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APU MGMT314 week 5 quiz

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Question;Question 1 of 40;0.25/ 0.25 Points;were granted by the British government to;allow several people to create organizations by pooling financial resources;which enabled riskier business projects to be undertaken.;A.pacts;B.charters;C.constitutions;D.doctrines;E.none of the above;Question 2 of 40;0.0/ 0.25 Points;Settlements in Roanoke, Jamestown and Plymouth were early;examples of ________________.;A.business ventures;B.participant;democracies;C.uplifting;indigineous populations;D.all of the above;E.none of the above;Question 3 of 40;0.25/ 0.25 Points;The ________________, chartered by King James, searched for;gold and gems and led trading in furs and spices in the Roanoke Islands.;A.Columbus excursions;B.Jamestown;settlements;C.Virginia Company of;London;D.American Charters;E.none of the above;Question 4 of 40;0.25/ 0.25 Points;were laborers who served their masters;for several years in exchange for transportation, food, clothing, lodging, and;eventual freedom.;A.slaves;B.settlers;C.indentured servants;D.Pilgrims;E.none of the above;Question 5 of 40;0.0/ 0.25 Points;Among the reasons Pilgrims settled in Massachusetts were;desires for;A.religious freedoms;B.economic;opportunities;C.new trade routes;D.all of the above;E.none of the above;Question 6 of 40;0.25/ 0.25 Points;The ________________ in 1773 was a major colonial incident;resulting from the East India Company?s monopolistic business practices.;A.Boston Tea Party;B.Plymouth settlement;C.Revolutionary war;D.all of the above;E.none of the above;Question 7 of 40;0.25/ 0.25 Points;The Boston Tea Party was a response to which of the;following British policies?;A.monopolistic;business practices;B.attempts to limit;religious freedoms;C.attempts to limit;the rights of indigenous people;D.all of the above;E.none of the above;Question 8 of 40;0.0/ 0.25 Points;Which of the following early leaders was not among the;authors of the Declaration of Independence?;A.Thomas Jefferson;B.James Madison;C.Benjamin Franklin;D.all of the above;E.none of the above;Question 9 of 40;0.0/ 0.25 Points;Which of the following rights were not included in the Bill;of Rights?;A.right to bear arms;B.freedom of the;press;C.freedom from;unreasonable search and seizure;D.freedom to rule the;colonies;E.freedom of religion;Question 10 of 40;0.25/ 0.25 Points;The fundamental belief on which the Declaration of;Independence was founded, grounded in philosophical notions of basic human;rights, was ________________.;A.the right to bear;arms;B.the right to own;property;C.government should;be based on the consent of the governed;D.government should;pursue happiness;E.none of the above;Question 11 of 40;0.0/ 0.25 Points;a Scottish philosopher, provided many of the;teachings that underlie capitalist systems.;A.James Madison;B.Adam Smith;C.John Locke;D.King George III;E.none of the above;Question 12 of 40;0.0/ 0.25 Points;Fundamental notions behind Adam Smith?s concept of a fair;economic system include which of the following?;A.reason and liberty;B.freedom and;religious control;C.selfishness and;justice;D.all of the above;E.none of the above;Question 13 of 40;0.25/ 0.25 Points;Adam Smith argued that ?wealth of nations? resulted from;which of the following?;A.freedom and;competition;B.economic;self-interest;C.capitalist economic;systems;D.all of the above;E.none of the above;Question 14 of 40;0.25/ 0.25 Points;According to its definition, capitalism as an economic;system is characterized by which of the following?;A.mercantilist;policies;B.democratic policies;C.freedom and;competition;D.religious freedom;E.selfishness at all;costs;Question 15 of 40;0.25/ 0.25 Points;Which of the following were not among the benefits early;capitalists associated with a free and competitive market economy?;A.more goods and;services;B.lower prices;C.better-quality;products;D.greater labor;flexibility;E.higher tax revenues;Question 16 of 40;0.0/ 0.25 Points;Adam Smith argued that when self-regulating moral mechanisms;fail, ________________ must serve to protect the public from egregious immoral;actions.;A.democracy;B.strong justice;systems;C.individual;sanctions;D.all of the above;E.none of the above;Question 17 of 40;0.25/ 0.25 Points;Prior to capitalism, key management positions were often;filled based on which of the following?;A.family connections;B.political;connections;C.wealth;D.all of the above;E.none of the above;Question 18 of 40;0.0/ 0.25 Points;Government intervention in the marketplace, Smith reasoned;is needed under only which of the following conditions;A.when contracts are;violated;B.when merchants;abuse their freedom by committing injustices against others;C.when the pursuit of;self-interest does not generate highly desired social welfare benefits;D.all of the above;E.none of the above;Question 19 of 40;0.0/ 0.25 Points;Smith cautioned that owners who do not rely on moral;sentiments when dealing with laborers could result in which of the following;problems;A.an overabundance of;labor, which could drive wages below subsistence levels;B.excessive;application of piece-rate incentives, which could increase productivity in the;short term but damage the worker?s health in the long run;C.excessive;application of division of labor, which could increase productivity in the;short term but damage the worker?s intellectual abilities