Question;The midterm consists of 45 questions worth 1 point each. Please create an answer sheet and a cover sheet asone document. The exam is due to the Midterm Retrieval and Submission area by 11 pm on May 19.Please read the following carefully. For each question on the midterm exam, unless the question expresslyprovides to the contrary, you should assume that:1.all events occurred in the current taxable year,2.all persons are United States citizens,3.there is no tax avoidance purpose for any transaction, and that with respect to any mortgageon any property, there was a bona fide business purpose for incurring the debt,4.there is only one class of stock issued and outstanding in any corporation, and that is common votingstock, unless the question expressly states to the contrary,5.with respect to each partnership question on the midterm, the partnership has no hot assets,has no debts or other liabilities, and has no Section 754 election in effect, and6.with respect to any entity, there is no special election (other than an S election for anycorporation stated to be an S corporation) made unless the facts specifically state that there an election hasbeen made and is in effect.Choose the letter that best answers the question or completes the sentence.1.Jack owns 60 percent of Corporation. Corporation had acquired land known as the Parcel inJanuary of 2000 for $68,000 and held the Parcel for investment purposes. During the current taxable year,Corporation sold the Parcel to Jack for $65,000 which amount was equal to the fair market value of theParcel. Shortly after receiving the Parcel, Jack, never having made any gifts before, gave the Parcel to hisfriend Tom from college when the property was worth $70,000. Tom sold the Parcel two years later to Sue, aperson not related to Corporation, Jack or Tom, for $75,000. How much gain or loss is realized andrecognized as a result of these three transfers?a.Corporation realizes a loss of $3,000 and recognizes a loss of 3,000 on the sale, Jack realizes a gainof $8,000 and recognizes a gain of 5,000 on the transfer to Tom, Tom realizes a gain of $5,000 and recognizesa gain of $2,000 on the transfer to Sue.b.Corporation realizes a loss of $3,000 and recognizes a loss of 3,000 on the sale, Jack realizes a gain of$5,000 and recognizes a gain of 5,000 o the transfer to Tom, Tom realizes gain of $5,000 and recognizes again of $2,000 on the transfer to Sue.c.Corporation realizes a loss of $3,000 and recognizes a loss of 0 on the sale, Jack does not realize orrecognize any gain or loss on the transfer to Tom, Tom realizes a gain of $10,000 and recognizes a gain of$10,000 on the transfer to Sue.d.Corporation realizes a loss of $3,000 and recognizes a loss of 0 on the sale, Jack realizes a gain of$5,000 and recognizes a gain of $5,000 on the transfer to Tom, Tom realizes a gain of $5,000 and recognizes again of $5,000 on the transfer to Sue.2.Corporations had the following income and expenses during the current taxable year:Income from operationsExpenses from operations$120,000Dividends received (from a 70 percent-owned corporation))Cash charitable contributions$ 30,000$250,000$ 80,000How much is Corporations charitable contribution deduction for the current taxable year?a.b.c.d.$14,600.$21,000.$26,000.$30,000.3.For the current taxable year, Corporations gross income from operations was $1,000,000 and itsexpenses from operations were $1,500,000. Corporation also received a $600,000 dividend from a 25 percentowned corporation. How much is Corporations dividends-received deduction?a.b.c.d.0.$70,000.$480,000.$600,000.4.Ben and John formed BCD, Inc., a corporation, in 2011. Ben received 80% of the voting commonstock, the only class of stock and John received the remaining 20% of the stock. In 2012, Ben transferredadditional property to BCD Inc. The property had an adjusted basis to Ben of $40,000 and a fair marketvalue of $50,000 on the date of the transfer. On the same day, and in exchange for the property hetransferred to BCD Inc., Ben received cash of $15,000 and additional stock worth $35,000. How much gainwas recognized by Ben as a result of this transaction?a.b.c.d.0.$10,000.$15,000.$25,000.5.Sandra transferred property to her newly formed corporation, SDA Inc. The property had anadjusted basis to Sandra of $60,000 and a fair market value of $100,000 on the date of the transfer and thecorporation assumed an $80,000 liability on the property. On the same day, and in exchange for the propertyshe transferred to SDA Inc., Sandra received a payment of $10,000 and 100 percent of SDA Inc.s only classof stock. How much gain was recognized by Sandra as a result of this transaction?a.b.c.d.e.0.