Question;Current Tax System ? Why do we have an income tax, what is the legal basis, how does congress use tax law?? What is the audit process utilized by the IRS as part of the administration of tax law? ? What ethical guidelines will apply to you in your tax practice? Tax Law ? What are the economic, social, equity, and political considerations that justify various aspects of the tax law?? Describe the role played by the IRS and the courts in the evolution of the federal tax system ? What is the purpose of each of these three sources of tax law: statutory, administrative, and judicial?Deductions and Exemptions ? Define all parts of the federal income tax formula ? Arrive at the correct number of personal exemptions ? Apply dependency exemption rules ? Calculate the tax liability ? Determine the correct filing requirement and status for a taxpayer ? Understand basic property transaction rules Gross Income - Concepts and Inclusions ? Distinguish between the economic, accounting, and tax concepts of gross income ? Determine if a taxpayer should pay the tax on a particular item of income ? Determine if certain items are considered income by applying the Internal Revenue Code rule Exclusions from Gross Income After completing this section, you should be able to do the following:? Identify when to exclude an item from gross income ? Identify when receipts can be excluded under the tax-benefit rule ? Describe when income must be reported from the discharge of indebtedness Deductions and Losses in General? Determine the benefit derived from deductions for and from adjusted gross income ? Determine the special rules that apply to the following items: public policy limitations, political activities, excessive executive compensation, investigation of business opportunities, hobby losses, vacation-home rentals, payment of others' expenses, personal expenditures, capital expenditures, related-party transactions, and expenses related to tax-exempt income Business Expenses ? Determine how to apply a bad debt deduction ? Determine the tax effects of worthless securities, including ?1244 stock ? Correctly apply the tax rules for deductible and nondeductible losses of individuals ? Determine the proper application of a casualty loss deduction ? Calculate the domestic production activities deduction ? Determine the effect of the carry back and carryover provisions Depreciation? Identify the time periods for the different tax depreciation methods ? Determine the cost recovery under MACRS ? Identify listed property and special rules for them ? Calculate the amortization amount for an intangible asset Employee Expenses ? List the business and personal expenditures that are deductible either as miscellaneous itemized deductions or as other itemized deductions ? Calculate the moving expense deduction ? Calculate the contribution to a retirement account ? Identify limitations on itemized deductions Certain Itemized Deductions ? Identify deductible and nondeductible, personal expenses ? Identify medical expenses and calculate the medical expense deduction ? Identify the deductibility of state and local income taxes and sales taxes ? Identify limitation on certain itemized deductions applicable to high-income taxpayers Passive Activities ? Explain why at-risk and passive loss limitations were put into tax law ? Identify the taxpayers subject to passive loss rules that limit deductions for losses ? Discuss the rules for identifying a passive activity ? Apply the rules for material participation ? Describe how passive loss rules apply to rental activities Tax Credits ? Explain why congress creates tax credits that reduce federal tax collections ? Identify the difference between refundable and nonrefundable credits and how they are applied ? Identify business-related tax credits ? Identify tax credits that apply to individual taxpayers Partnership Distributions ? What are the rules pertaining to partnership taxation? ? What tax impacts are there when forming a partnership with cash and property contributions? ? What accounting periods and accounting methods can partnerships use? ? Does a partnership have a taxable income? ? How is a partner's income tax return affected by specific partnership items? ? Determine a partner's basis in the partnership interest and explain how liabilities affect the basis computation. ? Are there limits on deductions for partnership losses? ? How are transactions between a partner and the partnership reported? ? What are the impacts to individual partners when liquidating a partnership? ? How is a selling partner's gain or loss on the sale or exchange of a partnership interest reported? ? Do partnership provisions also apply to limited liability companies (LLCs) and limited liability partnerships (LLPs)? Trusts, Estates, etc.? What are trusts, estates, beneficiaries, and other parties? ? How are the accounting and taxable income of a trust or estate and the related taxable income of the beneficiaries determined? ? Illustrate the uses and implications of distributable net income. Accounting Standards ? What are the objectives of financial accounting? ? What are generally accepted accounting principles?? What ethical rules do accountants