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LEG 500 Final Exam Part 1 and 2 LEG500 Final Exam Part 1 and 2 LEG 500 Week 11 Final Exam Part 1 and 2

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LEG 500 Final Exam Part 1 and 2 LEG500 Final Exam Part 1 and 2 LEG 500 Week 11 Final Exam Part 1 and 2;LEG 500 Final Exam Part 1 and 2;LEG500 Final Exam Part 1 and 2, LEG 500 Week 11 Final Exam Part 1 and 2;Question 1;1.;Under the ___________ plan, the EPA auctions a set number of sulfur dioxide emission allowances annually, with each allowance permitting one ton of emissions.;Answer;allocation of resources;tradeable permit;green capitalism;shareholder activism;Question 2;1.;Which of the following are permissible uses of power of eminent domain.;Answer;The government taking private property to transfer to a private company for development of a strip mall.;The government taking private property to build a highway.;The government taking private property to expand an airport.;All of the above;Question 3;1.;Eminent Domain is a practice governed under the _____ Amendment to the constitution.;Answer;10th;5th;22nd;1st;Question 4;1.;According to law professor Thomas Joo, the best group of persons for addressing the environmental concerns facing the world today is;Answer;Shareholders;Directors and Officers;Environmentalists;The Government;Question 5;1.;Eminent domain permits the ?taking? of private property by the government under the following circumstances.;Answer;When there is valid ?public use? for the property and the government pays the property owner ?just compensation?.;When there is either a valid ?public use? or ?private use? for the property.;When there is a valid ?public use? for the property and the government pays fair market value for the property.;Only in circumstances where there government has paid fair market value for a piece of property.;Question 6;1.;Which of the following are examples of significant environmental regulation passed by the Federal Government.;Answer;The Clean Air Act;The Resource and Recovery Act;The National Environmental Property Act;All of the above;None of the above;Question 7;1.;To succeed under the The Lanham Act, a plaintiff must prove which of the following;Answer;That the defendant made a factual misrepresentation about a product or service.;That the defendant ?puffed? up various representations about a product or service.;That the defendant made a factual representation about a product or service.;All of the above.;Question 8;1.;The original intent of brand expansion is to;Answer;Sponsor culture and be culture.;Nudge the hosting culture into the background and make the brand the star.;Work within the existing culture to create a stronger brand awareness.;All of the above.;None of the above.;Question 9;1.;is the advertising industries established self-regulation organization.;Answer;The National Advertising Board of Governors.;The National Advertising Division of the Council of the Better Business Bureau.;The National Advertising Division of the Council on Advertising.;The National Advertising Division of the Council on Truth in Advertising.;Question 10;1.;The ?dependence effect? is based on which proposition.;Answer;The urgency of wants diminishes appreciably as more are met.;The urgency of wants does not diminish appreciably as more are met.;The urgency of wants is a fixed idea in an individual?s own subconscious.;The urgency of wants focuses on what one consumer can get from another.;Question 11;1.;Of product promotion techniques, which is the most influential according to author Naomi Klein?;Answer;Advertising;Marketing;Branding;Word-of ?mouth promotion;Question 12;1.;The FTC has tried to make consumer privacy a priority, by brining ______ spyware enforcement actions between 2005 and 2007.;Answer;10;25;11;18;Question 13;1.;The main purpose of the American Tort Reform Association is to.;Answer;Make tort litigation fairer for companies.;Make tort litigation less confusing;Restore balance to the civil justice system.;Both A and C;Both B and C;Question 14;1.;The most notable exception to caveat emptor was for;Answer;Food;Automobiles;Clothing;Shoes;Question 15;1.;Punitive damages are;Answer;Damages that are intended to compensate the injured parties for their injures.;Damages that are intended to reimburse the injured party for medical expenses.;Damages that are intended to reimburse the injured party for time lost from work.;Damages that are intended to punish the defendant.;Question 16;1.;The Ford Pinto exploded when rear-ended by another vehicle. Of the types of defects a product may have, the Pinto suffered from;Answer;Design Defect;Manufacturing Defect;Warning Defect;End-user Defect;Question 17;1.;Product liability lawsuits focus on;Answer;A person acting in an unreasonable manner;A product operating in an unsafe or defective manner.;Both a person and a product not operating in a reasonable or effective manner.;None of the above;Question 18;1.;The UCC controls contracts that;Answer;Deal with the sale of Goods.;Contracts over $500 in value.;Contracts between Merchants.;All of the above.;Question 19;1.;The fundamental legislation aimed at protecting copyrights is;Answer;The Sony Bono Copyright Term Extension Act;The Digital Millenium Copyright Act;The Copyright Act of 1831;The American Society for Composers and Publishers Act;Question 20;1.;The ?inducement rule? is vital to understanding if infringement has occurred in what type of