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psy110 ch 10 posttest

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Question;1);Which of the following is an example of female primary sex;characteristics?;testes;menstrual cycle;ovaries;mammary glands become capable of producing milk;2);Which of the following is an example of a female secondary;sex characteristic?;ovaries;uterus;menarche;estrogen;3);The _____ ducts can become female primary sex organs.;estrogen;Wolffian;M?llerian;hermaphrodite;4);are sexual organs and traits that develop at;puberty and are indirectly involved in human reproduction.;Secondary sex characteristics;Androgen;Primary sex characteristics;Gonads;5);are sexual organs present at birth and are directly;involved in human reproduction.;Androgen;Secondary sex characteristics;Primary sex characteristics;Gonads;6);Which of the following is an example of male secondary sex;characteristics?;a deeper voice;the scrotum;the prostate gland;the penis;7);A little girl observes that all of her teachers are women.;Therefore, when she plays, she pretends to be a teacher, and she decides that;when she grows up she wants to be a teacher. This is an example of;benevolent sexism.;social learning theory.;gender schema theory.;gender stereotyping.;8);Allen has low self-esteem and anxiety about his ability to;perform the sex act well. His sexual dysfunction probably stems from;psychological factors.;organic factors.;sociocultural factors.;paraphilia.;9);Elizabeth is told by her mother that her interest in sex is;evil. Elizabeth can no longer feel pleasure when she has sex. This sexual;dysfunction is attributed to;paraphilia.;organic factors.;psychological factors.;sociocultural factors.;10);Which of the following is NOT true of the resolution phase?;Women become unable to maintain sexual arousal.;Men experience a refractory period.;In women, the clitoris retracts.;The refractory period lasts longer for men as age increases.;11);According to your authors, which of the following is the;best way to promote more women entering the STEM (science, technology;engineering, and mathematics) fields?;Take away ?girly? toys when they are children so that they;won?t develop a ?female mindset.?;Expose them to women who have been involved in the STEM;field in the past.;Encourage girls to engage in play activities that have;traditionally been considered ?for the boys.?;Ensure that they take STEM classes during both high school;and their first year of college.;12);A little boy protected his sister from a strange dog when;they were out for a walk. The parents praised him profusely for his bravery and;his ?manly? behavior. This is an example of the ______ of gender identity.;schema learning theory;gender bias theory;gender schema theory;social learning theory;13);One of the earliest studies of the impact of biological;factors on sexual orientation found that if the mother experienced severe;stress during the second trimester;the chance of a female child becoming homosexual is;significantly higher.;the chance of a male child becoming homosexual is;significantly higher.;the chance of a male child becoming heterosexual is;significantly higher.;the chance of either a male or female child becoming;homosexual is significantly lower.;14);An individual?s sense of being male or female is called;gender role.;gender identity.;gender.;gender typing.;15);is the culture?s expectations for either masculine;or feminine behavior, including actions, attitudes, and personality traits;associated with being male or female in that culture.;Gender role;Gender typing;Gender;Gender identity;16);The ______ theory proposes that gender identity is acquired;as a child develops a mental pattern for being male or female and then;organizes observed and learned behavior around that mental pattern.;gender schema;social learning;gender stereotype;benevolent sexism;17);Research has shown that cultures that are more ______ and;have high standards of living are more nontraditional in gender role;expectations, while cultures that are more ______ and have less wealth are more;traditional in gender role expectations.;religious, atheist;atheist, religious;individualistic, collectivistic;collectivistic, individualistic;18);Prejudice that is more socially acceptable but still leads;to unequal treatment of men and women is;benevolent sexism.;sexism.;gender stereotyping.;androgyny.;19);The term _____ refers to people whose sense of gender;identity does not always match their external appearance or their sex;chromosomes.;hermaphroditism;transgendered;androgyny;transsexual;20);The process of acquiring gender-role characteristics is;called;gender transfiguration.;gender typing.;gender identity.;gender role acquisition.;21);The _______ theory attributes gender-role development to;learning behavior through observation and imitation of models.;gender schema;gender stereotype;social learning;benevolent sexism;22);Sexually transmitted infections that are caused by _____ are;more difficult to treat than those caused by ______, and are often incurable.;anal sex, oral sex;oral sex, anal sex;viruses, bacteria;bacteria, viruses;23);The region that has been most heavily hit by AIDS according;to current numbers is;Eastern Europe;sub-Saharan Africa;Central Asia;Russia.;24);Masters and Johnson recommend a technique called ____ to;treat premature ejaculation.;meditation focus;sensate focus;arousal focus;orgasm focus;25);Alfred Kinsey is most known for;the shocking results he reported from a survey concerning;sexism.;the study he published on the physiological aspects of;sexual intercourse.;the study he published on transsexual gender identity.;the report he published concerning human sexual behavior and;the different ways in which people engage in the sex act.;26);According to the Kinsey study, _____ percent of males had;bisexual experiences.;nearly 50;well over 50;almost 20;right around 32;27);Masters and Johnson are known for research concerning;the psychology involved in acquiring gender roles and;identity.;the physical responses that occur during sexual activity.;alternative human sexual behavior.;the psychological responses that occur during sexual;activity.;28);What physical responses would a male experience during the;plateau phase of the sexual-response cycle?;The testes hang lower in the scrotum.;The penis becomes more erect and may release a few drops of;fluid.;Blood in the genitals recedes and the man will be unable to;achieve an erection again for anywhere from a few minutes to a few hours.;Muscle contractions trigger the release of semen.;29);Which of the following is evidence that sexual orientation;is influenced by genetics?;A study of twins found that 52 percent of the identical twin;siblings were both homosexual, and that only 22 percent of fraternal twins and;11 percent of adopted brothers and sisters were homosexual.;A recent study using neuroimaging techniques found that;heterosexual men and homosexual women were neurologically similar when compared;to homosexual men and heterosexual women, who were also neurologically similar.;Homosexuals are consistently feminine as children.;A study found that women who experienced severe stress;during the second trimester of pregnancy had a significantly higher chance that;the pregnancy would result in a male child becoming homosexual.;30);A person who is either male or female and is attracted to;both sexes is called;homosexual.;heterosexual.;transsexual.;bisexual.

 

Paper#59521 | Written in 18-Jul-2015

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