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ACC 205 Week Five Exercise Assignment

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Question;Week Five Exercise AssignmentFinancial Ratios1. Liquidity ratios. Edison, Stagg, and Thornton have the following financial information at the close of business on July 10:Edison Stagg ThorntonCash $4,000 $2,500 $1,000Short-term investments 3,000 2,500 2,000Accounts receivable 2,000 2,500 3,000Inventory 1,000 2,500 4,000Prepaid expenses 800 800 800Accounts payable 200 200 200Notes payable: short-term 3,100 3,100 3,100Accrued payables 300 300 300Long-term liabilities 3,800 3,800 3,800a. Compute the current and quick ratios for each of the three companies. (Round calculations to two decimal places.) Which firm is the most liquid? Why?2. Computation and evaluation of activity ratios. The following data relate to Alaska Products, Inc:20X5 20X4Net credit sales $832,000 $760,000Cost of goods sold 440,000 350,000Cash, Dec. 31 125,000 110,000Average Accounts receivable 180,000 140,000Average Inventory 70,000 50,000Accounts payable, Dec. 31 115,000 108,000a. Compute the accounts receivable and inventory turnover ratios for 20X5. Alaska rounds all calculations to two decimal places.3. Profitability ratios, trading on the equity. Digital Relay has both preferred and common stock outstanding. The com?pany reported the following information for 20X7:Net sales $1,500,000Interest expense $120,000Income tax expense $80,000Preferred dividends $25,000Net income $130,000Average assets $1,100,000Average common stockholders' equity $400,000a. Compute the profit margin ratio, the return on equity and the return on assets, rounding calculations to two decimal places.b. Does the firm have positive or negative financial leverage? Briefly ex?plain.4. Horizontal analysis. Mary Lynn Corporation has been operating for several years. Selected data from the 20X1 and 20X2 financial statements follow.20X2 20X1Current Assets $76,000 $80,000Property, Plant, and Equipment (net) 99,000 90,000Intangibles 25,000 50,000Current Liabilities 40,800 48,000Long-Term Liabilities 143,000 160,000Stockholders? Equity 16,200 12,000Net Sales 500,000 500,000Cost of Goods Sold 332,500 350,000Operating Expenses 93,500 85,000Prepare a horizontal analysis for 20X1 and 20X2. Briefly comment on the results of your work.5. Vertical analysis. Mary Lynn Corporation has been operating for several years. Selected data from the 20X1 and 20X2 financial statements follow.20X2 20X1Current Assets $ 76,000 $ 80,000Property, Plant, and Equipment (net) 99,000 90,000Intangibles 25,000 50,000Current Liabilities 40,800 48,000Long-Term Liabilities 143,000 160,000Stockholders? Equity 16,200 12,000Net Sales 500,000 500,000Cost of Goods Sold 332,500 350,000Operating Expenses 93,500 85,000Prepare a vertical analysis for 20X1 and 20X2. Briefly comment on the results of your work.6. Ratio computation. The financial statements of the Lone Pine Company follow.LONE PINE COMPANYComparative Balance SheetsDecember 31, 20X2 and 20X1 ($000 Omitted)20X2 20X1AssetsCurrent AssetsCash and Short-Term Investments $ 400 $ 600Accounts Receivable (net) 3,000 2,400Inventories 2,000 2,200Total Current Assets $5,400 $5,200Property, Plant, and EquipmentLand $1,700 $ 600Buildings and Equipment (net) 1,500 1,000Total Property, Plant, and Equipment $3,200 $1,600Total Assets $8,600 $6,800Liabilities and Stockholders? EquityCurrent LiabilitiesAccounts Payable $1,800 $1,700Notes Payable 1,100 1,900Total Current Liabilities $2,900 $3,600Long-Term LiabilitiesBonds Payable 4,100 2,100Total Liabilities $7,000 $5,700Stockholders? EquityCommon Stock $ 200 $ 200Retained Earnings 1,400 900Total Stockholders? Equity $1,600 $1,100Total Liabilities and Stockholders? Equity $8,600 $6,800LONE PINE COMPANYStatement of Income and Retained EarningsFor the Year Ending December 31,20X2 ($000 Omitted)Net Sales* $36,000Less: Cost of Goods Sold $20,000Selling Expense 6,000Administrative Expense 4,000Interest Expense 400Income Tax Expense 2,000 32,400Net Income $ 3,600Retained Earnings, Jan. 1 900$ 4,500Cash Dividends Declared and Paid 3,100Retained Earnings, Dec. 31 $ 1,400*All sales are on account.InstructionsCompute the following items for Lone Pine Company for 20X2, rounding all calcu?lations to two decimal places when necessary:a. Quick ratiob. Current ratioc. Inventory-turnover ratiod. Accounts-receivable-turnover ratioe. Return-on-assets ratiof. Net-profit-margin ratiog. Return-on-common-stockholders? equityh. Debt-to-total assetsi. Number of times that interest is earned

 

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