Question;1. Which of the following;is not a primary sentence pattern for asking questions in English?;A. Subject, action verb, direct object, helping verb;B. Adjective/pronoun, subject, interrogative verb;C. Helping verb, subject;main verb;D. Adverb, verb, subject;2. Which of the following;is an antonym of the word happy?;A. Miserable;B. Joyful;C. Jovial;D. Blissful;3. Which of the following;words would require the article a, instead of an?;A. Hotel;B. Elderly;C. Igloo;D. Honest;4. In the following sentence;identify the prepositional phrase, and tell whether it acts as an adjective or;adverb.;The children found the pictures in the book interesting.;A. the pictures in, adjective;B. in;the book, adjective;C. The children, adjective;D. found the pictures, adverb;5. What is the conjunction;in the following sentence?;I will take my sister to the concert, provided that she can buy a ticket.;A. concert, provided;B. that she;C. to the;D. provided that;6. Which of the following;is not a way to succeed in college?;A. Be flexible with;planning activities;B. establish realistic goals for yourself;C. organize a work space;D. avoid procrastination;7. Which of the following;would you most often be able to find in a basic dictionary?;A. A list of newspapers that frequently use a word you don't already know;B. An illustrated picture of a word you don't already know;C. The pronunciation of a;word you don't already know;D. A narrative story featuring a word you don't already know;8. All of the following;exhibit scholastic integrity when best communicating with your instructors;except;which one?;A. Don't be fearful of contacting the instructor.;B. Use only electronic communication if invited to do so.;C. Ask questions if you don't understand something.;D. If;you don't agree with feedback, just ignore it.;9. In the following;sentence, which words are used as adjectives?;The golden rays of the bright sun reflected off the clear waters of the calm;lake.;A.;The, golden, the, bright, the, clear, the, and calm;B. The, of, in, clear, and calm;C. The, rays, the, sun, the, waters, the, and lake;D. Golden, rays, clear, and waters;10. In the following;sentence, which words are nouns?;During their vacation, Sarah and Matthew read the same book.;A. their and book;B. vacation, Sarah, Matthew;and book;C. Sarah, Matthew, the, and book;D. vacation and book;11. Which of the following;is not a reason to read successfully?;A. Learn to read critically for better understanding;B. Adapt your reading to various materials;C.;Avoid using visuals to accompany reading;D. Polish and improve your vocabulary;12. Which of the following;contains a correct, standard use of a comma?;A. The warrior ran to safety but the soldier stood, and fought.;B. The warrior ran to safety but, the soldier stood and fought.;C. The warrior, ran to safety but the soldier stood and fought.;D. The warrior ran to safety, but the soldier stood and;fought.;13. Three of the following;statements about a verb are true. Which statement is false?;A. A verb makes a statement about the subject of a sentence.;B. A verb can express action.;C. A verb takes the place;of adjectives.;D. A verb can express a state of being.;14. When developing;strategies for writing, which of the following is not a good strategy?;A.;Rely more on your own experience than on the readings assigned.;B. Focus on learning and the process of learning.;C. Use school support and guidance;D. Plan for more time than you think you'll need.;15. Which of the following;is an example of a third-person pronoun?;A. Us;B. Ourselves;C.;Them;D. Yourselves;16. A _______ is what you;would write after you read an essay, analyze it, and write about some aspect of;it.;A. pattern of development;B. study guide;C. classification essay;D.;response paper;17. The unique way each;person approaches assignments, interprets instructor comments, and best devises;plans for completing coursework is known as;A. learning to discipline.;B. academic development.;C.;learning style.;D. best student path.;18. Why do writers often;strive to write using more active-voice verbs and fewer passive-voice verbs?;A. The passive voice is usually more emphatic.;B. The active voice often puts the actor in a phrase after the verb.;C. The;active voice usually makes the writing more clear and concise.;D. The passive voice never omits the actor.;19. A common term for;photographs, cartoons, advertisements, illustrations, drawings, PowerPoint;slides;and graphics used to help present information is;A. sight perks.;B. visuals.;C. ocular enhancements.;D. representers.;20. Which of the following;is an example of a proper noun?;A. Justice;B. John G. Roberts, Jr.;C. Him;D. Gavel;21. Of the