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Corporate Finance (Berk/DeMarzo)-Chapter 1 - The Corporation

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Question;Corporate Finance (Berk/DeMarzo)-Chapter 1 - The Corporation1.1 The Four Types of Firms 1) A sole proprietorship is owned by: A) One person B) Two of more persons C) Shareholders D) Bankers 2) Which of the following organization forms for a business does not avoid double taxation? A) Limited Partnership B) "C" Corporation C) "S" Corporation D) Limited Liability Company 3) Which of the following organization forms has the most revenue? A) "S" Corporation B) Limited Partnership C) "C" Corporation D) Limited Liability Company 4) Which of the following organization forms accounts for the greatest number of firms? A) "S" Corporation B) Limited Partnership C) Sole Proprietorship D) "C" Corporation 5) Which of the following is NOT an advantage of a sole proprietorship? A) Single taxation B) Ease of setup C) Limited liability D) No separation of ownership and control 6) Which of the following statements regarding limited partnerships is true? A) There is no limit on a limited partner's liability. B) A limited partner's liability is limited by the amount of their investment. C) A limited partner is not liable until all the assets of the general partners have been exhausted. D) A general partner's liability is limited by the amount of their investment. 7) Which of the following is / are an advantage of incorporation? A) Access to capital markets B) Limited liability C) Unlimited life D) All of the above 8) Which of the following statements is most correct? A) An advantage to incorporation is that it allows for less regulation of the business. B) An advantage of a corporation is that it is subject to double taxation. C) Unlike a partnership, a disadvantage of a corporation is that has limited liability. D) Corporations face more regulations when compared to partnerships. 9) A limited liability company is essentially A) a limited partnership without limited partners. B) a limited partnership without a general partner. C) just another name for a limited partnership. D) just another name for a corporation. 10) The distinguishing feature of a corporation is that A) their is no legal difference between the corporation and its owners. B) it is a legally defined, artificial being, separate from its owners. C) it spreads liability for its corporate obligations to all shareholders. D) provides limited liability only to small shareholders. 11) Which of the following are subject to double taxation? A) Corporation B) Partnership C) Sole proprietorship D) A and B 12) You own 100 shares of a "C" Corporation. The corporation earns $5.00 per share before taxes. Once the corporation has paid any corporate taxes that are due, it will distribute the rest of its earnings to its shareholders in the form of a dividend. If the corporate tax rate is 40% and your personal tax rate on (both dividend and non-dividend) income is 30%, then how much money is left for you after all taxes have been paid? A) $210 B) $300 C) $350 D) $500 13) You own 100 shares of a Sub Chapter "S" Corporation. The corporation earns $5.00 per share before taxes. Once the corporation has paid any corporate taxes that are due, it will distribute the rest of its earnings to its shareholders in the form of a dividend. If the corporate tax rate is 40% and your personal tax rate on (both dividend and non-dividend) income is 30%, then how much money is left for you after all taxes have been paid? A) $210 B) $300 C) $350 D) $500 14) You are a shareholder in a "C" corporation. This corporation earns $4 per share before taxes. After it has paid taxes, it will distribute the remainder of its earnings to you as a dividend. The dividend is income to you, so you will then pay taxes on these earnings. The corporate tax rate is 35% and your tax rate on dividend income is 15%. The effective tax rate on your share of the corporations earnings is closest to: A) 15% B) 35% C) 45% D) 50% 1.2 Ownership Versus Control of Corporations 1) In a corporation, the ultimate decisions regarding business matters are made by A) the Board of Directors. B) debt holders. C) shareholders. D) investors. 2) The person charged with running the corporation by instituting the rules and policies set by the board of directors is called A) the Chief Operating Officer. B) the Company President. C) the Chief Executive Officer. D) the Chief Financial Officer. 3) The Principal-Agent Problem arises A) because managers have little incentive to work in the interest of shareholders when this means working against their own self-interest. B) because of the separation of ownership and control in a corporation. C) Both A and B D) None of the above 4) If shareholders are unhappy with a CEO's performance, they are most likely to A) buy more shares in an effort to gain control of the firm. B) file a shareholder resolution. C) replace the CEO through a grassroots shareholder uprising. D) sell their shares. 5) A ________, is when a rich individual or organization purchases a large fraction of the stock of a poorly performing firm and in doing so gets enough votes to replace the board of directors and the CEO. A) shareholder proposal B) leveraged buyout C) shareholder action D) hostile takeover 6) Which of the following statements is false? A) In bankruptcy, management is given the opportunity to reorganize the firm and renegotiate with debt holders. B) Because a corporation is a separate legal entity, when it fails to repay its debts, the people who lent to the firm, the debt holders are entitled to seize the assets of the corporation in compensation for the default. C) As long as the corporation can satisfy the claims of the debt holders, ownership remains in the hands of the equity holders. D) If the corporation fails to satisfy debt holders' claims, debt holders may lose control of the firm. 7) What strategies are available to shareholders to help ensure that managers are motivated to act in the interest of the shareholders rather than their own interest? Answer: 1. The threat of a hostile takeover2. Shareholder initiatives3. Performance based compensation

 

Paper#51333 | Written in 18-Jul-2015

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