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ENGL 111 Writing Project 3: Synthesis Paper




Question;Overview:For this assignment, you will synthesize information from five or more sources on a problem orissue of interest to you. Your goal is to understand the issue or problem from all angles, explainthe scope of the problem, and analyze how or why major participants in the debate agree ordisagree. Note that you should NOT take a position on the problem or issue. Instead, your role isto investigate, understand, and synthesize the problem or issue so that your readers can betterunderstand what the debate is all about.This problem or issue may be derived from something you wrote about in one of the first twowriting projects, or it may be an entirely original topic. In general, topics that intrigue or confuseyou will work better than topics about which you already have a strong and passionate opinion. Itwill be easier to investigate and synthesize a problem objectively if you have not already taken aside. Use this paper as a chance to dive into a problem you would like to understand better, ratherthan a problem you already have solved. Your instructor may give suggestions or place certaintopics out of bounds. Refer back to the links on Researching Problems and Issues in Session 7for more help and ideas in selecting your topic.Select sources that represent several legitimate points of view held by people with acknowledgedexperience, authority, responsibilities, or interests in this issue or problem. Synthesizinginformation requires that you clearly and objectively understand each stakeholder?s position.Refer back to your summaries from your Annotated Bibliography as a starting place. Beprepared to include, as appropriate, any or all of the following information on your stakeholders:? Background on values, experiences, or responsibilities that have shaped the views ofstakeholders (the people in each category).? Basis (evidence) for why these views seem appropriate for these stakeholders.? General statement of what those views are.? Examples of the actions and decisions that those views might lead to.? Analysis of the rhetorical strategies used by the writers in each category to influence you.(How are these writers trying to create certain moods and attitudes, to establish thesignificance of particular issues and themes, or create a response in you?)You will then try to analyze why these stakeholders have reached different points of view, orhow their different viewpoints lead to different concerns, priorities, conclusions, or solutions.You are looking for the paradox in this situation: how can informed, intelligent, humane peopleof high integrity arrive at different statements, understandings, or positions on a problem ortopic? Review the handout, ?Lecture Notes on Synthesis,? in Class Session 9 and watch carefullyfor the differences and similarities in how these various authors connect or fail to connect witheach other?s views:?Differences and similarities in definitions of key termsRevised 04/17/2013 for Summer 2013?Differences or similarities in explaining what is going on, and why?Differences and similarities in understanding of the facts?Differences and similarities in values?Differences in the relative importance placed on certain facts or values?Differences or similarities in arguments about cause & effect?Differences or similarities in proposals for what to do about the problem?Points where most stakeholders agree, and why?Points where most stakeholders disagree, and why(List from page one of the lecture notes)You need to use at least five sources from the Ivy Tech Virtual Library databases in your writing.You need to represent three or more categories of points of view. All of these points of viewshould be those of your sources, not necessarily your own, and certainly not presented as yourown. You may well be forming opinions as you read and evaluate, but don?t present one of thethree, four, or five positions as your personal position. You must find outside authority for allcategories.Consider what your own readers are like, too. Put some thought into the audience analysisactivity before undertaking your first draft. (See the section on Audience Analysis below, andcarefully review the pages on Audience Analysis in Chapter 2 in the text.) Part of your purposeis to inform and educate your readers, and to do that you need to think about what those readersare like, what motivates and interests them, and what why they should care about what you haveto say on this topic.Specifics:?????????150 points possible1350 words minimum, double-spaced, using Times New Roman 12-point fontMLA or APA manuscript style with in-text documentation and Works Cited orReferences page (this page does not count in the minimum word count requirement).Clearly developed main point (thesis) that analyzes connections or explainsdisagreements on a problem or issue.Broad understanding of the issue, supported with relevant evidence and examples andusing an unbiased and professional tone to discuss various points of view.Observation of the conventions of Standard EnglishAudience awareness.Use of at least five print sources from the Ivy Tech Virtual Library databases,representing a variety of viewpoints on the problem or issue.First draft must include a minimum 200-word audience analysis. This analysis shouldappear as the first item in your first draft, before page 1 of the actual paper. AudiencePage 3 of 8analysis is to be removed from the final draft.Revised 