$10,000.$20,000.$30,000.$40,000.6.Sue transferred a building to her newly formed corporation, SUECO, Inc. The building had anadjusted basis to Sue of $75,000 and a fair market value of $150,000 on the date of the transfer. The buildingwas encumbered by a mortgage of $100,000, which SUECO Inc. assumed. On the same day, and in exchangefor the building she transferred to SUECO Inc., Sue received 100 percent of SUECOs only class of stock.How much gain was recognized by Sue as a result of this transaction?a.b.c.d.0.$25,000.$50,000.$75,000.7.Bob created MNO Inc. several years ago and has owned all 10 outstanding shares of MNO Inc. sincethe creation of MNO Inc. The fair market value of those shares is now $50,000. Bobs friend, Lee, owns abuilding having a fair market value of $450,000 and an adjusted basis to Lee of $100,000. The building isencumbered by a $130,000 mortgage. Earlier this month, Bob and Lee discussed Lees becoming involved inthe business of MNO Inc., and as a result of these discussions, Lee transferred the building to MNO Inc. andin exchange for the building, MNO Inc. transferred to Lee 90 shares of authorized but not previously issuedstock of MNO Inc. How much gain does Lee realize and recognize as a result of these transfers?a.b.c.d.Realized gain of 0 and recognized gain of 0.Realized gain or $350,000, none of which is recognized.Realized gain of $350,000 and recognized gain of $340,000.Realized gain of $350,000 and recognized gain of $30,000 of gain.8.Tom owned all of the outstanding stock of NEWCO3 Corporation. Tom transferred a building,cash, and publicly traded stock to NEWCO3 Corporation. The adjusted basis and the fair market value ofthe assets transferred to NEWCO3 Corporation, and the amount remaining on the mortgage on the buildingtransferred, were as follows:BasisBuildingMortgage on buildingCashPublicly traded stockValue$20,000$55,000$5,000$15,000Amount$5,000$12,000$40,000In exchange for the assets transferred to NEWCO3 Corporation, Tom received additional stock of NEWCO3Corporation. How much gain did Al recognize as a result of this transaction:a.0.b.c.d.$5,000.$25,000.$27,000.Fact Pattern for Questions 9 and 10: Sandra owned an equipment rental business in her sole name for fouryears. After her business advisors suggested that she conduct her equipment rental activity in corporate form,she promptly transferred the equipment to ABC Rental Corporation, a newly formed corporation. Sandrareceived all of the stock of ABC Rental Corporation in exchange for the equipment. At the time of thetransfer of the equipment to ABC Rental Corporation, Sandras adjusted basis in the equipment was $50,000,the fair market value of the building was $150,000, the equipment was subject to a security agreement andnote assumed by the corporation of $70,000, and there was depreciation recapture potential of $12,000.Sandra received stock of ABC Rental Corporation worth $80,000.9.How much gain did Sandra recognize as a result of the transaction, and what was the character ofthe gain?a.b.c.d.Sandra recognized $12,000 of gain, all of which was ordinary income.Sandra recognized $20,000 of gain, at least $12,000 of which was ordinary.Sandra recognized $30,000 of gain, at least $12,000 of which was ordinary income.Sandra recognized $100,000 of gain, all of which was ordinary income.10.As a result of the transaction, what is the corporations basis in the equipment?a.b.c.d.$50,000.$70,000.$150,000.$170,000.11.NEWCO Inc. had current earnings and profits of $50,000 when it made a nonliquidating distributionto an individual shareholder of land that NEWCO Inc. held for use in its business. On the date the land wasdistributed, NEWCO Inc.s adjusted basis in the land was $20,000, the fair market value of the land was$60,000, and the land was encumbered by a $40,000 mortgage, which liability was assumed by theshareholder. After the distribution, how much are NEWCO Inc.s earning and profits?a.b.c.d.$30,000.$50,000.$60,000.$70,000.12.Big Corporation distributed land to its sole shareholder, Little Corporation, in a liquidatingdistribution. At the time of the distribution, the land had a fair market value of $240,000 and BigCorporations adjusted basis in the land was $200,000. The land was encumbered by a $250,000 mortgage.How much gain did Big Corporation recognize as a result of the distribution?a.0.b.$10,000.c.$40,000.d.