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Devry PSYC110 final exam 2014

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Question

1. (TCOs 1, 2) Sallie noticed that when her alarm clock goes off in the morning, her dog Ruffles is standing by her bed salivating. Every morning when Sallie wakes to the alarm, she immediately rolls out of bed and feeds Ruffles, who very much enjoys his canned dog food. It is likely that _____. (Points : 5)

 

 

Sallie has conditioned Ruffles to enjoy canned dog food

 

 

Sallie has conditioned Ruffles to sleep next to her bed

 

 

Sallie has conditioned Ruffles to salivate over canned dog food

 

 

Sallie has conditioned Ruffles to salivate to the sound of her alarm clock

 

 

Question 2.2. (TCOs 1, 2) Darley and Latané (1968) believe that the presence of other people in a distressing situation decreased the likelihood that they would receive help due to _____. (Points : 5)

 

 

diffusion of anonymity

 

 

flaws in laws protecting Good Samaritans

 

 

timeliness of onset

 

 

diffusion of responsibility

 

 

Question 3.3. (TCOs 2, 3) Your teacher asks you to describe the sequence of parts of a neuron that the impulse travels during neural conduction. Which of the following sequences will you offer? (Points : 5)

 

 

Dendrites, axon, soma, synaptic knob

 

 

Terminal buttons, axon, soma, dendrites

 

 

Axon, soma, dendrites, synaptic knob

 

 

Dendrites, soma, axon, synaptic knob

 

 

Question 4.4. (TCOs 2, 3) Andy has decided to seek medical help for mood disturbances and appetite problems. Which neurotransmitter is most likely involved in the problems Andy is experiencing? (Points : 5)

 

 

GABA

 

 

Dopamine

 

 

Serotonin

 

 

Acetylcholine

 

 

Question 5.5. (TCO 4) The vestibular senses are concerned with _____. (Points : 5)

 

 

touch, pressure, temperature, and pain

 

 

the location of body parts in relation to the ground and to each other

 

 

movement and body position

 

 

your location as compared to the position of the sun

 

 

Question 6.6. (TCO 4) Suppose you look at a given figure and decide that, depending on how you look at it, it can be perceived as either an old woman or a young lady. Such a figure would be said to be _____. (Points : 5)

 

 

mixed

 

 

confused

 

 

reversible

 

 

inconsistent

 

 

Question 7.7. (TCO 5) Which of the following stages of sleep is marked by the production of very slow delta waves? (Points : 5)

 

 

REM

 

 

Stage 1 (N1)

 

 

Stage 2 (N2)

 

 

Stage 4 (N4)

 

 

Question 8.8. (TCO 5) A client tells his therapist about a dream in which he drives his wife to the airport where she boards a plane. As the plane takes off, he is smiling. The therapist says the dream suggests a desire for a divorce. The therapist’s interpretation represents what Sigmund Freud called the dream’s _____. (Points : 5)

 

 

deep content

 

 

latent content

 

 

manifest content

 

 

subliminal content

 

 

Question 9.9. (TCOs 7, 8) In a conditioning experiment, a sound is paired with a brief puff of air to the eye of the rabbit. After several pairings, the rabbit ultimately blinks its eye when it hears the sound. Which of the following is true? (Points : 5)

 

 

The blinking of the eye serves as stimulus.

 

 

The puff of air serves as the unconditioned stimulus.

 

 

The puff of air serves as the conditioned stimulus.

 

 

The blinking of the eye serves as the conditioned stimulus.

 

 

Question 10.10. (TCOs 7, 8) John has been working on a math problem late at night without success; he falls asleep. Upon awakening, John suddenly realizes how to answer the problem. This best illustrates which of the following? (Points : 5)

 

 

Observational learning

 

 

Latent learning

 

 

Insight learning

 

 

Cognitive learning

 

 

Question 11.11. (TCOs 7, 8) “The effectiveness of memory retrieval is directly related to the similarity of cues present when the memory was encoded to the cues present when the memory is retrieved.” What concept does this statement describe? (Points : 5)

 

 

Memorability

 

 

Registered learning

 

 

Encoding specificity

 

 

Accessible decoding

 

 