intellectual property?;Answer;Patent;Tradesecret;Trademark;Copyright;Question 21;1.;The difference between the Project Gutenberg (PG) and the Google book scanning project is;Answer;The PG limits itself to the ?classics?;The PG limits itself to only works in the public domain;Google only digitizes full documents but the PG digitizes key segments;The PG limits itself to ?orphan? works ? those with hard-to-find authors or owners.;Question 22;1.;Napster is an example of what type of intellectual property theft?;Answer;Patent;Copyright;Trademark;Tradesecret;Question 23;1.;Misappropriation of trade secrets has been a federal crime since;Answer;The passage of the Constitution;The passage of the Digital Millennium Copyright Act;The Economic Espionage Act of 1996;The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act;Question 24;1.;Which of the following are factors used to determine if a use is fair?;Answer;Purpose of the Use;Nature of the Work;Amout Used;Potential Market Impact;All of the Above;Question 25;1.;In a lawsuit for copyright infringement, a defendant can avoid liability by successfully arguing _________, based on the notion that the free flow of ideas sometimes requires quoting or borrowing from a copyrighted work.;Answer;collective rights;misappropriation;unlimited use;fair use;Question 1;1.;Which of the following would best describe the difference between the law and ethics?;Answer;Ethics provides for a set of rules for behavior and Law is unwritten forms of rules.;Laws are rules that may be broken, Ethics are punishments.;Laws are ?what a person must do,? and ethics addresses ?what a person should do.?;Ethics are always connected to laws.;Question 2;1.;The philosophy of noted economist, Milton Friedman, on the issue of ?free market ethics? was;Answer;Decisions regarding such social problems should be addressed by governments in the political arena and funded by tax dollars.;A decision by corporate managers to aid society is, in effect, theft of stockholders? resources.;It is wrong for managers to use corporate resources to deal with problems in society at large.;All of the above.;Question 3;1.;Assuming a business ethical dilemma, which statement best illustrates Gilligan approach suggested in her theory of ?The Ethics of Care??;Answer;individual rights and justice for all;applies only to women and not men;care and responsibility to others;obedience to independent moral rules or duties;Question 4;1.;Which of the following views on outsourcing would be consistent with the free market ethics approach advocated by Milton Friedman?;Answer;Outsourcing is detrimental to the economy because it limits profitability.;Outsourcing decreases efficiency and productivity.;Outsourcing enhances competitiveness, modernization, and bigger market opportunities.;Automating processes and replacing workers is unethical since it does not serve a greater good.;Question 5;1.;Which of the following statements is INCORRECT regarding the rights of shareholders?;I. voting power on major issues and ownership in a portion of the company;II. right to transfer ownership and dividend entitlement;III. hire and fire management and select and appoint a chief executive;Answer;I and II;I, II, and III;I only;III only;for whistleblowing?;Answer;It is an exception to employment-at-will doctrine.;It is developed simultaneously in different states.;All states recognize this tort and define it consistently.;States do not look to the courts for guidance.;Question 7;1.;The Constitution does not always protect free-speech rights for what public employees say on the job. Which of the following is true?;Answer;When a citizen enters government service, the citizen need not accept certain limitations on his or her freedom.;Public employees may speak out on matters of public concern and have First Amendment protection but not when they speak out in the course of their official duties.;As public employees speak out and receive First Amendment protection, there is an acceptable chilling of the speech of all potential whistleblowers.;None of the above;Question 8;1.;What is the BEST definition of ?flexicurity? which has been used by European nations to invest in human capital?;Answer;Paying more to displaced workers until they return to work.;Requiring worker training while workers are unemployed.;Promoting job saving measures which only allow terminations during labor market crisis.;Coupling unemployment benefits with retraining and transitional assistance to allow workers to adapt to labor market restructuring.;Question 9;1.;Exceptions to the rule of employment-at-will include which of the following?;I. organization of unions;II. passage of Sarbanes Oxley Act;III. raising of public policy issues;IV. promise of implied-contract or covenant-of-good-faith;Answer;I only;II only;I and II;I, II, III, IV;The Sarbanes Oxley Act was passed in response to;I. concerns that investors received full and complete information about potential corporate fraud;II. a lack of investor confidence;III. corporate scandals like Enron;IV. discrimination against an employee when providing information she reasonably believes constitutes a violation of federal security laws;Answer;I only;II only;I and II;I, II, III, IV;Question 11;1.;What are the two (2) main factors the courts consider when reviewing an employer?s intrusion of employee rights using electronic surveillance?;Answer;Obnoxiousness of means and reason for intrusion.;Obnoxiousness of