Question;Unit 3? Question 1 The inception of _____ was used as a trial balloon for the idea of government-sponsored universal health insurance.? Question 2 Which of the following factors was particularly important in promoting the growth of office-based medical practice in the postindustrial period?? Question 3 The beliefs and values that form American ideology represent the sentiments of ? Question 4 Initially, what was the main purpose of private health insurance in the US?? Question 5 Historically, which interest group was the most powerful in opposing national health insurance?? Question 6 E-health has resulted in? Question 7 Hospitals in the United States evolved from? Question 8 When hospitals first emerged in the United States, they were used primarily by the wealthy. ? Question 9 In its historical context, which of the following has played a major role in revolutionizing health care delivery?? Question 10 The private medical sector in the US has been heavily regulated by the government mainly because? Question 11 In the preindustrial era, _____ often functioned as surgeons.? Question 12 What was the function of a pesthouse in the preindustrial period? ? Question 13 In the US, public health and private practice of medicine developed separately because ? Question 14 Wage freezes during World War II helped promote employer-based health insurance in the United States.? Question 15 The US Supreme Court decision in Olmstead v. L.C. directed US states to ? Question 16 As the health care delivery system developed in the US, right from its inception primary care physicians were assigned a gatekeeping role.? Question 17 Middle-class Americans have historically opposed proposals for a national health insurance program.? Question 18 During the World War II period, the US Supreme Court ruled that? Question 19 On what grounds have middle-class Americans generally opposed proposals for a national health insurance program?? Question 20 What main purpose was served by an almshouse in the preindustrial period?Unit 4? Question 1 The main difference between Clinical Nurse Specialists (CNSs) and Nurse Practitioners (NPs) is:? Question 2 Patients requiring services from occupational therapists need help with performing tasks in their daily living and working environments. ? Question 3 Which of the following is a major criticism of managed care?? Question 4 When patients have multiple health problems, this is called: ? Question 5 Primary care is: ? Question 6 Which type of health care facility employs the most people in the U.S.? ? Question 7 Physician maldistribution occurs by: ? Question 8 There is an imbalance between primary and specialty care services in the U.S. health care delivery system.? Question 9 A major factor influencing growth in the health care sector of the U.S. economy is: ? Question 10 Nonphysician practitioners (NPPs) include: ? Question 11 The number of specialists is increasing because:? Question 12 The number of active nurses has steadily increased over time. ? Question 13 MCO stands for: ? Question 14 The health care sector constituted what percentage of the U.S. gross domestic product in 2005?? Question 15 The principal source of funding for graduate medical education is: ? Question 16 More than half of MDs are specialists. ? Question 17 There has been a decreasing number of international medical graduates (IMGs) in the U.S. since 1980. ? Question 18 The roles and responsibilities of health services administrators include: ? Question 19 Fill in the blank: Compared to metropolitan and suburban areas, there is a/an _____ of physicians in rural areas. Unit 5? Question 1 What is the main function of the National Institutes of Health?? Question 2 Cost-efficiency evaluates marginal benefits in relation to? Question 3 What is the main intent of the Stark laws? ? Question 4 Telemedicine technology that allows a specialist located at a distance to directly interview and examine a patient is referred to as ? Question 5 This made additional resources available to the FDA, and resulted in a shortened approval process for new drugs.? Question 6 The utilization of technology has a greater impact on total health care expenditures than the cost of acquiring technology.? Question 7 The ACA of 2010 places some restrictions on the licensing of new biological products.? Question 8 What is the main advantage of interoperability within an electronic health records (EHR) system?? Question 9 The asynchronous form of telemedicine uses _____ technology. ? Question 10 The point at which marginal benefits equal marginal costs. ? Question 11 What is the role of an institutional review board (IRB)?? Question 12 Which of the following has the greatest impact on system-wide health care costs?? Question 13 The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act requires ? Question 14 What main purpose do Clinical Practice Guidelines serve? ? Question 15 Supply-side