Question;Multiple choice questions1. Negative net exports signal thatA. the country sells more goods abroad than it buys from other countries.B. the country buys more goods from other countries than it sells to other countries.C. the country has a closed economy.D. the country's tariffs are too high.2. Arnie is the owner of a firm that produces bottled water in British Columbia. There are many such firms in the area. Arnie decides that if he pays his workers a wage higher than the going market wage, his profits will increase. Which of the following is a likely explanation for his decision?A. The higher the wage, the more he can charge for his water.B. The higher the wage, the less often his workers will choose to leave his firm.C. The higher the wage, the lower will be the cost of obtaining needed supplies.D. All of the above are likely explanations for Arnie's decision.3. If today the economy produces a large quantity of new capital goods, thenA. tomorrow it will have a smaller stock of capital and not be able to produce as many goods and services as today.B. tomorrow it will have a larger stock of capital and be able to produce more of all types of goods and services.C. natural resources will be completely depleted faster.D. future productivity will be reduced.4. In a small open economy with perfect capital mobility, if the Bank of Canada chooses to fix the value of the Canadian dollar, aggregate demand could be increased byA. increasing government expenditures.B. decreasing tax rates.C. increasing the money supply.D. All of the above are correct.E. Only a and b are correct.5. As the price level increases, the value of money __________ and the demand for money __________.A. increases, increasesB. increases, decreasesC. decreases, decreasesD. decreases, increases6. The real exchange rate isA. the nominal price of domestic goods.B. the absolute price of foreign goods.C. the relative price of domestic and foreign goods.D. none of the above.7. The Bank of Canada's most important job is toA. regulate banks.B. control the supply of money.C. act as a lender of last resort.D. print currency.8. Some frictional unemployment is inevitable becauseA. of government labour market policies.B. unions push the wage above its equilibrium value.C. in a well-functioning economy, some firms are expanding while others are contracting.D. All of the above are reasons why frictional unemployment exists.9. In an open economy,A. Saving = Foreign Saving + Net Foreign Investment.B. Saving = Domestic Saving + Foreign Saving.C. Saving = Domestic Investment + Net Foreign Investment.D. Saving = Domestic Saving + Net Foreign Investment.10. According to the theory of efficiency wages,A. firms may choose to pay a wage above the competitive equilibrium level to reduce worker turnover.B. firms will pay a higher wage to impose a cost on shirking.C. firms will pay a high wage to provide an incentive to work hard.D. All of the above are true.11. Which of the following equations represents national saving in a closed economy?A. Y - I - GB. Y - I - CC. G + C - YD. Y - C - GCanada_40_160Japan_50_150 12. Net foreign investment refers toA. the purchase of foreign assets by domestic residents minus the purchase of domestic assets by foreign residents.B. the purchase of domestic assets by domestic residents minus the purchase of foreign assets by foreign residents.C. investment plus saving.D. none of the above.13. Suppose the banking system has $10 million in reserves, the reserve requirement is 20 percent, and there are no excess reserves. The public holds $10 million in cash. Then bankers decide that it is prudent to hold some excess reserves, and so begin to hold 25 percent of deposits in the form of reserves. Other things the same, what will this action cause the money supply to do?A. to change forms, but not sizeB. to fall by $10 millionC. to fall by $5 millionD. to fall by $0.5 million14. Firms worry about worker turnover becauseA. it is costly to hire and train new workers.B. newly trained workers are not as productive as experienced workers.C. firms with higher worker turnover tend to have higher production costs.D. a and b are correctE. a, b, and c are correct15. The theory of efficiency wages explainsA. why firms must pay workers more than the competitive equilibrium level.B. how a wage above the competitive equilibrium level may reduce costs of production.C. how a wage below the competitive equilibrium level may reduce the costs of production.D. None of the above are correct.16. All of the following are functions of money exceptA. medium of exchange.B. unit of account.C. a transfer payment.D. store of value.17. The value of moneyA. increases when prices rise.B. increases when the price of bonds falls.C. increases when prices fall.D. decreases when prices fall.18. The process of taking advantage of different prices for a good in different markets is calledA. comparative advantage.B. capitalism.C. arbitrage.D. the law of one price.19. An open-market operation is where the Bank of CanadaA. issues new currency.B. buys government bonds from the public.C. sells government bonds to the public.D. Both b and c are open market operations.20. If the Bank of Canada buys ?100 million in the foreign exchange market for $150 million Canadian, the Canadian money supply willA. increase by $150 million.B. decrease by $150 million.C. be unaffected by this transaction.D. decrease by the same amount the money supply in the UK increases.21. "Sterilization" is a process by which the Bank of CanadaA. prevents foreign exchange market operations from taking place.B. causes the money supply to increase.C. offsets the effects of foreign exchange market operations with open-market