have to follow related to financial reporting?Conceptual Framework ? What are the basic assumptions used in accounting? ? What are qualitative characteristics of accounting information? ? What impact do constraints have on reporting accounting information? ? What is the rule-setting authority of the Financial Accounting Standards Board, the Securities and Exchange Commission with regard to accounting regulations and enforcement, and the International Accounting Standards Board? Receivables ? Valuation Methods ? What methods are used to account for bad debt expense?? What is the journal entry to record bad debt expense under each method?? How do you calculate the allowance for bad debt?? What is the journal entry to record accounts receivables sold with recourse and without recourse?? Explain how discounts offered to customers have an effect on the value of receivables Inventory-Valuation methods? What impact do free on board (FOB) terms have on inventory valuation? ? What is the effect of the dollar-value last-in, first-out (LIFO) on income and asset valuation? Acquisition and Disposition ? What is the cost of property, plant, and equipment? ? How is construction-project interest costs recorded? ? What is a lump-sum purchase of assets, and how is each asset valued? Depreciation and Depletion ? What is depreciation? What is accumulated depreciation?? What are the different methods used for depreciation?? What is the journal entry to record depreciation under each method?? What is the best method to use for depreciation based on given circumstances? ? What method is used to calculate depletion? Intangible Assets ? What is the difference between a tangible and intangible asset? ? What is goodwill? ? What is the estimated useful life of a trademark, copyright, and patent? ? What method is used to cost allocate an intangible asset? ? How are research and development costs accounted for? ? How do the impairment rules impact asset value? Current Liabilities ? How are short-term payables recorded? ? How are dividends payable recorded? ? What are unearned (or deferred) revenues, and how are they recorded? ? What items are included in payroll and the associated payables? ? What is a contingency, and when do the disclosure requirements require recording in the accounting records? ? What is an imputed interest rate, and how is it used? Long Term Liabilities ? What are the characteristics of different types of corporate bonds? ? Why are bonds issued at a price different from face value? ? How is a bond issue-price determined? ? How are the accounting entries different for straight-line and effective interest amortization? ? How is the accounting different for a bond issuance between interest dates? ? How is the value of long-term notes payable calculated? ? How is off-balance-sheet financing used? Capital Acquisition from Investors ? How are stock issuances recorded? ? How are stock splits accounted for? ? How does the accounting change if a stock dividend is large vs. small? ? Does the income statement reflect gains from treasury stock reissuance? ? How do common and preferred stock differ? ? Do stock options have any effect on the balance sheet? ? What is done on each of the dates associated with a dividend? Dilutive Securities and Earnings per Share ? How are stock options recorded? ? How is a conversion from debt to common stock recorded? ? What impacts does a convertible preferred class of stock have on earnings per share? ? Do stock dividends and stock splits impact earnings per share calculations? ? What is the difference between basic earnings per share and diluted earnings per share? Investments? What are the different types of securities? ? How do the accounting entries change for securities at cost and at equity? ? What effect did the Securities Act of 1933 have on investments? ? What effect did the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 have on investments? Revenue Recognition ? What are the eight ways to recognize revenue? ? What is channel stuffing, and how does the practice affect revenue recognition? ? What methods can be used to report revenue on long-term construction projects? ? How do the rules change when accounting for discontinued operations? ? What are extraordinary items? ? How does a change in accounting principle affect the income statement? Accounting and Income Tax Rule Differences ? Using given data, what is deferred tax asset or deferred tax liability? ? Identify temporary and permanent tax differences. ? How are deferred taxes over multiple years affected based on the marginal-rate tax system? ? How do the rules for tax loss carry backs and carry forwards differ? ? What are intra-period tax allocations? Pensions? What are two types of pension plans?? What is the journal entry to record pension expense under each type?? What is a defined benefit plan compared to a defined contribution plan?Leases? What are the four capitalization rules used to classify a lease as a capital lease or an operating lease? ? What is the journal entry to record the minimum lease payment?? What is the journal entry to record a lease payment when a residual value is present?
Paper#44790 | Written in 18-Jul-2015Price : $62