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GRM697 Research Process FINAL MCQs




Question;23. Which of the following information should be provided in an informed consent form for anystudy involving human participants?a. the findings of the studyb. the number of participants the study plans to usec. the procedures involved in the studyd. the names of other participants31. Which of the following statements is false?a. Validity refers to the results of a test not the test itself.b. Validity progresses from low to high degrees rather than all or none.c. A test can lack validity and still be a reliable measure.d. A test can lack reliability and still be a valid measure.37. Dr. Brown finds that results from different methods used to assess the same trait are highlycorrelated and results from different methods used to assess different traits are notsignificantly correlated. These results demonstrate which two types of validity respectively?a. predictive and concurrentb. concurrent and predictivec. discriminant and convergentd. convergent and discriminant39. Which assessment technique is used in field work?a. Likert scalingb. Thurstone scalingc. observationd. item analysis40. Which of the following is NOT a component of a multiple choice question?a. the stemb. the rootc. distractersd. alternatives44. A good cover letter for a survey questionnaire has all but one of the following characteristicslisted below. Which is NOT a characteristic of a good cover letter?a. The initial questions are relatively simple, nonthreatening and easy-to-answer.b. It is written on official letterhead.c. It promises confidentiality.d. It clearly states the purpose of the questionnaire and the importance of the study.45. Which measure would be used to describe how far a test score is from the average testscore?a. meanb. modec. mediand. standard deviation46. In a set of scores with a mean of 50 and a standard deviation of 5, what raw score isrepresented by a z-score of 1.00?a. 30b. 55c. 60d. 2050. You are interviewing classmates to find out their political party affiliation. When you pickthe measure of central tendency to use in presenting your results, which should you choose?a. rangeb. modec. mediand. mean52. The minimum or maximum value that one would expect the test statistic to yield if the nullhypothesis is true is an example of which of the following?a. critical valueb. F valuec. t-test scored. sampling mean53. What can you conclude if the obtained value of a test statistic exceeds the critical value?a. The null hypothesis cannot be rejected.b. You made an error when calculating the test statistic.c. The null hypothesis can be rejected.d. Your obtained value is not statistically significant.55. If Professor Columbo is interested in the general trend of research findings regarding infantvisual attention and childhood intelligence, what technique would be most amenable to hisinquiry?a. Analysis of Variance (ANOVA)b. Meta-analysisc. Multiple Analysis of Variance (MANOVA)d. Factor analysis56. What is the standard metr57. Which of the following statements regarding statistical significance is FALSE?a. The level of statistical significance and Type I error are the same thing.b. Statistical significance is the degree of risk you are willing to take that you will rejecta null when it is actually true.c. When your results are found to be statistically significant, you can conclude that theywill have a meaningful effect in the clinic.d. The researcher can determine the level of statistical significance.60. Which of the following statements is false?a. A correlation of.8 may be interpreted as very strong.b. The higher the correlation is, the larger the ?jump? in explained variance.c. A scattergram is a visual representation of a correlation between two variables.d. The absolute value of the correlation coefficient is more important than the +or ? sign.63. Which of the following could be a potential problem in conducting survey research?a. information is collected over a short period of timeb. producing accurate resultsc. getting a broad picture of what is being studiedd. response rate72. Which of the following is NOT a disadvantage of the case study method?a. It only reflects one reality and that one may reflect researcher bias.b. Generalizability of the findings is limited.c. It cannot establish cause-and-effect links.d. It provides a rich account of what is occurring.79. Which experimental design involves one experimental group and three control groups?a. Solomon four-group designb. pretest posttest control group designc. posttest only control group designd. quasi-experimental design80. Why use nonequivalent control group design?a. less costb. less time involvedc. easier trainingd. because you cannot assign subjects to groups81. In what design is the cause-and-effect argument strongest?a. experimental designb. quasi-experimental designc. pre-experimental designd. correlational design82. In quasi-experimental research, when will the cause of differences between groups occur?a. during the experimentb. after the experimentc. it has already occurredd. it will never occur84. If you want to answer a research question regarding whether a particular group of subjectsexperiences any significant changes in behavior as they age but you do not have the time ormoney for a traditional longitudinal study, which method would be acceptable?a. cross-sectionalb. historicalc. follow-upd. None of the above would be acceptable.87. When reviewing the problem and purpose sections of a research article, which of thefollowing questions would be pertinent?a. Is the review recent?b. Are the hypotheses clearly stated?c. Are the results related to the hypotheses?d. Is the objective of the study clearly stated?89. When selecting a dependent variable, you should consider all of the following EXCEPT:a. the measure has been used before.b. the validity of the measure has been established.c. the measure comes with testing forms.d. norms are available, when applicable.90. In a research proposal, what should follow the literature review section?a. appendicesb. literature reviewc. implications and limitationsd. method91. In a research proposal, what should follow the implications and limitations section?a. appendicesb. literature reviewc.implications and limitationsd. method94. Which section of a manuscript discusses the reliability of any tests that were used?a. introductionb. methodsc. resultsd. discussion95. Which section of a manuscript discusses the general types of data analyses that were plannedand used in the study?a. introductionb. abstractc. resultsd. method98. The hypothesis is most likely to appear at the end of which section of a manuscript?a. introductionb. methodsc. resultsd. references99. What guidelines do most journals in the social and behavioral sciences follow?a. Index Medicusb. American Psychological Associationc. Society of Psychiatric Journalsd. Modern Language Association100. What material is included in the abstract?a. a one-sentence statement of the purposeb. tables showing resultsc. a list of sources that were consulted during the researchd. discussion of the important relationships between past research, the purpose of thecurrent study, the hypothesis and the results of the study


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