Question;Question 1;One truth about factory farms is;Answer;they rarely inflict any genuine suffering on;animals.;most;animals we eat are from them.;they are necessary to feed the world.;they are run by brutal people.;Question 2;Pollution permits" are an example of which of the following;methods of achieving our environmental goals?;Answer;pricing;mechanisms;government subsidies;a laissez-faire approach;regulations;Question 3;The "tragedy of the commons" is;Answer;the lack of a commons?a common place where people;can come together.;the failure to appreciate what we have in common;with other species.;that cost-benefit analysis involves value;judgments that we do not share in common.;that individual pursuit of self-interest can;sometimes make everyone worse off.;Question 4;The philosopher Tom Regan;Answer;claims that no impartial morally sensitive person;could approve of the treatment of animals in factory farms if he or she knew;what was going on.;argues against the use of governmental;regulations to control the actions of businesses.;believes that the FTC should be abolished.;denies that non-human animals have any moral;rights.;Question 5;Which of the following is a drawback to the regulatory approach?;Answer;regulation can take away an industry?s incentive;to do more than the minimum;regulation is an incentive to an industry to do;more than the minimum;regulation does not apply to all equally;does not require polluters to use the strongest;most feasible means of pollution control.;Question 6;The moral theorist William T. Blackstone claims that the right to a;livable environment;Answer;would solve the problem of how to conserve;resources.;prevents the use of government regulation to;control the actions of business.;is a fundamental human right.;implies that non-human animals have no genuine;moral rights.;Question 7;Concerning future generations;Answer;all philosophers today reject the idea that;future people have rights;utilitarianism dictates a radical reduction in;population growth;future people have a right to be born;the social and environmental policies we adopt;can affect who is born in the future;Question 8;According to the philosopher Joel Feinberg;Answer;future generations of people have a right to be;born.;future generations have no moral rights.;we have no duties to future generations.;the rights of future generations are contingent;upon those people coming into existence.;Question 9;According to Shaw and Barry, utilitarians;Answer;focus on human well-being and ignore animal;welfare.;oppose animal experimentation in principle.;should include nonhuman animal pleasures and;pains in the overall utilitarian calculus.;are likely to favor factory farming.;Question 10;William F. Baxter addresses environmental ethics by noting;Answer;the best ethical position to adopt on;environmental issues is a naturalistic position.;non-human animals have intrinsic value.;judgments about environmental problems ought to;be people-oriented.;damage to geological "marvels" is;inherently wrong and should be prevented.;Question 11;Animal manure;Answer;is not available in sufficient quantities to;replenish agricultural land.;is a large source of pollution.;helps counteract the "greenhouse;effect".;is potentially more dangerous than nuclear power.;Question 12;According to Holmes Rolston III;Answer;naturalistic ethics ought to be abandoned.;some natural objects are morally considerable in;their own right, apart from human interests.;all moral rights are derived from the interests;of human beings.;nature has no value apart from human beings.;Question 13;A moral vegetarian;Answer;rejects eating meat based on moral grounds.;only eats animal that were raised humanely.;does not believe animals suffer.;the pleasure we get from eating a hamburger;justifies the price the animals pay.;Question 14;Business has considered the environment to be;Answer;a scarce commodity.;free and nearly limitless.;a limited supply.;costly;Question 15;An ecosystem;Answer;should never be tampered with.;can survive any human intervention.;can be upset by human behavior.;is independent of all other ecosystems.
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