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devry psyc110 final exam




Question;1. (TCOs 1, 2) Sallie noticed that when her alarm clock goes;off in the morning, her dog Ruffles is standing by her bed salivating. Every;morning when Sallie wakes to the alarm, she immediately rolls out of bed and;feeds Ruffles, who very much enjoys his canned dog food. It is likely that;(Points: 5);Sallie has;conditioned Ruffles to enjoy canned dog food;Sallie has;conditioned Ruffles to sleep next to her bed;Sallie has conditioned;Ruffles to salivate over canned dog food;Sallie has;conditioned Ruffles to salivate to the sound of her alarm clock;Question 2.2. (TCOs 1, 2) Darley and Latan? (1968) believe;that the presence of other people in a distressing situation decreased the;likelihood that they would receive help due to _____. (Points: 5);diffusion of;anonymity;flaws in laws;protecting Good Samaritans;timeliness of;onset;diffusion of;responsibility;Question 3.3. (TCOs 2, 3) Your teacher asks you to describe;the sequence of parts of a neuron that the impulse travels during neural;conduction. Which of the following sequences will you offer? (Points: 5);Dendrites;axon, soma, synaptic knob;Terminal;buttons, axon, soma, dendrites;Axon, soma;dendrites, synaptic knob;Dendrites;soma, axon, synaptic knob;Question 4.4. (TCOs 2, 3) Andy has decided to seek medical;help for mood disturbances and appetite problems. Which neurotransmitter is;most likely involved in the problems Andy is experiencing? (Points: 5);GABA;Dopamine;Serotonin;Acetylcholine;Question 5.5. (TCO 4) The vestibular senses are concerned;with _____. (Points: 5);touch;pressure, temperature, and pain;the location of;body parts in relation to the ground and to each other;movement and;body position;your location;as compared to the position of the sun;Question 6.6. (TCO 4) Suppose you look at a given figure and;decide that, depending on how you look at it, it can be perceived as either an;old woman or a young lady. Such a figure would be said to be _____. (Points;5);mixed;confused;reversible;inconsistent;Question 7.7. (TCO 5) Which of the following stages of sleep;is marked by the production of very slow delta waves? (Points: 5);REM;Stage 1 (N1);Stage 2 (N2);Stage 4 (N4);Question 8.8. (TCO 5) A client tells his therapist about a;dream in which he drives his wife to the airport where she boards a plane. As;the plane takes off, he is smiling. The therapist says the dream suggests a;desire for a divorce. The therapist?s interpretation represents what Sigmund;Freud called the dream?s _____. (Points: 5);deep content;latent content;manifest;content;subliminal;content;Question 9.9. (TCOs 7, 8) In a conditioning experiment, a;sound is paired with a brief puff of air to the eye of the rabbit. After;several pairings, the rabbit ultimately blinks its eye when it hears the sound.;Which of the following is true? (Points: 5);The blinking of;the eye serves as stimulus.;The puff of air;serves as the unconditioned stimulus.;The puff of air;serves as the conditioned stimulus.;The blinking of;the eye serves as the conditioned stimulus.;Question 10.10. (TCOs 7, 8) John has been working on a math;problem late at night without success, he falls asleep. Upon awakening, John;suddenly realizes how to answer the problem. This best illustrates which of the;following? (Points: 5);Observational;learning;Latent learning;Insight;learning;Cognitive;learning;Question 11.11. (TCOs 7, 8) ?The effectiveness of memory;retrieval is directly related to the similarity of cues present when the memory;was encoded to the cues present when the memory is retrieved.? What concept;does this statement describe? (Points: 5);Memorability;Registered;learning;Encoding;specificity;Accessible;decoding;Question 12.12. (TCOs 7, 8) Evidence suggests that;procedural memories are stored in the _____. (Points: 5);cerebellum;prefrontal and;temporal lobes of the cortex;hippocampus;amygdala;Question 13.13. (TCO 8) You are learning Russian in;preparation for a trip next summer. Although you are doing a good job;recognizing the written signs you need to know, you are having trouble with the;sounds of the Russian language. Which of the following aspects of language is;giving you trouble? (Points: 5);Syntax;Phonemes;Morphemes;Audiograms;Question 14.14. (TCO 8) How many morphemes are there in the;sentence ?I wanted it?? (Points: 5);Four;Six;Five;Seven;Question 15.15. (TCO 10) Emily and her husband are thrilled;as they peer into Emily?s uterus by means of an ultrasound. The physician;reports that the pregnancy appears normal and that their baby?s fingers, toes;heart, and circulatory system are developing as expected. The couple learns;that the baby is only an inch long. Given this information, the current stage;of prenatal development is the _____. (Points: 5);embryonic;period;germinal period;zygotic period;fetal stage;Page 2;Question 1.1. (TCO 10) At what stage of moral development is;moral thought guided by principles that have been decided upon by the;individual and may be in disagreement with accepted social norms? (Points: 5);Preoperational;Preconventional;Postconventional;Conventional;role conformity;Question 2.2. (TCO 9) Michael has trained very long hours in;order to qualify for the Olympics in diving. He has sacrificed a great deal?he;put his education on hold and spent a lot of time away from his two small;children and wife. To Michael, qualifying for the Olympics is a(n) ____.;(Points: 5);instinctual;drive;incentive;innate goal;optimum goal;Question 3.3. (TCO 9) Which of the following is a criticism;of Abraham Maslow?s hierarchy of needs? (Points: 5);The highest;level has never been attained.;Self-actualization is actually a biological drive.;The hierarchy;does not have any focus on social needs.;There is a lack;of scientific support.;Question 4.4. (TCO 11) Consider the following three;circumstances: (1) Raul is walking toward a business office and when he gets;there, he opens the door for a woman and allows her to walk through ahead