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Kaplan University ACC430 Final Exam with 100% Correct Solution

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Question;1. Question: When common stock is issued at an amount greater than par value, the difference between the par value and the proceeds from the sale is recorded byYour Answer: crediting the common stock account debiting an additional paid-in capital account crediting the retained earnings account crediting an additional paid-in capital accountPoints Received: 4 of 4 Comments: 2. Question: On January 1, 2010, Marvel, Inc., grants a compensatory stock option plan to 10 of its executives. The plan allows each executive to buy 1,000 shares of its $1 par common stock at $30 a share after a three-year service period. The value of each option is estimated to be $8. The company estimates it will have an annual 2% employee turnover rate during the service period. What is the compensation expense for the year ended December 31, 2011?Your Answer: $0 $25,098 $50,197 $75,295Points Received: 4 of 4 Comments: 3. Question: Battleground, Inc. had never had a treasury stock transaction prior to 2010. It experienced the following treasury stock transactions during 2010:4/1/2010: Reacquired 1,000 shares of its own $5 par common stock, originally sold at $12 a share, for $10 a share. This was the first time that Battleground had reacquired its own stock.4/8/2010: Reissued 400 shares at $8 a share.5/2/2010: Reissued 500 shares at $13 a share.5/10/2010: Retired the remaining 100 shares.Assuming the cost method is used, the entry to record the reissuance of 400 shares on 4/8/2010 would include aYour Answer: credit to Treasury Stock for $3,200 debit to Additional Paid-in Capital from Treasury Stock for $800 debit to Retained Earnings for $800 credit to Additional Paid-in Capital on Common Stock for $800Points Received: 0 of 4 Comments: 4. Question: When calculating earnings per share, dividends declared on noncumulative preferred stock, but not paid, should beYour Answer: added to net income in the earnings per share numerator excluded from the earnings per share numerator deducted from net income in the earnings per share numerator deferred from the earnings per share numerator until paidPoints Received: 4 of 4 Comments: 5. Question: Which of the following items would not be included in a basic earnings per share calculation?Your Answer: undeclared dividends on noncumulative preferred stock declared dividends on noncumulative preferred stock undeclared dividends on cumulative preferred stock declared dividends on cumulative preferred stockPoints Received: 4 of 4 Comments: 6. Question: On January 1, a corporation had 10,380 shares of common stock outstanding. On August 1, it sold an additional 6,000 shares. During the year, dividends of $4,800 and $56,000 were declared and paid on the common and preferred stock, respectively. Net income for the year was $240,000. The basic earnings per share for the year wasYour Answer: $10.56 $11.23 $14.29 $18.63Points Received: 4 of 4 Comments: 7. Question: Smock Corporation had 30,000 shares of common stock outstanding during the year. In addition, there were compensatory stock options to purchase 3,000 shares of common stock at $20 a share outstanding the entire year. The average market price for the common stock during the year was $36 a share. The unrecognized compensation cost (net of tax) relating to these options was $4 a share. The denominator to compute the diluted earnings per share isYour Answer: 31,000 31,333 31,667 33,000Points Received: 0 of 4 Comments: 8. Question: When a company is determining its dividend policy, the company must adhere to legal requirements. The legal requirements are determined by theYour Answer: Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) state in which the company was incorporated Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) Federal Trade Commission (FTC)Points Received: 0 of 4 Comments: 9. Question: Under the treasury stock method, the number of shares of common stock assumed to be reacquired is determined by using theYour Answer: ending market price of the stock average market price of the stock beginning market price of the stock par value of the stockPoints Received: 4 of 4 Comments: 10. Question: On October 1, 2010, Black Company declared a property dividend payable in the form of marketable equity securities classified as "available for sale" for financial accounting purposes. The marketable equity securities will be distributed to the common stockholders on December 1, 2010. The investment in equity securities originally cost Black $410,000 on August 1, 2010. The investment's fair value on various dates is as follows:October 1, 2010 $430,000December 1, 2010 435,000December 31, 2010 440,000The amount credited to Realized Gain on Disposal of Investments resulting from this dividend transaction should beYour Answer: $0 $20,000 $25,000 $30,000Points Received: 4 of 4 Comments: 11. Question: Accrual accounting is usually associated withYour Answer: revenue recognition in the period of sale revenue recognition prior to the period of sale revenue recognition after the period of sale revenue recognition delayed until a future event occursPoints Received: 4 of 4 Comments: 12. Question: Under the completed-contract method of revenue recognition, the partial billings account is closed out against theYour Answer: construction in progress account construction revenue account income summary account construction expense accountPoints Received: 4 of 4 Comments: 13. Question: In 2010, Alpha Construction began work on a contract with a price of $850,000 and estimated costs of $595,000. Data for each year of the contract are as follows:2010 2011 2012Costs incurred during the year $238,000 $319,600 $105,000Estimated costs to complete 357,000 139,400 -0-Partial billings 260,000 210,000 380,000Collections 240,000 200,000 410,000Under the percentage-of-completion method of revenue recognition, the balance in Construction in Progress at the end of 2011 would beYour Answer: $557,600 $659,600 $680,000 $782,000Points Received: 0 of 4 Comments: 14. Question: In 2010, Alpha Construction began work on a contract with a price of $850,000 and estimated costs of $595,000. Data for each year of the contract are as follows:2010 2011 2012Costs incurred during the year $238,000 $319,600 $105,000Estimated costs to complete 357,000 139,400 -0-Partial billings 260,000 210,000 380,000Collections 240,000 200,000 410,000Under the percentage-of-completion method of revenue recognition, the net amount reported for construction in progress inventory at the end of 2011 would beYour Answer: $87,600 $189,600 $210,000 $312,000Points Received: 4 of 4 Comments: 15. Question: The percentage-of-completion method does notYour Answer: recognize profit each period during the life of the contract in proportion to the portion of the contract completed during the period value the inventory at cost less any partial billings give precedence to economic substance over legal form value the inventory at the costs incurred plus the profit recognized to date less any partial billingsPoints Received: 4 of 4 Comments: 16. Question: The Naples Company uses the percentage-of-completion method and the cost-to-cost method for its long-term construction contracts. On one such contract, Naples expects total revenues of $260,000 and total costs of $200,000. During the first year, Naples incurred costs of $50,000 and billed the customer $30,000 under the contract. At what net amount should Naples? Construction in Progress for this contract be reported at the end of the first year?Your Answer: $30,000 $35,000 $50,000 $65,000Points Received: 0 of 4 Comments: 17. Question: A company may recognize revenue in full at the time of a sale ifYour Answer: the probability of collection is not reasonably assured there is a very high degree of uncertainty about the collectibility of the sales price the collection of the sales price is improbable the collectibility of the sales price is not an issuePoints Received: 4 of 4 Comments: 18. Question: Which one of the following statements is not true?Your Answer: The use of the installment method of recognizing revenue is generally unacceptable. When the installment method of recognizing revenue is in use, operating expenses are not deferred and recognized in the future. Deferred gross profit should be disclosed as a current liability on the balance sheet. A company may use the installment method of revenue recognition for a sales transaction that is not an installment sale.Points Received: 0 of 4 Comments: 19. Question: On December 31, 2009, Fort Stockton, Inc. had no temporary differences that created deferred income taxes. On January 2, 2010, a new machine was purchased for $30,000. Straight-line depreciation over a four-year life (no residual value) was used for financial accounting. Depreciation expense for tax purposes was $11,000 in 2010, $9,000 in 2011, $6,000 in 2012, and $4,000 in 2013. In each year, the income tax rate was 20% and Fort Stockton had no other items that created differences between pretax financial income and taxable income. Fort Stockton reported the following pretax financial income for 2010 through 2013:2010 $50,0002011 40,0002012 30,0002013 60,000The entry to record income taxes on December 31, 2011, would include aYour Answer: debit to Deferred Tax Liability for $300 credit to Income Taxes Payable for $8,000 debit to Income Tax Expense for $7,700 credit to Deferred Tax Liability for $300Points Received: 4 of 4 Comments: 20. Question: Which of the following transactions would typically result in the creation of a deferred tax liability?Your Answer: Rents received in advance are taxable when received but are not recognized in pretax financial income until earned. Gross profit on installment