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OPS 571 Week 2 Quiz / UoP




Question;1 Which of the;following is a principle of reengineering?;?;Organize around the tasks;?;Capture information many;times, at the source and where it is interpreted;?;Integrate the outcomes;of parallel activities;?;Treat geographically;dispersed resources as though they were centralized;2;Which of the following is a key metric;associated with value stream mapping?;?;Defects per million operations;?;Lead time;?;Product demand;?;Fixed costs;3;Which of the following is one of the major;types of stakeholders impacted by most consulting projects?;?;Other consultants;?;International government regulators;?;Board of directors;?;Suppliers;4;Which of the following production process;terms best describes the situation when activities in a stage of production;must stop because there is no work?;?;Blocking;?;Starving;?;Buffering;?;Multiple-stage;processing;5;The basic notion of economies of scale assumes;which of the following?;?;Two plants can be;operated at the same cost as a single plant;?;Average cost per unit of;output drops as a plant gets larger and volume increases;?;Total cost of output;drops as volume increases;?;A piece of equipment;with twice the capacity of another piece typically costs twice as much to;purchase and to operate;6 According to Little?s law, which of the;following can be used to estimate inventory?;?;Throughput rate times flow time;?;Process velocity times flow time;?;Set up time times;throughput rate;?;Process time times cycle time;7;In setting up a kanban control system, you;need to determine the number of kanban card sets needed. If the average number;of units demanded is 1,000 per hour, the lead time to replenish the order for;this item is 10 hours, the container size is 5 units, and the safety stock is;estimated to be 5% of the expected demand, what is the number of kanban card;sets needed?;?;2,100;?;440;?;210;?;1,050;8;Lean production seeks to achieve high volume;production using which of the following?;?;Maximize capacity;?;Minimize inventory of;raw materials;?;Maximize inventory of;work-in-process;?;Minimize utilization;9;Which of the following is a factor that causes;a diseconomy of scale?;?;Increased transportation;costs;?;Increased product value and prices;?;Increased utilization;?;Increased total operating costs;10;What is the term that refers to ?the;fundamental rethinking and radical redesign of business processes to achieve dramatic;improvements in critical, contemporary measures of performance, such as cost;quality, service, and speed? (as cited in Jacobs & Chase, 2011, p. 461).;?;Continuous improvement;?;Operations consulting;process;?;Reengineering;?;TQM;11;Which of the following operations consulting;tools provide summary performance updates for specific processes and are;generally presented in graphical form with color-coding of trend lines and;alarms?;?;Stakeholder analysis;?;Process dashboards;?;Decision trees;?;Responsibility charts;12;In contrast to TQM, what approach seeks;radical change through innovation?;?;JIT distribution;?;Project management;?;Reengineering;?;Lean manufacturing;13;Which of the following is a situation that;likely will yield economies of scale?;?;Company with factories;in multiple countries that produces products for local demand;?;Large factory with;dedicated capacity that is able to produce twice the number of units as locally;demanded;?;Factory that fully;utilizes dedicated resources for information technology, material handling, and;administrative support;?;Factory that produces;low volume, customized products;14;To implement a flow process in developing a;lean system, a firm might do which of the following?;?;Eliminate some fixed;costs;?;Improve capacity utilization;?;Build product in anticipation of;demand;?;Reduce setup/changeover time;15;Which of the following are possible examples;of cycle times?;?;Time to set up a new assembly line;?;Time it takes for an instructor to;grade an exam;?;Time required to produce;a batch of parts;?;Time that a part waits in queue;16;Which of the following operations consulting;tools are used in the cost impact and payoff analysis stage in the operations;consulting process?;?;SPC tools and bottleneck;analysis;?;Plant audits and;statistical tools;?;Customer surveys and gap;analysis;?;Decision trees and;stakeholder analysis;17;Which of the following terms refers to a;special type of flowcharting tool that is valuable for the development of lean;processes?;?;Kaizen;?;Kanban production;control system;?;JIT production;?;Value stream mapping;18;Which of the following production process;terms best describes a stage in a multiple-stage process that limits the;capacity of the overall process?;?;Buffer;?;Blocking;?;Starving;?;Bottleneck;19;An advantage of a make-to-stock process is;which of the following?;?;It allows the firm to;avoid inventory costs;?;Rapid delivery of a standard product;?;It responds directly to customer;orders;?;All units of output are unique;20;In the pull system, which of the following is;the partner that begins the process of pulling?;?;Vendors;?;Quality control;personnel;?;Customers;?;Executive management;21;If the run time for a batch of parts is 25;minutes on a machine, and the setup time is 75 minutes, which of the following;is the operation time?;?;25 minutes;?;75 minutes;?;3 minutes;?;100 minutes


Paper#45624 | Written in 18-Jul-2015

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