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1.George operates a business that generated adjusted gross income of $250,000 and taxable income of $170,000 this year (before

 

 

the domestic manufacturing deduction). Included in income was $70,000 of qualified production activities income. George paid

 

 

$60,000 of wages to employees engaged in domestic manufacturing. What domestic manufacturing deduction will George be

 

 

eligible to claim this year?

 

 

$5,400

 

 

$6,300

 

 

$7,200

 

 

$15,300

 

 

$22,500

 

 

2.Paris operates a talent agency as a sole proprietorship, and this year she incurred the following expenses in operating her talent

 

 

agency. What is the total deductible amount of these expenditures?

 

 

$1,000 dinner with a film producer where no business was discussed

 

 

$500 lunch with sister Nicky where no business was discussed

 

 

$700 business dinner with a client but Paris forgot to keep any records (oops!)

 

 

$900 tickets to the opera with a client following a business meeting

 

 

$450

 

 

$900

 

 

$1,100

 

 

$1,200

 

 

$800

 

 

3.Qualified production activities income is defined as follows for purposes of the domestic manufacturing deduction.

 

 

a) net income from selling or leasing property the taxpayer manufactured in the United States.

 

 

b) revenue from selling or leasing property the taxpayer manufactured in the United States.

 

 

c) revenue from selling or leasing property the taxpayer manufactured in the United States but the revenue was less that 50

 

 

percent of qualifying wages used in the production.

 

 

d) 6 percent of revenue from selling or leasing property the taxpayer manufactured in the United States.

 

 

e) None of these.

 

 

4.Clyde operates a sole proprietorship using the cash method. This year, Clyde made the following expenditures:

 

 

$480 to US Bank for 12 months of interest accruing on a business loan from September 1st of this year through August 31st of

 

 

next year

 

 

$600 for 12 months of property insurance beginning on July 1 of this year.

 

 

What is the maximum amount Clyde can deduct this year?

 

 

a) $760

 

 

b) $600

 

 

c) $480

 

 

d) $160

 

 

e) $360

 

 

5.Which of the following types of expenditures is not subject to capitalization under the UNICAP rules?

 

 

a) selling expenditures.

 

 

b) cost of manufacturing labor.

 

 

c) compensation of managers who supervise production.

 

 

d) cost of raw materials.

 

 

e) All of these are subject to capitalization under the UNICAP rules.

 

 

6.Which of the following is an explanation for why insurance premiums on a key employee are not deductible?

 

 

a) The insurance deduction would offset taxable income without the potential for the proceeds generating taxable income.

 

 

b) The federal government does not want to subsidize insurance companies.

 

 

c) It is impractical to trace insurance premiums to the receipt of proceeds.

 

 

d) Congress presumes that all expenses are not deductible unless specifically allowed in the Internal Revenue Code.

 

 

e) This rule was grandfathered from a time when the IRC disallowed all insurance premiums deductions.

 

 

7.This year, Clark leased a car to drive between his office and various work sites. Clark carefully recorded that he drove the car 23,000

 

 

miles this year and paid $7,200 of operating expenses ($2,700 for gas, oil, and repairs, and $4,500 for lease payments). What amount

 

 

of these expenses may Clark deduct as business expenses?

 

 

a) $7,200.

 

 

b) Clark cannot deduct these costs but he must use the mileage method to determine any deduction.

 

 

c) $4,500.

 

 

d) $2,700.

 

 

e) Clark is not entitled to any deduction if he used the car for any personal trips.

 

 

8.Ajax Computer Company is an accrual method calendar year taxpayer. Ajax has never advertised in the national media prior to this

 

 

year. In November of this year, however, Ajax paid $1 million for television advertising time during a \"super\" sporting event scheduled

 

 

to take place in early February of next year. In addition, in November of this year the company paid $500,000 for advertising time

 

 

during a professional golf tournament in April of next year. What amount of these payments, if any, can Ajax deduct this year?

 

 

a) $1 million.

 

 

b) $500,000.

 

 

c) $1.5 million.

 

 

d) $1.5 million only if the professional golf tournament is played before April 15.

