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Question;51.;Which of the following is not an example of the use of secondary analysis?;a. using UCR data to measure the trends over time in reported rapes;b. identifying the characteristics of your state?s prisoners for the;last;ten years;c. developing a measurement for your city?s juvenile intake facility;d. using NCVS to see if there have been changes in the incidents of;personal theft over the last ten years;\;52.;Which of the following would not be considered appropriate use for agency;records?;a. explanatory;studies;b. descriptive;studies;c. applied;research;d. experimental;research;\;53. Which of the following is most accurate with;respect to published statistics?;a. published statistics such as FBI data presents almost;no threat to validity;b. published statistics such as FBI data presents almost;no threat to reliability;c. published statistics such as FBI data presents;potential threats to validity and reliability;d. published statistics such as FBI data should only be;used by law enforcement since the data was collected by them;\;54. Which of the following is not an example of;nonpublic agency records?;a. annual;expenditures by your local courts;b. the;state prison records for the facility closest to your location;c. employment;records for your state?s probation agency;d. the;records of criminal convictions at your local courthouse;\;55. In Widom?s research on child abuse discussed;in your text, what was used as matching criteria for the public school records?;a. being;born at the same hospital;b. having;parents the same age;c. having;the same number of siblings;d. being;an outstanding student;56. Which factor has the greatest impact upon a;geographical area becoming a ?hot spot??;a. where;occasional auto thefts happen;b. where;people are repeatedly victimized;c. where;community policing is used;d. where;neighborhood watch programs exist;57. Which of the following is not a problem with;respect to units of analysis when using agency records?;a. the;definitions of the variables collected;b. the;manner in which the data is collected;c. the;summary data;d. all;of the above are potential problems;58. What factor is most important when evaluating;the reliability and validity of agency records?;a. who;collected the data from within the agency;b. where;that data was stored (file cabinet, computer, etc.);c. who;has access to the records;d. how;the data was collected;59. Sometimes there are problems with the people;or patterns that are gathered as agency data within the criminal justice;system. Which of the following is an incorrect statement with respect to the;data gathered by the agencies identified?;a. police;officers deal not with individual calls but with cases;b. prosecutors;document their work by case;c. judges;document their work by their dockets;d. the;FBI collects arrest data for NCIC based upon the individual;60. Which of the following is not accurate with;respect to the data that agencies collect?;a.;nonpublic agency records contain information pertinent to criminal justice;research;b.;nonpublic records, even though significant for our understanding of criminal;justice processing, are unavailable to any researcher who does not work for the;specific agency;c.;all criminal justice agencies keep nonpublic records;d.;most researchers in the field of criminal justice use agency records as their;source of data;COMPLETION;1.;Information that is collected by other;people often as a part of their day-to-day work in a justice agency, but used;by someone else for research purposes is referred to as;of existing data.;ANS;2.;It may be possible to use a(n);source of data in which criminal justice agency staff collect;information for specific research purposes that they typically would not have;collected.;ANS;3.;Archives and agency records may be based;on _____________________ of analysis that are not suitable for particular research;questions.;ANS;4.;When using agency records as a data;source the researcher must always keep changes in operational definitions and;in mind because of their potential impact upon validity and;reliability.;ANS;5.;Criminal Justice agencies collect;information about individuals and that information is often kept isolated from;each other as the offender travels through the system. This method of keeping data on individuals in;an unrelated fashion is known as _____________________ databasing.;ANS;6.;The potential for;increases as the number of clerical entries increases.;ANS: error;7.;In content analysis one may code the;visible, surface content known as the ______________________ content.;ANS;8.;In content analysis one may code the;underlying meaning of a communication which is often referred to as the;content.;ANS;9.;Generally speaking, secondary data are;least useful when the purpose of research is ______________.;ANS;10.;Content analysis is really a;operation that represents the measurement process.;ANS: coding;e main disadvantage of using secondary;data concerns how variables were initially operationalized and whether the;secondary data provide _______ measures of the variables you want to analyze.;ANS: valid;11.;Manifest and latent content can be;distinguished by the degree of _________ required in measurement.;ANS;12.;It is possible to move from individual;to __________ units of analysis but not the reverse.;ANS;13.;Some researchers have suggested that;when published statistics and agency records are relied upon as sources of data;a researcher should report rounded figures to avoid the illusion of exaggerated;that precise numbers imply.;ANS;14.;Agency records, secondary data and;content analysis do not require direct __________ with research subjects.;ANS

 

Paper#59337 | Written in 18-Jul-2015

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