operations.D. causes the money supply to decrease.22. Under a fractional reserve banking system, banksA. hold only a fraction of their deposits as reserves.B. generally lend out a majority of their deposits.C. can create money by lending out reserves.D. All of the above are correct.23. The Bank of Canada can increase the price level byA. conducting open-market sales.B. conducting open-market purchases.C. decreasing the bank rate.D. increasing the bank rate.E. b and c24. If $500 is deposited into the First Bank of Oz, (see table below)A. the bank will be able to make additional loans totalling $425.B. excess reserves initially increase by $75.C. required reserves increase by $75.D. total reserves initially increase by $425.First bank of Oz Assets LiabilitiesRequired Reserves $15.00 Deposits $100Loans $85.00 25. If the reserve requirement is 25 percent, this bank (see table below)A. can create money by making a new loan.B. is holding no excess reserves.C. cannot make a new loan.D. Both b and c are correct.Last Bank of Springfield Assets LiabilitiesRequired Reserves $250 Deposits $1000Loans $750 26. If P is the price level,A. P measures the number of dollars needed to buy a basket of goods and services.B. 1/P measures the quantity of goods and services that can be bought with $1.C. 1/P measures the number of dollars needed to buy a basket of goods and services.D. both a and b are correct27. The most important variable affecting the demand for money in the long run isA. the nominal interest rate.B. the real interest rate.C. the price level.D. the velocity of money.28. According to the Fisher effect, an increase in the rate of inflation from 3 percent to 6 percent will __________ the __________ interest rate by __________ percentage points.A. increase, nominal, 3B. increase, real, 3C. decrease, nominal, 3D. increase, nominal, less than 329. If the exchange rate is 110 yen = $1, a radio that costs 2750 yen in Japan will costA. $20 in Canada.B. $25 in Canada.C. $22 in Canada.D. $27 in Canada.30. If the reserve ratio is 20 percent, and banks do not hold excess reserves, when the Bank of Canada sells $100,000 of government securities to the public, bank reserves will _____ and the money supply will _____:A. increase by $100,000, increase by $500,000B. increase by $100,000, increase by $2000,000C. decrease by $100,000, decrease by $2,000,000D. decrease by $100,000, decrease by $500,000Use the following information to answer questions 31-32.31. At point C,A. the money supply is greater than money demand.B. the value of money is greater than its equilibrium level.C. the price level is lower than its equilibrium level.D. money demand is greater than the money supply.32. A shift in the money supply curve from MS2 to MS1 will cause a(n) __________ in the equilibrium price level, a(n) __________ in the equilibrium value of money, and an immediate excess of __________ of size CD for money.A. increase, increase, supplyB. decrease, increase, demandC. increase, decrease, supplyD. decrease, decrease, demand33. Which of the following is correct?A. Economic variables measured in physical units are real variables, and economic variables measured in monetary units are nominal variables.B. Economic variables measured in physical units are nominal variables, and economic variables measured in monetary units are real variables.C. Economic variables measured in physical units are actual variables, and economic variables measured in monetary units are nominal variables.D. Economic variables measured in physical units are real variables, and economic variables measured in monetary units are actual variables.34. According to the quantity equation, if M increases and V and P are constant,A. Y will remain constant.B. Y will decrease.C. Y will decrease by the same percentage change in M.D. Y will increase by the same percentage change in M.35. Printing money to finance government expendituresA. imposes a tax on every person in the economy.B. is an inexpensive way to finance government.C. imposes a tax on everyone who holds money.D. is the principal method by which the Canadian government finances its expenditures.36. Net foreign investment refers toA. the purchase of foreign assets by domestic residents minus the purchase of domestic assets by foreign residents.B. the purchase of domestic assets by domestic residents minus the purchase of foreign assets by foreign residents.C. investment plus saving.D. none of the above.37. If the nominal exchange rate is e, the domestic price is P, and the foreign price is P*, the real exchange rate is defined asA. e(P/P*).B. e(P*/P).C. e + P/P.D. e - P/P*.38. A depreciation of the dollar impliesA. Canadian consumers will buy more domestic goods and fewer foreign goods.B. Canadian consumers will buy fewer domestic goods and more foreign goods.C. Canadian consumers will buy more domestic goods and more foreign goods.D. Canadian consumers will buy fewer domestic goods and fewer foreign goods.39. According to the purchasing power parity theory,A. a currency cannot have the same purchasing power in all countries.B. a currency must always have less purchasing power in foreign countries.C. a currency must always have the same real purchasing power in all countries.D. a currency must always have more purchasing power in foreign countries.40. Canada is said to be a 'small' open economy becauseA. an increase in the domestic demand or supply of internationally traded goods has no effect on world prices.B. Canada is just one member of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA).C. Canada's GDP is small relative to U.S. GDP.D. of recent cutbacks to federal government expenditures.
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