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devry eth445 weeek 8 final exam




Question;Page One;This exam covers all;14 TCO's.;For each of the following multiple choice questions, please;select the Philosophy (and/or Philosopher) which best goes with each;description below.;1. (TCOs 2, 4, 5, 6) The idea that the assisted suicide of;terminally ill patients should be allowed simply at the patient's direction;reflects what type of ethics? (Points: 5);Hobbes' State;of Nature;Rand's Objectivism;Aristotle's;concept of Virtue;Thomas;Aquinas' concept of conscience;Socrates;concept of excellence;2. (TCOs 1, 2, 7) What is the moral ideal of temperance?;(Points: 5);Exercising;control over one's own desires and inclinations;Keeping one's;temper under control;Minimizing the;impact of one's decisions;Seeking the;good of others before one's own;Overcoming;one's passions;3. (TCOs 1, 2) One of the common errors in Ethics is that of;the hasty conclusions. Hasty conclusions consist of what? (Points: 5);Rushed work;under pressure;Comparing;unknown cases to known ones to find precedents;Embracing;conclusions before examining cases fully;Judging cases;by the source of their origin;Belief that;first impressions are valid until challenged;4. (TCO 2);Prescriptive language is commonly used in ethics for what reason?;(Points: 5);To indicate;what is prohibited or impossible;To indicate;that one choice is better than others;To show what;actions are legal;To convey;requirements and obligations;To indicate;that there are really no choices available;5. (TCOs 7, 8);Ethical Egoism proposes that all decisions should be made to promote;what? (Points: 5);Our fiduciary;responsibilities;The good will;of others;Our;self-interests;The welfare of;the community;Stronger relationships;6. (TCOs 2, 4, 9) Free people are motivated toward forming;social structures according to a social contract in order to overcome what;problem identified by Thomas Hobbes? (Points: 5);The need to;overcome disagreements;A perpetual;state of warfare;The;establishment of a monarchy;Taxation to;support the costs of government;Organized ways;to select leaders;7. (TCOs 3, 6) Agricultural biofuels are not properly a;renewable source of energy in the environmental ethics debate. Which of the;following also is not a renewable source of energy? (Points: 5);Windmill;turbines;Hydroelectric;power;Tidal flow;generators;Biomass waste;systems;Solar cells;8. (TCOs 3, 6, 7) The;notion that the only thing good without qualification is a good will is;attributed to whom? (Points: 5);St. Thomas;Aquinas;Socrates;John Locke;Immanuel Kant;Oliver;Cromwell;9. (TCOs 8, 9) Which ethical concept is organized and;directed toward following the greatest happiness principle? (Points: 5);Natural ethics;and law;Justice and;mercy;Rights and;responsibilities;Virtue-ethics;of excellence;Principle of;utility;10. (TCOs 3, 6, 7);Syllogisms in formal deductive logic are called "valid" when;(Points: 5);the correct;form of the syllogism style is used.;the premise;statements are true.;the syllogism;is first determined to be "sound.;the verbs are;written in present tense.;the conclusion;proceeds from the premises.;11. (TCOs 1, 2) When choosing one course of action while;working with a dilemma, the other courses of action are lost and become;unavailable. This makes ethical choices in dilemma situations particularly;what? (Points: 5);Incoherent;Complicated;Illogical;Painful;Cruel;12. (TCOs 1, 2, 7);What is the role of conscience as Thomas Aquinas sees it? (Points: 5);To teach;ethical principles;To disclose;and build religious faith;To enable;rational thought about consequences;To align;personal ethics with those of others;To guide actions;through a view of right and wrong;13. (TCOs 2, 8) The rule or principle to be applied in;making decisions is an example of which kind of ethical discovery process?;(Points: 5);Principle of;utility;A posteriori;rationality;A priori;rationality;Empirical;rationality;Scientific;method;14. (TCOs 1, 2, 5);The Social Contract theorist whose troubled childhood was most clearly;reflected in his theories was who? (Points: 5);Thomas Aquinas;Thomas Jefferson;Jean-Jacques;Rousseau;Thomas Hobbes;John Locke;15. (TCOs 3, 6, 7);Kant's concern that people choose to observe universal laws as their;duty is expressed through what actions? (Points: 5);Their habits;Their maxims;Their desires;Their loves;Their;loyalties;16. (TCOs 2, 7, 8);Aristotle's Ethics of Virtue have found modern application for business;and industry through what practice? (Points: 5);Resolution;models applications;Goals and;objectives;Core values of;organizations;Business;models;Professional;codes of discipline;17. (TCOs 2, 8);Professional codes of conduct serve what function for business and;industry? (Points: 5);Allow;businesses to avoid training professional staffers;Enable;transfer of valued employees across state lines;Enable;contracting of temporary employees;Specify;continuing education needs and requirements;Providing assurance;of the professional qualifications of members;18. (TCOs 2, 7);Aristotle's Ethical Doctrine of the Mean measured personal virtues on a;scale that included the virtue itself, the excess of it, and the deficiency of;it.;If the virtue is COURAGE and the deficiency is COWARDICE;what is the excess?;(Points: 5);Wisdom;Moderation;There is no;excess;Recklessness;Love;19. (TCOs 8, 9) In;personal or organizational conflict, what benefits accrue to all parties when a;leader or consultant employees one of the ethical conflict resolution models of;Week 6? (Points: 5);Objectives of;what winning the conflict means get refined and better understood;Conflict;management gets