following, which;correctly describes the complete predicate of a sentence?;A. The verb;B. All of the sentence;except the complete subject;C. The prepositional phrase;D. All of the sentence except the simple subject;22. Which of the following;words has three syllables?;A. Division;B. Fraction;C. Multiplication;D. Exponential;23. Which of the following;correctly describes connotation?;A. The meaning of a word that has never changed;B. A new word added to the dictionary;C. The pronunciation of a word;D. An implied meaning of;word understood by language users;24. How can you tell the;difference between a compound sentence and a complex sentence?;A. A compound sentence isn't made of stand-alone clauses.;B. Clauses in a complex sentence are always independent.;C. A;compound sentence can be separated into two parts that can each stand alone.;D. Complex sentences contain coordinating conjunctions that separate the;clauses.;25. In which of the;following sentences is an adverb used correctly?;A. She;sang beautifully.;B. She sang the song beautiful.;C. She is a beautifully singer.;D. She sang a beautiful song.;26. Which of the following;is not a common sentence error?;A. Fragment;B. Prepositional phrase;C.;Run-on;D. Mixed construction;27. What is the difference;between abstract nouns and concrete nouns?;A. Abstract nouns are specific, but concrete nouns aren't.;B. Abstract nouns describe something, but concrete nouns don't.;C. There is no difference.;D. Concrete nouns can be;identified by the senses, but abstract nouns can't.;28. Which of the following;is an example of an infinitive phrase?;A. to run;B. having been running;C. which had been running;D. running;29. When determining;whether or not to use a source for your research, which of the following is the;best;choice?;A. If two opinions are similar about something, they must be right;B. Use statistical data;from a credible source;C. Assume what you read is fact if it sounds factual;D. Use whatever you remember about the topic;30. Reading the title;evaluating the author, and determining prior knowledge about the topic are;characteristics of what kind of reading?;A. Passive reading;B. Active reading;C. Achievement reading;D. Highlighted reading;part B;1. Leila says that a thesis;statement is like a promise to a reader. Lucas says a thesis statement;expresses;the writer's point of view. Who is correct?;A. Neither Leila nor Lucas is correct.;B. Only Leila is correct.;C. Only Lucas is correct.;D. Both Leila and Lucas;are correct.;2. As a general rule, where;in your essay is it best to place your thesis statement?;A. At the end of the essay, as part of the conclusion;B. In the first;introductory paragraph of the essay;C. In the second or third paragraph of the body of the essay;D. Anywhere at all, because the best thesis statement is implied, not specified;3. What is the dominant;pattern of development in this passage?;Having been raised on a dairy farm in rural Minnesota, Lorie Ann Kline was;having trouble adjusting to life;in the city and to Central High School. In a conference with her parents, the;school guidance counselor;explained that Lorie Ann avoided talking to her fellow students and sat by;herself in the lunchroom.;Perhaps most disturbing, her grades were not what one would expect given her;high scholastic aptitude;scores. Mrs. Kline agreed that Lorie Ann was often shy around strangers. A;solemn Mr. Kline explained;that his daughter had been severely bullied by two older children who had lived;at the farm for a short time.;The guidance counselor nodded in understanding.;A. Process;B. Comparison and contrast;C. Description;D. Narration;4. Karen asserts that a;thesis statement is best developed as part of the prewriting process. Kyle;claims that;a thesis statement should be completely developed before the writer is sure of;the topic. Who is correct?;A. Only Kyle is correct.;B. Only Karen is correct.;C. Neither Karen nor Kyle is correct.;D. Both Karen and Kyle are correct.;5. Bette and Juan are;choosing a topic for their writing assignment. In doing so, Bette will take the;time necessary to choose a good topic. Juan will focus on narrowing his topic;ideas. Who is using guidelines to;choose a successful topic?;A. Only Juan;B. Only Bette;C. Both Bette and Juan;D. Neither Better nor Juan;6. What type of expression;would you use in an essay if you wanted to connect a new sentence to one that;precedes it?;A. Expressive;B. Tracking;C. Effective;D. Transitional;7. Paddy and Clare are;writing effective conclusions. Paddy's conclusion will summarize his main point;and;reaffirm his theses statement. Clare's conclusion will take the readers beyond;the scope of her essay. Who;is writing