to _______.;a a state of deep relaxation;b death;c lifetime happiness;d unconsciousness;30. An idealistic person exposed to chronic stress in an emotionally draining job, such as an air traffic controller, may experience _____________ as a result of this situation.;a. burnout;b. frustration;c. technostress;d. work hassles;31. The most difficult conflict to resolve is usually the _____ conflict.;a avoidance-avoidance;b approach-approach;c approach-avoidance;d reproach-avoidance;32. Stratton's experiment involving wearing special lenses illustrated that _______.;a. sensations can be selectively ignored;b. perceptions can be adapted by retraining the brain;c. perceptions are discretionary;d.sensations are more salient than perceptions;33. The frontal lobes are responsible for processing _____________.;a visual information;b auditory information;c kinesthetic information;d information about muscle movements;34. Myopia (or nearsightedness) results from images focused _____.;a. on the fove;b. in front of the retina;c. behind the retina;d. on the rods;35. Conduction deafness is also known as _________.;a inner ear deafness;b cochlear deafness;c nerve deafness;d middle ear deafness;36. When our perceptions don't agree with our sensations, a(n) _______ results.;A) illusion;B) hallucination;C) delusion;D) sensory enigma


Paper#26391 | Written in 18-Jul-2015

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