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Exam: 986007RR - Main Ideas

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Question;Exam: 986007RR - Main Ideas;When you have completed your exam and reviewed your answers;click Submit Exam. Answers will not be recorded until you;hit Submit Exam. If you need to exit before completing the;exam, click Cancel Exam.;Questions 1 to 20: Select the best answer to each question.;Note that a question and its answers may be split across a page;break, so be sure that you have seen the entire question and;all the answers before choosing an answer.;1. Which one of the following clue words indicates;chronological order?;A. Similar;B. Reason;C. Next;D. Also;This question is based on the following paragraph.;(1) Earth's crust is made up of relatively rigid plates that;ride atop Earth's hot, semiliquid mantle. (2) The;plates are called tectonic because they're in constant;motion. (3) They can move because Earth's mantle is;a very hot and semiliquid fluid called magma. (4) Volcanoes;are a result of magma rising up or erupting;through a plate, particularly where plate boundaries are moving;against each other. (5) Also, when plates;slide against each other, causing friction along adjacent;plate boundaries, earthquakes frequently occur. (6);Therefore, we often find volcanoes and earthquakes along;plate boundaries. (7) Plates may also collide. (8);When that happens, mountain ranges are formed. (9) For;example, the collision of the plate carrying the;Indian subcontinent created the Himalayan Mountains when it;collided with the Asian plate.;2. Which sentence in this passage introduces a new topic;that might begin a new paragraph?;A. Sentence 4;B. Sentence 6;C. Sentence 7;D. Sentence 5;3. Which one of the following pieces of writing would you be;most likely to believe as true?;A. An article on the greenhouse effect written by a;Hollywood movie star;B. A letter to the editor of a newspaper in which a citizen;explains the dangerous condition of a public building;C. An advertisement you receive in the mail regarding the;benefits of a memory pill;D. An article on heart health written by a cardiologist;This question is based on the following paragraph. The;sentences are numbered to help you answer;the question.;(1) My family has a quaint cottage at a small, private lake.;(2) The cottage is about 75 years old, but we try;to keep it in good condition. (3) The outside is white with;green trim on the windows and shutters. (4) In front of the cottage is a;flagstone walk that leads down to a stone patio. (5) The patio itself is right;next to;the water. (6) Out from the patio stretches a dock where we;keep a small rowboat tied. (7) Every summer;my family sets aside a week when we all get together at the;lake for a family vacation/reunion.;4. What purpose do sentences 3?6 serve in this paragraph?;A. They illustrate a strong comparison.;B. They explain events in chronological order.;C. They show cause and effect.;D. They provide supporting details.;This question is based on the following paragraph.;In American society, romantic love is considered the main;reason for people to marry. On the other hand;in some societies, romantic love is considered a form of;obsession or madness. In fact, even in many;societies where "true love" is not considered a;form of insanity, arranged marriages are still the norm. For;example, in many cultures it's believed that marriage is;basically an economic arrangement. Thus, a farmer;needs a wife both to bear children and to share the farm;work while raising new "hands" as additional farm;labor. In other societies, marriage is mainly about;cementing connections between families. Indeed, most;marriages between members of European royal or aristocratic;lineages were primarily aimed at creating;trust, loyalty, and mutual obligations between privileged;and powerful families.;5. What is the main idea in this paragraph?;A. True love is a sound basis for marriage.;B. Different societies have different ideas about the;purpose of marriage.;C. Arranged marriages are more practical than those based on;romantic love.;D. Marriage is usually a family affair.;This question is based on the following paragraph.;In American society, romantic love is considered the main;reason for people to marry. On the other hand;in some societies, romantic love is considered a form of;obsession or madness. In fact, even in many;societies where "true