an effective conclusion?;A. Only Care;B. Both Paddy and Clare;C. Only Paddy;D. Neither Paddy nor Clare;8. Which of the following;is not a good suggestion for writing an introductory paragraph?;A. Describe a hypothetical situation.;B. Cite a surprising fact or statistic.;C. Use a quotation to help illustrate your thesis.;D. Never asks questions.;9. When you write your;ideas quickly and don?t worry about punctuation, what writing strategy are you;using?;A. Mapping;B. Freewriting;C. Styling.;D. Narrowing;10. Which of the following;methods is used to narrow a broad essay topic?;A. Branching and;questioning;B. Brainstorming;C. Wikipedia;D. Polling classmates;11. Please read the;following excerpt from an essay. The sentences are numbered to help you;respond to the question that follows.;(1) After Sean was arrested for breaking into a pawnshop, I began to wonder.;(2) Why did some kids from my neighborhood end up in trouble while most of us;didn't? (3) I started out with a question: What causes;young people to make bad choices? (4) Now, after two years of research, I've;arrived at the conclusion;that there is no simple answer. (5) There is no one reason why good kids go;bad, but there are typical;reasons.;(6) According to my research, teenagers are most likely to get into trouble if;they hang out with a bad;crowd. (7) That's because people learn their values from the people they;associate with. (8) So a very big;reason for bad behavior is imitating one's peers. (9) But there are other;important factors as well. (10) Kids;who get in trouble are often school dropouts. (11) Also, kids being raised by a;single mother are more likely;to get in trouble than kids raised in an intact family. (12) Substance abuse;also plays a role, especially when;it comes to alcohol and legal or illegal drugs.;Sentence 7 of the excerpt is an example of;A. a supporting;explanation.;B. an opinion.;C. a conclusion.;D. random evidence.;12. A _____________ should;make clear what the paragraph is about and express a view about the subject;matter.;A. topic sentence;B. title;C. thesis statement;D. conclusion;13. Please read the;following excerpt from an essay, and answer the question that follows.;I've never actually met a real live humorist. Well, not in person at any rate.;However, one summer, having;a lot of time on my hands, I discovered unexpected treasures lurking in the;local public library. Among the;nuggets I unearthed in those musty stacks was a book by humorist Robert;Benchley. To this day I;remember one of his quips. He wrote, "There are two kinds of people in;this world, those who divide the;world into two kinds of people and those who don't." After laughing out;loud, I became pensive. I;wondered why the quip was so funny. A year or so later, I formed a theory.;Humor is based on the;unexpected.;In the passage above, the;topic sentence and the thesis are one and the same.;In the paragraph about Robert Benchley, what types of evidence does the writer;use to support his thesis;other than narration?;A. Comparison and contrast;B. Classification;C. Example;D. Historical background;14. When using pronouns;such as you, your, and yours, you're writing in which point of view?;A. Second-person;B. Third-person;C. First-person;D. Compound-person;15. Lillian is looking for;ideas to write about, and she decides to make a list of everything she can;think of;that relates to the topic of teenage romance. Which concept best describes;Lillian's strategy?;A. Mapping;B. Outlining;C. Brainstorming;D. Free association;16. Ron and Quincy are;organizing the facts in their essays. Ron says putting details in spatial order;means;to organize them according to the order in which they happened. Quincy says it;means putting the details in;order according to their location. Who is correct?;A. Both are correct.;B. Only Ron is correct.;C. Neither is correct.;D. Only Quincy is correct.;17. Please read the;following excerpt from an essay, and answer the question that follows.;I've never actually met a real live humorist. Well, not in person at any rate.;However, one summer, having;a lot of time on my hands, I discovered unexpected treasures lurking in the;local public library. Among the;nuggets I unearthed in those musty stacks was a book by humorist Robert;Benchley. To this day I;remember one of his quips. He wrote, "There are two kinds of people in;this world, those who divide the;world into two kinds of people and those who don't." After laughing out;loud, I became pensive. I;wondered why the quip was so funny. A year or so later, I formed a theory.;Humor is based on the;unexpected.;In the passage above, the;topic sentence and the thesis are one and the same.;What makes the