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Question;Page 1;Question;1.1.(TCO 1) For emerging nations, what is the;level of income per capita where greater environmental protection;causes pollutant levels to decline? (Points: 5);$2,500$8,000$15,500$20,000;Question;2.2.(TCO 2) According to Francis Fukuyama, the;collapse of communism in eastern Europe was followed by which of the;following? (Points;5);The;new world orderThe;end of historyThe universalization of Western;democracyNone;of the aboveAll;of the above;Question;3.3.(TCO 3) The values and norms of culture are;determined by which of the following? (Points: 5);ReligionNews;mediaFreedom;of travelGeography;Question;4.4.(TCO 3) Which theory deals with competitive;advantage for countries? (Points;5);Herckscher-OhlinAdam;Smith?s Wealth of NationsProduct;Life-Cycle TheoryThe Leontief ParadoxNone;of the above;Question;5.5.(TCO 4) In the last 30 years, the world;economy has seen (Points;5);a marked increase in both the flow and;stock of FDI.a;slowing of FDI overall.FDI;grow but more slowly than world trade.a;shift away from free-market economies.;Question;6.6.(TCO 5) Chile is included in which of the;following regional integrations organizations? (Points: 5);MERCCOSURAndean;CommunityNAFTAAPECNone;of the above;Question;7.7.(TCO 6) When a firm engages in hedging it is (Points: 5);ensuring against a risk in the foreign;exchange.violating;a law on foreign;danger of violating the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act.investing;in a hedge fund to maximize its return to shareholders.;Page 2;Question;1. 1. (TCO 8) What are the various types of countertrade available? (Points;10);Question;2. 2. (TCO 8) In distribution strategy, what are the four main differences;between countries? (Points: 10);Question;3. 3. (TCO 3) Are the concerns of those opposing Turkey?s admittance to the;European Union well-founded? Can Islam, capitalism, and globalization coexist?;(Points: 20);Question;4. 4. (TCO 3) In 2006, two Chinese journalists reported that the working;conditions at Hongfujin Precision Industries where Apple?s iPods are produced;were substandard. According to the report, not only were workers at the plant;poorly paid, but they were also forced to work overtime. Apple immediately responded;to the allegations and audited the factory in question. However, managers at;the factory filed a defamation lawsuit against the two journalists. Despite the;fact that Apple?s audit did indeed show substandard working conditions at the;factory, Hongfujin did not withdraw the lawsuit. Eventually the Reporters;Without Borders group took up the case for the two reporters and the lawsuit;was dropped.;Should;Apple be responsible for ensuring that its suppliers are safeguarding the basic;rights and dignity of its employees? How can Apple be sure that its suppliers;do not employ sweatshop labor? (Points: 20);Question;5. 5. (TCO 3) Bangladesh, a very poor country, has been able to grow even;during the most recent global recession thanks to its strong textile industry.;Bangladesh, with its low wages, large investments in textile technology, and;strong network of supporting industries is now one of the world?s lowest cost;producers of textiles. The country has been able to capitalize on these;advantages to increase its exports of textiles to $10.7 billion, up from $9.3;billion in 2007.;How;has Bangladesh benefitted from free trade and globalization? What did the end;of the quota system mean for the country? (Points: 20);Question;6. 6. (TCO 4) Telefonica is a Spanish telecommunications firm. For decades;Telefonica had operated as a typical state-owned enterprise, but privatization;and deregulation changed that path in the 1990s. Telefonica began to;aggressively pursue expansion opportunities in Latin America where it quickly;became the number one or two player in nearly every country. Later, Telefonica;turned its sights on Europe where its acquisitions helped transform the company;into the second biggest mobile phone operator in the world.;What;changes in political and economic environment allowed Telefoncia to start;expanding globally? Why did Telefonica initially focus on Latin America? Why;was it slower to expand in Europe even though Spain is a member of the European;Union? (Points: 20);Question;7.7. (TCO 7) Why did the world shift from a gold standard to fixed exchange;rates? (Points: 5);Gold is expensive to ship around the;world.;A more convenient means of financing;world trade was needed.;The volume of world trade increased.;All of the above;Page;3;Question;1. 