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Question;Multiple Choice Questions (Enter your answers on the enclosed answer sheet)1. In general, when selecting factors for a study, you want to be sure of which of these?they have been investigated beforethey are available to investigatethey are not of interest to youthey do not lead to another question2. Identify and select the correct order of steps in scientific inquiry.a. formulating a hypothesis, collecting relevant information, testing the hypothesis, working with the hypothesisreconsidering the theory, asking new questions, identifying the important factors, collecting relevant informationasking the question, identifying the important factors, asking new questions, testing the hypothesisasking new questions, reconsidering the theory, working with the hypothesis, testing the hypothesis3. Nonexperimental research methods consist of which of the following?test causal relationships between variablesonly describe characteristics of existing phenomenoncan be descriptive, historical or correlationalexamine factors that are not relatedHannah assigns children to different teaching method groups and tests their math performance after six weeks. This is an example of what type of research?descriptivehistoricalexperimentaluncontrolled5. Which of the following methods provides information about past trends?historicalcorrelationalexperimentaldescriptiveMatthew thinks that there is a relationship between parenting style and self-esteem in children. Which research method should he use?correlationalquasi-experimentaldescriptivehistorical7. When variables compete to explain the same effects, what are they sometimes called?contradictoryintertwiningconfoundinginterdependent8. What is another term for the independent variable?treatment variabledependent variablecontrol variablefactorial variableWhat type of variable masks the true relationship between the independent and dependentvariables?extraneous variablemoderator variablecontrol variableneutral variable10. Why is a null hypothesis said to be implied?a.lt's always directly tested.It's never directly tested.You do not need to test it to know that it is false.It is stated in a question form.The interpretation of "differences are significant" means that the differences foundare _probably not due to chancedue to chancecreative outcomesnot dictated by the hypothesis5612. The best dependent variable is defined by which of the following characteristics?independent of any other variable in the same studysensitive to changes in the treatmentcan be manipulated by the researcherinteracts with the independent variable13. Which of the following is a good way to find a research topic?personal experiencegetting an idea from your advisorlooking for the next step in the research processAll of the above.14. Which type of source is NOT typically included in a literature review?tertiary sourcesgeneral sourcessecondary sourcesprimary sources15. What is one of the advantages of using online search services?you are not likely to miss very muchthis is an outdated methodit IS stated In a declarative formyou can enter the data for anyone reference using a standard form16. Forcing someone to participate in a study is an example of what ethical issue/concern?protection from harmmaintenance of privacyinformed consentcoercion17. What is the best definition of an institutional review board?a group of people who make decisions regarding an institution's human resourcesa group of people found in most public institutions and private agencies who render ajudgment as to whether experiments carried out in their facilities are free from riska group of people who review the literature produced by researchers in theirinstitution in order to keep an accounting of itd. a group of people representing many different institutions who meet to review thecurrent literature in their respective fields5718. What does the ethical principle of "sharing benefits" mean?a. all participants in the same study should receive an equal share of the benefits orsubject paymentsb. all those who belong to the population being studied will share equally from thebenefits the study producesthe results of studies must be shared with the public so society may benefit from theincreased knowledgeall groups involved in a study should eventually be given an opportunity to receive anytreatments that were found to be effective in the study19. Which is NOT a component of informed consent?the purpose of the researchwho you arehow the participant can get a copy of the recordsa computer simulation of the data20. What is the purpose of a table of random numbers?determine the number of subjects in a studydecide what statistical test to userandomly assign people to groupsnumber items on a questionnaire21. What does generalizability refer to?results that may be applied to different populations in different settingsresults that apply only to the sample studiedconvenience samplingusing a table of random numbers22. A table of random numbers _is used in nonprobability sampling methodscan be used to create a stratified sampleworks well with convenience samplingis a list of ordered numbers from which the researcher closes his eyes and randomlypoints until he obtains the desired number for his sample5823. What is the most unbiased tool that can be used in random selection?random samplingtable of random numbersquota samplingdirect sampling24. When is a stratified sample an appropriate sampling technique?specific characteristics of the population are of no concernindividuals in a population are not equaleach member must have an equal chance of being selectedyou have a small population25. Which of the following is NOT a probability sampling method?simple random samplingquota samplingstratified samplingcluster sampling

 

Paper#57980 | Written in 18-Jul-2015

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