last sentence effective as a thesis statement?;A. Simplicity;B. Specific detail;C. Humor;D. Assertion;18. Which of the following;is a common error in composing a thesis statement?;A. Your thesis statement;contains two or more central points.;B. You offer an original perspective on a familiar theme.;C. Your thesis statement is specific as opposed to general.;D. You focus your thesis statement after you begin writing.;19. The principles for;supplying evidence in support of a thesis could be represented;by an acronym: RSVSRA. According to the information in your text, the two;Rs;could stand for;A. representative and revealing.;B. relevant and;representative.;C. revealing and relevant.;D. respectful and revealing.;20. Most-to-least, spatial;and chronological are all;A. pattern of development.;B. thesis statement order.;C. methods of;organization.;D. critical reading;techniques.;21. Please read the;following excerpt from an essay, and answer the question that follows.;After Sean was arrested for breaking into a pawnshop, I began to wonder. Why;did some kids from my;neighborhood end up in trouble while most of us didn't? I started out with a;question: What causes young;people to make bad choices? Now, after two years of research, I've arrived at;the conclusion that there is;no simple answer. There is no one reason why good kids go bad, but there are;typical reasons.;According to my research, teenagers are most likely to get into trouble if they;hang out with a bad crowd.;That's because people learn their values from the people they associate with.;So a very big reason for bad;behavior is imitating one's peers. But there are other important factors as;well. Kids who get in trouble are;often school dropouts. Also, kids being raised by a single mother are more;likely to get in trouble than kids;raised in an intact family. Substance abuse also plays a role, especially when;it comes to alcohol and legal;or illegal drugs.;What method of organization is used by the writer?;A. Most-to-least;B. Spatial;C. Chronological;D. Least-to-most;22. Which of the following;is a strong introductory sentence?;A. To carry or to not carry, that is the question.;B. Should each of the;United States allow citizens to openly carry a weapon?;C. This essay will explain the open-carry laws in the United States.;D. I don?t agree with any open-carry laws.;23. When you write, the;tone, vocabulary, and type of information you choose should vary depending on;your;A. audience.;B. values.;C. education.;D. biases.;24. The usual point of view;when writing a formal academic essay is;A. third person.;B. second person.;C. personal.;D. subjective.;25. Cary and Vince are;discussing titles for their essays. In developing a good title, Cary will;create a title;using alliteration. Vince will use a vague, broad title. Who is using a better;strategy to develop a good essay;title?;A. Both Cary and Vince;B. Only Cary;C. Only Vince;D. Neither Cary nor Vince;26. To narrow a general;topic you've selected, which pair of techniques is most likely to be effective?;A. Freewriting and questioning;B. Questioning and choosing an issue that interests you;C. Branching diagram and;questioning;D. Using a branching diagram and consulting your journal;27. Which of the following;is not an example of a transition word or phrase?;A. Or;B. For instance;C. Beyond;D. Consequently;28. If you're creating an;opening paragraph and you present supporting details in the beginning, where in;the paragraph is your topic sentence, most likely?;A. In the second sentence;B. In the first sentence;C. At the end of the paragraph;D. In the next paragraph;29. Suppose you're writing;an essay about the process of changing a tire on your car. Which of the;following is the best example of evidence to support your thesis?;A. Remove the hub cap and;loosen the nuts by turning counterclockwise.;B. The first rubber tires appeared in the mid-1800s.;C. Sometimes a flat tire is just a tire that has run over a nail.;D. The first tires were bands of iron that were fitted by wheelwrights onto the;rims of wooden cart and wagon wheels.;30. What is the most likely;purpose of the essay from which the following passage was taken?;Having been raised on a dairy farm in rural Minnesota, Lorie Ann Kline was;having trouble adjusting to life;in the city and to Central High School. In a conference with her parents, the;school guidance counselor;explained that Lorie Ann avoided talking to her fellow students and sat by;herself in the lunchroom.;Perhaps most disturbing, her grades were not what one would expect given her;high scholastic aptitude;scores. Mrs. Kline agreed that Lorie Ann was often shy around strangers. A;solemn Mr. Kline