04/17/2013 for Summer 2013Procedure:1. COLLECT. Gather material from the databases in the Virtual Library. You will need atleast five (5) separate items on your selected topic that represent at least three (3) pointsof view, most likely you can use some or all of the sources you found for your AnnotatedBibliography in Session 8. Now is the time to research more sources if necessary. Seekinformation about the authors and the organizations that publish the material you arefinding, too. Try to understand why your topic is of interest to those stakeholders (theauthors). Look over what your classmates are saying in the prewriting discussion forums.Some may be dealing with similar topics, and some may be using sources or have ideasthat might be useful to you even if your classmate is writing about a different topic.What claims about their topics are classmates finding? What claims seem likely and whatclaims seem unlikely? What additional information do your own readers need before theycan understand what you are finding????Use journaling, brainstorming, branching, reader-response charts, and especially thedouble-entry log that is explained in the textbook to collect and organize your notes.Take notice of not only what each author says, but how it is said?pay attention to therhetorical strategies used and the tone each writer projects.Part of the ?collecting? process is to think carefully about your own audience as well.Make a distinction between the audience/readers that the authors of these readings mayhave in mind and the audience/readers you have in mind for your analysis.What can you find out about the authors? What else have they written, and how do theseother works compare to this work? Are there events, places, situations and experiencesthat might give insight into this author?s intentions, motivations, interests, or purposeshere? What ?rings true? with what you might know about the topic/theme already, andwhat seems not quite right?2. SHAPE your writing.Choose an organizational pattern that will help you analyze and synthesize yourmaterial. Consider some of the patterns suggested in Chapter 6 on Investigating. You mayalso consider organizing to highlight the two or three main patterns of agreement ordisagreement you discovered, moving from most important to least important (or the otherway around), or most controversial to least controversial. You may also consider startingwith ways your sources agree and ending with ways that they disagree (or the other wayaround). Avoid choosing a pattern where you simply summarize five sources in orderwithout identifying connections and disagreements.Create a thesis statement. This should be your major claim that analyzes connections orexplains disagreements you have identified in your stakeholders? positions. The thesisshould be an analytical thesis that helps your readers understand the scope of the problemor issue or grasp a key reason for agreement or disagreement. The thesis could make aclaim about differences or similarities in definitions, approaches, priorities, or solutions?Page 5 of 8and what causes these differences or similarities, or how these differences or similaritiesaffect the debate.Create a working outline of the points you want to make, and review this list before youstart your first draft. This list should be consistent with the organizational pattern youalready picked. You may find yourself returning to this list to revise it as you write. Editany new ideas into this list so they don?t get lost or end up in confusing places in yourwriting. In the list identify the lines and passages that you want to quote, paraphrase, anddiscuss, and make a note of the points you want to make as you discuss these borrowedideas. Be sure you have the information you?ll need to create accurate in-text citations nearthe same place in your list. As you select which passages to work with, think once againabout YOUR purpose and audience. What terms might they need to have explained? Whichideas or events might they be familiar with, and which ones may need to be discussedfurther to make sense to this kind of audience?3. DRAFT your writing using the list you created as a rough outline.? Use MLA or APA style in-text citation and bibliographic documentation. Select thestyle (MLA or APA) that is appropriate for the kind of audience you have in mindand for the topic you are working with.? Use transitions between paragraphs. Solid development may require more than oneparagraph to discuss any one particular point from your list. When that happens,effective paragraph transition can give your readers a clear indication that you are stillon the same general point or that you are moving on to a new point.? Be coherent. Be sure the ideas you borrow are necessary in order to make somethingclear to your readers. Don?t borrow anything beyond what is absolutely needed, anddon?t leave a borrowed idea or passage hanging without any discussion of why it isimportant.? Review to eliminate obvious errors in grammar, mechanics, syntax, citation, anddocumentation. Even a first draft should be reasonably clear to your peer editors!? Submit your first draft for peer review. This will be done using the GROUP linkfound in Class Session 9.4. REVISE your draft after you review the feedback you receive from the peer review. Do notturn in your first draft as if it were the final draft. No final draft will be acceptedwithout a first draft, and the two of them must show significant changes (not justspell-check changes) between