rationing. ? Question 16 Which department of the DHHS supports research on health care quality, cost, and access?? Question 17 The FDA was given the authority to review the effectiveness and safety of a new drug before it could be marketed.? Question 18 Limitations on the diffusion and utilization of technology generally result in harmful effects on a nation's population. ? Question 19 Evaluation of the appropriateness of medical technology. ? Question 20 American beliefs and values favor the development and use of new medical technology despite its cost.? Question 21 At the flat of the curve, ____________________________________________Unit 6? Question 1 _____ reimbursement is based on the assumption that health care is provided in a set of identifiable and individually distinct units of services. ? Question 2 To receive payment for services delivered, providers must file a ____ with third-party payers. ? Question 3 To finance Medicare Part A,? Question 4 The phenomenon called 'moral hazard' results directly from ? Question 5 A set monthly fee per enrollee. ? Question 6 Medicare Part B premiums are ? Question 7 People in older age groups represent a higher risk than those in lower age groups.? Question 8 A copayment is generally paid? Question 9 What is the central role of health services financing in the United States? ? Question 10 What is the main advantage of group insurance? ? Question 11 The amount of reimbursement is determined before the services are delivered.? Question 12 Preferred providers are paid? Question 13 What was the main conclusion of the Rand Health Insurance Experiment ? Question 14 Major medical plans do not include dental coverage.? Question 15 Under the DRG method of reimbursement, an acute care hospital is paid ? Question 16 State governments are required to partially finance the Medicaid program.? Question 17 The majority of beneficiaries receiving health care through Medicare are ? Question 18 Under the Medicaid program, eligibility criteria and benefits are consistent throughout the US. ? Question 19 Medicare provides comprehensive health care services.? Question 20 If national health expenditures amount to 16% of the GDP, what does this mean? ? Question 21 Under the Medicare program, eligibility criteria and benefits are consistent throughout the US. ? Question 22 The primary criterion to become eligible for Medicaid is ? Question 23 The government plays a significant role in financing health care services in the United States.? Question 24 A health insurance plan pays for medical care only after the insured has first paid $500 out of pocket on an annual basis. The $500 annual cost is called ? Question 25 What is the primary mechanism that enables people to obtain health care services? ? Question 26 Tax policy in the U.S. provides an incentive to obtain employer-paid health insurance. ? Question 27 A DRG represents ? Question 28 CHIP is available to children without any health insurance in families whose incomes are at or below ____ of the federal poverty level.? Question 29 Public (government) share of the total health care spending in the United States is approximately? Question 30 What is the primary reason that a segment of the U.S. population is uninsured?? Question 31 Health insurance increases the demand for health care services.? Question 32 In a general sense, what is the primary purpose of insurance?Unit 7? Question 1 One reason women?s health centers were created is: ? Question 2 The demand for home health care services is likely to decrease in the future.? Question 3 The proliferation of health care delivery through managed care created a decreased demand for primary care physicians. ? Question 4 Which of the following is a reason for the growth in outpatient services? ? Question 5 Compared to tertiary care, primary care services are more complex and specialized.? Question 6 Which of the following is an example of a secondary care service? ? Question 7 The most prominent reason for the decline in the number of procedures performed in hospitals is:? Question 8 There is little distinction between the terms ?outpatient? and ?ambulatory.?? Question 9 Men report more chronic illness than women.? Question 10 Fill in the blank: Historically, inpatient care developed ________ outpatient care. ? Question 11 Countries whose health systems are oriented more toward primary care achieve: ? Question 12 What is gatekeeping? ? Question 13 Outpatient care accounts for what percent of gross patient revenue for all US hospitals? ? Question 14 Hospice services are primarily for people with: ? Question 15 Emergency departments, in most cases, are equipped to provide: ? Question 16 What does ?PPS? stand for?? Question 17 Fill in the blank: The percentage of medical school graduates choosing careers in primary care is ______________. ? Question 18 Community health centers serve primarily:? Question 19 Primary care may play an important