of himself.;(2) Raul is walking toward a business office, and when he gets there, he opens;the door for a man and a woman who are also approaching and allows both of them;to walk through ahead of himself. (3) Raul is walking toward a business office;and when he gets there, he opens the door for a woman and allows her to walk;through ahead of himself, but then he walks through without holding the door;for the man with whom the woman was having a conversation. In which of the;above circumstances has Raul demonstrated the greatest example of benevolent;sexism? (Points: 5);Circumstances;#1 and #2 only;Circumstance #1;Circumstance #2;Circumstance #3;Question 5.5. (TCO 11) Lance is in the 12th;grade and is presently dating the head cheerleader, Ava.;Lance is attracted to Ava, who is very feminine in her mannerisms, and Lance;reports that he is attracted to girls who are petite and athletic. He and his;buddies like to go ?cruising for girls? on the weekends, but he has never;strayed from Ava and is thinking about proposing to her after they graduate. He;has never been attracted to any other boys. Lance is considered _____ in terms;of his sexual orientation. (Points: 5);homosexual;heterosexual;bisexual;transsexual;Question 6.6. (TCO 6) Seira is very pleasant and likes to;keep the peace. She finds it difficult to express emotions and internalizes her;anger. She has few friends and spends a lot of time alone. According to;research, Seira _____. (Points: 5);is at high risk for coronary heart disease;is a hardy;personality;is a Type B;personality;is a Type C;personality;Question 7.7. (TCO 6) Vanna?s mother is ill and Vanna is;feeling overwhelmed and sad. To cope with this stress of her mother?s illness;Vanna has been writing her feelings down in a journal. Vanna is using _____.;(Points: 5);problem-focused;coping;emotion-focused;coping;distraction;reappraisal;Question 8.8. (TCO 13) The classic Robber?s Cave study;showed that prejudice can be reduced by _____. (Points: 5);mere exposure;relearning;social norms;cooperating to;meet a mutually beneficial goal;rethinking;one?s stereotypes;Question 9.9. (TCO 13) According to the research of Latan?;and Darley, which of the following situations would be the most likely in which;someone would offer to help? (Points: 5);Person on the;side of the road with a flat tire during rush hour;Person asking;for help in a crowded stadium parking lot;Person falling;down coming out of an elevator with only one other person in it;A student;falling off a ladder outside a full classroom;Question 10.10. (TCO 11) Anthony is sick of writing papers;and studying for tests, but he knows he needs a college degree if he wants to;be successful in his chosen career. So every morning, Anthony gives himself a;dressing down?in essence, yelling at himself?to make himself get out of bed and;go to classes and every evening he does the same thing to get himself to do his;work. According to Freud, which personality structure is in control here?;(Points: 5);Id;Ego;Unconscious;Superego;Question 11.11. (TCO 11) If Sylvia is described as;trustworthy, altruistic, and tender-minded, then she probably is fairly high on;the Big Five factor known as _____. (Points: 5);extraversion;neuroticism;openness;agreeableness;Question 12.12. (TCO 11) When a patient arrives in the;emergency room, he is restless and irritable with unlimited energy and a rapid;rate of speech. The attending psychiatrist believes the patient has taken;cocaine or amphetamines and admits him for observation. The next day, the;symptoms are the same. What condition with symptoms that are similar to those;associated with amphetamine use might the psychiatrist now consider as a;condition that is relevant to the diagnosis? (Points: 5);Mania;Dissociative;fugue;Conversion;disorder;Catatonic;schizophrenia;Question 13.13. (TCO 11) After being passed up for a;promotion and then getting into a heated argument with his son, a man;disappears. He shows up two weeks later in another town with no memory of who;he is or how he got there. He appears to be suffering from _____. (Points: 5);paraphilia;schizophrenia;a somatoform;disorder;a dissociative;disorder;Question 14.14. (TCO 12) As Celine begins to reveal more and;more of her innermost thoughts and feelings to her psychodynamic therapist, she;begins to feel good about him, as well as accepted by him. She develops a sense;of trust, particularly because he does not criticize her. What process is;occurring? (Points: 5);Unconditional;positive regard;Insight;Rationalization;Transference;Question 15.15. (TCO 12) A technique for treating phobias;and other stress disorders in which the person is suddenly exposed to the;fear-provoking situation or object in an intense way and is prevented from;making the usual avoidance or escape response is called _____. (Points: 5);systematic;desensitization;flooding;paradoxical;intent;aversive;therapy;Page 3;Question 1. 1. (TCO 1) Summarize Erikson?s eight stages of;psychosocial development. Provide an example for each stage that describes;successful resolution of each stage. (Points: 20);Question 2. 2. (TCO 6) What is a Type A personality? Based;on current evidence, what is the main personality characteristic involved with;heart disease and Type A behavior? How can such a person decrease the;possibility of heart disease? Describe a person who has a hardy personality.;(Points: 15);Question 3. 3. TCO 13 How do advertisers use the principles;of persuasion as discussed in Chapter 12? Pick a television commercial and use;it as an example of the components of persuasion. (Points: 15);Question 4. 4. (TCO 11) Distinguish between depression and;bipolar disorder. How are they similar? How are they different? (Points: 20);Question 5. 5. (TCO 12) Describe psychoanalysis. Include;information about its theoretical background, how it seeks to help people, its;key concepts, and an evaluation of its effectiveness. (Points: 20)


Paper#59523 | Written in 18-Jul-2015

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