Question 12.12. (TCOs 7, 8) Evidence suggests that procedural memories are stored in the _____. (Points : 5)

 

 

cerebellum

 

 

prefrontal and temporal lobes of the cortex

 

 

hippocampus

 

 

amygdala

 

 

Question 13.13. (TCO 8) You are learning Russian in preparation for a trip next summer. Although you are doing a good job recognizing the written signs you need to know, you are having trouble with the sounds of the Russian language. Which of the following aspects of language is giving you trouble? (Points : 5)

 

 

Syntax

 

 

Phonemes

 

 

Morphemes

 

 

Audiograms

 

 

Question 14.14. (TCO 8) How many morphemes are there in the sentence “I wanted it”? (Points : 5)

 

 

Four

 

 

Six

 

 

Five

 

 

Seven

 

 

Question 15.15. (TCO 10) Emily and her husband are thrilled as they peer into Emily’s uterus by means of an ultrasound. The physician reports that the pregnancy appears normal and that their baby’s fingers, toes, heart, and circulatory system are developing as expected. The couple learns that the baby is only an inch long. Given this information, the current stage of prenatal development is the _____. (Points : 5)

 

 

embryonic period

 

 

germinal period

 

 

zygotic period

 

 

fetal stage

 

 

Page 2

 

 

Question 1.1. (TCO 10) At what stage of moral development is moral thought guided by principles that have been decided upon by the individual and may be in disagreement with accepted social norms? (Points : 5)

 

 

Preoperational

 

 

Preconventional

 

 

Postconventional

 

 

Conventional role conformity

 

 

Question 2.2. (TCO 9) Michael has trained very long hours in order to qualify for the Olympics in diving. He has sacrificed a great deal—he put his education on hold and spent a lot of time away from his two small children and wife. To Michael, qualifying for the Olympics is a(n) ____. (Points : 5)

 

 

instinctual drive

 

 

incentive

 

 

innate goal

 

 

optimum goal

 

 

Question 3.3. (TCO 9) Which of the following is a criticism of Abraham Maslow’s hierarchy of needs? (Points : 5)

 

 

The highest level has never been attained.

 

 

Self-actualization is actually a biological drive.

 

 

The hierarchy does not have any focus on social needs.

 

 

There is a lack of scientific support.

 

 

Question 4.4. (TCO 11) Consider the following three circumstances: (1) Raul is walking toward a business office and when he gets there, he opens the door for a woman and allows her to walk through ahead of himself. (2) Raul is walking toward a business office, and when he gets there, he opens the door for a man and a woman who are also approaching and allows both of them to walk through ahead of himself. (3) Raul is walking toward a business office, and when he gets there, he opens the door for a woman and allows her to walk through ahead of himself, but then he walks through without holding the door for the man with whom the woman was having a conversation. In which of the above circumstances has Raul demonstrated the greatest example of benevolent sexism? (Points : 5)

 

 

Circumstances #1 and #2 only

 

 

Circumstance #1

 

 

Circumstance #2

 

 

Circumstance #3

 

 

Question 5.5. (TCO 11) Lance is in the 12th

 

 

grade and is presently dating the head cheerleader, Ava. Lance is attracted to Ava, who is very feminine in her mannerisms, and Lance reports that he is attracted to girls who are petite and athletic. He and his buddies like to go “cruising for girls” on the weekends, but he has never strayed from Ava and is thinking about proposing to her after they graduate. He has never been attracted to any other boys. Lance is considered _____ in terms of his sexual orientation. (Points : 5)

 

 

homosexual

 

 

heterosexual

 

 

bisexual

 

 

transsexual

 

 

Question 6.6. (TCO 6) Seira is very pleasant and likes to keep the peace. She finds it difficult to express emotions and internalizes her anger. She has few friends and spends a lot of time alone. According to research, Seira _____. (Points : 5)

 

 

is at high risk for coronary heart disease

 

 

is a hardy personality

 

 

is a Type B personality

 

 

is a Type C personality

 

 

Question 7.7. (TCO 6) Vanna’s mother is ill and Vanna is feeling overwhelmed and sad. To cope with this stress of her mother’s illness, Vanna has been writing her feelings down in a journal. Vanna is using _____. (Points : 5)

 

