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devry SPCH275 all weeks discussions




Question;Week 1 discussion s;Topic 2: Critical listening;Discuss a communication situation when you paid;close attention because you really had to, where the situation and what;was being communicated were extremely important. What kind of things did you;find yourself doing to help insure that you were listening effectively?;Week 2 discussion;Topic 1;Analyzing the Audience;As many of you may already know or will know;whilst taking Psychology, there are three basic components in Sigmund Freud's;theory of personality: the id,the ego, and the superego.;While the id is made up of unconscious urges and the ego is charged with;dealing with reality, the superego is the part of personality that is made up;of all the internalized ideals that come from our parents and society. Freud;suggested that this component of personality is the last to develop, emerging;around age five. The purpose of the superego is to suppress the unacceptable;urges of the id and to make the ego behave morally.The ego;The ego is the;component of personality that is responsible for dealing with reality.;According to Freud, the ego develops from the id and ensures that the impulses;of the id can be expressed in a manner acceptable in the real world. The ego;functions in both the conscious, preconscious, and unconscious mind.;The ego operates based on the reality principle, which;strives to satisfy the id's desires in realistic and socially appropriate ways.;The reality principle weighs the costs and benefits of an action before;deciding to act upon or abandon impulses. In many cases, the id's impulses can;be satisfied through a process of delayed gratification--the ego will;eventually allow the behavior, but only in the appropriate time and place.;The ego also discharges tension created by unmet impulses;through the secondary process, in which the ego tries to find an object in the;real world that matches the mental image created by the id's primary process.;The Superego;The last component of personality to develop is the superego.;The superego is the aspect of personality that holds all of our internalized;moral standards and ideals that we acquire from both parents and society--our;sense of right and wrong. The superego provides guidelines for making;judgments. According to Freud, the superego begins to emerge at around age;five.;There are two parts of the superego;1.;The;Ego Ideal: includes the rules and standards for good behaviors. These behaviors;include those which are approved of by parental and other authority figures.;Obeying these rules leads to feelings of pride, value and accomplishment.;2.;3.;The;conscience: includes information about things that are viewed as bad by parents;and society. These behaviors are often forbidden and lead to bad consequences;punishments or feelings of guilt and remorse.;The superego acts to perfect and civilize our behavior. It;works to suppress all unacceptable urges of the id and struggles to make the;ego act upon idealistic standards rather that upon realistic principles. The;superego is present in the conscious, preconscious and unconscious.;The Interaction of the Id, Ego and Superego;With so many competing forces, it is easy to see how conflict;might arise between the id, ego and superego. Freud used the term ego;stremgth to refer to the ego's ability to function despite these dueling;forces. A person with good ego strength is able to effectively manage these;pressures, while those with too much or too little ego strength can become too;unyielding or too disrupting.;According to Freud, the key to a healthy personality is a;balance between the id, the ego, and the superego.;[research source: Now, after having;hopefully, read this lengthy explanation of the Ego, why do people believe that;being ego-centric is bad for their public image? What implications does;the ego-centrism of audiences hold for you as an individual who might;give a very important speech and how does this relate to the importance of;analyzing your audience?Please;remember that you must have at least2 FULLY ELABORATED;postings per threaded forum per week.;Topic 2: Gathering Materials and;Supporting Your Ideas;There are many different sources from which to;gather materials to help support your speech, including your own;personal knowledge and experience, the library, the;Internet, and interviews.;Which are you most comfortable with and why?;What are some of the pros and cons associated with;using each of these sources?;Week 3 discussions;Topic 1: Using Language;What is effective;language? Why is it so important that speeches use effective language? Once;language is used effectively, the next step is to ensure that;listening" takes place in order to know what message is being;conveyed by the speaker. Professor Loaiza;Week 4 discussion;TDA Discussion Topics for;Week Four;1 - Speaking on Special Occasions;2 - Speaking in Small Groups;3 - Open Forum;Remember, each week, I will assign two to five discussion topics, and you are;expected to participate fully2topics on a weekly basis. To do;so, you must contribute to2discussion topics;with 2different substantive postings to each, on at least two different daysthroughout the week (open forum;postings do not count).;Speaking on;Special Occasions;REQUIRED INFORMATION FOR;THIS SECTION;Speeches on special occasions can provoke;greater anxiety than everyday, business-related speaking assignments. Yet;the truth is that a request to speak at these events is an honor. Your;position, closeness to the people or events being feted, or your distinction in;your field are responsible for your place of prominence on the occasion.;That special knowledge or;experience is what you should draw upon as you prepare and deliver your special;occasion speech. (For more on speaking successfully, download our cheat sheet;Tell the stories;that