$50,000.13.Medium Inc. had one class of stock outstanding. The one class of stock was owned 50 percent byLinda and 25 percent by each of Lindas parents. In the current taxable year, Medium Inc. redeemed 25percent of Lindas 50 percent, and in exchange for the stock, Medium Inc. distributed to Linda a buildingthat had an adjusted basis to Medium Inc. of $10,000 and a fair market value of $50,000. Assume thatMedium Inc.s current earnings and profits were $200,000, there were no accumulated earnings and profits,and Lindas total basis in her stock before the redemption was $20,000. How much is Lindas basis in herremaining stock after the redemption, and what is her basis in the building?a.b.c.d.e.Stock basis: $10,000, building basis: $10,000.Stock basis: $10,000, building basis: $50,000.Stock basis: $20,000, building basis: $10,000.Stock basis: $20,000, building basis: $50,000.None of the above.14.A tract of land was distributed by MNO Inc. to its sole shareholder, Martha, as a dividend. At thetime of the distribution, MNO Inc.s adjusted basis in the land was $40,000, the fair market value of the landwas $80,000, and the land was encumbered by a $55,000 mortgage. Which of the following statements isaccurate?a.MNO Inc.s earnings and profits must be increased by $15,000 (liability less basis), decreased by$40,000 (adjusted basis), and increased by $55,000 (the amount of the liability).b.The net adjustment to MNO Incs earnings and profits is $40,000, the amount of the realized gain.c.The distributing corporations realized gain of $40,000 is recognized to the extent of the $15,000.d.The shareholders basis in the land is $80,000, its fair market value.15.XYZ Corporation made a nonliquidating distribution to its sole shareholder of $30,000 in cash plus realproperty that had a fair market value of $80,000 and a basis of $60,000. The corporations earnings and profits were$100,000 on the last day of the year in which the distribution was made after taking into effect any impact of thedistribution on the corporations earnings and profits. How much was the total dividend income received by theshareholder as a result of the distributions made by XYZ Corporation and what is the shareholders basis in the realproperty received in the distribution?a.$80,000 dividend, basis of $60,000.b.$80,000 dividend, basis of $60,000.c.$100,000 dividend, basis of $80,000.d.$110,000 dividend, basis of $60,000.e.$100,000 dividend, basis of 110,000.16.MJJM Inc. has four equal shareholders who are unrelated. Each shareholder owns 300 shares ofthe common stock of MJJM Inc. representing all of the stock of MJJM Inc. During the taxable year, as partof a single transaction, MJJM Inc. redeemed stock from three of the shareholders. Specifically, MJJM Inc.redeemed 150 shares from Michael, 75 shares from Joseph, and 40 shares from John. Who will receiveexchange treatment as a result of the redemption?a.b.c.d.Michael and Joseph, as the transaction was not essentially equivalent to a dividend.Joseph only, because the redemption was substantially disproportionate as to Joseph.Michael only, because the redemption was substantially disproportionate as to Michael.No one, and each of Michael, John, and Joseph will receive dividend treatment.Fact Pattern for Questions 17 and 18.Happy Inc. is a calendar yearcorporation. Happy Inc. had accumulated earnings and profits of $100,000and no current earnings and profits when it distributed a total of$160,000 to its two equal shareholders, Betty and Bob as well as on thelast day of the year. On the date of the cash distribution, Bettys basisin her Happy Inc. stock was $20,000 and Bobs basis in his Happy Inc.stock was $30,000.17.How much does Betty include in her gross income for thecurrent taxable year with respect to the distribution to her?a.b.c.d.$50,000 dividend income and $10 capital gain.$80,000 dividend income and 0 capital gain.$0 dividend income and $70,000 capital gain.$50,000 dividend income and $20,000 capital gain.18.What is Bobs adjusted basis in his EFG Inc. stock after the distribution?a.b.c.d.0.$5,000.$15,000.none of the above.19.Mary received a liquidating distribution from ABC Corporation as part of the complete liquidationof ABC Corporation. Marys basis for her ABC Corporation stock was $10,000. In exchange for her stock,Mary received a payment of $15,000 and real property that had an adjusted basis to ABC Corporation of$10,000, a fair market value of $25,000, and that was encumbered by a $12,000 mortgage which Maryassumed. How much gain did Mary recognize as a result of this transaction and what is Marys basis in thereal property?a.b.c.d.e.