1. (TCO 5) Under the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), Mexican;truckers were to have been allowed to drive their trucks directly into the;United States and avoid the costly and time-consuming border unloading and;loading that took place prior to the agreement. However, fearing job losses in;the industry, the U.S. Teamsters Union rigorously opposed the legislation.;Although the group ultimately lost its fight, the United States still did not;give Mexican truckers freedom to deliver their goods, prompting Mexico to;institute retaliatory measures affecting $2.4 billion of goods exported from;the United States.;Why;did the United States respond to the concerns of the Teamsters? Why are those;affected by Mexico?s retaliatory tariffs not lobbying congress for relief?;Should the United States protect the Teamsters at the expense of agricultural;exporters in California and Washington? (Points: 20);Question;2. 2. (TCO 6) In the 1980s, Caterpillar was negatively affected by a strong;dollar and lost significant market share to Japanese competitor Komatsu. The;situation prompted Caterpillar to revise its global strategy and by the 2000s;the company was in a much better position to deal with volatile currency;values. More recently, a strong dollar has actually helped boost Caterpillar?s;bottom line.;In;the 1980s, a stronger dollar hurt Caterpillar?s competitive position, but in;2008 a stronger dollar did not seem to have the same effect. What had changed?;(Points: 20);Question;3. 3. (TCO 7) In 2008, oil prices reached new highs as a result of higher than;expected demand, tight supplies, and perceived geopolitical risks. Because oil;is priced in dollars, oil producers have seen their dollar reserves increase;significantly. Now, speculation abounds as to what will happen to the;petrodollars. Some believe that the dollars will go toward public;infrastructure projects, others think that it is more likely that investments;will be made in dollar denominated assets like U.S. bonds, stocks, and real;estate, or in nondollar denominated assets such as European or Japanese bonds;and stocks.;With;oil prices at record highs, there is significant speculation as to what oil;producing states will do with the dollars they are earning. Discuss how a;decision to invest in nondollar denominated assets could affect the value of;the U.S. dollar. (Points: 30);Question;4. 4. (TCO 8) Vellus Products is a small company that produces personal care;products for dogs. Vellus Products initially began exporting when a Taiwanese;business placed an order for its dog shampoo. Since then, Vellus Products has;expanded its export business and today, international sales account for about;half its total sales. Vellus Products now sells in 28 countries around the;world.;Can;other small companies learn from the experiences of Vellus Products? Reflect on;the tips of Vellus Products? founder Sharon Doherty for beginning the export;process. (Points: 30);Question;5. 5. (TCO 8) Boeing made the decision to outsource much of the production of;the 787 in the hopes of significantly reducing the time to get the product to;market. Boeing also anticipated that its outsourcing strategy would allow it to;generate additional sales from the countries that were partners in the process;and reduce its costs and risks. Although Boeing?s strategy worked for some;components, for other parts the strategy was a disaster. Suppliers were late;and some produced poor-quality parts, forcing Boeing to commit additional;resources to the project.;What;are the benefits to Boeing of outsourcing so much work on the 787 to foreign;suppliers? What are the potential risks? Do the benefits outweigh the risks?;(Points: 30);Question;6. 6. (TCO 8) By 2015, Ford hopes to compete in North America, Europe, and Asia;by offering several global models including the Fiesta, the Fusion, and the;Mondeo. The company, which refers to its new strategy as One Ford, anticipates;that its global models will share the same components and looks and be;positioned in a similar way in each market in which they are sold.;What;is behind Ford?s One Ford vision? What is the company hoping to accomplish with;this strategy? (Points: 30)


Paper#52288 | Written in 18-Jul-2015

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