means and type of intrusion.;Violation of tenth amendment and frequency of intrusive conduct.;Obnoxiousness of supervisors and whether valid evidence is present.;Question 12;1.;There are several types of company surveillance employees are legally subjected to, EXCEPT;Answer;Videotaping;GPS Satellite & Tracking of cars & cell phones;Wiretapping of private cell phones;Monitoring IM chat;Question 13;1.;Alan Westin views that limited communication is particularly vital in which communities due to heightened stimulation and continuous physical and psychological confrontations between strangers?;Answer;small town life;suburban life;southern life;urban life;Title I of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA) explicitly limits the ability of employers to use ?medical examinations and inquiries? as a condition of employment and provides for all of the following EXCEPT;Answer;a prohibition against using pre-employment medical tests.;a prohibition against the use of a medical examination after a job offer has been made if the results are kept confidential.;a prohibition against the use of medical tests that lack job-relatedness and business necessity.;a prohibition against the use of tests that screen out (or tend to screen out) people with disabilities.;Question 15;1.;What does Lewis Maltby submit is the correlation between drug testing and workplace safety?;Answer;There is a low correlation, so impairment tests are better alternatives.;There is no correlation.;Studies suggest there may be very high correlations, so most jobs currently have and do need them.;There is a high correlation in all jobs.;Question 16;1.;Employment practices without business justification applied to all employees that result in a less favorable effect for one group than for another group may state a claim for;Answer;disparate treatment;disparate impact;inclusion;reasonable accommodation;Question 17;1.;To establish a prima facie case of religious discrimination, the employee has to show all of the following except which one;Answer;That religion has been a significant part of the employee?s life for a significant amount of time.;That the employee has a sincerely held religious belief.;That the employer was on notice that the religious belief was in conflict with the employer?s request.;That there was a negative employment action based on a conflict between the religious belief and the employment requirement.;Question 18;1.;All of the following are true statements regarding the Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA, 29 U.S.C. ?? 2601, et seq.), EXCEPT which of the following?;Answer;An eligible employee is entitled to take 12 weeks of unpaid leave in any 12-month period.;Every personal or family emergency qualifies for FMLA leave.;Under most circumstances, the employer must reinstate employees when they return from leave.;An eligible employee is entitled to take unpaid leave because of the birth of a son or daughter.;Question 19;1.;The Question of whether there is still a ?glass ceiling? in the U.S. is illustrated by what USA Today statistics?;Answer;Women comprise 25% of board seats and 5% are CEO?s of fortune 500 companies as of 2010.;Women comprise 15% of board seats and 3% are CEO?s of fortune 500 companies as of 2010.;Women comprise 1% of board seats and 15% are CEO?s of fortune 500 companies as of 2010.;Women comprise 45% of board seats and 2% are CEO?s of fortune 500 companies as of 2010.;Question 20;1.;Equal protection is the constitutional guarantee;Answer;that empowers Congress to regulate equally distributed commerce with foreign Nations, and among the several States, and with the Indian Tribes.;that laws made in pursuance of the Constitution and all treaties made under the authority of the United States shall be the equally protected as the ?supreme law of the land.?;embodied in the Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.;that grants and distributes power and responsibilities to national and state governments.;Question 21;1.;With the adoption of the ____________, the U.S. began to address the need to prevent, or minimize, workplace accidents and health hazards.;Answer;Securities Act;Occupational Safety and Health Act;Environmental Protection Agency;National Insurance Act;Question 22;1.;According to Henry Shue, who should have responsibility to protect workers from potential harm caused by imported goods?;I. The employers of the workers facing the potential harm;II. The governments of the people who may be harmed;III. The companies importing the goods;IV. Consumers who ultimately buy the goods;Answer;I only;I and II;I, II and III;I, II, III and IV;Question 23;1.;Employers have __________ been held criminally responsible for workplace injuries and deaths to workers.;Answer;rarely;marginally;mostly;always;Question 24;1.;One example of modern day slavery, as discussed in the interview with Kevin Bales, is;Answer;Purchased human labor for farming ? just as it existed in early U.S. History with humans being kidnapped, transported and sold on the open market.;Debt bondage ? where families borrow money with the collateral being their future labor and the future labor of their offspring.;People being offered very low wages and poor working conditions because the market will bear those conditions.;Children working for their family businesses doing manual labor that is legal under exceptions to the child labor laws.;Question 25;1.;What was the most immediate consequence