the two versions.Grading Criteria:????Effective introduction that includes a thesis statement, establishes the significance ofthis topic/problem, and seeks to connect to a specific kind of reader.Audience awareness (based on Audience Analysis assignment)Use of no less than five (5) items from the databases in the Virtual Library periodicalsarea.Explication of no less than three (3) points of view by stakeholders that are orRevised 04/17/2013 for Summer 2013????????represent authoritative sources of information on this topic/problem.Accurate interpretation of specific details, connected to accurately interpretedquotations and paraphrases.A high degree of integrity in representing the views of various stakeholdersaccurately, fully, and without prejudice.Consistent and appropriate tone for the topic, audience, and circumstance.Clear style with few errors in language conventions, grammar, vocabulary, etc.Accurate document style for format, in-text citation, and bibliographicdocumentation.Correct selection of MLA or APA style for the audience and topic.Appropriate paragraphing with effective transitions.A clear conclusion.Phases of the Project:Audience AnalysisSession 9First DraftSession 9Peer ReviewsSession 10Final DraftSession 11The Audience AnalysisDue by the end of Session 9, as part of the First DraftReview the section on Audience Analysis in Chapter 2 in our textbook for more discussion of theparts of an audience analysisThe audience analysis should be minimum 200 words in length, and should appear as the firstitem in your first draft, before page 1 of the actual paper. Use copy & paste to add your audienceanalysis to your first draft file before posting.1. Audience profile. Describe and define your target audience. Who do you want toinform and influence? What are these kinds of people like? What are thecharacteristics that make this topic useful, interesting, or important to these kinds ofpeople? (approximately 2-4 sentences)2. Audience-subject relationship. Discuss what your audience probably already knows?if anything?about the topic or problem you are investigating. Think about whatyour readers may already know. Think about what they may not know. Think aboutwhat they believe they know that may be inaccurate or incomplete. What attitudes orbiases do you expect in your audience? (approximately 2-4 sentences.)3. Audience-writer relationship. Discuss the relationship you want to build with thisaudience. Consider what you may have in common with your audience. Considerwhether your audience will trust what you have to say or not. Are you ?one of them,?Page 7 of 8or are they a group different from you who needs to know something you have tooffer? Discuss the characteristics you want to project to your readers about yourself.Do you want to come across as a fellow spectator, someone with personal experienceof this topic, an expert on this particular reading, a friendly story-teller, or some otherrole? (approximately 2-4 sentences.)Revised 04/17/2013 for Summer 2013The First DraftDue by the end of Session 9First drafts consist of the following elements:1. A left-hand block header that includes your name, instructor?s name, class/section,and date2. A separate title for the paper, centered on the title line and in the same size, style, andfont as the rest of the document?not underlined. Use an original title that suggestyour main point or approach (not ?Synthesis Paper?).3. MLA or APA formatting, including in-text documentation and a separate WorksCited or References page at the end.4. Minimum 1000 words for draft stage. (1350 words for the final draft.)5. A minimum 200-word audience analysis. This analysis should be posted at thebeginning of the draft paper, before page 1 of the actual paper. Use copy & paste toadd your audience analysis to your first draft file before posting. The audienceanalysis will not be included in the word-count requirement for the draft itself. Theaudience analysis must be removed from the final draft that is due in Session 11.Instructions for posting your first draft for peer review can be found in the Class Session 2folder.Peer ReviewsDue by the end of Session 10You will be writing peer reviews of at least two classmates? first drafts in Session 10. Fullinstructions for how to post peer reviews can be found in the Class Session 2 folder. Fullinstructions for how to respond to peers? drafts can be found in the Class Session 10 folder.Final DraftDue by the end of Session 11Final drafts must consist of the following elements:1. Final drafts must clearly be related to the earlier, first drafts. A progression ofthinking from one draft to the next must be evident. Major changes in organization,new examples or ideas, or deletion of elements from the first to the final draft areexpected, but the final must still be clearly a development of that first draft.2. No final draft will be accepted until a first draft has been submitted?even if thefirst draft is late and worth no points, it must precede the final draft.3. The audience analysis must be removed from the final draft.4. The final draft must be properly formatted in MLA or APA style, must include a titleblock, and must include both in-text citations in the body of the paper and a WorksCited or References list at the end. The Works Cited or References list is NOTincluded in the word count requirement.5. The final draft is to be a minimum of 1350 words in length.


Paper#35934 | Written in 18-Jul-2015

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