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Module 7 Review Questions_Costing_Solutions

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Module 7 Review Questions;I. Preparation of flexible budgets;Mesa Company's fixed budget for the first quarter of calendar year 2014 reveals the following.;Sales (10,000 units).................. $3,000,000;Cost of prods sold;Direct materials.................. $320,000;Direct labor...................... 680,000;Production supplies............... 264,000;Plant manager salary............... 60,000 1,324,000;Gross profit........................ l, 676,000;Selling Expenses;Sales commissions................. 120,000;Packaging........................ 210,000;Advertising...................... 100,000 430,000;Administrative Expenses;Administrative salaries............. 60,000;Deprecation?office equip.......... 30,000;Insurance........................ 13,000;Office rent....................... 24,000 152.000;Income from operations.............. $1,094,000;========;Prepare flexible budgets, following the format of Exhibit 8.3, that show variable costs per unit, fixed costs, and three different flexible budgets for sales volumes of 7,500, 10,000, and 12,500 units.;II. Computation and interpretation of labor variances;After evaluating Zero Company's manufacturing process, management decided to establish standards of 1.5 hours of direct labor per unit of product and $11 per hour for the labor rate. During October, the company used 3,780 hours of direct labor at $45,360 total cost to produce 2,700 unit of product. In November, the company used 4,480 hours of direct labor at a $47,040 total cost to produce 2,800 units of product.;1. Compute the labor rate variance, the labor efficiency variance, and the total direct labor cost variance for October and for November.;2. Interpret the October direct labor variances.;Computation and interpretation of materials variances;BTS Company made 6,000 bookshelves using 88,000 board feet of wood costing $607,200. The company's direct materials standards for one bookshelf are 16 board feet of wood at $7 per board foot.;1. Compute the direct material variances incurred in manufacturing these bookshelves.;2. Interpret the direct materials variances;IV. Computation of total overhead rate and total overhead variance;Tuna Company set the following standard unit costs for its single product.;Direct materials (25 lbs. @ $4 per Ib.)................. $100.00;Direct labor (6 hrs. @ $6 per hr.)..................... 48.00;Factory overhead?variable (6 hrs. @ $5 per hr.)........ 30.00;Factory overhead?fixed (6 hrs. @ $7 per hr.).......... 42.00;Total standard cost................................. $220.00;The predetermined overhead rate is based on a planned operating volume of 80% of the productive capacity of 60,000 units per quarter. The following flexible budget information is available.;Operating Levels;70% 80% 90%;Production in units................ 42,000 48,000 54,000;Standard direct labor hours......... 252,000 288,000 324,000;Budgeted overhead;Fixed factory overhead........... $2,016,000 $2,016,000 $2,016,000;Variable factory overhead......... $1,260,000 $1,440,000 $1,620,000;During the current quarter, the company operated at 70% of capacity and produced 42,000 units of product, actual direct labor totaled 250,000 hours. Units produced were assigned the following standard costs;Direct materials (1,050,000 lbs. @ $4 per Ib.)......... $4,200,000;Direct labor (252,000 hrs. @ $8 per hr.)............. 2,016,000;Factory overhead (252,000 hrs. @ $12 per hr.)........ 3,024,000;Total standard cost............................... $9,240.000;Actual costs incurred during the current quarter follow;Direct materials (1,000,000 lbs. @ $4.25)............ $4,250,000;Direct labor (250,000 hrs. @ $7.75)................ 1,937.500;Fixed factory Overhead costs...................... 1,960,000;Variable factory overhead costs.................... 1,200,000;Total actual costs................................ $9,347,500;========;1. Compute the direct materials cost variances, including its price and quantity variances.;2. Compute the direct labor variances, including its rate and efficiency variances.;3. Compute the overhead controllable and volume variances.;4. Compute the variable overhead spending and efficiency variance;5. Compute the fixed overhead spending and volume variance.

 

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