slowed down and settled.;Conflict can be handled in a sequential;step-by-step manner;Parties can be;reconciled without solving the issues;Personal;relationships can be separated from issues;20. (TCOs 1, 2) The;Latin term a priori describes the origin of knowledge developed rationally, and;the term a posteriori describes knowledge developed through observation and;experience. What is an example of ethics is best described as discovered in an;a postiori manner? (Points: 5);Social ethics;Care-based;ethics;Consequentialist ethics;Theological;ethics;Operational;ethics;Page 2 - Essays;1. (TCOs 1, 2, 3, 7) In support of TCO #7 and in the Week 7;discussions, you developed and placed into the threaded discussions your;personalized ethics statement of what has become important to you in the;practice of ethics as you have practiced ethics during the course. Your first;task in this question is to briefly present that personalized statement in just;a few sentences before continuing with the question. Much of the rest of the;exam will involve your working with that personalized statement through brief;applications and cases.;Use your ethical philosophy to solve the following ethical;situation. Explain how your philosophy helped you make your decision.;Should citizens have an ethical obligation to serve their;country when it is at war? Under what circumstances, if any, is it ethical for;a person to refuse to serve?;A significant number of people believe war is always wrong;and that no circumstances justify one nation's taking up arms against;another. Is this view ethically sound?;How about realistically? Please state;which side you agree with, and why. Explain and defend your position using your;ethical position statement.;In answering, be sure to look at both sides of war: that is;a country defending itself against aggression and of a strong country coming to;the aid of a weaker country that has been attacked unjustly. Then, explain how your ethical philosophy;affected how you answered this problem. (Points: 30);2. (TCOs 1, 2, 7) Analyze the following ethical situation;using YOUR ethical philosophy. Read the situation and then in your answer;explain why this is an ethical situation, what the "issues" are, and;how an "ethical" person would resolve them. Explain how YOUR ethical philosophy has;helped you read a conclusion about how to resolve or analyze this situation.;Employees' worth to their employers may diminish before they;are eligible for retirement. In such;cases, the employer is faced with the dilemma of choosing between retaining an;old and trusted yet unproductive worker for 5 or 10 more years, or firing that;worker and jeopardizing his or her retirement benefits.;1. Should an employer;have an ethical obligation to keep such unproductive, but loyal employees? What if the employee had been a problem his;or her entire career? Are there certain circumstances where your answer to;these questions would be different?;2. What is the duty;of an unproductive employee to his or her employer? Is there an ethical;obligation to retire when productivity begins to wane? If a person is simply;coasting" for his or her last few years, is that person;unethical?" Be sure to explain your answer. (Points: 30);3. (TCOs 1, 7, 9) How do you feel St. Thomas Aquinas would;have solved the above ethical situation differently or the same as you did;using your philosophy? Please explain the reasons for the similarities or;differences. (Points: 40);4. (TCOs 1, 2, 4, 9) A first-term junior senator has placed;a bill before the Senate that promises to correct tax inequities that affect;thousands of workers. However, the bill;is being held up in committee. The;senior senator who serves as Sub-Committee Chairperson is responsible. The senator, however, has learned of a secret;scandal in the Chairperson's personal life.;The junior senator visits the Chairperson and tells him that unless the;bill is released from committee, he will divulge the scandal to the press. The;Chairperson then releases the bill from committee and it is passed?and becomes;law.;Identify and tell what ethical philosophy the senior and;junior senators are using, if any.;Now, use your ethical philosophy to analyze the;situation. Explain how, using your;philosophy, you would have solved this situation either the same way as the;characters in the situation did, or differently. Why? (Points: 30);5. (TCOs 5, 6) You work for a grocery store and a new;manager is hired to oversee your department. He comes into your department (the;butcher shop) and explains to you that for the past 6 months, your department;has been losing money for the store because of the waste and spoilage going on;from having to discard unsold meat and poultry. He tells you that from now on;he wants you to package ground meat in smaller, more compact packages, with;older meat on the bottom of the package (so it is not visible to the customer);and the fresher meat on the top, where it is visible to the customers. In this way, you can move more of the older;meat and still receive the top dollar for it. As he leaves the department where;you were having the discussion, he turns and says, "And by the way, one;more month of losses like we had last month from this department, and you can;kiss your job goodbye.;Will you repackage the meat in the way he requested?;Why or why not? Explain what ethical analysis you used to;come to this conclusion. (Points: 30);6. (TCOs 6, 8) Analyze your answer above using the Front;Page of the Newspaper ethical dilemma resolution model. Show your steps. (Points: 40)


Paper#53454 | Written in 18-Jul-2015

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