sales is recognized currently in pretax financial income but is not taxable for income tax purposes until cash is received. Losses recognized in pretax accounting income from an investment in a subsidiary are accounted for by the equity method but not deductible for income tax purposes until the investment is sold. A contingent liability is recognized as an expense currently in pretax financial income but not deductible for income tax purposes until paid.Points Received: 0 of 4 Comments: 21. Question: The Clear Lake Corporation reported the following differences between its taxable income and pretax financial income for the year ended December 31, 2010: $30,000 of additional depreciation for tax purposes, $40,000 of rent collected in advance (taxable when received), and $38,000 of tax-exempt municipal interest revenue. Assuming an income tax rate of 30% for all years and a taxable income of $190,000 for the year ended December 31, 2010, income tax expense for 2010 would beYour Answer: $54,000 $65,400 $71,400 $78,400Points Received: 0 of 4 Comments: 22. Question: Which of the following statements regarding current and deferred income taxes is not correct?Your Answer: The amount of income tax expense must be allocated to various components of comprehensive income. The income tax obligation is determined by applying the historical tax rates to the taxable income for the year. The valuation allowance account is subtracted from the deferred tax asset account on the balance sheet. Rent received in advance that will be earned within the next 12 months results in the creation of a current deferred tax asset.Points Received: 0 of 4 Comments: 23. Question: All of the following involve a temporary difference for purposes of income tax allocation exceptYour Answer: interest on municipal bonds gross profit on installment sales for tax purposes MACRS depreciation for tax purposes and straight-line for accounting purposes product warranty expensesPoints Received: 4 of 4 Comments: 24. Question: Boerne Company received rent in advance of $9,000 on December 31, 2010, which was taxable when received for income tax purposes. The company's effective tax rate was 30%, and this was the only temporary difference. Which of the following should be reported on the December 31, 2010 balance sheet?Your Answer: $9,000 as a current deferred tax liability $2,700 as a current deferred tax liability $2,700 as a current deferred tax asset $9,000 as a current deferred tax assetPoints Received: 0 of 4 Comments: 25. Question: As of December 31, 2010, the Austin Company reported a deferred tax asset of $60,000 related to accrued, unpaid warranty costs. However, since profits have been declining, Austin decides that it is more likely than not that $24,000 of the deferred tax asset will not be realized. The entry to record the valuation allowance would include aYour Answer: debit to Income Tax Expense for $60,000 credit to Income Tax Expense for $24,000 debit to Allowance to Reduce Deferred Tax Asset to Realizable Value for $24,000 credit to Allowance to Reduce Deferred Tax Asset to Realizable Value for $24,000Points Received: 0 of 4 Comments: 26. Question: Which one of the following statements regarding operating losses is not true?Your Answer: The tax benefit of an operating loss carryback is recognized in the period of loss as a current receivable on the balance sheet. Temporary differences and operating loss carryforwards are accounted for similarly. The journal entry to recognize an operating loss carryback would include a credit to Income Tax Benefit from Operating Loss Carryback. The tax benefit of an operating loss carryforward is to be recognized in the period of loss as a current receivable.Points Received: 4 of 4 Comments: 27. Question: At the end of its first year of operations on December 31, 2010, the Belton Company reported taxable income of $100,000 and had a pretax financial loss of $60,000. Differences between taxable income and pretax financial income included interest revenue received from municipal obligations of $20,000 and warranty expense accruals of $180,000. Warranty expenses of $90,000 are expected to be paid in 2011 and $110,000 in 2012. The enacted income tax rates for 2010, 2011, and 2012 are 30%, 35%, and 40%, respectively. The journal entry to record income tax expense on December 31, 2010, would beYour Answer: Deferred Tax Asset 75,500Income Taxes Payable 30,000Income Tax Benefits fromOperating Loss Carryforward 45,500Deferred Tax Asset 30,000Income Taxes Payable 30,000Income Tax Expense 30,000Income Taxes Payable 30,000Deferred Tax AssetIncome Taxes Payable 105,50030,000Income Tax Benefit from Operating Loss Carryforward 75,500Points Received: 4 of 4 Comments: 28. Question: Intraperiod tax allocation would be appropriate forYour Answer: an extraordinary gain a loss from operations of a discontinued segment the cumulative effects of changes in accounting principles