$3,000 gain recognized, and basis of $40,000.$18,000 gain recognized, and basis of $40,000.$30,000 gain recognized, and basis of $10,000.$42,000 gain recognized, and basis of $25,000.none of the above.20.Michael owns stock in an S corporation. The corporation sustained a net operating loss this year.Michaels pro rata share of the loss is $5,000. Michaels adjusted basis in his S corporation stock is$1,000 without regard to the loss. In addition, Michael has a loan outstanding to the corporation in theamount of $2,000. Without regard to any passive loss limitation or any at risk rule limitation, whatamount, if any, is Michael entitled to deduct with respect to the loss under the subchapter S rules?a.$1,000.b.$2,000.c.$3,000.d.$5,000.e.None of the above.21.Beth, who died in January 2012, was survived by her husband, Ben. Beths federal gross estatewas equal to $6,000,000 on the date of her death. When Beth died, Beths assets included anundeveloped parcel of real estate in Jacksonville in the names of Beth and Ben, as joint tenants withright of survivorship. The fair market value of the land on the date of Beth's death was $750,000. Benprovided all of the consideration for the purchase of the land, paying $200,000 for it in 2009. Alternatevaluation is not available to Beths estate as all assets owned by Beth will pass, either under Beths lastwill and testament or by operation of law, to Ben and hence, no estate tax will be due because of themarital deduction. What is Bens basis in the real estate after Beths death?a.b.c.d.$200,000.$375,000.$750,000.none of the above.22.Under Carl's will, Carl (a widower) created a testamentary trust to be funded with $700,000 worthof assets. All of the income of the trust is payable to Carls child, Jane, for her life, and thereafter, theremaining assets of the trust will pass to The Public Charity. Jane is serving as the trustee. In addition,the trustee has the discretion to distribute all or such portion of the principal as the trustee shall determinefor Janes heath, support, and maintenance. Janes father, Carl, died during the current taxable year witha gross estate of $5,350,000. (Carls spouse died in 1985 and no estate tax return was due at her death).Which of the following statements is accurate with respect to the federal estate tax?aThe estate tax charitable deduction is available to Carls estate for the assets passing to ThePublic Charity.b.Janes powers with respect to the assets of the trust constitute a general power of appointment.c.Carls estate is not required to file Form 706, the Federal Estate and Generation-Skipping TaxReturn.d.When Jane dies, her right to trust income for life will not cause inclusion of the assets in hergross estate.23.At the time of his death, Nick owned the following property:Land held by Nick and his sister Ellen, as joint tenants with right of survivorship. The fairmarket value of the land on the date of Nicks death was $600,000, and the land was purchasedby Nick for himself and his sister 20 years before his death for $150,000.Land held by Nick and Amy as tenants by the entirety. The fair market value of the land on thedate of Nicks death was $800,000, and the land was purchased by Amy for Nick and Amy fiveyears before Nicks death for $450,000.A one-half undivided interest in land held with Lance as tenant in common. The fair marketvalue of the land on the date of Nicks death was $400,000, and the land was purchased byLance for Nick and Lance four years before Nicks death for $300,000.City of Dayton bonds worth $500,000 purchased by Nick five years before his death, and titledin Nicks sole name.What amount is includible in Nicks gross estate assuming alternate valuation is not available to Nicksestate?a.b.c.d.$800,000.$1,100,000.$1,200,000.$1,700,000.24.If an election is available and is made to use alternate valuation for federal estate tax purposes,then if a parcel of real estate owned by the decedent is sold within six months after the decedents death,the parcel of real estate is valued for federal estate tax purposes as of which date?a.b.c.d.The date of the decedents death.The date that is six months after the decedents of death.The date of sale of the property.The date the property is distributed to the beneficiaries.25.Leslie died on October 31, 2011. Prior to 2009, Leslie had never made any gifts, but in 2010 shemade some transfers. Specifically, on January 10, 2010, Leslie gave her vacation beach house to her fivechildren as tenants in common. The fair market value of the vacation beach house on the date of thetransfer was $50,000. The fair market value of the vacation beach house at the date of Leslie's death was$100,000. When Leslie died on October 31, 2011, she owned a vacant lot jointly with her sister, Melissa,as joint tenants with right of survivorship. Leslie and her sister each contributed $10,000 toward the$20,000 purchase price. The basis of the property did not change subsequent to the purchase, and atLeslie's death, the fair market value of the property was $60,000. There is $90,000 of life insurance on thelife of Leslie, and her estate is named as the beneficiary. (Assume all assets have the same value on thealternate valuation date as on the date of death). What is the amount of Leslies gross estate for federalestate tax purposes?a.b.c.d.$120,000.$170,000.$220,000.$250,000.26.Assume for 2012 that Don made one transfer involving his granddaughter as follows: Donopened a joint checking account with his granddaughter, with right of survivorship, for her collegeexpenses. Don made an initial deposit of $100,000. During 2012, granddaughter wrote checks on theaccount to the school for tuition of $15,000 and living expenses of $20,000. What is the amount of thetaxable gift for federal gift tax purposes?a.b.c.d.e.0.$20,000.$22,000.$35,000.none of the above.27.Oliver gave his wife $5,100,000 worth of publicly traded stock in August 2012, outright. Oliver'sbasis in the stock was $50,000. What is the amount of the taxable gift for federal gift tax purposes?(Oliver made no other gifts to anyone in 2011).a.b.c.d.0.$87,000.$100,000.$5,087,000.28.For 2013, what is the amount of the maximum gift tax annual exclusion per donor from the valueof a gift of a future interest made to any one donee?a.b.c.d.0.$14,000.$26,000.$5,000,000.29.Facts for Questions 29 and 30. Mr. Grey died on January 1, 2012. Mr. Grey made no giftsduring his life. Under his will, Mr. Grey devised all of his probate assets to his wife. Mr. Grey owned thefollowing assets, probate and nonprobate, at the date of his death:Asset 1. Home in Mr. Grey's and Mrs. Grey's (his surviving spouse) names as tenants by theentireties that was purchased in 2005. The home was had a fair market value of $2,000,000 both atthe date of Mr. Grey's death and six months after the Mr. Grey's death.Asset 2.Publicly traded stocks and bonds solely in, Mr. Greys name that had a fair market valueof $3,000,000 on the date of Mr. Greys death and a fair market value of $2,000,000 six months afterMr. Grey's death.Asset 3.Undeveloped real estate in Mr. Grey's name and the name of his daughter, Sue Smith,jointly with right of survivorship that Mr. Grey purchased in 2005 for $100,000. The property had afair market value of $2,500,000 at the date of Mr. Greys death and a fair market value of$1,000,000 x months after the date of Mr. Grey's death.Asset 4.A condominium in the decedent's name alone purchased in 2001 and used as a vacationhome that had a fair market value of $500,000 on the date of Mr. Greys death. The condominiumwas sold by the personal representative of the decedent's estate for $250,000 four months after Mr.Greys death.Based on the facts for questions 29 and 30, which of the following options are available to Mr. Greysestate for valuation of the assets includible in the gross estate?a.b.c.d.The estate may use date of death values or it may elect alternate valuation.The estate must use date of death values.The estate must elect alternate valuation.Valuation is not required as no Federal Estate Tax Return is required to be filed.30.Facts for Questions 29 and 30. Mr. Grey died on January 1, 2011. Mr. Grey made no giftsduring his life. Under his will, Mr. Grey devised all of his probate assets to his wife. Mr. Grey owned thefollowing assets, probate and nonprobate, at the date of his death:Asset 1. Home in Mr. Grey's and Mrs. Grey's (his surviving spouse) names as tenants by theentireties that was purchased in 2005. The home was had a fair market value of $2,000,000 both atthe date of Mr. Grey's death and six months after the Mr. Grey's death.Asset 2.Publicly traded stocks and bonds solely in, Mr. Greys name that had a fair market valueof $3,000,000 on the date of Mr. Greys death and a fair market value of $2,000,000 six months afterMr. Grey's death.Asset 3.Undeveloped real estate in Mr. Grey's name and the name of his daughter, Sue Smith,jointly with right of survivorship that Mr. Grey purchased in 2005 for $100,000. The property had afair market value of $2,500,000 at the date of Mr. Greys death and a fair market value of$1,000,000 six months after the date of Mr. Grey's death.Asset 4.A condominium in the decedent's name alone purchased in 2001 and used as a vacationhome that had a fair market value of $500,000 on the date of Mr. Greys death. The condominiumwas sold by the personal representative of the decedent's estate for $250,000 four months after Mr.Greys death.Based upon the facts presented in the fact pattern for questions 32 and 33, what is the amount of Mr.Greys gross estate for federal estate tax purposes?a.b.c.d.e.0.