explained;that his daughter had been severely bullied by two older children who had lived;at the farm for a short time.;The guidance counselor nodded in understanding.;A. To point out the harm done by bullies;B. To tell the life story;of Lorie Ann Kline;C. To inform people about the work of guidance counselors;D. To argue for urban over rural life;PART c;1. A student who regularly;tracks mistakes in spelling, verb forms, and parallelism is probably;A. analyzing the essays' organization.;B. focusing on learning style.;C. keeping an error log.;D. using a flowchart.;2. The following is an;example of what kind of sentence?;Because it had rained earlier in the week, the game was cancelled.;A. Compound;B. Complex;C. Compound-complex;D. Simple;3. Which of the following;correctly uses a transitional word or phrase?;A. Sadly, Mark broke his leg during the performance. The director regretted;casting him in the part.;B. First impressions are so important in both personal and professional life.;Addison shaved off his beard.;C. The floodwaters receded. The bridge could be inspected.;D. Kara has been happily;trying lots of new activities lately. For example, she took up needlepoint on;the;advice of her counselor.;4. Which of the following;sentences uses parallelism effectively?;A. Laura spent all her time gardening and arranging flowers, when she wasn't in;a shoe store to shop.;B. The report was good because it was factual and offered many details.;C. The large plant-eating;dinosaurs were quite slow, rather stupid, and extremely hungry.;D. The Red Sox fans screamed, yelled, and were applauding wildly.;5. Which of the following;sentences contains one or more strong, active verbs?;A. Conrad trembled with;anxiety and anticipation as he pressed Denise's doorbell.;B. Having been away in London for two years, Conrad was happy to see Denise.;C. The phone directory was hastily searched by Conrad.;D. It was believed by some that Conrad's father had been a war hero.;6. Which of the following;sentences uses concrete language?;A. When I saw Susan, she was reading a book.;B. Danny's Labrador retriever eagerly chases tennis balls.;C. Jerry saw that the glass was really dirty.;D. I met Cathy at a store;on a street near the bridge.;7. Both Ada and Phil are;evaluating their thesis statements, topic sentences, and evidence. If Ada finds;that;her essay doesn't have a thesis statement identifying the topic of the essay;Ada will reread the essay and;decide what the main point of the essay. If Phil finds that her essay lacks;evidence to support her thesis;statement, she'll do additional research to find substantial evidence. Who is;correctly evaluating and revising;their essays?;A. Only Phil;B. Only Ada;C. Both Ada and Phil;D. Neither Ada nor Phil;8. What is the sequence of;components in the following sentence?;Listless and depressed by vistas of snow and gray skies, Dieter left the cabin;and walked toward the frozen;pond.;A. Modifier, subject, verb;B. Modifier, subject, modifier, verb;C. Subject, verb, modifier;D. Subject, modifier, verb;9. Choosing a good reviewer;for your writing means finding someone who;A. is a close friend and will give you a positive review.;B. concentrates on correcting your spelling and grammar errors.;C. knows everything about writing and will find every mistake.;D. will concentrate on;your ideas and how well you support them.;10. Which of the following;is a simple sentence?;A. I got to the airport;late because the traffic was so terrible.;B. Karen and David arrived at the airport at 3:35 P.M. and took a taxi to their;hotel.;C. When I realized I was too late, I called David's cell phone and made;arrangements to meet them in town.;D. I went to the airport, but I was too late to meet them.;11. As you're revising an;essay, you write down several sentences to describe your intended readers. Why;should you do this?;A. To make sure you're writing what you know, not what you believe;B. To ensure that your essay will entertain the audience;C. To ensure that you're instructing your audience adequately;D. To see if your essay is;directed toward its intended audience;12. Which of the following;sentences shows an example of parallel verbs?;A. Once the game was over, Jim had to run home and then;eat his dinner.;B. Once the game was over, Jim had to run home and dinner was ready.;C. Once the game was over, Jim had to be running home and eat dinner.;D. Once the game was over, Jim had to run home and eat dinner.;13. Which of the following;sentences is without any surface errors?;A. I reluctantly gave the hamster to my cousin because I was afraid Teddy, my;cat, would attack it.;B. It's up to Georgia and I who drives the car, whether Celine likes