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Strayer BUS309 quiz 2




Question;Question 1According to the utilitarian theory, an action is morally right if and only ifAnswerit makes the person who does it happy.everyone prefers that action to any other maximizes total, net brings only happiness and causes no pain.5 points Question 2According to W. D. Ross's theoryAnswera prima facie obligation is absolute and can never be overridden.what we should do in any specific set of circumstances will always be would be wrong to lie to a murderer even to save the life of a friend.we have various moral duties that can't be reduced to a single, overarching obligation.5 points Question 3Which of the following represents a utilitarian belief?AnswerRightness is determined by what most people want, i.e., by majority rule.Rightness is determined by what will bring about the most good.We should concern ourselves only with the immediate results of our actions.We must always disregard our own happiness when deciding what to do.5 points Question 4For those who are trying to make moral decisions,Answerit is impossible to make progress on controversial ethical issues unless everyone shares the same moral theory.endorsing a moral principle doesn't require you to apply it in all similar situations.moral judgments don't have to be related to some general moral a moral discussion, clarifying the facts and spelling out the principles to which people are appealing can help us to reach a solution.5 points Question 5If you adopt ethical egoism as your moral code, thenAnsweryou can never act honestly or be gracious or helpful to must endorse must always avoid any unpleasant or painful believe that it is morally right to do whatever promotes your self-interest.5 points Question 6"If you want to go to law school, then you must take the LSAT exam." This statement is an example ofAnswerthe transcendental imperative.the categorical imperative.a hypothetical imperative.irrational behavior.5 points Question 7A key idea of Immanuel Kant's ethical theory is that:Answerall duties are prima facie duties.the moral permissibility of our actions depends entirely upon their consequences.we should treat people as ends in themselves, never merely as means.only pleasure has intrinsic value.5 points Question 8Kant believed that we should always actAnswerin such a way that we can will the maxim of our action to be a local a way that treats success as an end in itself, never merely as a way that would be universally unacceptable to all rational a way that we can will the maxim of our action to become a universal law.5 points Question 9According to KantAnswergood will is the only thing that is good in action has moral worth if it is consistent with the categorical imperative.only actions based on feeling or sentiment have moral worth.a self-interested person can never do the right action.5 points Question 10Supererogatory actions areAnsweractions that are normally wrong to do, but can sometimes be right.actions that it would be good to do but not immoral not to do.actions that we are morally required to do, all things considered.actions that are wrong even though they produce some good.5 points Question 11The statement that best defines rights isAnswerall moral rights are legal rights.a negative right is a right to receive certain benefits.a right is an entitlement to act or to have others act in a certain way.all moral rights are human rights.5 points Question 12ConsequentialismAnsweris best represented by Ross's theory of ethics.states that sometimes the consequences of our actions can be morally relevant.states that the moral rightness of an action is determined solely by its results.differs from nonconsequentialism because nonconsequentialism denies that consequences have any moral significance.5 points Question 13A practical basis for discussing moral issues involves taking account ofAnswereffects, ideals, and obligations.effort, duties, and organization.compassion, intellect, and patience.compliance, contribution, and consequences.5 points Question 14Egoism as a psychological theoryAnswerstates that self-interest is the only thing that ever motivates the same thing as ethical egoism.states that people are sometimes based on egoism as an ethical theory.5 points Question 15Utilitarianism is appealing as a standard for moral decision making in business. Which of the following provides a reason for this?AnswerUtilitarianism provides an objective way of resolving conflicts of self-interest.Utilitarianism provides a rigid approach to moral decision making.Utilitarianism provides a fuzzy standard for formulating and testing policies.Utilitarianism gives us firm rules to follow, rules that don't permit exceptions.


Paper#53230 | Written in 18-Jul-2015

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