theselisteners will;find interesting. In particular, reveal your personal connection with the;honoree(s). But most of all?be honest. What the audiences at these events want;is sincerity, not polish. The best man speech at a wedding, or the father of;the groom speech at a rehearsal dinner, always succeed more from genuine;emotion than a demonstrated skill at making toasts.;How Honesty Trumps Show;Business;A few years ago, one of my;wife?s relatives died in his early fifties, leaving his mother and three;siblings. At his wake, the family asked me to read the eulogy his;brothers and sister had written at his mass to be held the following day. They;reasoned that I would do a good job because of my background as an actor.;I told them I would be;happy to do so if they insisted, but that I felt it would mean much more to;everyone if one of them read the eulogy. Eventually they agreed. And though the;brother who spoke the words was not a polished speaker, he tapped into;bittersweet emotions for the relatives that I would never have been able to;approach.;When it comes to public;speaking on special occasions, honesty trumps show business every time. It;isn?t the wisdom of the ages your listeners are hoping for?it?syou.So be;confident in your worth as a valued contributor, and speak from the heart.;Here is some advice on;specific occasions requiring toasts, awards speeches, and testimonials;The;Toast. This;is one occasion where eloquence is expected. Yet that doesn?t mean that;you must suddenly morph into a New York sophisticate. If you stay simple;and true, conveying your honest affection for the honoree(s),you will be eloquent.;The toast is also the ideal place to use quotations, either from persons;known to the listeners or famous people. A word to the wise: Beware;of alcohol, which may be flowing freely at your table by the time you;stand to speak.;The;Roast. Introduce;yourself if you aren?t known to everyone in the room. A general rule of;roasts is that the closer you are to the ?roastee,? the deeper you can;slip the blade?all in good fun, of course. Remember that self-deprecating;humor is always welcome at a roast, since it shows that you can take;it as well as dish it out.;Master of;Ceremonies. Maintain a firm but light touch. Don?t make the mistake;of thinking that just because you?ve been invited to be the MC, this is;about you. It isn?t. Learn the names and titles of the people you?re;introducing and then let them do their own thing. Perhaps most important;speak beforehand with your host to see what he or she wants you to do.;Then give exactly that?no more and no less. And be sure you know how;you?re expected to dress.;Blessing;Grace, or Benediction. A successful blessing combines the true and;eternal with the particular. Prayers and profound thoughts from the;Bible, poetry, and the wisdom of other religions and cultures are always;appropriate. Bear in mind that you can also go outside the ?expected?;sources if you find something appropriate and refreshing. A beautiful;feature of a prayer, for instance, can be your own addition, something;original that you?ve thought up for the occasion. That?s a way to take the;eternal and link it to the special occasion of the gathering.;Acceptance;Speech or Response to a Testimonial. Here, less is definitely;more. Nothing sours an audience?s goodwill more quickly than a too-long or;self-indulgent acceptance speech. Think Oscars, and you?ll know exactly;what I mean. So: humbly thank your sponsors, mention others as;accomplished as you who didn?t win the award, and make a graceful exit.;Eulogy. The sometimes surprising;truth about eulogies is that they don?t have to be sad and somber;set-pieces. Eulogies represent a wonderful opportunity for all;present to celebrate;the life of the person, not just mourn their passing.;Here again, heartfelt emotion is the key. I wrote and delivered the;eulogy at my mother?s funeral, and I had to stop speaking more than once;because emotion overtook me and closed my throat. But I simply paused;collected myself, and went on. At one point I even thanked everyone for;being so patient!;If you deliver a eulogy;find a way to tap into the joy that this person?s life made possible. In the;movie Mr. Saturday Night,Billy;Crystal?s character?a professional comedian?gives a hilarious and bittersweet;eulogy at his mother?s funeral. The fact that everyone is laughing throughout;his presentation in no way diminishes the deep affection the survivors have;and are busy showing, for the deceased.;Threaded Discussion Question;Think about the different speeches of presentation and acceptance that you have;seen in your lifetime--at a campus awards ceremony or on a television program;like the Academy Awards, Grammy Awards, or MTV Music Awards. Which speeches do;you find most effective? Least effective? Why? Give an example to support your;position.;Week 5 discussion;TDA Discussion Topics for Week;Five;1 - Evaluating Soeecges;2 - Small Group Synergy;3 - Open Forum;Remember, each week, I will;assign two to five discussion topics, and you are expected to participate fully2topics on a weekly basis. To do;so, you must contribute to2discussion topics;with 2different substantive postings to each, on at least two different daysthroughout the week (open forum;postings do not count).;Evaluating;Speeches;Synergy is;the working together of two things to produce a result greater than the sum of;their individual effects. The term synergy comes from the greek word synergia???????? from synergos,, meaning "working together;group synergy;synergy is the ability of a group to outperform even its best individual;member. These conclusions are derived from the studies conducted by Jay Hall on;a number of laboratory-based group ranking and prediction tasks. He found that;effective groups actively looked for the points in which they disagreed and in;consequence encouraged conflicts amongst the