 

 

e) No deduction can be claimed this year.

 

 

9.Ed is a self-employed heart surgeon who has incurred the following reasonable expenses.

 

 

$1,000 in air fare to repair investment rental property in Colorado.

 

 

$500 in meals while attending a medical convention in New York.

 

 

$300 for tuition for an investment seminar \"How to pick stocks.\"

 

 

$100 for tickets to a football game with hospital administrators to celebrate successful negotiation of a surgical contract earlier in the

 

 

day.

 

 

How much can Ed deduct?

 

 

a) $1,300 \"for AGI.\"

 

 

b) $1,300 \"for AGI\" and $300 \"from AGI.\"

 

 

c) $480 \"for AGI.\"

 

 

d) $80 \"for AGI\" and $1,300 \"from AGI.\"

 

 

e) None of these.

 

 

10.Brad operates a storage business on the accrual method. On July 1 Brad paid $48,000 for rent on his storage warehouse and $18,000

 

 

for insurance on the contents of the warehouse. The rent and insurance covers the next 12 months. What is Brad\'s deduction for the

 

 

rent and insurance?

 

 

a) $48,000 for the rent and $18,000 for the insurance.

 

 

b) $24,000 for the rent and $18,000 for the insurance.

 

 

c) $24,000 for the rent and $9,000 for the insurance.

 

 

d) $48,000 for the rent and $9,000 for the insurance.

 

 

e) None of these is true.

 

 

11.Which of the following is a true statement about accounting for business activities?

 

 

a) An overall accounting method can only be adopted with the permission of the Commissioner.

 

 

b) An overall accounting method is initially adopted on the first return filed for the business.

 

 

c) The cash method can only be adopted by individual taxpayers.

 

 

d) The accrual method can only be adopted by corporate taxpayers.

 

 

e) None of these is true.

 

 

12.In order to deduct a portion of the cost of a business meal, which of the following conditions must be met?

 

 

a) A client (not a supplier or vendor) must be present at the meal.

 

 

b) The taxpayer or an employee must be present at the meal.

 

 

c) The total cost must be extravagant.

 

 

d) The meal must occur on the taxpayer\'s business premises.

 

 

e) None of these is a condition for a deduction.

 

 

13.Beth operates a plumbing firm. In August of last year, she signed a contract to provide plumbing services for a renovation. Beth began

 

 

the work that August and finished the work in December of last year. However, Beth didn\'t bill the client until January of this year and

 

 

she didn\'t receive the payment until March when she received payment in full. When should Beth recognize income under the accrual

 

 

method of accounting?

 

 

a) In August of last year

 

 

b) In December of last year

 

 

c) In January of this year

 

 

d) In March of this year

 

 

e) In April of this year

 

 

14.Colbert operates a catering service on the accrual method. In November of year 1, Colbert received a payment of $9,000 for 18 months

 

 

of catering services to be rendered from December 1st of year 1 through May 31st year 3. When must Colbert recognize the income if his

 

 

accounting methods are selected to minimize income recognition?

 

 

a) $500 is recognized in year 1, $6,000 in year 2, and $2,500 in year 3.

 

 

b) $500 is recognized in year 1 and $8,500 in year 2.

 

 

c) $9,000 is recognized in year 3.

 

 

d) $2,500 is recognized in year 1 and $6,500 in year 2.

 

 

e) $9,000 is recognized in year 1.

 

 

15.Shelley is employed in Texas and recently attended a two-day business conference in New Jersey. Shelley spent the entire time at the

 

 

conference and documented her expenditures (described below). What amount can Shelley deduct as an employee business expense?

 

 

Airfare to NJ $2,000

 

 

Meals 220

 

 

Lodging in NJ 450

 

 

Rental Car 180

 

 

a) $2,850.

 

 

b) $2,740.

 

 

c) $1,850 if Shelley\'s AGI is $50,000.

 

 

d) All of these are deductible if Shelley is reimbursed under an accountable plan.

 

 

e) None of the expenses are deductible - only employers can deduct travel expenses

 

Paper#44982 | Written in 09-Jan-2016

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