all of thesePoints Received: 4 of 4 Comments: 29. Question: Income taxes for financial accounting purposes are apportioned to each of the following items exceptYour Answer: extraordinary gains and losses discontinued operations other revenues and expenses prior period adjustmentsPoints Received: 0 of 4 Comments: 30. Question: Disclosures for vested benefitsYour Answer: are not required are related to the projected benefit obligation are related to the accumulated benefit obligation are related to the plan assetsPoints Received: 0 of 4 Comments: 31. Question: Which of the following is not a component of the net periodic pension expense to be reported on a company's income statement?Your Answer: interest cost unrecognized past service cost service cost expected return on plan assetsPoints Received: 4 of 4 Comments: 32. Question: If a lease qualifies as a capital lease, which of the following combinations of payments would be included?Your Answer: minimum periodic rental payments plus executory costs minimum periodic rental payments plus the payment required for a bargain purchase option minimum periodic rental payments minus any payment required for a guarantee of the residual value minimum periodic rental payments minus any payments required for failure to renew or extend the leasePoints Received: 4 of 4 Comments: 33. Question: Which of the following facts would require a lessee to classify a lease as a capital lease?Your Answer: The lease term is 85% of the estimated economic life of the leased property. The present value of the minimum lease payments is 85% of the fair market value of the leased property to the lessor, less any investment tax credit accruing to the lessor. The lease contains a purchase option. The lease does not transfer ownership of the leased property.Points Received: 4 of 4 Comments: 34. Question: On January 1, 2010, Victor Company signed a lease agreement requiring six annual payments of $60,000, beginning December 31, 2010. The lease qualifies as a capital lease. Victor's incremental borrowing rate was 9% and the lessor's implicit rate, known by Victor, was 10%. The present value factors of an ordinary annuity of $1 for six periods for interest rates of 9% and 10% are 4.485919 and 4.355261, respectively. The interest expense for 2010 would be (round answers to the nearest dollar)Your Answer: $21,003 $22,746 $24,225 $26,133Points Received: (not graded) Comments: 35. Question: For a sales-type lease, cost of goods sold is valued by the lessor atYour Answer: the recorded cost assigned to the inventory less the present value of the guaranteed residual value of the leased property accruing to the benefit of the lessor the recorded cost assigned to the inventory less the undiscounted value of the unguaranteed residual value of the leased property accruing to the benefit of the lessor the recorded cost assigned to the inventory less the present value of the unguaranteed residual value of the leased property accruing to the benefit of the lessor the recorded cost assigned to the inventory less the undiscounted value of the guaranteed residual value of the leased property accruing to the benefit of the lessorPoints Received: 0 of 4 Comments: 36. Question: In a statement of cash flows, the payment of a cash dividend on common stock outstanding should be classified as cash outflows forYour Answer: operating activities investing activities lending activities financing activitiesPoints Received: 4 of 4 Comments: 37. Question: The Robinson Company reported net income of $90,000 in 2010.Additional information follows:Depreciation expense $18,000Loss on sale of equipment 10,000Gain on sale of land 17,000Given just this information, what was the Robinson Company's net cash provided by operating activities in 2010?Your Answer: $79,000 $100,000 $101,000 $115,000Points Received: 4 of 4 Comments: 38. Question: Which of the following events would not result in a cash inflow?Your Answer: sale of preferred stock common stock issued as a stock dividend reissuance of treasury stock loss of building destroyed by fire but partially reimbursed by insurancePoints Received: 0 of 4 Comments: 39. Question: Which statement is not true?Your Answer: Salaries expense + Decrease in salaries payable = Cash payments to employees Other revenues + Increase in unearned revenues - Gains on disposal of assets - Equity investment income = Other operating cash receipts Sales revenue - Increase in accounts receivable = Cash collections from customers Other expenses + Decrease in prepaid expenses - Depreciation expense + Losses on disposal of assets - Equity investment loss = Other operating cash paymentsPoints Received: 0 of 4 Comments: 40. Question: Which of the following items would be deducted from net income to determine net cash provided by operating activities using the indirect method?Your Answer: loss on sale of plant assets and amortization of bond payable discount amortization