Question;Question 1;1. According to the utilitarian theory, an action is morally right if and only if;it makes the person who does it happy.;everyone prefers that action to any other action.;It maximizes total, net happiness.;it brings only happiness and causes no pain.;Question 2;According to W. D. Ross's theory;a prima facie obligation is absolute and can never be overridden.;what we should do in any specific set of circumstances will always be self-evident.;it would be wrong to lie to a murderer even to save the life of a friend.;we have various moral duties that can't be reduced to a single, overarching obligation.;Question 3;Which of the following represents a utilitarian belief?;Rightness is determined by what most people want, i.e., by majority rule.;Rightness is determined by what will bring about the most good.;We should concern ourselves only with the immediate results of our actions.;We must always disregard our own happiness when deciding what to do.;Question 4;For those who are trying to make moral decisions;it is impossible to make progress on controversial ethical issues unless everyone shares the same moral theory.;endorsing a moral principle doesn't require you to apply it in all similar situation;moral judgments don't have to be related to some general moral principles;in a moral discussion, clarifying the facts and spelling out the principles to which people are appealing can help us to reach a solution.;Question 5;If you adopt ethical egoism as your moral code, then;you can never act honestly or be gracious or helpful to others.;you must endorse hedonism.;you must always avoid any unpleasant or painful experiences.;you believe that it is morally right to do whatever promotes your self-interest.;Question 6;If you want to go to law school, then you must take the LSAT exam." This statement is an example of;the transcendental imperative.;the moral permissibility of our actions depends entirely upon their consequences.;we should treat people as ends in themselves, never merely as means.;only pleasure has intrinsic value.;Question 7;A key idea of Immanuel Kant's ethical theory is that;all duties are prima facie duties.;the moral permissibility of our actions depends entirely upon their consequences.;we should treat people as ends in themselves, never merely as means.;only pleasure has intrinsic value.;Question 8;Kant believed that we should always act;in such a way that we can will the maxim of our action to be a local law.;in a way that treats success as an end in itself, never merely as means.;in a way that would be universally unacceptable to all rational beings.;in a way that we can will the maxim of our action to become a universal law.;Question 9;According to Kant;good will is the only thing that is good in itself.;an action has moral worth if it is consistent with the categorical imperative.;only actions based on feeling or sentiment have moral worth.;a self-interested person can never do the right action.;Question 10;Supererogatory actions are;actions that are normally wrong to do, but can sometimes be right.;actions that it would be good to do but not immoral not to do.;actions that we are morally required to do, all things considered;actions that are wrong even though they produce some good.;Question 11;The statement that best defines rights is;all moral rights are legal rights.;a negative right is a right to receive certain benefits.;a right is an entitlement to act or to have others act in a certain way;all moral rights are human rights.;Question 12;Consequentialism;is best represented by Ross's theory of ethics.;states that sometimes the consequences of our actions can be morally relevant;states that the moral rightness of an action is determined solely by its results;differs from nonconsequentialism because nonconsequentialism denies that consequences have any moral significance.;Question 13;A practical basis for discussing moral issues involves taking account of;effects, ideals, and obligations.;effort, duties, and organization.;compassion, intellect, and patience.;compliance, contribution, and consequences.;Question 14;Egoism as a psychological theory;states that self-interest is the only thing that ever motivates anyone;is the same thing as ethical egoism.;states that people are sometimes selfish.;is based on egoism as an ethical theory.;Question 15;Utilitarianism is appealing as a standard for moral decision making in business. Which of the following provides a reason for this?;Utilitarianism provides an objective way of resolving conflicts of self-interest.;Utilitarianism provides a rigid approach to moral decision making.;Utilitarianism provides a fuzzy standard for formulating and testing policies;Utilitarianism gives us firm rules to follow, rules that don't permit exceptions.
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