of the 2010 disaster at BP?s Deepwater Horizon oil rig?;Answer;Over 8,000 marine wildlife has been affected by the oil spill disaster.;Over 65Billion in damages has been sanctioned against BP.;15 men were killed by the explosion, fire and sinking of the drill hole.;The spill has crippled the gulf coast and economic and wildlife may never fully recover.;? Question 1;The political Question doctrine states;? Question 2;Which of the following countries were exempted from the emissions caps set forth in the Kyoto Treaty;Question 3;A Tradeable permit plan;? Question 4;The power of the U.S. Government to take property from a private individual and use it for public purposes is;? Question 5;Which of the following would be permissible ?public uses? for to government obtaining land through Eminent Domain.;? Question 6;Under the ___________ plan, the EPA auctions a set number of sulfur dioxide emission allowances annually, with each allowance permitting one ton of emissions.;? Question 7;In the case of IMS Health, Inc., et al v. Kelly Ayotte, Attorney General of New Hampshire, District Judge Barbadora argues that;? Question 8;According to the text, the rise in childhood obesity has been linked which of the following items;? Question 9;Commercial speech is protected under which Amendment to the US Constitution?;? Question 10;To succeed under the The Lanham Act, a plaintiff must prove which of the following;? Question 11;The Learned Intermediary Rule;? Question 12;Of product promotion techniques, which is the most influential according to author Naomi Klein?;? Question 13;The cost of taking product liability cases to court is.;? Question 14;According to Stephen Sugarman, performance-based regulation is;? Question 15;The main purpose of the American Tort Reform Association is to.;? Question 16;The most notable exception to caveat emptor was for;? Question 17;The court?s ruling in Levin v. Wyeth explains how;? Question 18;Compensatory damages are;? Question 19;Which of the following are characteristics needed to obtain a patent;? Question 20;To establish copyright infringement, a plaintiff must prove which of the following?;? Question 21;Parodies occur in what type of intellectual property?;? Question 22;Misappropriation of trade secrets has been a federal crime since;? Question 23;Once the copyright on a work has expired;? Question 24;Nike?s swoosh, McDonald?s arches, and the Xerox name are all identifiable trademarks. Which of the following laws protect(s) them?;I. Lanham Trademark Act of 1946;II. Federal Trademark Dilution Act of 1995;III. Sonny Bono Act of 1998;? Question 25;In a lawsuit for copyright infringement, a defendant can avoid liability by successfully arguing _________, based on the notion that the free flow of ideas sometimes requires quoting or borrowing from a copyrighted work.;Question 1;Corporate director or officer decisions to dedicate corporate funds for social causes is called;? Question 2;The Ethic of Care is.;? Question 3;The following statements are true regarding the differences in utilitarianism and values ethics in making a decision, EXCEPT;Decision makers never analyze potential dangers such as financial loss, negative publicity, physical harm to others and so forth.;? Question 4;Where do ethical preferences originate;? Question 5;According to Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission, which of the following is not a reason to allow corporations the right to spend money and advertise for political candidates?;? Question 6;Which case since the Pickering;decision caused the Supreme Court to revisit a state employee?s speech rights?;? Question 7;Which of the following statements is INCORRET regarding a public policy exception for whistleblowing?;? Question 8;What is the BEST definition of ?flexicurity? which has been used by European nations to invest in human capital?;? Question 9;In a 2008 study of 1,000 cases of fraud in American firms, the Association of Certified Fraud Examiners (ACFE) revealed one important fact to take into consideration when crafting a Whistleblower policy for a private company?;? Question 10;There are several reasons why whistleblowing may not be protected on an international level. These include;? Question 11;The United States Constitution, Fourth Amendment provides "[t]he right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated... " Privacy rights are triggered under the Fourth Amendment;? Question 12;As a result of the 1927 Supreme Court case which legitimized state-sponsored sterilization of young women with alleged mental disabilities, Buck v. Bell, how many Americans were subjected to forcible sterilization in the 40 years following that decision?;? Question 13;What does Lewis Maltby submit is the correlation between drug testing and workplace safety?;? Question 14;The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated is the _________ Amendment of the U.S. Constitution?;? Question 15;A majority of states have enacted "lifestyle rights laws" that protect workers' off-duty activities including cases of smoking, cohabitation, drinking. and single parenthood. What is the least effective argument by an employer to regulate off-the-clock activities in a state that has not enacted such lifestyle rights legislation?;? Question 16;The Question of whether there is still a ?glass ceiling? in the U.S. is illustrated by what USA Today statistics?;? Question 17;What is the only acceptable rationale behind English-only