participants in the early stages;of the discussion. In contrast, the ineffective groups felt a need to establish;a common view quickly, used simple decision making methods such as averaging;and focused on completing the task rather than on finding solutions they could;agree on;INTIMACY Group members spend time with each other outside;of the meeting venue [example: classroom].;1 = Never 2 =;rarely 3 =;sometimes 4 =;often 5 = consistently;The group is led to encounter the group;assignment effectively before attempting to discern its meaning.;1 =;Never 2 =;rarely 3 =;sometimes 4 =;often 5 = consistently;There is a level of bond within the group.;1 = Never 2 =;rarely 3 =;sometimes 4 =;often 5 = consistently;Everyone contributes equally.;1 = Never 2 =;rarely 3 =;sometimes 4 =;often 5 = consistently;Group members seem to remember each others role;when Speeches are assigned.;1 =;Never 2 =;rarely 3 =;sometimes 4 =;often 5 = consistently;The group focuses on submitting exemplary and;professional work.;1 =;Never 2 =;rarely 3 =;sometimes 4 =;often 5 = consistently;The group makes occasions to celebrate things;with each other.;1 = Never 2 =;rarely 3 =;sometimes 4 =;often 5 = consistently;Some members leave all the work for others and;get all the credit.;1 = Never 2 =;rarely 3 =;sometimes 4 =;often 5 = consistently;There is creativity and diversity in the group;dynamics.;1 = Never 2 =;rarely 3 =;sometimes 4 =;often 5 = consistently;IMPACT (on campus and personally);A group members work closely to impact the;audience, thus ensuring a higher grade for all. |1 = Never 2 =;rarely 3 =;sometimes 4 =;often 5 = consistently;The group leader is a positive role model and;encourages all members to actively participate.;1 = Never 2 =;rarely 3 =;sometimes 4 =;often 5 = consistently;What are five questions to consider when;evaluating a small group presentation? Of the questions listed above, which;ones do you believe are the most important. Selected which level they pertain;to your group [ie. 1=never 2=rarely etc.]?;Week 7 discussions;TDA Discussion Topics for Week Seven;1 - Questions About the Exam;2 - Course Reflection;3 - Open Forum;Remember, each week, I will;assign two to five discussion topics, and you are expected to participate fully2topics on a weekly basis. To do;so, you must contribute to2discussion topics with3different;substantive postings to each, on at leastthree different daysthroughout the week (open forum;postings do not count).;Topics;Topic;Course;Reflection;Course;Reflection;Goodbyes are never easy;especially when you have to say it to a very special group of students. This;term has been a very interesting one, For starters, it will be one where we;were all part of history as the Winter that had snow, after snow, after snow! I;used to consider myself an Ice Queen, don't ask. But for the first time in many;decades, I absolutely loath these severe snow storms we have been afflicted by;even as I type this goodbye message to all.;Every term I have the luck of meeting wonderful individuals and share with all;my knowledge in regards to my expertise. I am not just an expert in Public;Speaking. I am also an expert in many areas and I bring this diversity into my;classrooms to make all of my students better learners. Having a strong societal;background as a Sociologist I bring topics that will teach you all valuable;things about world today. Being also a world traveler I bring a lot of cultural;knowledge into my classrooms and incite everyone to get along in a peaceful;manner by engaging in the delight form of communication. At my age I have seen;so many beautiful things, as well as terrible ones. Yet, I am always full of;hope and know that if I can instill upon you this very word HOPE then you will;all spread LOVE and help others to never relent in the quest of their dreams.;Your class, our class, this class in particular, shall always remain in my;mechanically ran heart as being one of my best class given the remarkable;individuals I have had the great honor of meeting. I have been forged long;lasting friendships with many of you and look forward to keeping in touch with;you even after this class is over!;Thank you guys for your love, dedication, sacrifices, and hard work. Yes, even;baring with this horrid weather just to show up to class!!!!!!;I said in the beginning of our class, most of you might probably say "you;learned nothing in class." But, one thing you cannot deny is that you have;gained CONFIDENCE now in yourselves to be effective Public Speakers with a lot;of knowledge in all things related to Body Language! Hello Body Language;Experts!;with all my love, I thank you for all you've done in my class...the good even;the bad...I hope it has been a most rewarding learning experience!;-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------;What kind of improvements have you noticed about yourself as a public speaker;during the course of the term? About your classmates? Which people did you see;the most improvement from? If you were nervous at the beginning of the term;about standing up in front of a group and speaking, was it as bad as you;thought it would be? What made a difference?;How do you plan to use what you?ve learned about public speaking;in your impromptu speech, your future classes at DeVry and in your personal and;business lives outside of DeVry?;Week 6;discussionjs;SPECIAL NOTE: First speech deleted Persuasive/Informative differences as;activity was done in class to clarify any misconception between both speeches.;For one of the following topics, identify the speaker who would have the;highest initial credibility for you. Then state who might have the lowest;credibility.;The Comedy of Politics;The Greatest Moment in Football History;Talk Shows: Their Role in Society;Life in the White House;The Horror Novel as Literature


Paper#36085 | Written in 18-Jul-2015

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