$2,500,000.$3,500,000.$4,250,000.$7,000,000.31.Jennie purchased 50 percent of the shares of SJ Corporation, a calendar year S corporation, for$7,000. She also guaranteed a corporate loan of $6,000. For 2011, SJ Corporation had an operating lossof $22,000. What is the amount of SJ Corporations loss that Jennie may deduct on her individual incometax return for 2011?a.b.c.d.$11,000.$10,000.$7,000.0.32.Which of the following trusts is eligible to be an S corporation shareholder?a.b.c.d.e.Electing small business trust.Eligible foreign trust.Qualified subchapter S trust.Only a and c.All of the above trusts are eligible to be S corporation shareholders.33.Which of the following count as a single S corporation shareholder?a.b.c.d.A husband and wife.A spouse and a spouses estate.Members of a family with a common ancestor (who meet the six generations test).All of the above.34.Ellen is a 25 percent partner in EFGH Partners, a general partnership. Ellens adjusted basis inher partnership interest is $18,000. During the current taxable year, Ellen received a non-liquidatingdistribution of land from EFGH Partners that had an adjusted basis to the partnership of $23,000 and afair market value of $45,000 on the date of distribution. What is Ellens basis in the land received in thenon-liquidating distribution?a.0.b.b.c.$18,000.$23,000.$45,000.35.On which of the following grounds may an S corporation lose its S status?a.b.c.d.it issues a second class of stock.it has a nonresident alien shareholder.the number of shareholders exceeds 100.all of the above.36.A shareholders adjusted basis in the shareholders stock is used to make determinations withrespect to which of the following?a.b.c.d.the extent to which a distribution made by the corporation to the shareholder is taxable.the amount of losses that shareholders may deduct in a given year.the shareholders realized gain or loss upon the sale or exchange of the stock.all of the above.37.In the current year, Sue received a liquidating distribution of real estate from UTSRQ Partnership,a general partnership. The real estate had an adjusted basis to the partnership of $35,000 and a fairmarket value of $90,000 on the date of the distribution. Sues adjusted basis in her 20 percent interest inUTSRQ Partnership was $50,000. How much gain or loss did Sue recognize on receipt of the distributionand what is her basis in the real estate?\a.b.c.d.e.0 gain or loss recognized and a $50,000 basis in the real estate.($15,000) loss recognized and a $35,000 basis in the real estate.0 gain or loss recognized and a $35,000 basis in the real estate.$40,000 gain recognized and a $90,000 basis in real estate.$15,000 gain recognized and a $50,000 basis in real estate.38.On January 1 of the current taxable year, Sam and Barbara form an equal partnership. Sam makesa cash contribution of $60,000 and a contribution of property with an adjusted basis to him of $160,000and a fair market value of $140,000 in exchange for his interest in the partnership. Barbara contributesproperty with an adjusted basis to her of $120,000 and a fair market value of $200,000in exchange for herpartnership interest. Which of the following statements is accurate regarding the income tax consequencesof this transaction?a. Sams adjusted basis in his partnership interest is $200,000.b. The partnerships adjusted basis in the property contributed by Sam is $140,000.c. Barbara recognized a gain of $80,000 with respect to her contribution of property.d. Barbaras adjusted basis in her partnership interest is $120,000.39.Tina and Betty formed a partnership. Tina received a 40 percent interest in the partnership inexchange for land with an adjusted basis to her of $60,000 and a fair market value of $80,000. Bettyreceived a 60 percent interest in the partnership in exchange for $120,000 of cash. Three years after thedate of contribution, the land contributed by Tina was sold by the partnership to an unrelated third partyfor $90,000. How much gain was required to be allocated to Tina as a result of the sale by thepartnership?a.$4,000.b.$12,000.c.$24,000.d.