in the long term;D.all of the above;E.none of the above;Question 20 of 40;0.25/ 0.25 Points;The period in the early 1800s marked by significant economic;growth in the United States was called;A.the Revolutionary;War;B.the Industrial;Revolution;C.the Declaration of;Independence;D.the birth of;capitalism.;E.none of the above;Question 21 of 40;0.0/ 0.25 Points;Ethical behavior models provide which of the following;A.rationalizations;for questionable decision making;B.frameworks for;decision making based on rational principles;C.fail-safe solutions;to moral dilemmas;D.all of the above;E.none of the above;Question 22 of 40;0.0/ 0.25 Points;Ethical dilemmas typically involve trade-offs based on;A.right versus wrong;B.competing values;and interests;C.moral versus;immoral choices;D.correct versus;incorrect decisions;E.none of the above;Question 23 of 40;0.0/ 0.25 Points;James Rest?s four-component model is a useful tool for;exploring __________________.;A.stages of moral;development;B.ethical decision;making;C.moral versus;immoral actions;D.all of the above;E.none of the above;Question 24 of 40;0.0/ 0.25 Points;The four-component model indicates that individuals are;likely to behave morally if which of the following conditions are present?;A.awareness of an;ethical dilemma and formation of a moral judgment;B.development of;motivation to address the moral dilemma;C.the individual is a;person of high moral character;D.all of the above;E.none of the above;Question 25 of 40;0.0/ 0.25 Points;Which step is missing in the sequence of moral behavior?;Ethical belief, _________________, ethical action;A.ethical intent;B.ethical;understanding;C.ethical behavior;D.all of the above;E.none of the above;Question 26 of 40;0.25/ 0.25 Points;Individual characteristics that are associated with ethical;beliefs, sensitivities, intentions and behaviors include which of the;following?;A.more education;B.more work experience;C.religion;D.all of the above;E.none of the above;Question 27 of 40;0.25/ 0.25 Points;A ____________ is a mental state that guides behaviors.;A.opinion;B.belief;C.moral;D.sensitivity;E.none of the above;Question 28 of 40;0.0/ 0.25 Points;Ethical _________________ refers to an individual?s;awareness that a particular situation raises ethical concerns.;A.opinion;B.belief;C.moral;D.sensitivity;E.none of the above;Question 29 of 40;0.25/ 0.25 Points;A quick insight independent of any reasoning process of;right and wrong is known as;A.ethical sensitivity;B.ethical judgment;C.ethical intuition;D.all of the above;E.none of the above;Question 30 of 40;0.0/ 0.25 Points;?Gut reactions? that characterize how many ethical decisions;are made typically derive from;A.moral reasoning;B.personal value;systems;C.ethical sensitivity;D.all of the above;E.none of the above;Question 31 of 40;0.0/ 0.25 Points;Individuals whose beliefs are consistent with a conservative;political persuasion tend to focus on which of the following value sets?;A.ingroup/loyalty;B.authority/respect;C.purity/sanctity;D.all of the above;E.none of the above;Question 32 of 40;0.0/ 0.25 Points;Individuals whose beliefs are consistent with a liberal;political persuasion tend to focus on which of the following value sets?;A.ingroup/loyalty;B.fairness/reciprocity;C.authority/respect;D.all of the above;E.none of the above;Question 33 of 40;0.0/ 0.25 Points;According to Ajzen?s theory of;formulating an intention to act ethically is a function of a person?s attitudes;toward the behavior, subjective norms, and perceived behavioral control.;A.moral development;B.ethical sensitivity;C.planned behavior;D.moral reasoning;E.none of the above;Question 34 of 40;0.0/ 0.25 Points;which is likely to determine the magnitude of a;person?s moral approval or disapproval, is dependent on issue-related factors;rather than individual or organizational factors.;A.moral sensitivity;B.moral intention;C.moral intensity;D.all of the above;E.none of the above;Question 35 of 40;0.0/ 0.25 Points;According to theorist Tom Jones, an issue?s moral intensity;is likely to vary based on which of the following factors?;A.magnitude of;consequences;B.social consensus;C.probability of;effect;D.all of the above;E.none of the above;Question 36 of 40;0.0/ 0.25 Points;refers to the degree of social agreement;that an act is good or bad.;A.Social norms;B.Social consensus;C.Social pressure;D.Social dilemmas;E.none of the above;Question 37 of 40;0.0/ 0.25 Points;refers to the length of time between an act;and the onset of consequences associated with the act.;A.Probability of;effect;B.Magnitude of;consequences;C.Temporal immediacy;D.Proximity;E.none of the above;Question 38 of 40;0.0/ 0.25 Points;Harmful acts concentrated in a particular area and;characterized by ______________, or nearness of an act to its victims and;beneficiaries, have high moral intensity.;A.temporal immediacy;B.concentration of;effect;C.proximity;D.all of the above;E.none of the above;Question 39 of 40;0.0/ 0.25 Points;Among the organizational characteristics associated with;ethical behaviors are which of the following?;A.codes of ethics;B.ethical;climate/culture;C.organization size;D.all of the above;E.none of the above;Question 40 of 40;0.0/ 0.25 Points;Ethical ______________ is determining mentally to take some;action that is believed to be morally appropriate.;A.behavior;B.intention;C.sensitivity;D.action;E.none of the above

 

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