love" is not considered a;form of insanity, arranged marriages are still the norm. For;example, in many cultures it's believed that marriage is;basically an economic arrangement. Thus, a farmer;needs a wife both to bear children and to share the farm;work while raising new "hands" as additional farm;labor. In other societies, marriage is mainly about;cementing connections between families. Indeed, most;marriages between members of European royal or aristocratic;lineages were primarily aimed at creating;trust, loyalty, and mutual obligations between privileged;and powerful families.;6. In the passage you just read, a basic contrast regarding;ideals about marriage is signaled by which word;or phrase?;A. In fact;B. In other societies;C. For example;D. On the other hand;This question is based on the following passage. The;sentences are numbered to help you answer the;question.(1) Do you enjoy being out in the fresh air? (2);Does nature restore your spirits? (3) You might want to;consider hiking as a hobby. (4) It's a hobby you can begin;with very little expense. (5) All you need to start;is a good pair of hiking shoes.;7. The first sentence in the paragraph helps to _______ the;main idea of the paragraph.;A. delay;B. introduce;C. specify;D. explain;This question is based on the following paragraph.;Both petroleum and coal are made up of complex carbon-based;molecules, and both originated with living;creatures of some kind. Both are vital sources of energy for;the modern world and both were formed by;geologic processes over millions of years. However;petroleum was mainly formed from the remains of;ocean-dwelling microorganisms. Coal, on the other hand;originated from decayed vegetation in ancient;swamps and bogs. In any case, it took millions of years for;both coal and oil to be produced. This is the;case because it took that much time for overlying sediments;to produce the unimaginable heat and pressure;that would one day allow us to harvest these energy;resources.;8. What is one clue word or phrase in the passage that;indicates a contrast?;A. Because;B. In any case;C. Both;D. However;9. While broadcasting a football game, the announcer;exclaimed, "I can't believe it. Carl James just scored;a touchdown. That's right, I said Carl James. Even Carl;looks as if he can't believe it either." What can you;infer from these statements?;A. The announcer is happy for Carl.;B. Carl is a player who is popular with the crowd.;C. The announcer is prejudiced against Carl.;D. Carl doesn't score touchdowns very often.;This question is based on the following passage.;Both Greta and Fred were on the bus that arrived in;Pittsburgh. Fred was glad to be home. He looked;forward to visiting with old friends. Greta, on the other;hand, dreaded seeing her old boyfriend. She already;missed her days in New York City.;10. Which one of the following phrases indicates that a;contrast is being made?;A. Looked forward;B. Already missed;C. Both Greta and Fred;D. On the other hand;11. In comparing an oak tree with a maple tree, you can;correctly say thatA. oak is often used to make ships, while maple is often used;for furniture.;B. unlike oak roots, maple roots often invade water lines.;C. acorns are good to eat, while maple seeds aren't.;D. both maple and oak trees lose their leaves in the fall.;This question is based on the following passage.;Both Greta and Fred were on the bus that arrived in;Pittsburgh. Fred was glad to be home. He looked;forward to visiting with old friends. Greta, on the other;hand, dreaded seeing her old boyfriend. She already;missed her days in New York City.;12. What can you most safely infer from the paragraph?;A. Fred once lived in Pittsburgh.;B. Greta hates her old boyfriend.;C. Fred and Greta are friends.;D. Fred is a friendly person.;This question is based on the following paragraph.;(1) Earth's crust is made up of relatively rigid plates that;ride atop Earth's hot, semiliquid mantle. (2) The;plates are called tectonic because they're in constant;motion. (3) They can move because Earth's mantle is;a very hot and semiliquid fluid called magma. (4) Volcanoes;are a result of magma rising up or erupting;through a plate, particularly where plate boundaries are;moving against each other. (5) Also, when plates;slide against each other, causing friction along adjacent;plate boundaries, earthquakes frequently occur. (6);Therefore, we often find volcanoes and earthquakes along;plate