workplace rules?;? Question 18;Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibits employment discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin. Which of the following federal government agencies is charged with enforcing this statute?;? Question 19;Which claims of discrimination remain the most common filed to the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission?;? Question 20;In 2003, the Supreme Court in its ruling of Goodridge v. Department of Public Health, struck down which state?s denial of marriage licenses for same sex couples?;Answer;? Question 21;Typically individual stockholders are not held responsible for the actions of a corporation. Exceptions usually relate to comingling of funds, underinsuring, or similar actions by the corporate leadership. This is called;? Question 22;Employers have __________ been held criminally responsible for workplace injuries and deaths to workers.;? Question 23;According to Michael Silverstein, all of the following are types of risks workers find on the job today, EXCEPT?;? Question 24;With the adoption of the ____________, the U.S. began to address the need to prevent, or minimize, workplace accidents and health hazards.;? Question 25;When an employee is injured on the job, that employee may;I. File a worker?s compensation claim and accept the government-determined value for the injury.;II. File a tort claim in state court to recover damages above the worker?s compensation amount.;III. File a complaint with OSHA to have the employer investigated and charged if violations are present.;? Question 1;The realization that 21st Century businesses must attend to the ?triple bottom line? of profits, people, and the planet? is referred to as;? Question 2;What are two ways that familiarity with ethical theories can support you in tackling business dilemmas?;? Question 3;Contrary to Plato?s ideal that t rulers of society should be paid no more than four (4) times what the lowest member of society is paid, what was the average compensation of CEO?s by 2005?;? Question 4;Corporate director or officer decisions to dedicate corporate funds for social causes is called;? Question 5;The following statements are true regarding the differences in utilitarianism and values ethics in making a decision, EXCEPT;? Question 6;Qui Tam is latin meaning;? Question 7;Which case since the Pickering;decision caused the Supreme Court to revisit a state employee?s speech rights?;? Question 8;There are several reasons why whistleblowing may not be protected on an international level. These include;? Question 9;In a 2008 study of 1,000 cases of fraud in American firms, the Association of Certified Fraud Examiners (ACFE) revealed one important fact to take into consideration when crafting a Whistleblower policy for a private company?;? Question 10;In the essay, Work Matters, by law professor Marion Crain, all of the following are the result of working except;? Question 11;Alan Westin views that limited communication is particularly vital in which communities due to heightened stimulation and continuous physical and psychological confrontations between strangers?;? Question 12;Title I of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA) explicitly limits the ability of employers to use ?medical examinations and inquiries? as a condition of employment and provides for all of the following EXCEPT;? Question 13;The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated is the _________ Amendment of the U.S. Constitution?;? Question 14;What are the two (2) main factors the courts consider when reviewing an employer?s intrusion of employee rights using electronic surveillance?;? Question 15;The Electronic Communications Privacy Act of 1986 (ECPA);? Question 16;All of the following court cases or laws lead to our current views on sexual harassment EXCEPT which one?;? Question 17;The Question of whether there is still a ?glass ceiling? in the U.S. is illustrated by what USA Today statistics?;? Question 18;Equal protection is the constitutional guarantee;? Question 19;A mayor serving in a major metropolitan area receives an internal memorandum indicating personnel at many police stations are single-race. At the time of the report, thirty percent of the police force was black or Hispanic. She immediately calls a press conference and orders transfer of police officers to achieve racial balance across the city. The transferred police offers sue on constitutional grounds. Assuming just these facts, what is the strongest argument that might be advanced by the transferred officers based on constitutional grounds?;? Question 20;To establish a prima facie case of religious discrimination, the employee has to show all of the following except which one;? Question 21;Employers have __________ been held criminally responsible for workplace injuries and deaths to workers.;? Question 22;When an employee is injured on the job, that employee may;I. File a worker?s compensation claim and accept the government-determined value for the injury.;II. File a tort claim in state court to recover damages above the worker?s compensation amount.;III. File a complaint with OSHA to have the employer investigated and charged if violations are present.;? Question 23;What was the most immediate consequence of the 2010 disaster at BP?s Deepwater Horizon oil rig?;? Question 24;According to Michael Silverstein, all of the following are types of risks workers find on the job