of bond payable premium and gain on sale of equipment amortization expense and gain on sale of equipment decrease in income taxes payable and amortization of goodwillPoints Received: 4 of 4 Comments: 41. Question: Bertrand, Inc. prepares a statement of cash flows. In 2010, Bertrand had net income of $45,000. In addition, the following information is available:Gain on sale of land $16,000Decrease in inventories 10,000Amortization of patents 4,000Increase in prepaid expenses 3,000What net cash provided by operating activities should Bertrand report in 2010?Your Answer: $46,000 $72,000 $40,000 $50,000Points Received: 4 of 4 Comments: 42. Question: When preparing a statement of cash flows under the indirect method, an increase in ending accounts receivable over beginning accounts receivable will result in an adjustment to net income in the operating activities section becauseYour Answer: cash was increased since accounts receivable is a current asset the accounts receivable increase was a revenue included in net income, but it was not a source of cash the net increase in accounts receivable decreases net sales and represents an assumed use of cash all changes in noncash accounts must be disclosed on the cash flow statementPoints Received: 0 of 4 Comments: 43. Question: The accounting changes identified by current GAAP include all of the following exceptYour Answer: correction of an error change in accounting principle change in accounting estimate change in reporting entityPoints Received: 4 of 4 Comments: 44. Question: A change in accounting principle from one that is not generally accepted to one that is generally accepted should be treated asYour Answer: an error and corrected by prior period adjustment a change in accounting principle and the cumulative effect included in net income a change in accounting principle and prior period financial statements are restated a change in accounting principle and adjustments made prospectivelyPoints Received: 0 of 4 Comments: 45. Question: Disclosure of a retrospective adjustment should includeYour Answer: why the new principle is preferable the net impact on assets of the retrospective adjustment the retrospective computation of earnings per share only for the current period ending balance in Retained Earnings before and after the retrospective adjustmentPoints Received: 0 of 4 Comments: 46. Question: Which of the following statements does not properly state a basic principle for reporting an accounting change?Your Answer: retrospectively apply a change in accounting principle prospectively account for a change in accounting estimate retrospectively adjust for a change in reporting entity retrospectively apply a change in accounting estimatePoints Received: 4 of 4 Comments: 47. Question: An item that would not be accounted for under current GAAP as a change in estimate would beYour Answer: an increase in the expected life of a piece of manufacturing equipment a decrease in the estimated residual value of a delivery van a change from FIFO to LIFO for a small subsidiary an increase in defective items for the best selling video gamePoints Received: 0 of 4 Comments: 48. Question: A company changes from capitalizing and amortizing preproduction costs to recording them as an expense when incurred, because future benefits associated with those costs have become doubtful. This accounting change should be recognized as aYour Answer: change in accounting estimate change in accounting principle change in reporting entity correction of an errorPoints Received: 4 of 4 Comments: 49. Question: Which of the following statements is not an example of a correction of an error in previously issued financial statements?Your Answer: adopting the allowance method for bad debts when the direct write-off method had been used because direct write-off was used for tax purposes recording depreciation on plant assets that were not depreciated last year because of a computer problem adopting straight-line depreciation for newly acquired assets and continuing to use the double-declining-balance method for existing assets correcting the ending inventory amount from last year because inventory in transit was missedPoints Received: 0 of 4 Comments: 50. Question: During a year-end evaluation of the financial records of the Gretchen Company for the year ended December 31, 2010, the following was discovered:? Inventory on January 1, 2010, was understated by $6,000.? Inventory on December 31, 2010, was understated by $18,000.? Rent of $20,000 collected in advance on December 29, 2010, was included in income for 2010.? A probable, reasonably estimated contingent liability of $30,000 was not recorded as of December 31, 2010.Net income for 2010 (before any of the above items) was $100,000. The corrected net income, ignoring income taxes, for 2010 should beYour Answer: $50,000 $58,000 $62,000 $68,000

 

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