Question;FIN 534 ? Homework Chapter 2;FIN 534 Homework Chapter 2 Page 1 of 3Directions: Answer the following five questions on a separate document. Explain how you reached the answer or show your work if a mathematical calculation is needed, or both. Submit your assignment using the assignment link in the course shell. Each question is worth five points apiece for a total of 25 points for this homework assignment.1. Below are the year-end balance sheets for Wolken Enterprises:Assets:20132012Cash$ 200,000$ 170,000Accounts receivable864,000700,000Inventories2,000,0001,400,000Total current assets$3,064,000$2,270,000Net fixed assets6,000,0005,600,000Total assets$9,064,000$7,870,000Liabilities and equity:Accounts payable$1,400,000$1,090,000Notes payable1,600,0001,800,000Total current liabilities$3,000,000$2,890,000Long-term debt2,400,0002,400,000Common stock3,000,0002,000,000Retained earnings664,000580,000Total common equity$3,664,000$2,580,000Total liabilities and equity$9,064,000$7,870,000Wolken has never paid a dividend on its common stock, and it issued $2,400,000 of 10-year non-callable, long-term debt in 2012. As of the end of 2013, none of the principal on this debt had been repaid. Assume that the company's sales in 2012 and 2013 were the same. Which of the following statements must be CORRECT?a. Wolken increased its short-term bank debt in 2013.b. Wolken issued long-term debt in 2013.c. Wolken issued new common stock in 2013.d. Wolken repurchased some common stock in 2013.e. Wolken had negative net income in 2013.;2. On its 2012 balance sheet, Barngrover Books showed $510 million of retained earnings, andexactly that same amount was shown the following year in 2013. Assuming that no earningsrestatements were issued, which of the following statements is CORRECT?a. Dividends could have been paid in 2013, but they would have had to equal the earningsfor the year.b. If the company lost money in 2013, they must have paid dividends.c. The company must have had zero net income in 2013.d. The company must have paid out half of its earnings as dividends.e. The company must have paid no dividends in 2013.;3. Below is the common equity section (in millions) of Fethe Industries' last two year-end balancesheets:2012 2011Common stock $2,000 $1,000Retained earnings 2,000 2,340Total common equity $4,000 $3,340The company has never paid a dividend to its common stockholders. Which of the followingstatements is CORRECT?a. The company's net income in 2011 was higher than in 2012.b. The company issued common stock in 2012.c. The market price of the company's stock doubled in 2012.d. The company had positive net income in both 2011 and 2012, but the company's netincome in 2009 was lower than it was in 2011.e. The company has more equity than debt on its balance sheet.;4. Which of the following statements is CORRECT?a. The more depreciation a firm has in a given year, the higher its EPS, other things heldconstant.b. Typically, a firm's DPS should exceed its EPS.c. Typically, a firm's EBIT should exceed its EBITDA.d. If a firm is more profitable than average (e.g., Google), we would normally expect to seeits stock price exceed its book value per share.e. If a firm is more profitable than most other firms, we would normally expect to see itsbook value per share exceed its stock price, especially after several years of high inflation.;5. Which of the following statements is CORRECT?a. Depreciation and amortization are not cash charges, so neither of them has an effect on a firm's reported profits.b. The more depreciation a firm reports, the higher its tax bill, other things held constant.c. People sometimes talk about the firm's net cash flow, which is shown as the lowest entry on the income statement, hence it is often called "the bottom line."d. Depreciation reduces a firm's cash balance, so an increase in depreciation would normally lead to a reduction in the firm's net cash flow.e. Net cash flow (NCF) is often defined as follows:Net Cash Flow = Net Income + Depreciation and Amortization Charges.
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