 

problem-focused coping

 

 

emotion-focused coping

 

 

distraction

 

 

reappraisal

 

 

Question 8.8. (TCO 13) The classic Robber’s Cave study showed that prejudice can be reduced by _____. (Points : 5)

 

 

mere exposure

 

 

relearning social norms

 

 

cooperating to meet a mutually beneficial goal

 

 

rethinking one’s stereotypes

 

 

Question 9.9. (TCO 13) According to the research of Latané and Darley, which of the following situations would be the most likely in which someone would offer to help? (Points : 5)

 

 

Person on the side of the road with a flat tire during rush hour

 

 

Person asking for help in a crowded stadium parking lot

 

 

Person falling down coming out of an elevator with only one other person in it

 

 

A student falling off a ladder outside a full classroom

 

 

Question 10.10. (TCO 11) Anthony is sick of writing papers and studying for tests, but he knows he needs a college degree if he wants to be successful in his chosen career. So every morning, Anthony gives himself a dressing down—in essence, yelling at himself—to make himself get out of bed and go to classes and every evening he does the same thing to get himself to do his work. According to Freud, which personality structure is in control here? (Points : 5)

 

 

Id

 

 

Ego

 

 

Unconscious

 

 

Superego

 

 

Question 11.11. (TCO 11) If Sylvia is described as trustworthy, altruistic, and tender-minded, then she probably is fairly high on the Big Five factor known as _____. (Points : 5)

 

 

extraversion

 

 

neuroticism

 

 

openness

 

 

agreeableness

 

 

Question 12.12. (TCO 11) When a patient arrives in the emergency room, he is restless and irritable with unlimited energy and a rapid rate of speech. The attending psychiatrist believes the patient has taken cocaine or amphetamines and admits him for observation. The next day, the symptoms are the same. What condition with symptoms that are similar to those associated with amphetamine use might the psychiatrist now consider as a condition that is relevant to the diagnosis? (Points : 5)

 

 

Mania

 

 

Dissociative fugue

 

 

Conversion disorder

 

 

Catatonic schizophrenia

 

 

Question 13.13. (TCO 11) After being passed up for a promotion and then getting into a heated argument with his son, a man disappears. He shows up two weeks later in another town with no memory of who he is or how he got there. He appears to be suffering from _____. (Points : 5)

 

 

paraphilia

 

 

schizophrenia

 

 

a somatoform disorder

 

 

a dissociative disorder

 

 

Question 14.14. (TCO 12) As Celine begins to reveal more and more of her innermost thoughts and feelings to her psychodynamic therapist, she begins to feel good about him, as well as accepted by him. She develops a sense of trust, particularly because he does not criticize her. What process is occurring? (Points : 5)

 

 

Unconditional positive regard

 

 

Insight

 

 

Rationalization

 

 

Transference

 

 

Question 15.15. (TCO 12) A technique for treating phobias and other stress disorders in which the person is suddenly exposed to the fear-provoking situation or object in an intense way and is prevented from making the usual avoidance or escape response is called _____. (Points : 5)

 

 

systematic desensitization

 

 

flooding

 

 

paradoxical intent

 

 

aversive therapy

 

 

Page 3

 

 

Question 1. 1. (TCO 1) Summarize Erikson’s eight stages of psychosocial development. Provide an example for each stage that describes successful resolution of each stage. (Points : 20)

 

 

Question 2. 2. (TCO 6) What is a Type A personality? Based on current evidence, what is the main personality characteristic involved with heart disease and Type A behavior? How can such a person decrease the possibility of heart disease? Describe a person who has a hardy personality. (Points : 15)

 

 

Question 3. 3. TCO 13 How do advertisers use the principles of persuasion as discussed in Chapter 12? Pick a television commercial and use it as an example of the components of persuasion. (Points : 15)

 

 

Question 4. 4. (TCO 11) Distinguish between depression and bipolar disorder. How are they similar? How are they different? (Points : 20)

 

 

Question 5. 5. (TCO 12) Describe psychoanalysis. Include information about its theoretical background, how it seeks to help people, its key concepts, and an evaluation of its effectiveness. (Points : 20)

 

Paper#59505 | Written in 22-Dec-2015

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