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ECON 312 Midterm - 3 Different Versions........(You need all or an individual Version, please choose below)

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Question;ECON 312 Midterm (3 Different Versions)(ECON 312 Principles of Economics - DeVry)ECON 312 Week 4 Midterm - Version 1Question 1. (TCO 1) As a consequence of the condition of scarcityQuestion 2. (TCO 1) The opportunity cost of constructing a new public highway is theQuestion 3. (TCO 1) A nation can increase its production possibilities byQuestion 4. (TCO 1) Which expression is another way of saying "marginal benefit"?Question 5. (TCO 1) The individual who brings together economic resources and assumes the risk of business ventures in a capitalist economy is called theQuestion 6. (TCO 1) The Soviet Union economy of the 1980s would best be classified asQuestion 7. (TCO 1) The simple circular-flow model shows that workers, entrepreneurs, and the owners of land and capital offer their services throughQuestion 8. (TCO 1) Consumers express self-interest when theyQuestion 9. (TCO 1) Which is not one of the five fundamental questions that an economy must deal with?Question 10. (TCO 1) The major "success indicator" for business managers in command economies like the Soviet Union and China in the past wasQuestion 11. (TCO 2) An increase in demand means thatQuestion 12. (TCO 2) At the point where the demand and supply curves intersectQuestion 13. (TCO 2) Black markets are associated withQuestion 14. (TCO 2) An increase in demand for oil along with a simultaneous increase in supply of oil willQuestion 15. (TCO 2) If Product Y is an inferior good, a decrease in consumer incomes willQuestion 16. (TCO 2) If the price elasticity of demand for a product is equal to 0.5, then a 10 percent decrease in price will increase quantity demanded byQuestion 17. TCO 2) Total revenue falls as the price of a good is raised, if the demand for the good isQuestion 18. (TCO 2) You are the sales manager for a software company and have been informed that the price elasticity of demand for your most popular software is less than 1. To increase total revenues, you should:Question 19. (TCO 2) A state government wants to increase the taxes on cigarettes to increase tax revenue. This tax would only be effective in raising new tax revenues if the price elasticity of demand isQuestion 20. (TCO 2) When universities announce a large tuition increase and follow it with an announcement that more financial aid will be available, they are assuming that students who pay full tuitionQuestion 21. (TCO 3) Suppose that you could prepare your own tax return in 15 hours, or you could hire a tax specialist to prepare it for you in two hours. You value your time at $11 an hour. The tax specialist will charge you $55 an hour. The opportunity cost of preparing your own tax return isQuestion 22. (TCO 3) Economic profits are equal toQuestion 23. (TCO 3) The main difference between the short run and the long run is thatQuestion 24. (TCO 3) The law of diminishing returns only applies in cases whereQuestion 25. (TCO 3) Marginal cost can be defined as theQuestion 26. (TCO 3) If the price of a fixed factor of production increases by 50 percent, what effect would this have on the marginal-cost schedule facing a firm?ECON 312 Week 4 Midterm - Version 2Question 1 (TCO 3) Mutual interdependence would tend to limit control over price in which market model?Question 2 (TCO 3) Under which market model are the conditions of entry into the market easiest?Question 3 (TCO 3) The production of agricultural products such as wheat or corn would best be described by which market model?Question 4 (TCO 3) The demand curve faced by a purely competitive firmQuestion 5 (TCO 3) A profit-maximizing firm in the short run will expand outputQuestion 6 (TCO 3) A firm should increase the quantity of output as long as itsQuestion 7 (TCO 3) The short-run supply curve for a competitive firm is theQuestion 8 (TCO 3) The classic example of a private, unregulated monopoly isQuestion 9 (TCO 3) Barriers to entryQuestion 10 (TCO 3) The demand curve confronting a nondiscriminating, pure monopolist isQuestion 11 (TCO 3) Which is the best example of price discrimination?Question 12 (TCO 3) In which industry is monopolistic competition most likely to be found?Question 13 (TCO 3) Assume that in a monopolistically competitive industry, firms are earning economic profit. This situation willQuestion 14 (TCO 3) A unique feature of an oligopolistic industry isQuestion 15 (TCO 3) A low concentration ratio means thatQuestion 16 (TCO 3) In which set of market models are there the most significant barriers to entry?Question 17 (TCO 1) The four factors of production areQuestion 18 (TCO 1) Refer to the diagram below which is based on the Circular Flow Model in Chapter 2. Arrows (1) and (2) representQuestion 19 (TCO 2) Refer to the diagram. An increase in quantity demanded is depicted by aQuestion 20 (TCO 2) Refer to the information and assume the stadium capacity is 5,000. The supply of seats for the gameQuestion 21 (TCO 2) Which type of goods is most adversely affected by recessions?Question 22 (TCO 3) The following cost data are for a firm in the short run:Question 23 (TCO 1) Refer to the diagram. Points A, B, C, D, and E showQuestion 24 (TCO 3) Assume that the owners of the only gambling casino in Wisconsin spend large sums of money lobbying state government officials to protect their gambling monopoly. Economists refer to these expenditures asQuestion 25 (TCO 3) a.) A pure monopolist determines that at the current level of output the marginal cost of production is $2, average variable costs are $2.75, and average total costs are $2.95. The marginal revenue is $2.75. What would you recommend that the monopolist do to maximize profits? b.) Why might a business owner keep their business open but let it deteriorate, rather than shut it down? Will