Question;Question 1 (0.25 points)The actual change in the money supply equalsQuestion 1 options:the actual change in excess reserves.the change in excess reserves times the money multiplier.the change in required reserves times the money multiplier.the change in reserves times the reserve requirement ratio.SaveQuestion 2 (0.25 points)The discount rate is theQuestion 2 options:interest rate banks charge their best customers.interest rate on short-term U.S. government securities.interest rate the Fed charges on loans made to depository institutions.interest rate the Fed charges to the largest and most secure manufacturing concerns in the country.SaveQuestion 3 (0.25 points)Banks want to minimize the amount of excess reserves they hold becauseQuestion 3 options:the reserves they hold earn no income.they have to pay a fee to the Fed for the excess reserves they hold.they have to pay FDIC insurance on the excess reserves they hold.the state collects taxes on the excess reserves they hold.SaveQuestion 4 (0.25 points)The level of reserves in the monetary system is determined byQuestion 4 options:the Federal Open Market Committee.the Treasury Department.Congress.the President of the United States.SaveQuestion 5 (0.25 points)The amount of a change in the money supply due to a given change in reserves is theQuestion 5 options:money multiplier.federal funds rate.discount rate.required reserves.SaveQuestion 6 (0.25 points)When the Fed sells government securitiesQuestion 6 options:reserves increase leading to a decrease in the money supply by an amount more than the sale of the government securities.reserves decrease leading to a increase in the money supply by an amount more than the sale of the government securities.reserves increase leading to a increase in the money supply by an amount more than the sale of the government securities.reserves decrease leading to a decrease in the money supply by an amount more than the sale of the government securities.SaveQuestion 7 (0.25 points)The relationship between changes in the rate of growth of the money supply and inflation isQuestion 7 options:direct and simultaneous.indirect and simultaneous.direct but with a time lag.indirect but with a time lag.SaveQuestion 8 (0.25 points)The potential money multiplier is never reached becauseQuestion 8 options:the federal funds market causes leakages in the system.of currency drains and excess reserves.of government regulations making sure that things do not get out of hand.the Fed engages in open market operations.SaveQuestion 9 (0.25 points)If the Fed decreases the reserve requirement ratio from 20 percent to 10 percent, the potential money multiplierQuestion 9 options:increases from 10 to 20.increases from 5 to 10.;decreases from 20 to 10.decreases from 10 to 5.SaveQuestion 10 (0.25 points)Banks do not need to keep all of their deposits on hand as reserves becauseQuestion 10 options:only a fraction of deposits are withdrawn at any one time.FDIC protects banks from excessive withdrawal demands.there is too much risk of bank robberies.they can always generate new reserves through the money creation process.SaveQuestion 11 (0.25 points)The difference between assets and liabilities isQuestion 11 options:a sweep account.a balance sheet.net worth.legal reserves.SaveQuestion 12 (0.25 points)The required reserve ratio is 20 percent. All banks have zero excess reserves. A check for $1 million is deposited in Bank A, written on an account from Bank B. After the check clears what are the new excess reserves at Bank A, and by how much does the money supply change if all banks make loans so that they have zero excess reserves?Question 12 options:$200,000, $800,000$800,000, $1 million$800,000, $800,000$800,000, 0;SaveQuestion 13 (0.25 points)The required reserve ratio is 10 percent but banks have decided they want to keep 20 percent of their deposits as reserves. There are no currency drains. If the Fed buys $10 million of U.S. government securities, the money supply willQuestion 13 options:not change because of the excess reserves banks keep on hand.increase by $8 million.increase by $50 million. increase by $100 million.SaveQuestion 14 (0.25 points)When it comes to excess reservesQuestion 14 options:banks like to have large amounts so that they can cover withdrawals customers may make.banks are required to keep 10% of their total reserves in excess reserves.they must be held at the Fed by law.banks have an incentive to minimize them because they produce no income.SaveQuestion 15 (0.25 points)The value of reserves that a depository institution must hold in the form of vault cash or deposits with the Fed areQuestion 15 options:sweep reserves.legal reserves.required reserves.excess reserves.SaveQuestion 16 (0.25 points)A purchase of U.S. government securities by the Fed causesQuestion 16 options:an expansion of the money supply equal to the amount of the securities purchased.a contraction of the money supply equal to the amount of the securities purchased.an expansion of the money supply of more than the amount of the securities purchased.a contraction of the money supply of more than the amount of the securities purchased.SaveQuestion 17 (0.25 points)Legal reserves areQuestion 17 options:government securities that the depository institutions are required by law to hold as reserves.government securities and vault cash that the depository institutions are required by law to hold as reserves.any asset that depository institutions want to hold as reserves that have value.anything that depository institutions are allowed by law to hold as reserves and consist of deposits at a Federal Reserve Bank and their own vault cash.SaveQuestion 18 (0.25 points)Which of the following is a true statement?Question 18 options:Decreases in the money supply lead to increases in the inflation rate.Increases in the money supply lead to a decrease in the price level.Changes in the rate of growth of the money supply lead to increases in the inflation rate.There is no relationship between money supply and inflation.SaveQuestion 19 (0.25 points)The purchase and sale of existing U.S. government securities in the open private market by the Fed areQuestion 19 options:handled on the New York Stock exchange.intended to increase excess reserves.open market operations.illegal.SaveQuestion 20 (0.25 points)The potential money multiplier is 5 whenQuestion 20 options:the reserve requirement ratio is 10 percent.the reserve requirement ratio is 20 percent. [Potential Money multiplier=1/reserve ratio =1/0.2=5]the reserve requirement ratio is 50 percent.excess reserves expand 500 percent.
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