today, EXCEPT?;? Question 25;According to Henry Shue, who should have responsibility to protect workers from potential harm caused by imported goods?;I. The employers of the workers facing the potential harm;II. The governments of the people who may be harmed;III. The companies importing the goods;IV. Consumers who ultimately buy the goods;Question 1;Which of the following statements best illustrates the view of ?utilitarianism??;I. From each according to his abilities, to each according to his needs.;II. The risk reasonably to be perceived defines the duty to be obeyed and risks imports relation, it is risk to another or to others within the range of apprehension.;III. An action is right when maximizing welfare and total well-being.;IV. Individuals should pursue his or her own self-interest, even at the expense of others.;Question 2;The best example of a source for virtue ethics for a business is;Question 3;According to Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission, which of the following is not a reason to allow corporations the right to spend money and advertise for political candidates?;Question 4;Which of the following views on outsourcing would be consistent with the free market ethics approach advocated by Milton Friedman?;Question 5;Corporate director or officer decisions to dedicate corporate funds for social causes is called;Question 6;Under the legal doctrine of ?employment at will? an employee can be lawfully terminated from her job for;I. wearing a shirt that clashes with her suit;II. any non-discriminatory reason;III. complaining about illegal activity in the workplace;IV. only for good cause;Question 7;In the essay, Work Matters, by law professor Marion Crain, all of the following are the result of working except;Question 8;Exceptions to the rule of employment-at-will include which of the following?;I. organization of unions;II. passage of Sarbanes Oxley Act;III. raising of public policy issues;IV. promise of implied-contract or covenant-of-good-faith;Question 9;The Constitution does not always protect free-speech rights for what public employees say on the job. Which of the following is true?;Question 10;To determine whether a public employee receives First Amendment protection from speech (and therefore cannot be fired for it), the Supreme Court has stated that all of the following are important except;Question 11;As Facebook and other social media sites grow in users and popularity;Question 12;One reason employers use to justify giving honesty or integrity tests is;Question 13;The Electronic Communications Privacy Act of 1986 (ECPA);Question 14;In considering the legality of employer interception of employee e-mails at work, pick the correct statement.;I. Employees have complete expectation of privacy since they can select their password for in-house and remote access of e-mails.;II. A subpoena is required by the employer to read any e-mail that is clearly marked ?confidential? by the employee.;III. No expectation of privacy exists over an employer-owned computer system at work.;IV. Statement by the employer that e-mails are confidential and privileged cannot be later used by an employer to defeat an employee?s claim of privacy;Question 15;A majority of states have enacted "lifestyle rights laws" that protect workers' off-duty activities including cases of smoking, cohabitation, drinking. and single parenthood. What is the least effective argument by an employer to regulate off-the-clock activities in a state that has not enacted such lifestyle rights legislation?;Question 16;Equal protection is the constitutional guarantee;Question 17;John Smith was assaulted on the loading dock by a coworker, Jim Jones, at the Acme Widget Company. The attack was unprovoked by Smith. After the physical assault, there was an angry verbal exchange between the parties. The incident ended when Jones yelled that Smith was a ?sissy? and ?everybody knows you're queer as a three dollar bill." Which of the following statements best describes the outcome of the harassment lawsuit filed by Smith under The Civil Right Act of 1964?;I. Sex discrimination is prohibited by federal law (The Civil Right Act of 1964).;II. Sexual orientation discrimination is prohibited by federal law (The Civil Right Act of 1964).;III. Suits based on harassment due to sexual orientation cannot prevail when based on local or state laws.;IV. Sexual orientation discrimination is not prohibited by federal law (Title VII).;Question 18;All of the following are true statements regarding the Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA, 29 U.S.C. ?? 2601, et seq.), EXCEPT which of the following?;Question 19;To establish a prima facie case of religious discrimination, the employee has to show all of the following except which one;Question 20;A mayor serving in a major metropolitan area receives an internal memorandum indicating personnel at many police stations are single-race. At the time of the report, thirty percent of the police force was black or Hispanic. She immediately calls a press conference and orders transfer of police officers to achieve racial balance across the city. The transferred police offers sue on constitutional grounds. Assuming just these facts, what is the strongest argument that might be advanced by the transferred officers based on constitutional grounds?;Question 21;Typically individual stockholders are not held res

 

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