this profitability last?Question 26 (TCO 2) Evaluate how the following situations will affect the demand curve for iPods.ECON 312 Week 4 Midterm - Version 3Page 11.Question:(TCO 1) As a student of economics, when you speak of scarcity, you are referring to the ability of society to2.Question: (TCO 1) The idea in economics that "there is no free lunch" means that3.Question: (TCO 1)(TCO 1) The law of increasing opportunity costs indicates that4.Question: (TCO 1) A tradeoff exists between two economic goals, X and Y. This tradeoff means that5.Question: (TCO 1) Which would not be considered as a capital resource of a business by an economist?6.Question: (TCO 1) The economy of Germany would best be classified as:7.Question: (TCO 1) Markets in which firms sell their output of goods and services are called8.Question: (TCO 1) Laissez-faire capitalism is characterized by9.Question: (TCO 1) Which is not one of the five fundamental questions that an economy must deal with?10.Question: (TCO 1) The major "success indicator" for business managers in command economies like the Soviet Union and China in the past was11.Question: (TCO 2) An increase in demand means that12.Question: (TCO 2) At the point where the demand and supply curves intersect13.Question: (TCO 2) Black markets are associated with14.Question: (TCO 2)A headline reads "Lumber Prices Up Sharply." In a competitive market, this situation would lead to a(n)15.Question: (TCO 2) For most products, purchases tend to fall with decreases in buyers' incomes. Such products are known as16.Question: (TCO 2) When the price of a product is increased 10 percent, the quantity demanded decreases 15 percent. In this range of prices, demand for this product is17.Question: (TCO 2) Total revenue falls as the price of a good is raised, if the demand for the good is18.Question: (TCO 2) The demand for Cheerios cereal is more price-elastic than the demand for cereals as a whole. This is best explained by the fact that19.Question: (TCO 2) To economists the main differences between "the short run" and "the long run" are that20.Question: (TCO 2) Airlines charge business travelers more than leisure travelers because there is a more21.Question: (TCO 3) Suppose that you could prepare your own tax return in 15 hours, or you could hire a tax specialist to prepare it for you in two hours. You value your time at $11 an hour. The tax specialist will charge you $55 an hour. The opportunity cost of preparing your own tax return is22.Question: (TCO 3) Economic profits are equal to23.Question: (TCO 3)The main difference between the short run and the long run is that24.Question: (TCO 3) Fixed costs are those costs which are25.Question: (TCO 3) At an output of 20,000 units per year, a firm's variable costs are $80,000 and its average fixed costs are $3. The total costs per year for the firm are:26.Question: (TCO 3) If the price of a fixed factor of production increases by 50 percent, what effect would this have on the marginal-cost schedule facing a firm?Page 21.Question: (TCO 3) Which market model assumes the least number of firms in an industry?2.Question: (TCO 3) Local electric or gas utility companies mostly operate in which market model?3.Question: (TCO 3) The fast-food restaurants would be an example of which market model?4.Question: (TCO 3) Sam owns a firm that produces tomatoes in a purely competitive market. The firm's demand curve is5.Question: (TCO 3) T-Shirt Enterprises is selling in a purely competitive market. It is producing 3,000 units, selling them for $2 each. At this level of output, the average total cost is $2.50 and the average variable cost is $2.20. Based on these data, the firm should6.Question: (TCO 3) A firm should always continue to operate at a loss in the short run if7.Question: (TCO 3) The short-run supply curve for a competitive firm is the8.Question: (TCO 3) One feature of pure monopoly is that the monopolist is9.Question: (TCO 3) Barriers to entry10.Question: (TCO 3) The demand curve confronting a nondiscriminating, pure monopolist is11.Question: (TCO 3) Which is the best example of price discrimination?12.Question: (TCO 3) Monopolistic competition is characterized by firms13.Question: (TCO 3) Assume that in a monopolistically competitive industry, firms are earning economic profit. This situation will14.Question: (TCO 3) A unique feature of an oligopolistic industry is15.Question: (TCO 3) You are told that the four-firm concentration ratio in an industry is 20. Based on this information you can conclude that16.Question: (TCO 3) A major reason that firms form a cartel is to17.Question: (TCO 1) Money is not an economic resource because18.Question: (TCO 1) Refer to the diagram which is based on the Circular Flow Model in Chapter 2. Arrows (3) and (4) represent19.Question: (TCO 2) Refer to the diagram. A decrease in demand is depicted by a20.Question: (TCO 2) Refer to the information and assume the stadium capacity is 5,000. If the Mudhens' management charges $7 per ticket21.Question: (TCO 2) Which type of goods is most adversely affected by recessions?22.Question: (TCO 3) The following cost data are for a firm in the short run:.....What is the.....?23.Question: (TCO 1) Refer to the diagram. Points A, B, C, D, and E show24.Question: (TCO 3) Any activity designed to transfer income or wealth to a particular individual or firm at society's expense is called25.Question: (TCO 3) a.) Do you agree or disagree with the statement that: "A monopolist always charges the highest possible price."? Explain. b.) Why can't an individual firm raise its price by reducing output or lower its price to increase sales volume in a purely competitive market?26.Question: (TCO 2) What effect should each of the following have on the demand for gasoline in a competitive market? State what happens to demand. Explain your reasoning in each case and relate it to a demand determinant.

 

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