role in mitigating the adverse health effects of income inequality.Unit 8? Question 1 Inpatient care consists of ? Question 2 The first hospitals in the United States served mainly ? Question 3 A nonprofit hospital is prohibited by law from making a profit. ? Question 4 The first voluntary hospitals in the United States were financed? Question 5 The proportion of a hospital's capacity that is actually utilized. ? Question 6 The CEO has the primary responsibility for defining a hospital's mission and its long-term direction.? Question 7 What did the swing bed program allow rural hospitals to do?? Question 8 The biggest share of national health spending is used by ? Question 9 Which of these hospitals is not likely to serve the general public?? Question 10 Which ownership type constitutes the larges group of hospitals and hospital beds in the United States?? Question 11 What is the main drawback of a living will?? Question 12 How did the PPS based on DRGs lead to hospital downsizing in the United States?? Question 13 What has been the effect of intense consolidation in certain hospital markets?? Question 14 Which entity in hospital governance is legally responsible for the hospital's operations? ? Question 15 Most multihospital systems in the United States are operated by nonprofit corporations.? Question 16 The Hill-Burton Act was passed to? Question 17 Which principle of ethics requires caregivers to involve the patient in medical decision making? ? Question 18 Which entity overseas the licensure of health care facilities? ? Question 19 The downsizing of hospitals in the United States began in the mid-1980s.? Question 20 ALOS is an indicator of ? Question 21 Managed care has emphasized the use of alternative services to acute hospital care whenever appropriate. Quiz 11? Question 1 A disease is considered chronic if it is observed for at least how long? ? Question 2 Lack of insurance can result in: ? Question 3 Which racial/ethnic group has the highest rate of uninsurance ? Question 4 Among women, which racial/ethnic group has the highest percentage distribution of AIDS?? Question 5 Rural areas are particularly good places for managed care implementation. ? Question 6 What does the federal Ryan White CARE Act fund? ? Question 7 The health status of American Indians no longer lags significantly behind other racial/ethnic groups.? Question 8 Which racial/ethnic group is growing the fastest? ? Question 9 Many Hispanic families who immigrated to the U.S. may not qualify for Medicaid. ? Question 10 Educational attainment varies very little among Asian American subgroups. ? Question 11 Most uninsured adults are employed but are not covered because:? Question 12 Which racial/ethnic group is least likely to use mammography? ? Question 13 Which racial/ethnic group has the highest rate of low birth weight infants? ? Question 14 Approximately how many Americans are uninsured? ? Question 15 More women than men will suffer from major depression in their lifetimes. ? Question 16 The 2010 U.S. Census allowed respondents to choose one or more races when they self-identify.? Question 17 Uninsured people are more likely to postpone seeking medical care, compared to insured people. ? Question 18 What is the primary purpose of the National Health Service Corps? ? Question 19 Approximately how many adult Americans have a mental disorder in any one year? ? Question 20 What does ?MUA? stand for?Quiz 12? Question 1 What is the purpose of clinical practice guidelines? ? Question 2 A service is cost-efficient when: ? Question 3 Compared to other nations, the U.S. uses a larger share of its economic resources for health care. ? Question 4 Prevention and lifestyle behavior changes to promote health are not major foci of the medical model. ? Question 5 Whether payment for health care services is made by the government or by a private insurance company, individual patients pay a price far higher than the actual cost of the service. ? Question 6 Managed care increased the rate of growth in health spending between 1993 and 2000. ? Question 7 Health care costs for the elderly are nearly 3 times more than those for the non-elderly. ? Question 8 What is meant by the term ?health care costs?? ? Question 9 What is Gross Domestic Product (GDP)? ? Question 10 What is the Health Plan Employer Data and Information Set (HEDIS)? ? Question 11 The U.S. has never imposed price controls on the health care industry. ? Question 12 Approximately what percentage of GDP is spent on health care? ? Question 13 What are administrative costs? ? Question 14 What are the main activities of risk management?? Question 15 What is the main reason for the lack of success of health care cost control efforts in the U.S.?? Question 16 The Donabedian Model includes all of the following elements except: ? Question 17 Why should rising health care costs be controlled?
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