boundaries. (7) Plates may also collide. (8);When that happens, mountain ranges are formed. (9) For;example, the collision of the plate carrying the;Indian subcontinent created the Himalayan Mountains when it;collided with the Asian plate.;13. What is the topic sentence for this passage?;A. Sentence 1;B. Sentence 4;C. Sentence 2;D. There is no single topic sentence.;14. Which one of the following words or phrases may be a;clue that a sentence is inferring cause and;effect?;A. Instead of;B. Before;C. Consequently;D. On the other hand;This question is based on the following passage.;Scientists generally agree that Earth is getting warmer due;to what's called the greenhouse effect. A greenhouse used for plants stays warm;because sunlight and heat coming through the glass roof are mostly;trapped. The heat doesn't radiate back into the atmosphere;because it's partly trapped by the glass.;Something like that happens on Earth. The atmosphere acts;like a blanket that keeps the Sun's heat from;leaking away into space.;15. In the first sentence, the phrase what's called the;greenhouse effect presents a/an;A. illustration.;B. effect.;C. cause.;D. bias.;This question is based on the following passage.;I was in the National Forest with my camera. The day was;crisp, and the leaves were turning gold and red.;When I spotted the white-tailed buck, I froze. He wasn't;more than 15 yards from where I was standing.;The wind must have been right, because he kept on browsing;the mossy ground. I lifted my camera very;slowly. Carefully, holding my breath, I lifted the camera to;my eye. Turning the focus ring, I framed the;deer's head. Just as I was ready to press the shutter;release, the buck raised his head. He was looking my;way with wide eyes. Click. I took the picture. An instant;later, the deer bounded away into the forest. He;took off, but I had the shot. Today, the framed photo of;that buck hangs above our fireplace.;16. What season of the year is implied by the words you read;in the paragraph?;A. Fall;B. Summer;C. Winter;D. Spring;17. Which one of the following passages best suggests an;indirect cause?;A. We've learned that Sally Jones had a child, but who was;the father?;B. Because the cold front arrived, it snowed.;C. If you mix pleasure and business, business suffers.;D. Jack slew the giant because he sold the cow for magic;beans.;This question is based on the following paragraph.;Both petroleum and coal are made up of complex carbon-based;molecules, and both originated with living;creatures of some kind. Both are vital sources of energy for;the modern world and both were formed by;geologic processes over millions of years. However;petroleum was mainly formed from the remains of;ocean-dwelling microorganisms. Coal, on the other hand;originated from decayed vegetation in ancient;swamps and bogs. In any case, it took millions of years for;both coal and oil to be produced. This is the;case because it took that much time for overlying sediments;to produce the unimaginable heat and pressure;that would one day allow us to harvest these energy;resources.;18. What organizing principle or principles are used in this;paragraph?;A. Chronological order;B. Comparison and contrast, cause and effect;C. Chronological order, cause and effectEnd of exam;D. Cause and effect;This question is based on the following paragraph. The;sentences are numbered to help you answer;the question.;(1) Making rice pudding can be very easy. (2) First, get a;large, heavy saucepan. In the pan, measure 3;cups of whole milk, 1 cup of water, 1/2 stick of margarine;or butter, and 1/2 cup of rice. (3) Bring this;mixture to a quick boil. (4) Lower heat and slowly simmer;for 45 minutes. (5) Remove the saucepan from;the heat. (6) Add one beaten egg, 1/2 cup of sugar, and 1/2;teaspoon of vanilla. (7) Stir well. (8) Serve;warm or cold. (9) Enjoy your treat.;19. What method of organization is used in this paragraph?;A. Comparison and contrast;B. Chronological order;C. Explaining an idea with examples;D. Cause and effect;20. Which one of the following statements is true regarding;paragraphs?;A. A paragraph with two main topics is called a complex;paragraph.;B. A topic sentence should not be placed in the middle of a;paragraph.;C. A paragraph should have one main topic.;D. The topic of a paragraph is always placed in the first;sentence.

 

Paper#54899 | Written in 18-Jul-2015

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