$30,000.40.When inventory that was contributed to a partnership in exchange for a partnership interest iseventually sold by the partnership, how will the character of the income or loss be determined?a.The character of any income or loss will be ordinary regardless of when the contributed propertyis sold by the partnership and regardless of the character of the asset in the hands of the partnership.b.The character of any income or loss will be ordinary if the contributed property is sold by thepartnership within five years after the date of contribution regardless of the character of the asset in thehands of the partnershipc.The character of any income or loss will be based on the character of the asset in the hands of thepartnership regardless of when the contributed property is sold by the partnership.d.The character of any income or loss will be ordinary to the extent of the contributing partnersbuilt-in gain or loss in the property at the time of the contribution regardless of when the contributedproperty is sold, and any balance will based on the character of the asset in the hands of the partnership.41.Barbara and Bill formed an equal partnership, B&B, a general partnership, on January 1, 2012.Barbara contributed $100,000 in exchange for her one-half interest. Bill contributed land worth $100,000that had an adjusted basis to him of $30,000 in exchange for his one-half interest. Which of the followingstatements is accurate with respect to this transaction?a.b.c.d.None of Barbara, Bill, or B&B recognized any gain or loss.Bill recognized gain of $70,000, but Barbara and B&B did not recognize any gain or loss.B&B recognized gain or $70,000, but Barbara and Bill did not recognize any gain or loss.Bill and B&B each recognized $70,000 of gain, but Barbara did not recognize any gain or loss.42.Ten years ago, Lisa acquired a one-third interest in Dee Associates, a general partnership. In thecurrent taxable year, when Lisas entire interest in the partnership was liquidated, Dee Associates assetsconsisted of cash of $20,000 and tangible property with an adjusted basis to the partnership of $46,000and a fair market value of $40,000 on the date of distribution. Dee Associates had no liabilities. Lisasadjusted basis in her one-third interest in the partnership was $22,000. Lisa received cash of $20,000 incomplete liquidation of her entire interest. How much loss will Lisa recognize upon receipt of theliquidating distribution?a.0.b.c.d.$2,000 short-term capital loss.$2,000 long-term capital loss.$2,000 ordinary loss.43.Jim, one of two equal partners of the JJ Partnership, a general partnership, contributed businessproperty with an adjusted basis to him of $15,000 and a fair market value of $10,000 to the JJ Partnership.Jims capital account was credited with $10,000. The property later was sold for $12,000. As a result ofthis sale, how much gain or loss must Jim report on his personal income tax return?a.b.c.d.$1,000 gain.$1,500 loss.$2,000 gain.$3,000 loss.44.Ronald and Roy formed an equal partnership, R&R Partnership, a general partnership, on January1, 2012. Ronald contributed $100,000 in exchange for his one-half interest in R&R partnership. Roycontributed land worth $100,000 and with an adjusted basis to Roy of $30,000 in exchange for his onehalf interest in the partnership. Roy is a real estate developer, and at the time of the contribution, the landwas inventory in his hands. The land is a capital asset in the hands of R&R Partnership. If R&RPartnership sells the land in 2018 to an unrelated taxpayer for $180,000,how much gain will berecognized by R&R Partnership and what will be the character of the gain?a.b.c.d.$80,000, all of which gain will be ordinary income$150,000, all of which gain will be capital gain.$150,000, all of which gain will be ordinary income.$150,000, consisting of $80,000 capital gain and $70,000 ordinary income.45.At the beginning of 2012, Margarets adjusted basis in her 30 percent interest in MP Partnership,a general partnership, was $3,000. During 2012, Margaret did not make any additional contributions toMP Partnership, and Margarets share of MP Partnership liabilities did not change. During 2012, MPPartnership distributed $5,000 to Margaret, and MP Partnership had the following items of partnershipincome, deduction, gain and loss for 2012:Taxable incomeTax-exempt interestSection 1231 loss$15,000$6,000($10,000)What is Margarets adjusted basis in her partnership interest in MP Partnership at the end of 2012?a.b.c.d.0.$1,300.$9,000.$2,700.
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