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Question;1. The Newman and Newman;conceptualization of adolescence.;a. is the same as Erikson?s;b. argues for a single stage from the;onset of puberty until the end of college;c. describes two distinct stages;between the onset of puberty and the early 20s;d. emphasizes the importance of the;development of individual identity during the high school years;2. Which of the following occurs;during puberty?;a. concrete operational thought;b. slowing of the growth curve;c. maturation of the reproductive;system;d. increased speed of linguistic;competence;3. The;European American culture gives advantages to muscular, well developed;males and petite-shaped females.;a. self-esteem;b. academic;c. egocentrism;d. legal;4. In her quest for success in the;Olympic games, Carly Patterson.;a. did not attend school;b. had to lose 20 pounds;c. was encouraged to use steroids;d. practiced for about 32 hours per;week;5. When;adolescent athletes are punished for weight gain or encouraged to manipulate;their weight in order to compete, they.;a. may experience serious health risks;b. perform better than they had;previously;c leave the sport to defy their;coach;d. experience earlier onset of the;height spurt;6. During;early adolescence, there is in the rate and sequence of development.;a. stability;b. reversibility;c. reliability;d. variability;7. What is one of the earliest signs;for the onset of puberty for girls?;a. breast buds;b. height spurt;c. menarche;d. increased muscle strength;8. Which of the following is an;example of a secondary sex characteristic?;a. onset of menarche;b. growth of the penis;c. maturation of breasts;d. production of mature spe;9. Generally girls are more than boys about their physical;appearance.;a. satisfied;b. dissatisfied;c. vain;d. hopeful;10. Cross-national research demonstrates a strong association;between body dissatisfaction and ________.;a. anger;b. depression;c. empathy;d. conflict with parents;11. Which of the following is NOT found to be a predictor of body dissatisfaction among;adolescent girls?;a. low;grades in school;b. social;pressures to be thin;c. internalized;thin ideal body type;d. high;body mass;12. What is the relationship of body dissatisfaction to eating;disturbances?;a. Body;dissatisfaction is linked to more physical activity which interferes with;proper eating.;b. Girls;who are dissatisfied with their body are likely to engage in extreme forms of;dieting.;c. Girls;who are dissatisfied with their weight are likely to be socially isolated.;d. Body;dissatisfaction is universal among adolescent girls. There is no systematic relationship between;body dissatisfaction and eating disturbances.;13. How is pubertal status related to physical activity?;a. Boys;who are more advanced in pubertal status show increased physical activity.;b. Girls;who are more advanced in pubertal status show increased physical activity.;c. Boys;who are more advanced in pubertal status show decreased physical activity.;d. Girls;who are more advanced in pubertal status show decreased physical activity.;14. What is one challenge faced by adolescent girls who do not;live with their mothers?;a. They;are embarrassed to ask their fathers about their pubertal development.;b. Their;fathers know more than they do about pubertal development.;c. Their;fathers talk to their boyfriends too much.;d. Their;fathers do not know anything about girls? pubertal development.;15. The onset of the menstrual cycle is called.;a. amenorreha;b. anorexia;c. menarche;d. menopause;16. In general, how do girls react when they begin to;menstruate?;a. mostly;negative feelings;b. proud;and happy;c. a;mix of positive and negative feelings;d. they feel inadequate;17. When does the height spurt usually;begin for boys?;a. at about age 15;b. at about age 10;c. about two years earlier than for;girls;d. about 12 1/2;18. For boys, the rapid physical growth at;puberty ______________________.;a. takes place at about the same rate;in all parts of the body;b. is easily integrated into a new;body image;c. is characterized by an increase in;muscle strength about a year before the peak height spurt;d. may leave a boy awkward and;uncoordinated for a time;19. Which of the following statements;about sexual maturation is true for boys?;a. They are generally well-prepared by;their parents for the maturation of the reproductive organs.;b. They;often gain information about the maturation of the reproductive system from;friends and through reading.;c. The ejaculation experience is;associated with overwhelming feelings of anxiety and guilt.;d. Spontaneous ejaculation is one of;the first physical signs of puberty.;20. For boys who;are experiencing pubescent growth, shaving provides some evidence for _________.;a. enhanced masculinity;b. peer group identification;c. the secular trend;d. understanding reproductive;maturatio;21. Which of the following is an example;of how culture shapes experience?;a. Early;pubertal onset and weight increases were particularly strong predictors of;negative body image and depression among African American girls.;b. Early;pubertal onset and weight increases were not particularly strong predictors of;negative body image and depression among European American girls.;c. Mexican;girls become somewhat more depressed as they go through puberty, whereas;Mexican boys experience an improved sense of body image and well being.;d. Mexican;boys become somewhat more depressed as they go through puberty, whereas Mexican;girls experience an improved sense of body image and well being.;22. Evidence of a secular trend can be;found in the fact that ___________.;a. over the last 100 years people have;developed a healthier diet;b. over the past 50 years, there has;been a decline in the amount of exercise in an adolescent's life;c. over the last 100 years more and;more adolescents have enrolled and graduated from high school;d. over the last 100 years people have;attained their adult height at earlier ages;23. How is the timing of puberty related to self-image for;late-maturing adolescent boys? They;a. are likely to be self-conscious and;have a negative self-image;b. are confident and assume leadership;roles;c. have a more positive attitude about;their physical appearance;d. are extremely narcissistic and;self-absorbed

 

Paper#58692 | Written in 18-Jul-2015

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