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psy110 ch 8 pretest




Question;1);When you touch an infant's cheek, he will turn toward your;hand, open his mouth, and search for the nipple. This is known as the;reflex.;rooting;startle;sucking;Moro;Score: 1;2);Which of the following is true about reflexes?;Reflex actions are the main means by which humans interact;throughout the lifespan.;Some reflexes help infants to survive until they are capable;of learning more complex means of interaction.;No survival or interaction purposes have been found for the;reflexes of newborn infants.;Reflexes are learned, voluntary patterns of behavior that;develop throughout infancy.;3);By the end of Piaget?s sensorimotor stage, infants have;fully developed a sense of;object permanence.;animism.;altruism.;abstract concepts.;4);The primary task of individuals facing Erikson's stage of;identity versus role confusion is to;find a mate.;develop values in life and beliefs concerning such things as;political issues and career options.;become self-sufficient with a job and home separate from;one's parents.;nurture the next generation.;Score: 1;5);Adolescence refers to the period between;ages 11 and 14.;age 13 and the early 20s.;puberty and middle adulthood.;childhood and late adulthood.;6);The cell resulting from fertilization is called a(n);mitosis.;ovum.;fetus.;zygote.;7);When the mass of cells does not completely split apart, the;result is;identical twins.;a miscarriage.;conjoined twins.;a spontaneous abortion.;8);Dizygotic twins ___________________________.;each possess the same set of 46 chromosomes;are more likely to occur in women taking fertility drugs;refer to 2 babies coming from one fertilized egg;are always the same sex;9);may cause miscarriage and low birth weight for the;developing embryo.;Mercury;Syphilis;Rubella;Caffeine;10);During the embryonic period, the embryo;still has no beating heart;remains unaffected by environmental influences;grows to about 5-inches long;becomes vulnerable to diseases the mother may have;11);Sixteen-year-old Esmerelda often drinks several glasses of;beer and then drives herself home. When her parents express worry that her;drinking and driving will lead to an accident, Esmerelda responds, "That;won't happen to me. It only happens to other people." Esmerelda's thinking;reflects;centration.;preconventional morality.;the imaginary audience.;the personal fable.;12);Olivia is in peak physical health. Her senses are sharp, and;her cognitive abilities are mature. Olivia is most likely in which of the;following age groups?;20s;teens;40s;50s;13);A 4 year old watches her father pour liquid from a short;wide glass into a tall, thin glass. She believes that there is now more liquid;in the tall glass than there was in the short glass. This is known as;centration.;irreversibility;object permanence.;egocentrism.;14);Lizzie, age 12, regularly asks questions, such as;What if everyone just got along?" and, "If I became a medical;researcher, could I find a cure for cancer?" According to Piaget's theory;these questions suggest that Lizzie has acquired the ability to _____.;mentally reverse actions;think abstractly;consider all relevant features of an object;think symbolically;15);The primary task of individuals facing Erikson's stage of;identity versus role confusion is to;become self-sufficient with a job and home separate from;one's parents.;develop values in life and beliefs concerning things such as;political issues and career options.;find a mate.;nurture the next generation.;16);Seeing a dog for the first time, Kenetra?whose family owns a;cat?points and says "cat." Piaget would say this is an example of;egocentrism.;object permanence.;accommodation.;assimilation.;17);Down syndrome is;caused by environmental factors.;recessive.;an inherited disorder.;a chromosome disorder.;18);Humans have a total of ____ chromosomes in each cell of;their bodies.;23;46;22;44;19);A ______ will always be expressed in the observable trait.;recessive gene;dominant gene;physical feature;chromosome;20);Which of the following describes the relationship between;heredity and environmental factors in determining development?;Experience can affect our genes, but genes cannot affect our;experiences.;Environmental factors are much more important than heredity.;Genes and experience can affect each other.;Genes and experiences are completely independent of each;other.;21);A research design in which one participant or group of;similar participants is followed and studied over a long period of time is called;a ________ design.;cross-sectional;latitudinal;cross-sequential;longitudinal;22);A researcher spends her entire career comparing the relative;influences of heredity and environment on the development of alcoholism in men.;This researcher works in the field of;moral development.;environmental genetics.;behavioral genetics.;physical development.;23);Erikson believes that during late adulthood, people engage;in a process called;indulgence.;a life review.;materialism.;libero.;24);Generally speaking, a person experiences the peak of their;physical functioning during their;40s.;30s.;20s.;teen years.;25);During the intimacy versus isolation stage, Erikson saw the;primary task to be;establishing a home separate from one?s parents.;maturing one's cognitive abilities.;becoming self-sufficient with a job.;finding a mate.


Paper#59491 | Written in 18-Jul-2015

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