it or not.;C. The town is located near just a few miles from lake Ontario.;D. Mr. Campbell gave;copies of his novel to Ruth and me.;14. Which statement about;sentence lengths in a written piece is true?;A. Short sentences tend to;move ideas quickly.;B. Regardless of the sentence type, the audience tends to read at its own pace.;C. In spite of their name, compound-complex sentences are usually shorter than;compound or complex sentences.;D. Varying sentence type has no appreciable effect on relative sentence length.;15. In which sentence does;the italicized word have a negative connotation?;A. Jenna's green eyes and dark eyelashes gave her an exotic look.;B. Matthew was a scrawny kid;but he grew up strong.;C. Although she had worked hard in high school, Ruth found the college courses;challenging.;D. Jack, who is the most outspoken member of the group, led the opposition to;the new rule.;16. Which sentence should;be edited to eliminate its clich??;A. I wanted to hire Dave;but a chain is only as strong as its weakest link.;B. Striding toward the barn in her red coverall and bucket hat, Gloria?tall and;round?gave the impression of a charging silo.;C. The texture of the burlap was a cross between woven straw and a three-day;beard.;D. The family was immensely relieved when Great-Aunt Martha's condition;progressed from "critical" to "it looks like she'll live another;10 years.;17. In the process of;revision, your main objective should be to;A. clarify your ideas.;B. establish proper tone.;C. demonstrate correct grammar.;D. explain your essay's purposes.;18. To compose strong;compelling sentences, avoid using;A. short, simple sentences.;B. clauses as modifiers.;C. forms of the verb to;be.;D. dependent clauses.;19. Which of the following;is not a type of sentence?;A. Compound-complex;B. Simple;C. Complex;D. Simple-compound;20. A judicial decision;handed down in court uses the _______ level of diction.;A. popular;B. informal;C. formal;D. colloquial;21. Nathan argues that each;paragraph in a narrative should support the author's thesis. Nan says that;paragraphs in a narrative should illuminate some part of the action. Which one;is correct?;A. Both Nathan and Nan are;correct.;B. Neither Nathan nor Nan is correct.;C. Only Nan is correct.;D. Only Nathan is correct.;22. A passive verb is the;better choice if you wish to;A. emphasize the subject.;B. deemphasize the;subject.;C. establish a casual tone.;D. establish a formal tone.;23. Which punctuation mark;should you use in a compound sentence that includes a conjunction?;A. Semi-colon;B. Colon;C. Comma;D. Period;24. Which of the following;is an evaluation tool using questions and answers that lead to effective;strategies?;A. Graphic organizer;B. Outline;C. Thesis;D. Flowchart;25. Which of the following;is a compound sentence?;A. Because Viceroy butterflies migrate over very great distances, tracking them;is a challenge to entomologists.;B. Butterflies and hummingbirds feed on the nectar of flowering plants.;C. Corporate fraud is;becoming more common in the United States, and the civil courts are being;stretched to their limits.;D. Because fraud is so common in some corporations, regulatory agencies are;overworked.;26. Which of the following;sentences contains a redundancy?;A. Emily's sister gave;birth to a pair of twins.;B. Chris had trouble working up even mild enthusiasm for Mike's plan.;C. Steve admired the partially completed stadium.;D. At no time did Tony indicate a willingness to admit defeat.;27. Which of the following;statements is true about an independent clause?;A. It contains only a verb, not a subject.;B. It begins with a subordinating conjunction.;C. It can stand alone as a;complete sentence.;D. It can't stand alone.;28. Reading your draft;aloud, using peer review, and using a typed and printed copy are all examples;of;A. patterns of development.;B. points of view.;C. graphic organizers.;D. useful techniques for;revision.;29. Which of the following;sentences contains an error in subject-verb agreement?;A. Each of the 14 groups are going to contribute an item to the auction.;B. Either Dennis or Susan;is going to pick you up.;C. Kristy, Molly, and Kate attend the same university and ride the bus;together.;D. Which one of these shirts is your favorite?;30. Which of the following;sentences contains a dependent clause?;A. Kicking and leaping, the three deer behaved like rambunctious rabbits.;B. Please clear the table and wash the dishes.;C. The red sports car that;was parked under the tree belongs to Alan.;D. Jared eagerly climbed into the boxing ring, he was on his back and out for;the count in less than ten seconds.
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