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Abnormal Psychology: Historical and Modern Perspectives




Question;53) Every time;little Jeffrey goes shopping with his mom, there is an incident at the checkout;line when he spots candy. Typically, Jeffrey?s mom initially refuses his;request for a candy bar. When the child throws himself to the floor kicking and;screaming, Jeffrey?s mom gives in and hands him the candy bar to end the;embarrassing scene. In operant conditioning terms, what is maintaining the;child?s ?checkout tantrums??;A) Negative;reinforcement;B) Non-contingent;reinforcement;C) Positive;reinforcement;D) Vicarious;reinforcement;54) Which of the;following statements about reinforcement is TRUE?;A) Reinforcement may increase or decrease a;behavior it follows, as it depends on the targeted behavior of the organism.;B) Reinforcement must be primary to have an;impact.;C) Reinforcement must be delivered every time a;behavior is emitted to strengthen that behavior.;D) Reinforcement for one person may be punishment;for another.;55) Which of the;following reinforcers meets the criterion for being ?primary??;A) Money;B) Attention;C) Grades;D) Power;56) Derek did not;clean the dishes even though it was his turn. As a result, his parents told him;he could not go to his friend?s house to play. What did his parents engage in?;A) reinforcement;B) punishment;C) vicarious learning;D) shaping;57) Which of the;following forms of learning explains why television has a profound effect on;children?s learning?;A) Operant;conditioning;B) Vicarious;conditioning;C) Classical;conditioning;D) Shaping;conditioning;58) Whereas the;behavioral approach focuses on ________, the cognitive model targets _______ in;explaining behavior.;A) external;events, mental processes;B) mental;processes, external events;C) thought;distortions, punishment;D) punishment;thought distortions


Paper#54995 | Written in 18-Jul-2015

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